YOḆELIM 49 (Jubilees 49)

1 Remember the Command which 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 commanded you concerning the Pesaḥ, that you should celebrate it in its season on the fourteenth of the first month, that you should kill it before it is evening, and that they should eat it by night in the evening, from the time of the setting of the sun.

2 For on this night – the beginning of the Festival and the beginning of the joy – you were eating the Pesaḥ in Mitsrayim, when all the powers of Mastĕma had been let loose to slay all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim – from the first-born of Pharaoh to the first-born of the captive female servant in the mill, and to the cattle.

3 And this is the sign which 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 gave them: Into every house on the lintels of which they saw the blood of a lamb of the first year, they should not enter into that house to slay, but should pass by, that all those should be saved that were in the house because the sign of the blood was on its lintels.

4 And the powers of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 did all accordingly as 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 commanded them, and they passed over all the children of Yisra’ĕl, and the plague did not come upon them to destroy from among them any being, either cattle, or man, or dog.

5 And the plague was very grievous in Mitsrayim, and there was no house in Mitsrayim where there was not one dead, and weeping and lamentation.

6 And all Yisra’ĕl were eating the flesh of the Pesaḥ lamb, and drinking the wine, and were praising and beraḵah, and giving thanks to 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 Elohim of their fathers, and were ready to go out from under the yoke of Mitsrayim; and from the evil bondage.

7 And remember this day all the days of your life, and observe it from year to year all the days of your life, once a year, on its day, according to all the Law thereof, and do not turn away from day to day, or from month to month.

8 For it is an everlasting Law, and engraved on the tablets of the shamayim regarding all the children of Yisra’ĕl that they should observe it every year on its day once a year, throughout all their generations; and there is no limit of days, for this is ordained forever.

9 And the man who is free from uncleanness, and does not come to observe it on occasion of its day, so as to bring an acceptable offering before 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄, and to eat and to drink before 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 on the day of its Festival, that man who is clean and close at hand shall be cut off; because he did not offer the offering of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 in its appointed time, his guilt is upon him.

10 Let the children of Yisra’ĕl come and observe the Pesaḥ on the day of its appointed time, on the fourteenth day of the first month, between the evenings, from the third part of the day to the third part of the night, for two portions of the day are given to the light, and a third part to the evening.

11 This is that which 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 commanded you that you should observe it between the evenings.

12 And it is not permissible to slay it during any period of the light, but during the period bordering on the evening, and let them eat it at the time of the evening until the third part of the night, and whatever is left over of all its flesh from the third part of the night and onwards, let them burn it with fire.

13 And they shall not boil it with water, nor shall they eat it raw, but roasted on the fire: they shall eat it with diligence, its head with its inward parts and its legs they shall roast with fire, and not break any of its bones; for of the children of Yisra’ĕl no bone shall be crushed.

14 For this reason 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 commanded the children of Yisra’ĕl to observe the Pesaḥ on the day of its fixed time, and they shall not break its bone; for it is a Festival day, and a day commanded, and there may be no passing over from day to day, and month to month, but on the day of its Festival let it be observed.

15 And you shall command the children of Yisra’ĕl to observe the Pesaḥ throughout their days, every year, once a year on the day of its fixed time, and it shall become a memorial well pleasing before 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄, and no plague shall come upon them to slay or to smite in that year in which they celebrate the Pesaḥ in its season in every respect according to His command.

16 And they shall not eat it outside the Miqdash of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄, but before the Miqdash of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄, and all the people of the congregation of Yisra’ĕl shall celebrate it in its appointed season.

17 And every man who has come upon its day shall eat it in the Miqdash of your Elohim, before 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄; from twenty years old and upward; for so is it written and ordained that they should eat it in the Miqdash of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄.

18 And when the children of Yisra’ĕl come into the land which they are to possess, into the land of Kena’an, and put up the Mishkan of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 in the midst of the land in one of their tribes until the Miqdash of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 has been built in the land, let them come and celebrate the Pesaḥ in the midst of the Mishkan of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄, and let them slaughter it before 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 from year to year.

19 And in the days when the House has been built in the Name of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 in the land of their inheritance, they shall go there and slaughter the Pesaḥ in the evening, at sunset, at the third part of the day.

20 And they shall offer its blood on the threshold of the altar, and shall place its fat on the fire which is upon the altar, and they shall eat its flesh roasted with fire in the court of the House which has been qadosh in the Name of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄.

21 And they may not celebrate the Pesaḥ in their cities, nor in any place except before the Mishkan of 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄, or before His House where His Name has dwelt; and they shall not go astray from 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄.

22 And you, Mosheh, shall command the children of Yisra’ĕl to observe the Laws of the Pesaḥ, as it was commanded to you. You declare to them every year the Festival of Matstsoth, that they should eat unleavened bread seven days, and that they should observe its Festival, and that they bring an offering every day during those seven days of joy before 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 on the altar of your Elohim.

23 For you celebrated this Festival with haste when you went out from Mitsrayim till you entered into the wilderness of Shur; for on the shore of the sea you completed it.