RSTNE 8th Edition Online – Jasher–Sefer Yahshar

Jasher–Sefer Yahshar

1 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said,Β Let us make man in our image, after our likeness, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 created man in his own image.

2 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim formed man from the dust of the ground, and He blew into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being endowed with speech.

3 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said,Β It is not tov for man to be alone; I will make to him a helpmeet.

4 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused a deep sleep to fall upon Ahdam, and he slept, and he took away one of his ribs, and he built flesh upon it, and formed it and brought it to Ahdam, and Ahdam awoke from his sleep, and behold an isha was standing before him.

5 And he said, This is a bone of my bones and she shall be called isha, for this has been taken from man; and Ahdam called her name Chawa, for she was the ema of all living.

6 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed them and called their names Ahdam and Chawa in the day that He created them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim said,Β Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth.

7 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim took Ahdam and his wife, and He placed them in the Gan Aden to dress it and to keep it; and He commanded them and said to them, From every tree of the Gan you may eat, but from the tree of the knowledge of tov and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.

8 And when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had blessed and commanded them, He went from them, and Ahdam and his wife dwelt in the gan according to the command which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded them.

9 And the serpent, which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had created with them in the earth, came to them to incite them to transgress the command of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that He had commanded them.

10 And the serpent enticed and persuaded the isha to eat from the tree of knowledge, and the isha hearkened to the voice of the serpent, and she transgressed the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and took from the tree of the knowledge of tov and evil, and she ate, and she took from it and gave also to her husband and he ate.

11 And Ahdam and his wife transgressed the command of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that He commanded them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 knew it, and His anger was kindled against them and He cursed them.

12 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim drove them that day from the Gan Aden, to till the ground from which they were taken, and they went and dwelt at the east of the Gan Aden; and Ahdam knew his wife Chawa and she bore two sons and three daughters.

13 And she called the name of the first born Cayin, saying, I have obtained a man from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and the name of the other she called Avel, for she said, In vanity we came into the earth, and in vanity we shall be taken from it.

14 And the boys grew up and their abba gave them a possession in the land; and Cayin was a tiller of the ground, and Avel a keeper of sheep.

15 And it was at the expiration of a few years, that they brought an approximating offering to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and Cayin brought from the fruit of the ground, and Avel brought from the firstlings of his flock from the fat of it, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 turned and inclined to Avel and his offering, and a fire came down from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 from the shamayim and consumed it.

16 And to Cayin and his offering 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did not turn, and he did not incline to it, for he had brought from the inferior fruit of the ground before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and Cayin was jealous against his brother Avel on account of this, and he sought a pretext to slay him.

17 And in some time after, Cayin and Avel his brother, went one day into the field to do their work; and they were both in the field, Cayin tilling and ploughing his ground, and Avel feeding his flock; and the flock passed that part which Cayin had ploughed in the ground, and it sorely grieved Cayin on this account.

18 And Cayin approached his brother Avel in anger, and he said to him, What is there between me and you, that you come to dwell and bring your flock to feed in my land?

19 And Avel answered his brother Cayin and said to him, What is there between me and you, that you shall eat the flesh of my flock and clothe yourself with their wool?

20 And now therefore, put off the wool of my sheep with which you have clothed yourself, and recompense me for their fruit and flesh that you have eaten, and when you shall have done this, I will then go from your land as you have said?

21 And Cayin said to his brother Avel, Surely if I slay you this day, who will require your blood from me?

22 And Avel answered Cayin, saying, Surely 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who has made us in the earth, He will avenge my cause, and He will require my blood from you should you slay me, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is the Shophet and arbiter, and it is He who will requite man according to his evil, and the wicked man according to the wickedness that he may do upon earth.

23 And now, if you should slay me here, surely 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 knows your secret views, and will judge you for the evil that you did declare to do to me this day.

24 And when Cayin heard the words, which Avel his brother had spoken, behold, the anger of Cayin was kindled against his brother Avel for declaring this thing.

25 And Cayin hurried and rose up, and took the iron part of his ploughing instrument, with which he suddenly smote his brother and he slew him, and Cayin spilt the blood of his brother Avel upon the earth, and the blood of Avel streamed upon the earth before the flock.

26 And after this Cayin repented having slain his brother, and he was sadly grieved, and he wept over him and it vexed him exceedingly.

27 And Cayin rose up and dug a hole in the field, wherein he put his brother’s body, and he turned the dust over it.

28 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 knew what Cayin had done to his brother, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Cayin and said to him,Β Where is Avel your brother that was with you?

29 And Cayin dissembled, and said, I do not know, am I my brother’s keeper? And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to him,Β What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries to me from the ground where you have slain him.

30 For you have slain your brother and have dissembled before me, and did imagine in your heart that I saw you not, nor knew all your actions.

31 But you did this thing and did slay your brother for nothing and because he spoke rightly to you, and now, therefore, cursed be you from the ground which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand, and wherein you did bury him.

32 And it shall be when you shall till it, it shall no more give you its strength as in the beginning, for thorns and thistles shall the ground produce, and you shall be moving and wandering in the earth until the day of your death.

33 And at that time Cayin went out from the presence of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, from the place where he was, and he went moving and wandering in the land toward the east of Gan-Aden, he and all belonging to him.

34 And Cayin knew his wife in those days, and she conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Chanok, saying, In that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 began to give him rest and quiet in the earth.

35 And at that time Cayin also began to build a city: and he built the city and he called the name of the city Chanok, according to the name of his son; for in those days 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had given him rest upon the earth, and he did not move about and wander as in the beginning.

36 And Irad was born to Chanok, and Irad begat Mechuyael and Mechuyael begat Methusael.

2 And it was in the hundred and thirtieth year of the life of Ahdam upon the earth, that he again knew Chawa his wife, and she conceived and bare a son in his likeness and in his image, and she called his name Sheth, saying, Because 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has appointed me another zera in the place of Avel, for Cayin has slain him.

2 And Sheth lived one hundred and five years, and he begat a son; and Sheth called the name of his son Enosh, saying, Because in that time the sons of men began to multiply, and to afflict their beings and hearts by transgressing and rebelling against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

3 And it was in the days of Enosh that the sons of men continued to rebel and transgress against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, to increase the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 against the sons of men.

4 And the sons of men went and they served other Ahlohim, and they forgot 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who had created them in the earth: and in those days the sons of men made images of brass and iron, wood and stone, and they bowed down and served them.

5 And every man made his Ahlohim and they bowed down to them, and the sons of men forsook 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all the days of Enosh and his children; and the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was kindled on account of their works and abominations that they did in the earth.

6 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused the mayim of the River Gihon to overwhelm them, and he destroyed and consumed them, and he destroyed the third part of the earth, and notwithstanding this, the sons of men did not turn from their evil halachot, and their hands were yet extended to do evil in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

7 And in those days there was neither sowing nor reaping in the earth; and there was no food for the sons of men and the famine was very great in those days.

8 And the zera which they sowed in those days in the ground became thorns, thistles and briers; for from the days of Ahdam was this declaration concerning the earth, of the curse of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, which He cursed the earth, on account of the sin which Ahdam sinned before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

9 And it was when men continued to rebel and transgress against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and to corrupt their halachot, that the earth also became corrupt.

10 And Enosh lived ninety years and he begat Cainan;

11 And Cainan grew up and he was forty years old, and he became wise and had knowledge and skill in all wisdom, and he reigned over all the sons of men, and he led the sons of men to wisdom and knowledge; for Cainan was a very wise man and had understanding in all wisdom, and with his wisdom he ruled over ruachs and shadim;

12 And Cainan knew by his wisdom that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 would destroy the sons of men for having sinned upon earth, and that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 would in the latter-days bring upon them the mayim of the flood.

13 And in those days Cainan wrote upon tablets of stone, what was to take place in time to come, and he put them in his treasures.

14 And Cainan reigned over the whole earth, and he turned some of the sons of men to the service of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

15 And when Cainan was seventy years old, he begat three sons and two daughters.

16 And these are the names of the children of Cainan; the name of the first born Mahlallel, the second Enan, and the third Mered, and their sisters were Adah and Zillah; these are the five children of Cainan that were born to him.

17 And Lamech, the son of Methusael, became related to Cainan by marriage, and he took his two daughters for his wives, and Adah conceived and bare a son to Lamech, and she called his name Yaval.

18 And she again conceived and bare a son, and called his name Yuval; and Zillah, her sister, was barren in those days and had no offspring.

19 For in those days the sons of men began to trespass against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and to transgress the mitzvot that He had commanded to Ahdam, to be fruitful and multiply in the earth.

20 And some of the sons of men caused their wives to drink a draught that would render them barren, in order that they might retain their figures and whereby their beautiful appearance might not fade.

21 And when the sons of men caused some of their wives to drink, Zillah drank with them.

22 And the child-bearing women appeared abominable in the sight of their husbands as widows, while their husbands lived, for to the barren ones only they were attached.

23 And in the end of days and years, when Zillah became old, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 opened her womb.

24 And she conceived and bare a son and she called his name Tuval Cayin, saying; After I had withered away have I obtained him from the Almighty 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

25 And she conceived again and bare a daughter, and she called her name Naamah, for she said, After I had withered away have I obtained pleasure and delight.

26 And Lamech was old and advanced in years, and his eyes were dim that he could not see, and Tuval Cayin, his son, was leading him and it was one day that Lamech went into the field and Tuval Cayin his son was with him, and while they were walking in the field, Cayin the son of Ahdam advanced towards them; for Lamech was very old and could not see much, and Tuval Cayin his son was very young.

27 And Tuval Cayin told his abba to draw his bow, and with the arrows he smote Cayin, who was yet far off, and he slew him, for he appeared to them to be an animal.

28 And the arrows entered Cayin’s body although he was distant from them, and he fell to the ground and died.

29 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 requited Cayin’s evil according to his wickedness, which he had done to his brother Avel, according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that He had spoken.

30 And it came to pass when Cayin had died, that Lamech and Tuval went to see the animal which they had slain, and they saw, and behold Cayin their grandfather was fallen dead upon the earth.

31 And Lamech was very much grieved at having done this, and in clapping his hands together he struck his son and caused his death.

  1. And the wives of Lamech heard what Lamech had done, and they sought to kill him.

33 And the wives of Lamech hated him from that day, because he slew Cayin and Tuval Cayin, and the wives of Lamech separated from him, and would not listen to him in those days.

34 And Lamech came to his wives, and he pressed them to listen to him about this matter.

35 And he said to his wives Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice O wives of Lamech, attend to my words, for now you have imagined and said that I slew a man with my wounds, and a child with my stripes for their having done no violence, but surely know that I am old and grey-headed, and that my eyes are heavy through age, and I did this thing unknowingly.

36 And the wives of Lamech listened to him in this matter, and they returned to him with the advice of their abba Ahdam, but they bore no children to him from that time, knowing that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s anger was increasing in those days against the sons of men, to destroy them with the mayim of the flood for their evil doings.

37 And Mahlallel the son of Cainan lived sixty-five years and he begat Yahred; and Yahred lived one hundred sixty-two years** and he begat Chanok.

3 And Chanok lived sixty-five years and he begat Metushelach; and Chanok walked with 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 after having begot Metushelach, and he served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and despised the evil halachot of men.

2 And the being of Chanok was wrapped up in the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, in knowledge and in understanding; and he wisely retired from the sons of men, and secreted himself from them for many days.

3 And it was at the expiration of many years, while he was serving 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and praying before Him in his house, that a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 called to him from ha shamayim, and he said, Hinayni.

4 And He said,Β Rise, go forth from your house and from the place where you do hide yourself, and appear to the sons of men, in order that you may teach them the halacha in which they should go and the work which they must accomplish to enter in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

5 And Chanok rose up according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and went forth from his house, from his place and from the chamber in which he was concealed; and he went to the sons of men and taught them the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and at that time assembled the sons of men and acquainted them with the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

6 And he ordered it to be proclaimed in all places where the sons of men dwelt, saying, Where is the man who wishes to know the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and tov works? Let him come to Chanok.

7 And all the sons of men then assembled to him, for all who desired this thing went to Chanok, and Chanok reigned over the sons of men according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and they came and bowed to him and they heard his word.

8 And the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was upon Chanok, and he taught all his men the wisdom of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and his halachot, and the sons of men served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all the days of Chanok, and they came to hear his wisdom.

9 And all the melechim of the sons of men, both first and last, together with their princes and shophtim, came to Chanok when they heard of his wisdom, and they bowed down to him, and they also required of Chanok to reign over them, to which he consented.

10 And they assembled in all, one hundred and thirty melechim and princes, and they made Chanok melech over them and they were all under his power and command.

11 And Chanok taught them wisdom, knowledge, and the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; and he made shalom among them, and shalom was throughout the earth during the life of Chanok.

12 And Chanok reigned over the sons of men two hundred and forty-three years, and he did mishpat and tzedakah with all his people, and he led them in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

13 And these are the generations of Chanok, Metushelach, Elisha, and Elimelech, three sons; and their sisters were Melca and Nahmah, and Metushelach lived one hundred eighty-seven years*** and he begat Lamech.

14 And it was in the fifty-sixth year of the life of Lamech when Ahdam died; nine hundred and thirty years old was he at his death, and his two sons, with Chanok and Metushelach his son, buried him with great pomp, as at the burial of melechim, in the cave which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had told him.

15 And in that place all the sons of men made a great mourning and weeping on account of Ahdam; it has therefore become a custom among the sons of men to this day.

16 And Ahdam died because he ate of the tree of knowledge; he and his children after him, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim had spoken.

17 And it was in the year of Ahdam’s death which was the two hundred and forty-third year of the reign of Chanok, in that time Chanok resolved to separate himself from the sons of men and to secret himself as at first in order to serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

18 And Chanok did so, but did not entirely secret himself from them, but kept away from the sons of men three days and then went to them for one day.

19 And during the three days that he was in his chamber, he prayed to, and praised 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and the day on which he went and appeared to his subjects he taught them the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and all they asked him about 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 he told them.

20 And he did in this manner for many years, and he afterward concealed himself for six days, and appeared to his people one day in seven; and after that once in a month, and then once in a year, until all the melechim, princes and sons of men sought for him, and desired again to see the face of Chanok, and to hear his word; but they could not, as all the sons of men were greatly afraid of Chanok, and they feared to approach him on account of the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄-like awe that was seated upon his countenance; therefore no man could look at him, fearing he might be punished and die.

21 And all the melechim and princes resolved to assemble the sons of men, and to come to Chanok, thinking that they might all speak to him at the time when he should come forth among them, and they did so.

22 And the day came when Chanok went forth and they all assembled and came to him, and Chanok spoke to them the words of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and he taught them wisdom and knowledge, and they bowed down before him and they said, May the melech live! May the melech live!

23 And in some time after, when the melechim and princes and the sons of men were speaking to Chanok, and Chanok was teaching them the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, behold a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 then called to Chanok from the shamayim, and wished to bring him up to the shamayim to make him reign there over the sons of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, as he had reigned over the sons of men upon earth.

24 When at that time Chanok heard this he went and assembled all the inhabitants of the earth, and taught them wisdom and knowledge and gave them divine Torot, and he said to them, I have been required to ascend into the shamayim, I therefore do not know the day of my going.

25 And now therefore I will teach you wisdom and knowledge and will give you Torah before I leave you, how to act upon earth whereby you may live; and he did so.

26 And he taught them wisdom and knowledge, and gave them Torah, and he reproved them, and he placed before them chukim and mishpatim to do upon earth, and he made shalom among them, and he taught them everlasting life-chayay-olam, and dwelt with them some time teaching them all these things.

27 And at that time the sons of men were with Chanok, and Chanok was speaking to them, and they lifted up their eyes and the likeness of a great horse descended from the shamayim, and the horse paced in the air;

28 And they told Chanok what they had seen, and Chanok said to them, On my account does this horse descend upon earth; the time has come when I must go from you and I shall no more be seen by you.

29 And the horse descended at that time and stood before Chanok, and all the sons of men that were with Chanok saw him.

30 And Chanok then again ordered a voice to be proclaimed, saying, Where is the man who delights to know the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, let him come this day to Chanok before he is taken from us.

31 And all the sons of men assembled and came to Chanok that day; and all the melechim of the earth with their princes and counselors remained with him that day; and Chanok then taught the sons of men wisdom and knowledge, and gave them divine Torah; and he bade them to serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and walk in his halachot all the days of their lives, and he continued to make shalom among them.

32 And it was after this that he rose up and rode upon the horse; and he went forth and all the sons of men went after him, about eight hundred thousand men; and they went with him one day’s journey.

33 And the second day he said to them, Return home to your tents, why will you go? Perhaps you may die; and some of them went from him, and those that remained went with him six day’s journey; and Chanok said to them every day, Return to your tents, lest you may die; but they were not willing to return, and they went with him.

34 And on the sixth day some of the men remained and clung to him, and they said to him, We will go with you to the place where you go; as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives, death only shall separate us.

35 And they urged so much to go with him, that he ceased speaking to them; and they went after him and would not return;

36 And when the melechim returned they caused a census to be taken, in order to know the number of remaining men that went with Chanok; and it was upon the seventh day Shabbat that Chanok ascended into the shamayim in a whirlwind, with horses and mirkavot of fire.

37 And on the eighth day all the melechim that had been with Chanok sent to bring back the number of men that were with Chanok, in that place from which he ascended into the shamayim.

38 And all those melechim went to the place and they found the earth there filled with snow, and upon the snow were large stones of snow and one said to the other, Come, let us break through the snow and see, perhaps the men that remained with Chanok are dead, and are now under the stones of snow, and they searched but could not find him, for he had ascended into the shamayim.

4 And all the days that Chanok lived upon earth, were three hundred and sixty-five years.

2 And when Chanok had ascended into the shamayim, all the melechim of the earth rose and took Metushelach his son and anointed him, and they caused him to reign over them in the place of his abba.

3 And Metushelach acted uprightly in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, as his abba Chanok had taught him, and he likewise during the whole of his life taught the sons of men wisdom, knowledge and the fear of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he did not turn from the tov way either to the right or to the left.

4 But in the latter-days of Metushelach, the sons of men turned from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, they corrupted the earth, they robbed and plundered each other, and they rebelled against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and they transgressed, and they corrupted their halachot, and would not listen to the voice of Metushelach, but rebelled against him.

5 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was exceedingly angry against them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 continued to destroy the zera in those days, so that there was neither sowing nor reaping in the earth.

6 For when they sowed the ground in order that they might obtain food for their support, behold, thorns and thistles were produced which they did not sow.

7 And still the sons of men did not turn from their evil halachot, and their hands were still extended to do evil in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and they provoked 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 with their evil halachot, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was very angry, and repented that He had made man.

8 And he thought to destroy and annihilate them and he did so.

9 In those days when Lamech the son of Metushelach was one hundred and sixty years old, Sheth the son of Ahdam died.

10 And all the days that Sheth lived, were nine hundred and twelve years, and he died.

11 And Lamech was one hundred and eighty years old when he took Ashmua, the daughter of Elishaa the son of Chanok his uncle, and she conceived.

12 And at that time the sons of men sowed the ground, and a little food was produced, yet the sons of men did not turn from their evil halachot, and they trespassed and rebelled against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

13 And the wife of Lamech conceived and bare him a son at that time, at the turn of the year.

14 And Metushelach called his name Noach, saying, The earth was in his days at rest and free from corruption, and Lamech his abba called his name Menachem saying, This one shall comfort us in our works and miserable toil in the earth, which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had cursed.

15 And the child grew up and was weaned, and he went in the halachot of his abba Metushelach, perfect and upright with 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

16 And all the sons of men departed from the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in those days as they multiplied upon the face of the earth with sons and daughters, and they taught one another their evil practices and they continued sinning against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

17 And every man made to himself an Ahlohim, and they robbed and plundered every man his neighbor as well as his relative, and they corrupted the earth, and the earth was filled with violence.

18 And their shophtim and rulers went to the daughters of men and took their wives by force from their husbands according to their choice, and the sons of men in those days took from the cattle of the earth, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and taught the mixture of animals of one species with the other, in order therewith to provoke 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 saw the whole earth and it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted its halachot upon earth, all men and all animals.

19 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said, I will blot out man that I created from the face of the earth, yes from man to the birds of the air, together with cattle and beasts that are in the field for I repent that I made them.

20 And all men who walked in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, died in those days, before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought the evil upon man which he had declared, for this was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, that they should not see the evil which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 spoke of concerning the sons of men.

21 And Noach found rachamim in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 chose him and his children to raise up zera from them upon the face of the whole earth.

5 And it was in the eighty-fourth year of the life of Noach that Chanok the son of Sheth died; he was nine hundred and five years old at his death.

2 And in the one hundred and seventy ninth year of the life of Noach, Cainan the son of Enosh died, and all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and he died.

3 And in the two hundred and thirty fourth year of the life of Noach, Mahlallel the son of Cainan died, and the days of Mahlallel were eight hundred and ninety-five years, and he died.

4 And Yahred the son of Mahlallel died in those days, in the three hundred and sixty-sixth year of the life of Noach;*** and all the days of Yahred were nine hundred and sixty-two years, and he died.

5 And all who followed 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 died in those days, before they saw the evil that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 declared to do upon earth.

6 And after the lapse of many years, in the four hundred and eightieth year of the life of Noach, when all those men, who followed 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had died away from among the sons of men, and only Metushelach was then left, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Noach and Metushelach, saying,

7 Speak, and proclaim to the sons of men, saying,Β This says 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, return from your evil halachot and forsake your works, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will relent of the evil that he declared to do to you, so that it shall not come to pass.

8 For this says 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, Behold I give you a period of one hundred and twenty years; if you will teshuvah to me and forsake your evil halachot, then will I also turn away from the evil that I told you, and it shall not exist, says 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

9 And Noach and Metushelach spoke all the words of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to the sons of men, day after day, constantly speaking to them.

10 But the sons of men would not listen to them, nor incline their ears to their words, and they were stiff-necked.

11 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 granted them a period of one hundred and twenty years, saying, If they will teshuvah, then will 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 repent of the evil, so as not to destroy the earth.

12 Noach the son of Lamech refrained from taking a wife in those days, to beget children, for he said, Surely now 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will destroy the earth, why then shall I beget children?

13 And Noach was a just man, he was perfect in his generation, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 chose him to raise up zera from his zera upon the face of the earth.

14 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Noach, Take to you a wife, and beget children, for I have seen you tzadik before me in this generation.

15 And you shall raise up zera, and your children with you, in the midst of the earth; and Noach went and took a wife, and he chose Naamah the daughter of Chanok, and she was five hundred and eighty years old.

16 And Noach was four hundred and ninety-eight years old, when he took Naamah for a wife.

17 And Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Yahpheth, saying, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has enlarged me in the earth; and she conceived again and bare a son, and he called his name Shem, saying, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has made me a remnant, to raise up zera in the midst of the earth.

18 And Noach was five hundred and two years old when Naamah bare Shem, and the boys grew up and went in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, in all that Metushelach and Noach their abba taught them.

19 And Lamech the abba of Noach, died in those days; yet truly he did not go with all his heart in the halachot of his abba, and he died in the five hundred and ninety-fifth *** year of the life of Noach.

20 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy seven years, and he died.

21 And all the sons of men who knew 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, died in that year before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought evil upon them; for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 willed them to die, so as not to behold the evil that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 would bring upon their brothers and relatives, as He had so declared to do.

22 In that time, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Noach and Metushelach,Β Stand forth and proclaim to the sons of men all the words that I spoke to you in those days, perhaps they may teshuvah from their evil halachot, and I will then relent of the evil and will not bring it.

23 And Noach and Metushelach stood forth, and said in the ears of the sons of men, all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken concerning them.

24 But the sons of men would not listen, neither would they incline their ears to all their declarations.

25 And it was after this that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Noach,Β The end of all flesh has come before me, on account of their evil deeds, and behold I will destroy the earth.

26 And you take for yourself gopher wood, and go to a certain place and make a large ark, and place it in that spot.

27 And this shall you make it; three hundred cubits its length, fifty cubits wide and thirty cubits high.

28 And you shall make to you a door, open at its side, and to a cubit you shall finish above, and cover it within and without with pitch.

29 And behold I will bring the flood of mayim upon the earth, and all flesh will be destroyed, from under the shamayim all that is upon earth shall perish.

30 And you and your household shall go and gather two couple of all living things, male and female, and shall bring them to the ark, to raise up zera from them upon earth.

31 And gather to you all food that is eaten by all the animals, that there may be food for you and for them.

32 And you shall choose for your sons three maidens, from the daughters of men, and they shall be wives to your sons.

33 And Noach rose up, and he made the ark, in the place where 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him, and Noach did as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had ordered him.

34 In his five hundred and ninety-fifth year Noach commenced to make the ark, and he made the ark in five years, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded.

35 Then Noach took the three daughters of Eliyakim, son of Metushelach, for wives for his sons, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Noach.

36 And it was at that time Metushelach the son of Chanok died, nine hundred and sixty nine years old*** was he, at his death.

6 At that time, after the death of Metushelach, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Noach,Β Go you with your household into the ark; behold I will gather to you all the animals of the earth, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and they shall all come and surround the ark.

2 And you shall go and seat yourself by the doors of the ark, and all the beasts, the animals, and the fowls, shall assemble and place themselves before you, and such of them as shall come and crouch before you, shall you take and deliver into the hands of your sons, who shall bring them to the ark, and all that will stand before you; you shall leave.

3 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought this about on the next day, and animals, beasts and fowls came in great multitudes and surrounded the ark.

4 And Noach went and seated himself by the door of the ark, and of all flesh that crouched before him, he brought into the ark, and all that stood before him he left upon earth.

5 And a lioness came, with her two whelps, male and female, and the three crouched before Noach, and the two whelps rose up against the lioness and smote her, and made her flee from her place, and she went away, and they returned to their places, and crouched upon the earth before Noach.

6 And the lioness ran away, and stood in the place of the lions.

7 And Noach saw this, and wondered greatly, and he rose and took the two whelps, and brought them into the ark.

8 And Noach brought into the ark from all living creatures that were upon earth, so that there was none left but which Noach brought into the ark.

9 Two and two came to Noach into the ark, but from the clean animals, and clean fowls, he brought seven couples, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him.

10 And all the animals, and beasts, and fowls, were still there, and they surrounded the ark at every place, and the rain had not descended till seven days after.

11 And on that day, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused the whole earth to shake, and the sun darkened, and the foundations of the world raged, and the whole earth was moved violently, and the lightning flashed, and the thunder roared, and all the fountains in the earth were broken up, such as was not known to the inhabitants before; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did this mighty act, in order to terrify the sons of men, that there might be no more evil upon earth.

12 And still the sons of men would not return from their evil halachot, and they increased the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 at that time, and did not even direct their hearts to all this.

13 And at the end of seven days, in the six hundredth year of the life of Noach, the mayim of the flood were upon the earth.

14 And all the fountains of the deep were broken up, and the windows of the shamayim were opened, and the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

15 And Noach and his household, and all the living creatures that were with him, came into the ark on account of the mayim of the flood, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 shut him in.

16 And all the sons of men that were left upon the earth, became exhausted through evil on account of the rain, for the mayim was coming more violently upon the earth, and the animals and beasts were still surrounding the ark.

17 And the sons of men assembled together, about seven hundred thousand men and women, and they came to Noach to the ark.

18 And they called to Noach, saying, Open for us that we may come to you in the ark–and why shall we die?

19 And Noach, with a loud voice, answered them from the ark, saying, Have you not all rebelled against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and said that he does not exist? And therefore 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought upon you this evil, to destroy and cut you off from the face of the earth.

20 Is not this the thing that I spoke to you of one hundred and twenty years back, and you would not listen to the voice of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and now do you desire to live upon earth?

21 And they said to Noach, We are ready to teshuvah to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; only open for us that we may live and not die.

22 And Noach answered them, saying, Behold now that you see the trouble of your beings, you wish to teshuvah to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; why did you not teshuvah during these hundred and twenty years, which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 granted you as the determined period?

23 But now you come and tell me this on account of the troubles of your beings, now also 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will not listen to you, neither will He give ear to you on this day, so that you will not now succeed in your wishes.

24 And the sons of men approached in order to break into the ark, to come in on account of the rain, for they could not bear the rain upon them.

25 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent all the beasts and animals that stood round the ark. And the beasts overpowered them and drove them from that place, and every man went his way and they again scattered themselves upon the face of the earth.

26 And the rain was still descending upon the earth, and it descended forty days and forty nights, and the mayim prevailed greatly upon the earth; and all flesh that was upon the earth or in the mayim died, whether men, animals, beasts, creeping things or birds of the air, and there only remained Noach and those that were with him in the ark.

27 And the mayim prevailed and they greatly increased upon the earth, and they lifted up the ark and it was raised from the earth.

28 And the ark floated upon the face of the mayim, and it was tossed upon the mayim so that all the living creatures within were turned about like pottage in a cauldron.

29 And great anxiety seized all the living creatures that were in the ark, and the ark was like to be broken.

30 And all the living creatures that were in the ark were terrified, and the lions roared, and the oxen lowed, and the wolves howled, and every living creature in the ark spoke and lamented in its own language, so that their voices reached to a great distance, and Noach and his sons cried and wept in their troubles; they were greatly afraid that they had reached the gates of death.

31 And Noach prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and cried to him on account of this, and he said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 help us, for we have no strength to bear this evil that has encompassed us, for the waves of the mayim have surrounded us, mischievous torrents have terrified us, the snares of death have come before us; answer us, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, answer us, light up your countenance toward us and be gracious to us, redeem us and deliver us.

32 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of Noach, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 remembered him.

33 And a wind passed over the earth, and the mayim were still and the ark rested.

34 And the fountains of the deep and the windows of the shamayim were stopped, and the rain from the shamayim was restrained.

35 And the mayim decreased in those days, and the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat.

36 And Noach then opened the windows of the ark, and Noach still called out to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 at that time and he said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, who did form the earth and the shamayim and all that are in it, bring forth our beings from this confinement, and from the prison wherein you have placed us, for I am much wearied with sighing.

37 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of Noach, and said to him,Β When you shall have completed a full year you shall then go forth.

38 And at the turn of the year, when a full year was completed to Noach’s dwelling in the ark, the mayim were dried from off the earth, and Noach put off the covering of the ark.

39 At that time, on the twenty-seventh day of the second month, the earth was dry, but Noach and his sons, and those that were with him, did not go out from the ark until 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 told them.

40 And the day came that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 told them to go out, and they all went out from the ark.

41 And they went and returned every one to his way and to his place, and Noach and his sons dwelt in the land that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had told them, and they served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all their days, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed Noach and his sons on their going out from the ark.

42 And He said to them,Β Be fruitful and fill all the earth; become strong and increase abundantly in the earth and multiply therein.

7 And these are the names of the sons of Noach: Yahpheth, Ham and Shem; and children were born to them after the flood, for they had taken wives before the flood.

2 These are the sons of Yahpheth; Gomer, Magog, Madai, Yahvan, Tuval, Meshech, and Tiras, seven sons.

3 And the sons of Gomer were Ashkinaz, Rephath and Tegarmah.

4 And the sons of Magog were Elichanaf and Luval.

5 And the children of Madai were Achon, Zeelo, Chazoni and Lot.

6 And the sons of Yahvan were Elisha, Tarshish, Chittim and Dudonim.

7 And the sons of Tuval were Ariphi, Kesed and Taari.

8 And the sons of Meshech were Dedon, Zaron and Shebashni.

9 And the sons of Tiras were Beniv, Gera, Lupirion and Gilak; these are the sons of Yahpheth according to their families, and their numbers in those days were about four hundred and sixty men.

10 And these are the sons of Ham; Cush, Mitzrayim, Phut and Kanaan, four sons; and the sons of Cush were Seva, Havilah, Savta, Raama and Satecha, and the sons of Raama were Sheva and Dedan.

11 And the sons of Mitzrayim were Lud, Anom and Pathros, Chasloth and Chaphtor.

12 And the sons of Phut were Gevul, Hadan, Benah and Adan.

13 And the sons of Kanaan were Tzidon, Cheth, Amori, Gergashi, Hivi, Arkee, Seni, Arodi, Zimodi and Chamothi.

14 These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, and their numbers in those days were about seven hundred and thirty men.

15 And these are the sons of Shem; Eylam, Ashur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram, five sons; and the sons of Eylam were Shushan, Machul and Harmon.

16 And the sons of Ashar were Mirus and Mokil, and the sons of Arpachshad were Shelach, Anar and Ashcol.

17 And the sons of Lud were Pethor and Bizayon, and the sons of Aram were Uz, Chul, Gather and Mash.

18 These are the sons of Shem, according to their families; and their numbers in those days were about three hundred men.

19 These are the generations of Shem; Shem begat Arpachshad and Arpachshad begat Shelach, and Shelach begat Ever and to Ever were born two children, the name of one was Peleg, for in his days the sons of men were divided, and in the latter-days, the earth was divided.

20 And the name of the second was Yoktan, meaning that in his day the lives of the sons of men were diminished and lessened.

21 These are the sons of Yoktan; Almodad, Shelaf, Chazarmoveth, Yerach, Hadurom, Ozel, Diklah, Oval, Avimael, Sheva, Ophir, Havilah and Jovab; all these are the sons of Yoktan.

22 And Peleg his brother begat Yen, and Yen begat Serug, and Serug begat Nachor and Nachor begat Terah, and Terah was thirty-eight years old, and he begat Charan and Nachor.

23 And Cush the son of Ham, the son of Noach, took a wife in those days in his old age, and she bare a son, and they called his name Nimrod, saying, At that time the sons of men again began to rebel and transgress against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and the child grew up, and his abba loved him exceedingly, for he was the son of his old age.

24 And the garments of skin that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 made for Ahdam and his wife, when they went out of the gan, were given to Cush.

25 For after the death of Ahdam and his wife, the garments were given to Chanok, the son of Yahred, and when Chanok was taken up to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, he gave them to Metushelach, his son.

26 And at the death of Metushelach, Noach took them and brought them to the ark, and they were with him until he went out of the ark.

27 And in their going out, Ham stole those garments from Noach his abba, and he took them and hid them from his brothers.

28 And when Ham begat his bechor Cush, he gave him the garments in secret, and they were with Cush many days.

29 And Cush also concealed them from his sons and brothers, and when Cush had begotten Nimrod, he gave him those garments through his love for him, and Nimrod grew up, and when he was twenty years old he put on those garments.

30 And Nimrod became strong when he put on the garments, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave him might and strength, and he was a mighty hunter in the earth, yes, he was a mighty hunter in the field, and he hunted the animals and he built altars, and he offered upon them the animals before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

31 And Nimrod strengthened himself, and he rose up from among his brothers, and he fought the battles of his brothers against all their enemies round about.

32 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered all the enemies of his brothers in his hands, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 prospered him from time to time in his battles, and he reigned upon earth.

33 Therefore it became current in those days, when a man ushered forth those that he had trained up for battle, he would say to them, Like 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did to Nimrod, who was a mighty hunter in the earth, and who succeeded in the battles that prevailed against his brothers, that he delivered them from the hands of their enemies, so may 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 strengthen us and deliver us this day.

34 And when Nimrod was forty years old, at that time there was a war between his brothers and the children of Yahpheth, so that they were in the power of their enemies.

35 And Nimrod went forth at that time, and he assembled all the sons of Cush and their families, about four hundred and sixty men, and he hired also from some of his friends and acquaintances about eighty men, and be gave them their pay, and he went with them to battle, and when he was on the road, Nimrod strengthened the hearts of the people that went with him.

36 And he said to them, Do not fear, neither be alarmed, for all our enemies will be delivered into our hands, and you may do with them as you please.

37 And all the men that went were about five hundred, and they fought against their enemies, and they destroyed them, and subdued them, and Nimrod placed standing officers over them in their respective places.

38 And he took some of their children as security, and they were all servants to Nimrod and to his brothers, and Nimrod and all the people that were with him turned homeward.

39 And when Nimrod had joyfully returned from battle, after having conquered his enemies, all his brothers, together with those who knew him before, assembled to make him melech over them, and they placed the regal keter upon his head.

40 And he set over his subjects and people, princes, shophtim, and rulers, as is the custom among melechim.

41 And he placed Terah the son of Nachor the prince of his host, and he dignified him and elevated him above all his princes.

42 And while he was reigning according to his heart’s desire, after having conquered all his enemies around, he advised with his counselors to build a city for his palace, and they did so.

43 And they found a large valley opposite to the east, and they built him a large and extensive city, and Nimrod called the name of the city that he built Shinar, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had vehemently shaken his enemies and destroyed them.

44 And Nimrod dwelt in Shinar, and he reigned securely, and he fought with his enemies and he subdued them, and he prospered in all his battles, and his malchut became very great.

45 And all nations and tongues heard of his fame, and they gathered themselves to him, and they bowed down to the earth, and they brought him offerings, and he became their master and melech, and they all dwelt with him in the city at Shinar, and Nimrod reigned in the earth over all the sons of Noach, and they were all under his power and counsel.

46 And all the earth was of one tongue and words of union, but Nimrod did not go in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he was more wicked than all the men that were before him, from the days of the flood until those days.

47 And he made ahlohim of wood and stone, and he bowed down to them, and he rebelled against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and taught all his subjects and the people of the earth his wicked halachot; and Mardon his son was more wicked than his abba.

48 And every one that heard of the acts of Mardon the son of Nimrod would say, concerning him, from the wicked goes forth wickedness; therefore it became a mishle in the whole earth, saying, From the wicked goes forth wickedness, and it was current in the words of men from that time to this.

49 And Terah the son of Nachor, prince of Nimrod’s army, was in those days very great in the sight of the melech and his subjects, and the melech and princes loved him, and they elevated him very high.

50 And Terah took a wife and her name was Amthelo the daughter of Cornevo; and the wife of Terah conceived and bare him a son in those days.

51 Terah was seventy years old when he begat him, and Terah called the name of his son that was born to him Avram, because the melech had raised him in those days, and dignified him above all his princes that were with him.

8 And it was in the night that Avram was born, that all the servants of Terah, and all the wise men of Nimrod, and his conjurors came and ate and drank in the house of Terah, and they rejoiced with him on that night.

2 And when all the wise men and conjurors went out from the house of Terah, they lifted up their eyes toward the shamayim that night to look at the stars, and they saw, and behold one very large star came from the east and ran in the shamayim, and he swallowed up the four stars from the four sides of the shamayim.

3 And all the wise men of the melech and his conjurors were astonished at the sight, and the sages understood this matter, and they knew its import.

4 And they said to each other, This only is a sign that the child that has been born to Terah this night, who will grow up and be fruitful, and multiply, and possess all the earth, he and his children le-olam-va-ed, and he and his zera will slay great melechim, and inherit their lands

5 And the wise men and conjurors went home that night, and in the morning all these wise men and conjurors rose up early, and assembled in an appointed house.

6 And they spoke and said to each other, Behold the sight that we saw last night is hidden from the melech, it has not been made known to him.

7 And should this thing get known to the melech in the latter-days, he will say to us, why have you concealed this matter from me, and then we shall all suffer death; therefore, now let us go and tell the melech the sight which we saw, and the interpretation of it, and we shall then remain clear.

8 And they did so, and they all went to the melech and bowed down to him to the ground, and they said, May the melech live, may the melech live.

9 We heard that a son was born to Terah the son of Nachor, the prince of your host, and we came to his house last night, and we ate and drank and rejoiced with him that night.

10 And when your servants went out from the house of Terah, to go to our respective homes to abide there for the night, we lifted up our eyes to the shamayim, and we saw a great star coming from the east, and the same star ran with great speed, and swallowed up four great stars, from the four sides of the shamayim

11 And your servants were astonished at the sight which we saw, and were greatly terrified, and we made our mishpat upon the sight, and knew by our wisdom the proper interpretation of it, that this thing applies to the child that is born to Terah, who will grow up and multiply greatly, and become powerful, and kill all the melechim of the earth, and inherit all their lands, he and his zera le-olam-va-ed.

12 And now our master and melech, behold we have truly acquainted you with what we have seen concerning this child.

13 If it seems tov to the melech to give his abba value for this child, we will slay him before he shall grow up and increase in the land, and his evil increase against us, that we and our children perish through his evil.

14 And the melech heard their words and they seemed tov in his sight, and he sent and called for Terah, and Terah came before the melech.

15 And the melech said to Terah, I have been told that a son was born to you last night, and after this manner was observed in the shamayim at his birth.

16 And now therefore give me the child, that we may slay him before his evil springs up against us, and I will give you for his value, your house full of silver and gold.

17 And Terah answered the melech and said to him: My master and melech, I have heard your words, and your servant shall do all that his melech desires.

18 But my master and melech, I will tell you what happened to me last night, that I may see what advice the melech will give his servant, and then I will answer the melech upon what he has just spoken; and the melech said, Speak.

19 And Terah said to the melech, Ayon, son of Mored, came to me last night, saying,

20 Give to me the great and beautiful horse that the melech gave you, and I will give you silver and gold, and straw and provender for its value; and I said to him, Wait till I see the melech concerning your words, and behold whatever the melech says, that will I do.

21 And now my master and melech, behold I have made this thing known to you, and the advice that my melech will give to his servant, that will I follow.

22 And the melech heard the words of Terah, and his anger was kindled and he considered him in the light of a fool.

23 And the melech answered Terah, and he said to him, Are you so silly, ignorant, or deficient in understanding, to do this thing, to give your beautiful horse for silver and gold or even for straw and provender?

24 Are you so short of silver and gold, that you should do this thing, because you cannot obtain straw and provender to feed your horse? And what is silver and gold to you, or straw and provender, that you should give away that fine horse which I gave you, like which there is none to be had on the whole earth?

25 And the melech left off speaking, and Terah answered the melech, saying, Like to this has the melech spoken to his servant;

26 I beseech you, my master and melech, what is this which you did say to me, saying, Give your son that we may slay him, and I will give you silver and gold for his value; what shall I do with silver and gold after the death of my son? Who shall inherit me? Surely then at my death, the silver and gold will return to my melech who gave it.

27 And when the melech heard the words of Terah, and the parable that he brought concerning the melech, it grieved him greatly and he was vexed at this thing, and his anger burned within him.

28 And Terah saw that the anger of the melech was kindled against him, and he answered the melech, saying, All that I have is in the melech’s power; whatever the melech desires to do to his servant, that let him do, yes, even my son, he is in the melech’s power, without value in exchange, he and his two brothers that are older than he.

29 And the melech said to Terah, No, but I will purchase your younger son for a price.

30 And Terah answered the melech, saying, I beseech you my master and melech to let your servant speak a word before you, and let the melech hear the word of his servant, and Terah said, Let my melech give me three days’ time till I consider this matter within myself, and consult with my family concerning the words of my melech; and he pressed the melech greatly to agree to this.

31 And the melech hearkened to Terah, and he did so and he gave him three days’ time, and Terah went out from the melech’s presence, and he came home to his family and spoke to them all the words of the melech; and the people were greatly afraid.

32 And it was in the third day that the melech sent to Terah, saying, Send me your son for a price as I spoke to you; and should you not do this, I will send and slay all you have in your house, so that you shall not even have a dog remaining.

33 And Terah hurried, (as the thing was urgent from the melech), and he took a child from one of his servants, which his handmaid had born to him that day, and Terah brought the child to the melech and received value for him.

34 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Terah in this matter, that Nimrod might not cause Avram’s death, and the melech took the child from Terah and with all his might dashed his head to the ground, for he thought it had been Avram; and this was concealed from him from that day, and it was forgotten by the melech, as it was the will of Providence not to suffer Avram’s death.

35 And Terah took Avram his son secretly, together with his ema and nurse, and he concealed them in a cave, and he brought them their provisions monthly.

36 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Avram in the cave and he grew up, and Avram was in the cave ten years, and the melech and his princes, soothsayers and sages, thought that the melech had killed Avram.

9 And Charan, the son of Terah, Avram’s oldest brother, took a wife in those days.

2 Charan was thirty-nine years old when he took her; and the wife of Charan conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Lot.

3 And she conceived again and bare a daughter, and she called her name Milca; and she again conceived and bare a daughter, and she called her name Sarai.

4 Charan was forty-two years old when he begat Sarai, which was in the tenth year of the life of Avram; and in those days Avram and his ema and nurse went out from the cave, as the melech and his subjects had forgotten the affair of Avram.

5 And when Avram came out from the cave, he went to Noach and his son Shem, and he remained with them to learn the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His halachot, and no man knew where Avram was, and Avram served Noach and Shem his son for a long time.

6 And Avram was in Noach’s house thirty-nine years, and Avram knew 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 from three years old, and he went in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 until the day of his death, as Noach and his son Shem had taught him; and all the sons of the earth in those days greatly transgressed against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and they rebelled against him and they served other ahlohim, and they forgot 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who had created them in the earth; and the inhabitants of the earth made to themselves, at that time, every man his ahlohim; ahlohim of wood and stone which could neither speak, hear, nor deliver, and the sons of men served them and they became their ahlohim.

7 And the melech and all his servants, and Terah with all his household were then the first of those that served ahlohim of wood and stone.

8 And Terah had twelve ahlohim of large size, made of wood and stone, after the twelve months of the year, and he served each one monthly, and every month Terah would bring his meat offering and drink offering to his ahohim; this did Terah all the days.

9 And all that generation were wicked in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and they made every man his ahlohim, but they forsook 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who had created them.

10 And there was not a man found in those days in the whole earth, who knew 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 (for they served each man his own 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄) except Noach and his household, and all those who were under his counsel knew 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in those days.

11 And Avram the son of Terah was growing great in those days in the house of Noach, and no man knew it, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him.

12 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave Avram an understanding heart, and he knew all the works of that generation were vain, and that all their ahlohim were vain and were of no avail.

13 And Avram saw the sun shining upon the earth, and Avram said to himself Surely now this sun that shines upon the earth is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and him will I serve.

14 And Avram served the sun in that day and he prayed to him, and when evening came the sun set as usual, and Avram said within himself, Surely this cannot be 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄?

15 And Avram still continued to speak within himself, Who is He who made the shamayim and the earth? Who created upon earth? Where is He?

16 And night darkened over him, and he lifted up his eyes toward the west, north, south, and east, and he saw that the sun had vanished from the earth, and the day became dark.

17 And Avram saw the stars and moon before him, and he said, Surely this is the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who created the whole earth as well as man, and behold these his servants are ahlohim around him: and Avram served the moon and prayed to it all that night.

18 And in the morning when it was light and the sun shone upon the earth as usual, Avram saw all the things that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim had made upon earth.

19 And Avram said to himself Surely these are not ahlohim that made the earth and all mankind, but these are the servants of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and Avram remained in the house of Noach and there knew 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and his halachot’ and he served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all the days of his life, and all that generation forgot 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and served other ahlohim of wood and stone, and rebelled all their days.

20 And melech Nimrod reigned securely, and all the earth was under his control, and all the earth was of one tongue and words of union.

21 And all the princes of Nimrod and his great men took counsel together; Phut, Mitzrayim, Cush and Kanaan with their families, and they said to each other, Come let us build ourselves a city and in it a strong tower, and its top reaching the shamayim, and we will make ourselves famous, so that we may reign upon the whole world, in order that the evil of our enemies may cease from us, that we may reign mightily over them, and that we may not become scattered over the earth on account of their wars.

22 And they all went before the melech, and they told the melech these words, and the melech agreed with them in this affair, and he did so.

23 And all the families assembled consisting of about six hundred thousand men, and they went to seek an extensive piece of ground to build the city and the tower, and they sought in the whole earth and they found none like one valley at the east of the land of Shinar, about two days’ walk, and they journeyed there and they dwelt there.

24 And they began to make bricks and burn fires to build the city and the tower that they had imagined to complete.

25 And the building of the tower was to them a transgression and a sin, and they began to build it, and while they were building against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the shamayim, they imagined in their hearts to war against him and to ascend into the shamayim.

26 And all these people and all the families divided themselves in three parts; the first said We will ascend into the shamayim and fight against him; the second said, We will ascend to the shamayim and place our own ahlohim there and serve them; and the third part said, We will ascend to the shamayim and smite him with bows and spears; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 knew all their works and all their evil thoughts, and he saw the city and the tower which they were building.

27 And when they were building they built themselves a great city and a very high and strong tower; and on account of its height the mortar and bricks did not reach the builders in their ascent to it, until those who went up had completed a full year, and after that, they reached to the builders and gave them the mortar and the bricks; this was done daily.

28 And behold these ascended and others descended the whole day; and if a brick should fall from their hands and get broken, they would all weep over it, and if a man fell and died, none of them would look at him.

29 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 knew their thoughts, and it came to pass when they were building they cast the arrows toward the shamayim, and all the arrows fell upon them filled with blood, and when they saw them they said to each other, Surely we have slain all those that are in the shamayim.

30 For this was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in order to cause them to err, and in order to destroy them from off the face of the ground.

31 And they built the tower and the city, and they did this thing daily until many days and years were elapsed.

32 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to the seventy malachim who stood foremost before him, to those who were near to him, saying, Come let us descend and confuse their tongues, that one man shall not understand the language of his neighbor, and they did so to them.

33 And from that day following, they forgot each man his neighbor’s tongue, and they could not understand to speak in one tongue, and when the builder took from the hands of his neighbor lime or stone which he did not order, the builder would cast it away and throw it upon his neighbor, that he would die.

34 And they did so many days, and they killed many of them in this manner.

35 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote the three divisions that were there, and He punished them according to their works and designs; those who said, We will ascend to the shamayim and serve our ahlohim, became like apes and elephants; and those who said, We will smite the shamayim with arrows, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 killed them, one man through the hand of his neighbor; and the third division of those who said, We will ascend to the shamayim and fight against Him, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 scattered them throughout the earth.

36 And those who were left among them, when they knew and understood the evil that was coming upon them, they forsook the building, and they also became scattered upon the face of the whole earth.

37 And they ceased building the city and the tower; therefore he called that place Bavel, for there 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 confounded the language of the whole earth; behold it was at the east of the land of Shinar.

38 And as to the tower which the sons of men built, the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up one third part of it, and a fire also descended from the shamayim and burned another third, and the other third is left to this day, and it is of that part which was aloft, and its circumference is three days’ walk.

39 And many of the sons of men died in that tower, a people without number.

10 And Peleg the son of Ever died in those days, in the forty-eighth year of the life of Avram son of Terah, and all the days of Peleg were two hundred and thirty-nine years.

2 And when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had scattered the sons of men on account of their sin at the tower, behold they spread forth into many divisions, and all the sons of men were dispersed into the four corners of the earth.

3 And all the families became each according to its language, its land, or its city.

4 And the sons of men built many cities according to their families, in all the places where they went, and throughout the earth where 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had scattered them.

5 And some of them built cities in places from which they were afterward extirpated, and they called these cities after their own names, or the names of their children, or after their particular occurrences.

6 And the sons of Yahpheth the son of Noach went and built themselves cities in the places where they were scattered, and they called all their cities after their names, and the sons of Yahpheth were divided upon the face of the earth into many divisions and languages.

7 And these are the sons of Yahpheth according to their families, Gomer, Magog, Medai, Yahvan, Tuval, Meshech and Tiras; these are the children of Yahpheth according to their generations.

8 And the children of Gomer, according to their cities, were the Francum, who dwell in the land of Franza, by the River Franza, by the River Senah.

9 And the children of Rephath are the Bartonim, who dwell in the land of Bartonia by the River Ledah, which empties its mayim in the great sea Gihon, that is, Oceanus.

10 And the children of Tugarma are ten families, and these are their names: Buzar, Parzunac, Balgar, Elichanum, Ragbiv, Tarki, Bid, Zevuc, Ongal and Tilmaz; all these spread and rested in the north and built themselves cities.

11 And they called their cities after their own names; those are they who abide by the rivers Hithlah and Italac to this day.

12 But the families of Angoli, Balgar and Parzunac, they dwell by the great River Dubnee; and the names of their cities are also according to their own names.

13 And the children of Yahvan are the Yahvanim who dwell in the land of Makedonia, and the children of Medaiare are the Orelum that dwell in the land of Curson, and the children of Tuval are those that dwell in the land of Tuskanah by the River Pashiyah.

14 And the children of Meshech are the Shibashni and the children of Tiras are Rushash, Cushni, and Ongolis; all these went and built themselves cities; those are the cities that are situated by the sea Javus by the River Cura, which empties itself in the River Tragan.

15 And the children of Elishah are the Almanim, and they also went and built themselves cities; those are the cities situated between the mountains of Iyov and Shivathmo; and of them were the people of Lumbardi who dwell opposite the mountains of Iyov and Shivathmo, and they conquered the land of Italia and remained there to this day.

16 And the children of Chittim are the Romaim who dwell in the Valley of Canopia by the River Tibreu.

17 And the children of Dudonim are those who dwell in the cities of the sea Gihon, in the land of Bordna.

18 These are the families of the children of Yahpheth according to their cities and languages, when they were scattered after the tower, and they called their cities after their names and occurrences; and these are the names of all their cities according to their families, which they built in those days after the tower.

19 And the children of Ham were Cush, Mitzrayim, Phut and Kanaan according to their generation and cities.

20 All these went and built themselves cities as they found fit places for them, and they called their cities after the names of their ahvot Cush, Mitzrayim, Phut and Kanaan.

21 And the children of Mitzrayim are the Ludim, Anamim, Lehavim, Naphtuchim, Pathrusim, Casluchim and Caphturim, seven families.

22 All these dwell by the River Sihor, that is the brook of Mitzrayim, and they built themselves cities and called them after their own names.

23 And the children of Pathros and Casloch intermarried together, and from them went forth the Pelishtim, the Azathim, and the Gerarim, the Githim and the Ekronim, in all five families; these also built themselves cities, and they called their cities after the names of their ahvot to this day.

24 And the children of Kanaan also built themselves cities, and they called their cities after their names, eleven cities and others without number.

25 And four men from the family of Ham went to the land of the plain; these are the names of the four men, Sedom, Amorah, Admah and Zevoyim.

26 And these men built themselves four cities in the land of the plain, and they called the names of their cities after their own names.

27 And they and their children and all belonging to them dwelt in those cities, and they were fruitful and multiplied greatly and dwelt peaceably.

28 And Seir the son of Hur, son of Hivi, son of Kanaan, went and found a valley opposite to Mount Paran, and he built a city there, and he and his seven sons and his household dwelt there, and he called the city which he built Seir, according to his name; that is the land of Seir to this day.

29 These are the families of the children of Ham, according to their languages and cities, when they were scattered to their countries after the tower.

30 And some of the children of Shem son of Noach, abba of all the children of Ever, also went and built themselves cities in the places wherein they were scattered, and they called their cities after their names.

31 And the sons of Shem were Eylam, Ashur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram, and they built themselves cities and called the names of all their cities after their names.

32 And Ashur son of Shem and his children and household went forth at that time, a very large body of them, and they went to a distant land that they found, and they met with a very extensive valley in the land that they went to, and they built themselves four cities, and they called them after their own names and occurrences.

33 And these are the names of the cities that the children of Ashur built, Ninevah, Resen, Calach and Rehovother; and the children of Ashur dwell there to this day.

34 And the children of Aram also went and built themselves a city, and they called the name of the city Uz after their eldest brother, and they dwell therein; that is the land of Uz to this day.

35 And in the second year after the tower a man from the house of Ashur, whose name was Bela, went from the land of Ninevah to sojourn with his household wherever he could find a place; and they came until opposite the cities of the plain against Sedom, and they dwelt there.

36 And the man rose up and built there a small city, and called its name Bela, after his name; that is the land of Zoar to this day.

37 And these are the families of the children of Shem according to their language and cities, after they were scattered upon the earth after the tower.

38 And every malchut, city, and family of the families of the children of Noach built themselves many cities after this.

39 And they established governments in all their cities, in order to be regulated by their orders; so did all the families of the children of Noach le-olam-va-ed.

11 And Nimrod son of Cush was still in the land of Shinar, and he reigned over it and dwelt there, and he built cities in the land of Shinar.

2 And these are the names of the four cities that he built, and he called their names after the occurrences that happened to them in the building of the tower.

3 And he called the first Bavel, saying, Because 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 there confounded the language of the whole earth; and the name of the second he called Erech, because from there 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 dispersed them.

4 And the third he called Eched, saying there was a great battle at that place; and the fourth he called Calnah, because his princes and mighty men were consumed there, and they vexed 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, they rebelled and transgressed against Him.

5 And when Nimrod had built these cities in the land of Shinar, he placed in them the remainder of his people, his princes and his mighty men that were left in his malchut.

6 And Nimrod dwelt in Bavel, and he there renewed his reign over the rest of his subjects, and he reigned securely, and the subjects and princes of Nimrod called his name Amraphel, saying that at the tower his princes and men fell through his means.

7 And notwithstanding this, Nimrod did not teshuvah to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he continued in wickedness and teaching wickedness to the sons of men; and Mardon, his son, was worse than his abba, and continued to add to the abominations of his abba.

8 And he caused the sons of men to sin, therefore it is said, From the wicked goes forth wickedness.

9 At that time there was war between the families of the children of Ham, as they were dwelling in the cities that they had built.

10 And Chedorlaomer, melech of Eylam, went away from the families of the children of Ham, and he fought with them and he subdued them, and he went to the five cities of the plain and he fought against them and he subdued them, and they were under his control.

11 And they served him twelve years, and they gave him a yearly tax.

12 At that time died Nachor, son of Serug, in the forty-ninth year of the life of Avram son of Terah.

13 And in the fiftieth year of the life of Avram son of Terah, Avram came forth from the house of Noach, and went to his abba’s house.

14 And Avram knew 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he went in his halachot and Torot, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him.

15 And Terah his abba was in those days, still captain of the army of melech Nimrod, and he still followed strange ahlohim.

16 And Avram came to his abba’s house and saw twelve ahlohim standing there in their temples, and the anger of Avram was kindled when he saw these images in his abba’s house.

17 And Avram said, As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives these images shall not remain in my abba’s house; so shall 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who created me do to me if in three days’ time I do not break them all.

18 And Avram went from them, and his anger burned within him. And Avram hurried and went from the chamber to his abba’s outer court, and he found his abba sitting in the court, and all his servants with him, and Avram came and sat before him.

19 And Avram asked his abba, saying, Abba, tell me where is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who created the shamayim and earth, and all the sons of men upon earth, and who created you and me. And Terah answered his son Avram and said, Behold those who created us are all with us in the house.

20 And Avram said to his abba, My master, show them to me I ask you; and Terah brought Avram into the chamber of the inner court, and Avram saw, and behold the whole room was full of ahlohim of wood and stone, twelve great images and others less than they without number.

21 And Terah said to his son, Behold these are they which made all you see upon earth, and which created me and you, and all mankind.

22 And Terah bowed down to his ahlohim, and he then went away from them, and Avram, his son, went away with him.

23 And when Avram had gone from them he went to his ema and sat before her, and he said to his ema, Behold, my abba has shown me those who made the shamayim and earth, and all the sons of men.

24 Now, therefore, hurry and fetch a kid from the flock, and make of it tasty meat that I may bring it to my abba’s ahlohim as an offering for them to eat; perhaps I may thereby become acceptable to them.

25 And his ema did so, and she fetched a kid, and made tasty meat of it, and brought it to Avram, and Avram took the tasty meat from his ema and brought it before his abba’s ahlohim, and he drew near to them that they might eat; and Terah his abba, did not know of it.

26 And Avram saw on the day when he was sitting among them, that they had no voice, no hearing, no motion, and not one of them could stretch forth his hand to eat.

27 And Avram mocked them, and said, Surely the tasty meat that I prepared has not pleased them, or perhaps it was too little for them, and for that reason they would not eat; therefore tomorrow I will prepare fresh tasty meat, better and more plentiful than this, in order that I may see the result.

28 And it was on the next day that Avram directed his ema concerning the tasty meat, and his ema rose and fetched three fine kids from the flock, and she made of them some excellent tasty meat, such as her son was fond of, and she gave it to her son Avram; and Terah his abba did not know of it.

29 And Avram took the tasty meat from his ema, and brought it before his abba’s ahlohim into the chamber; and he came near to them that they might eat, and he placed it before them, and Avram sat before them all day, thinking perhaps they might eat.

30 And Avram viewed them, and behold they had neither voice nor hearing, nor did one of them stretch forth his hand to the meat to eat.

31 And in the evening of that day in that house Avram was clothed with the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

32 And he called out and said, Woe to my abba and this wicked generation, whose hearts are all inclined to vanity, who serve these idols of wood and stone which can neither eat, smell, hear nor speak, who have mouths without speech, eyes without sight, ears without hearing, hands without feeling, and legs which cannot move; like them are those that made them and that trust in them.

33 And when Avram saw all these things his anger was kindled against his abba, and he hurried and took a hatchet in his hand, and came to the chamber of the ahlohim, and he broke all his abba’s ahlohim.

34 And when he had done breaking the images, he placed the hatchet in the hand of the great ahlohim which was there before them, and he went out; and Terah his abba came home, for he had heard at the door the sound of the striking of the hatchet; so Terah came into the house to know what this was about.

35 And Terah, having heard the noise of the hatchet in the room of images, ran to the room to the images, and he met Avram going out.

36 And Terah entered the room and found all the idols fallen down and broken, and the hatchet in the hand of the largest, which was not broken, and the tasty meat that Avram his son had made was still before them.

37 And when Terah saw his anger was greatly kindled, and he hurried and went from the room to Avram.

38 And he found Avram his son still sitting in the house; and he said to him, What is this work you have done to my ahlohim?

39 And Avram answered Terah his abba and he said, Not so my master, for I brought tasty meat before them, and when I came near to them with the meat that they might eat, they all at once stretched forth their hands to eat before the great one had put forth his hand to eat.

40 And the large one saw their works that they did before him, and his anger was violently kindled against them, and he went and took the hatchet that was in the house and came to them and broke them all, and behold the hatchet is yet in his hand as you see.

41 And Terah’s anger was kindled against his son Avram, when he spoke this; and Terah said to Avram his son in his anger, What is this tale that you have told? You speak lies to me.

42 Is there in these ahlohim ruach, being or power to do all you have told me? Are they not wood and stone, and have I not myself made them, and can you speak such lies, saying that the large ahlohim that was with them smote them? It is you that did place the hatchet in his hands, and then say he smote them all.

43 And Avram answered his abba and said to him, And how can you then serve these idols in whom there is no power to do anything? Can those idols in which you trust deliver you? Can they hear your prayers when you call upon them? Can they deliver you from the hands of your enemies, or will they fight your battles for you against your enemies, that you should serve wood and stone that can neither speak nor hear?

44 And now surely it is not tov for you nor for the sons of men that are connected with you, to do these things; are you so silly, so foolish or so short of understanding that you will serve wood and stone, and do after this manner?

45 And forget 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim who made the shamayim and earth, and who created you in the earth, and thereby bring a great evil upon your beings in this matter by serving stone and wood?

46 Did not our ahvot in days of old sin in this matter, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the universe brought the mayim of the flood upon them and destroyed the whole earth?

47 And how can you continue to do this and serve ahlohim of wood and stone, who cannot hear, or speak, or deliver you from oppression, thereby bringing down the anger of the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the universe upon you?

48 Now therefore my abba refrain from this, and bring not evil upon your being and the beings of your household.

49 And Avram hurried and sprang from before his abba, and took the hatchet from his abba’s largest idol, with which Avram broke it and ran away.

50 And Terah, seeing all that Avram had done, hurried to go from his house, and he went to the melech and he came before Nimrod and stood before him, and he bowed down to the melech; and the melech said, What do you want?

51 And he said, I beseech you my master, to hear me–Now fifty years back a child was born to me, and this has he done to my ahlohim and this has he spoken; and now therefore, my master and melech, send for him that he may come before you, and judge him according to the law, that we may be delivered from his evil.

52 And the melech sent three men of his servants, and they went and brought Avram before the melech. And Nimrod and all his princes and servants were that day sitting before him, and Terah sat also before them.

53 And the melech said to Avram, What is this that you have done to your abba and to his ahlohim? And Avram answered the melech in the words that he spoke to his abba, and he said, The large ahlohim that was with them in the house did to them what you have heard.

54 And the melech said to Avram, Had they power to speak and eat and do as you have said? And Avram answered the melech, saying, And if there be no power in them why do you serve them and cause the sons of men to err through your follies?

55 Do you imagine that they can deliver you or do anything small or great, that you should serve them? And why will you not sense the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the whole universe, who created you and in whose power it is to kill and keep alive?

56 0 foolish, simple, and ignorant melech, woe to you le-olam-va-ed.

57 I thought you would teach your servants the upright way, but you have not done this, but have filled the whole earth with your sins and the sins of your people who have followed your halachot.

58 Do you not know, or have you not heard, that this evil that you do, our ancestors sinned therein in days of old, and the eternal 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought the mayim of the flood upon them and destroyed them all, and also destroyed the whole earth on their account? And will you and your people rise up now and do like to this work, in order to bring down the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the universe, and to bring evil upon you and the whole earth?

59 Now therefore put away this evil deed which you do, and serve the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the universe, as your being is in his hands, and then it will be well with you.

60 And if your wicked heart will not listen to my words to cause you to forsake your evil halachot, and to serve the eternal 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, then will you die in shame in the latter-days, you, your people and all who are connected with you, hearing your words or walking in your evil halachot.

61 And when Avram had ceased speaking before the melech and princes, Avram lifted up his eyes to the shamayim, and he said, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sees all the wicked, and He will judge them.

12 And when the melech heard the words of Avram he ordered him to be put into prison; and Avram was ten days in prison.

2 And at the end of those days the melech ordered that all the melechim, princes and governors of different provinces and the sages should come before him, and they sat before him, and Avram was still in the house of confinement.

3 And the melech said to the princes and sages, Have you heard what Avram, the son of Terah, has done to his abba? This has he done to him, and I ordered him to be brought before me, and this has he spoken; his heart did not misgive him, neither did he stir in my presence, and behold now he is confined in the prison.

4 And therefore decide what mishpat is due to this man who reviled the melech; who spoke and did all the things that you heard.

5 And they all answered the melech saying, The man who reviles the melech should be hanged upon a tree; but having done all the things that he said, and having despised our Ahlohim, he must therefore be burned to death, for this is the law in this matter.

6 If it pleases the melech to do this, let him order his servants to kindle a fire both night and day in your brick furnace, and then we will cast this man into it. And the melech did so, and he commanded his servants that they should prepare a fire for three days and three nights in the melech’s furnace, that is in Chasdim; and the melech ordered them to take Avram from prison and bring him out to be burned.

7 And all the melech’s servants, princes, masters, governors, and shophtim, and all the inhabitants of the land, about nine hundred thousand men, stood opposite the furnace to see Avram.

8 And all the women and little ones crowded upon the roofs and towers to see what was doing with Avram, and they all stood together at a distance; and there was not a man left that did not come on that day to behold the scene.

9 And when Avram was come, the conjurors of the melech and the sages saw Avram, and they cried out to the melech, saying, Our sovereign master, surely this is the man whom we know to have been the child at whose birth the great star swallowed the four stars, which we declared to the melech now fifty years since.

10 And behold now his abba has also transgressed your commands, and mocked you by bringing you another child, which you did kill.

11 And when the melech heard their words, he was exceedingly angry, and he ordered Terah to be brought before him.

12 And the melech said, Have you heard what the conjurors have spoken? Now tell me truly, how you did it; and if you shall speak emet you shall be acquitted.

13 And seeing that the melech’s anger was so much kindled, Terah said to the melech, My master and melech, you have heard the emet, and what the sages have spoken is right. And the melech said, How could you do this thing, to transgress my orders and to give me a child that you did not beget, and to take value for him?

14 And Terah answered the melech, Because my tender feelings were excited for my son, at that time, and I took a son of my handmaid, and I brought him to the melech.

15 And the melech said Who advised you to this? Tell me, do not hide anything from me, and then you shall not die.

16 And Terah was greatly terrified in the melech’s presence, and he said to the melech, It was Charan my eldest son who advised me to this; and Charan was in those days that Avram was born, thirty two years old.

17 But Charan did not advise his abba to anything, for Terah said this to the melech in order to deliver his being from the melech, for he feared greatly; and the melech said to Terah, Charan your son who advised you to this shall die through fire with Avram; for the sentence of death is upon him for having rebelled against the melech’s desire in doing this thing.

18 And Charan at that time felt inclined to follow the halachot of Avram, but he kept it within himself.

19 And Charan said in his heart, Behold now the melech has seized Avram on account of these things which Avram did, and it shall come to pass, that if Avram prevail over the melech I will follow him, but if the melech prevail I will go after the melech.

20 And when Terah had spoken this to the melech concerning Charan his son, the melech ordered Charan to be seized with Avram.

21 And they brought them both, Avram and Charan his brother, to cast them into the fire; and all the inhabitants of the land and the melech’s servants and princes and all the women and little ones were there, standing that day over them.

22 And the melech’s servants took Avram and his brother, and they stripped them of all their clothes except their lower garments that were upon them.

23 And they bound their hands and feet with linen cords, and the servants of the melech lifted them up and cast them both into the furnace.

24 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 loved Avram and He had rachamim over him, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came down and delivered Avram from the fire and he was not burned.

25 But all the cords with which they bound him were burned, while Avram remained and walked about in the fire.

26 And Charan died when they had cast him into the fire, and he was burned to ashes, for his heart was not perfect with 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; and those men who cast him into the fire, the flame of the fire spread over them, and they were burned, and twelve men of them died.

27 And Avram walked in the midst of the fire three days and three nights, and all the servants of the melech saw him walking in the fire, and they came and told the melech, saying, Behold we have seen Avram walking about in the midst of the fire, and even the lower garments which are upon him are not burned, but the cord with which he was bound is burned.

28 And when the melech heard their words his heart fainted and he would not believe them; so he sent other faithful princes to see this matter, and they went and saw it and told it to the melech; and the melech rose to go and see it, and he saw Avram walking to and fro in the midst of the fire, and he saw Charan’s body burned, and the melech wondered greatly.

29 And the melech ordered Avram to be taken out from the fire; and his servants approached to take him out and they could not, for the fire was round about and the flame ascending toward them from the furnace.

30 And the melech’s servants fled from it, and the melech rebuked them, saying, Make haste and bring Avram out of the fire that you shall not die.

31 And the servants of the melech again approached to bring Avram out, and the flames came upon them and burned their faces so that eight of them died.

32 And when the melech saw that his servants could not approach the fire lest they should be burned, the melech called to Avram, O servant of the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who is in the shamayim, go forth from amidst the fire and come here before me; and Avram hearkened to the voice of the melech, and he went forth from the fire and came and stood before the melech.

33 And when Avram came out the melech and all his servants saw Avram coming before the melech, with his lower garments upon him, for they were not burned, but the cord with which he was bound was burned.

34 And the melech said to Avram, How is it that you were not burned in the fire?

35 And Avram said to the melech, The 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the shamayim and earth in whom I trust and who has all in His power, he delivered me from the fire into which you did cast me.

36 And Charan the brother of Avram was burned to ashes, and they sought for his body, and they found it consumed.

37 And Charan was eighty-two years old when he died in the fire of Chasdim. And the melech, princes, and inhabitants of the land, seeing that Avram was delivered from the fire, they came and bowed down to Avram.

38 And Avram said to them, Do not bow down to me, but bow down to the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the world who made you, and serve Him, and go in His halachot for it is He who delivered me from out of this fire, and it is He who created the beings and ruachs of all men, and formed man in his ema’s womb, and brought him forth into the world, and it is He who will deliver those who trust in Him from all pain.

39 And this thing seemed very wonderful in the eyes of the melech and princes, that Avram was saved from the fire and that Charan was burned; and the melech gave Avram many presents and he gave him his two head servants from the melech’s house; the name of one was Oni and the name of the other was Eliezer.

40 And all the melechim, princes and servants gave Avram many gifts of silver and gold and pearl, and the melech and his princes sent him away, and he went in shalom.

41 And Avram went forth from the melech in shalom, and many of the melech’s servants followed him, and about three hundred men joined him.

42 And Avram returned on that day and went to his abba’s house, he and the men that followed him, and Avram served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 His 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all the days of his life, and he walked in His halachot and followed His Torah.

43 And from that day forward Avram inclined the hearts of the sons of men to serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

44 And at that time Nachor and Avram took to themselves wives, the daughters of their brother Charan; the wife of Nachor was Milca and the name of Avram’s wife was Sarai.Β And Sarai, wife of Avram, was barren; she had no offspring in those days.

45 And at the expiration of two years from Avram’s going out of the fire, that is in the fifty-second year of his life, behold melech Nimrod sat in Bavel upon the throne, and the melech fell asleep and dreamed that he was standing with his troops and armies in a valley opposite the melech’s furnace.

46 And he lifted up his eyes and saw a man in the likeness of Avram coming forth from the furnace, and that he came and stood before the melech with his drawn sword, and then sprang to the melech with his sword, when the melech fled from the man, for he was afraid; and while he was running, the man threw an egg upon the melech’s head, and the egg became a great river.

47 And the melech dreamed that all his troops sank in that river and died, and the melech took flight with three men who were before him and he escaped.

48 And the melech looked at these men and they were clothed in princely dresses as the garments of melechim, and had the appearance and majesty of melechim.

49 And while they were running, the river again turned to an egg before the melech, and there came forth from the egg a young bird that came before the melech, and flew at his head and plucked out the melech’s eye.

50 And the melech was grieved at the sight, and he awoke out of his sleep and his ruach was agitated; and he felt a great terror.

51 And in the morning the melech rose from his couch in fear, and he ordered all the wise men and magicians to come before him, when the melech related his dream to them.

52 And a wise servant of the melech, whose name was Anuki, answered the melech, saying, This is nothing else but the evil of Avram and his zera that will spring up against my master and melech in the latter-days.

53 And behold the day will come when Avram and his zera and the children of his household will war with my melech, and they will smite all the melech’s hosts and his troops.

54 And as to what you have said concerning three men which you did see like to yourself, and which did escape, this means that only you will escape with three melechim from the melechim of the earth who will be with you in battle.

55 And that which you saw of the river which turned to an egg as at first, and the young bird plucking out your eye, this means nothing else but the zera of Avram which will slay the melech in latter days.

56 This is my melech’s dream, and this is its interpretation, and the dream is emet, and the interpretation, which your servant has given you, is right.

57 Now therefore my melech, surely you know that it is now fifty-two years since your sages saw this at the birth of Avram, and if my melech will allow Avram to live in the earth it will be to the injury of my master and melech, for all the days that Avram lives, neither you nor your malchut will be established, for this was known formerly at his birth; and why will not my melech slay him, that his evil may be kept from you in latter-days?

58 And Nimrod hearkened to the voice of Anuki, and he sent some of his servants in secret to go and seize Avram, and bring him before the melech to suffer death.

59 And Eliezer, Avram’s servant whom the melech had given him, was at that time in the presence of the melech, and he heard what Anuki had advised the melech, and what the melech had said to cause Avram’s death.

60 And Eliezer said to Avram, Hasten, rise up and save your being, that you may not die through the hands of the melech, for this did he see in a dream concerning you, and this did Anuki interpret it, and this also did Anuki advise the melech concerning you.

61 And Avram hearkened to the voice of Eliezer, and Avram hurried and ran for safety to the house of Noach and his son Shem, and he concealed himself there and found a place of safety; and the melech’s servants came to Avram’s house to seek him, but they could not find him, and they searched throughout the country and he was not to be found, and they went and searched in every direction and he was not to be met with.

62 And when the melech’s servants could not find Avram they returned to the melech, but the melech’s anger against Avram was stilled, as they did not find him, and the melech drove from his mind this matter concerning Avram.

63 And Avram was concealed in Noach’s house for one month, until the melech had forgotten this matter, but Avram was still afraid of the melech; and Terah came to see Avram his son secretly in the house of Noach, and Terah was very great in the eyes of the melech.

64 And Avram said to his abba, Do you not know that the melech thinks to slay me, and to annihilate my name from the earth by the advice of his wicked counselors?

65 Now whom have you here and what have you in this land? Arise; let us go together to the land of Kanaan that we may be delivered from his hand, lest you perish also through him in the latter-days.

66 Do you not know or have you not heard, that it is not through love that Nimrod gives you all this honor, but it is only for his benefit that he bestows all this tov upon you?

67 And if he does to you greater tov than this, surely these are only vanities of the world, for wealth and riches cannot avail in the day of wrath and anger.

68 Now therefore listen to my voice, and let us arise and go to the land of Kanaan, out of the reach of injury from Nimrod; and serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who created you in the earth and it will be well with you; and cast away all the vain things which you pursue.

69 And Avram ceased to speak, when Noach and his son Shem answered Terah, saying, Emet is the word that Avram has said to you.

70 And Terah hearkened to the voice of his son Avram, and Terah did all that Avram said, for this was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, that the melech should not cause Avram’s death.

13 And Terah took his son Avram and his grandson Lot, the son of Charan, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, the wife of his son Avram, and all the beings of his household and went with them from Ur Chasdim to go to the land of Kanaan. And when they came as far as the land of Charan they remained there, for it was exceedingly tov land for pasture, and of sufficient extent for those who accompanied them.

2 And the people of the land of Charan saw that Avram was tov and upright with 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and men, and that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 His 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him, and some of the people of the land of Charan came and joined Avram, and he taught them the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His halachot; and these men remained with Avram in his house and they adhered to him.

3 And Avram remained in the land three years, and at the expiration of three years 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Avram and said to him;Β IΒ AM 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who brought you forth from Ur Chasdim, and delivered you from the hands of all your enemies.

4 And now therefore if you will listen to my voice and keep my mitzvot, my chukim and my Torot, then will I cause your enemies to fall before you, and I will multiply your zera like the stars of the shamayim, and I will send my blessing upon all the works of your hands, and you shall lack nothing.

5 Arise now, take your wife and all belonging to you and go to the land of Kanaan and remain there, and I will there be to you for an 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and I will bless you.Β And Avraham rose and took his wife and all belonging to him, and he went to the land of Kanaan as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had told him; and Avram was fifty years old when he went from Charan.

6 And Avram came to the land of Kanaan and dwelt in the midst of the city, and he there pitched his tent among the children of Kanaan, inhabitants of the land.

7 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Avram when he came to the land of Kanaan, and said to him, This is the land which I gave to you and to your zera after you le-olam-va-ed, and I will make your zera like the stars of the shamayim, and I will give to your zera for an inheritance all the lands which you see.

8 And Avram built an altar in the place where 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to him, and Avram there called upon the Name of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

9 At that time, at the end of three years of Avram’s dwelling in the land of Kanaan, in that year Noach died, which was the fifty-eighth year of the life of Avram; and all the days that Noach lived were nine hundred and fifty years and he died.

10 And Avram dwelt in the land of Kanaan, he, his wife, and all belonging to him, and all those that accompanied him, together with those that joined him from the people of the land; but Nachor, Avram’s brother, and Terah his abba, and Lot the son of Charan and all belonging to them dwelt in Charan.

11 In the fifth year of Avram’s dwelling in the land of Kanaan the people of Sedom and Amorah and all the cities of the plain revolted from the power of Chedorlaomer, melech of Eylam; for all the melechim of the cities of the plain had served Chedorlaomer for twelve years, and given him a yearly tax, but in those days in the thirteenth year, they rebelled against him.

12 And in the tenth year of Avram’s dwelling in the land of Kanaan there was war between Nimrod melech of Shinar and Chedorlaomer melech of Eylam, and Nimrod came to fight with Chedorlaomer and to subdue him.

13 For Chedorlaomer was at that time one of the princes of the hosts of Nimrod, and when all the people at the tower were dispersed and those that remained were also scattered upon the face of the earth, Chedorlaomer went to the land of Eylam and reigned over it and rebelled against his master.

14 And in those days when Nimrod saw that the cities of the plain had rebelled, he came with pride and anger to war with Chedorlaomer, and Nimrod assembled all his princes and subjects, about seven hundred thousand men, and went against Chedorlaomer, and Chedorlaomer went out to meet him with five thousand men, and they prepared for battle in the Valley of Bavel which is between Eylam and Shinar.

15 And all those melechim fought there, and Nimrod and his people were smitten before the people of Chedorlaomer, and there fell from Nimrod’s men about six hundred thousand, and Mardon the melech’s son fell among them.

16 And Nimrod fled and returned in shame and disgrace to his land, and he was under subjection to Chedorlaomer for a long time, and Chedorlaomer returned to his land and sent princes of his army to the melechim that dwelt around him, to Arioch melech of Elasar, and to Tidal melech of Goyim, and made a covenant with them, and they were all obedient to his commands.

17 And it was in the fifteenth year of Avram’s dwelling in the land of Kanaan, which is the seventieth year of the life of Avram, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Avram in that year and He said to him,Β IΒ AM 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who brought you out from Ur Chasdim to give you this land for an inheritance.

18 Now therefore have your halacha before Me and be perfect and keep My mitzvot, for to you and to your zera I will give this land for an inheritance, from the River Mitzrayim to the great River Euphrates.

19 And you shall come to your ahvot in shalom and in tov age, and in the fourth generation they shall return here in this land and shall inherit it le-olam-va-ed;Β and Avram built an altar, and he called upon the name of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who appeared to him, and he brought up sacrifices upon the altar to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

20 At that time Avram returned and went to Charan to see his abba and ema, and his abba’s household, and Avram and his wife and all belonging to him returned to Charan, and Avram dwelt in Charan five years.

21 And many of the people of Charan, about seventy-two men, followed Avram and Avram taught them the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His halachot, and he taught them to know 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

22 In those days 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Avram in Charan, and he said to him,Β Behold, I spoke to you these twenty years back saying,

23 Go forth from your land, from your birth-place and from your abba’s house, to the land which I have shown you to give it to you and to your children, for there in that land will I bless you, and make you a great nation, and make your name great, and in you shall the families of the earth be blessed.

24 Now therefore arise, go forth from this place, you, your wife, and all belonging to you, also every one born in your house and all the beings you have made in Charan, and bring them out with you from here, and rise to return to the land of Kanaan.

25 And Avram arose and took his wife Sarai and all belonging to him and all that were born to him in his house and the beings that they had made in Charan, and they came out to go to the land of Kanaan.

26 And Avram went and returned to the land of Kanaan, according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄. And Lot the son of his brother Charan went with him, and Avram was seventy-five years old when he went forth from Charan to return to the land of Kanaan.

27 And he came to the land of Kanaan according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄

to Avram, and he pitched his tent and he dwelt in the plain of Mamre, and with him was Lot his brother’s son, and all belonging to him.

28 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 again appeared to Avram and said,Β To your zera will I give this land;Β and he there built an altar to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who appeared to him, which is still to this day in the plains of Mamre.

14 In those days there was in the land of Shinar a wise man that had understanding in all wisdom, and of a beautiful appearance, but he was poor and indigent; his name was Rikayon and he was hard pressed to support himself.

2 And he resolved to go to Mitzrayim, to Oswiris the son of Anom melech of Mitzrayim, to show the melech his wisdom; for perhaps he might find rachamim in his sight, to raise him up and give him maintenance; and Rikayon did so.

3 And when Rikayon came to Mitzrayim he asked the inhabitants of Mitzrayim concerning the melech, and the inhabitants of Mitzrayim told him the custom of the melech of Mitzrayim, for it was then the custom of the melech of Mitzrayim that he went from his royal palace and was seen abroad only one day in the year, and after that the melech would return to his palace to remain there.

4 And on the day when the melech went forth he passed mishpat in the land, and every one having a suit came before the melech that day to obtain his request.

5 And when Rikayon heard of the custom in Mitzrayim and that he could not come into the presence of the melech, he grieved greatly and was very sorrowful.

6 And in the evening Rikayon went out and found a house in ruins, formerly a baking house in Mitzrayim, and he abode there all night in bitterness of being and pinched with hunger, and sleep was removed from his eyes.

7 And Rikayon considered within himself what he should do in the town until the melech made his appearance, and how he might maintain himself there.

8 And he rose in the morning and walked about, and met in his way those who sold vegetables and various sorts of zera with which they supplied the inhabitants.

9 And Rikayon wished to do the same in order to get a maintenance in the city, but he was unacquainted with the custom of the people, and he was like a blind man among them.

10 And he went and obtained vegetables to sell them for his support, and the rabble assembled around him and ridiculed him, and took his vegetables from him and left him nothing.

11 And he rose up from there in bitterness of being, and went sighing to the baking house in which he had remained all the night before, and he slept there the second night.

12 And on that night again he reasoned within himself how he could save himself from starvation, and he devised a scheme how to act.

13 And he rose up in the morning and acted ingeniously, and went and hired thirty strong men of the rabble, carrying their war instruments in their hands, and he led them to the top of the Mitzrite sepulcher, and he placed them there.

14 And he commanded them, saying, This says the melech, Strengthen yourselves and be valiant men, and let no man be buried here until two hundred pieces of silver be given, and then he may be buried; and those men did according to the order of Rikayon to the people of Mitzrayim the whole of that year.

15 And in eight months time Rikayon and his men gathered great riches of silver and gold, and Rikayon took a great quantity of horses and other animals, and he hired more men, and he gave them horses and they remained with him.

16 And when the year came round, at the time the melech went forth into the town, all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim assembled together to speak to him concerning the work of Rikayon and his men.

17 And the melech went forth on the appointed day, and all the Mitzrites came before him and cried to him, saying,

18 May the melech live le-olam-va-ed. What is this thing you do in the town to your servants, not to allow a dead body to be buried until so much silver and gold be given? Was there ever the like to this done in the whole earth, from the days of former melechim; yes even from the days of Ahdam, to this day, that the dead should not be buried only for a set price?

19 We know it to be the custom of melechim to take a yearly tax from the living, but you do not only do this, but from the dead also you collect a tax day by day.

20 Now, O melech, we can no more bear this, for the whole city is ruined on this account, and do you not know it?

21 And when the melech heard all that they had spoken he was very angry, and his anger burned within him at this affair, for he had known nothing of it.

22 And the melech said, Who and where is he that dares to do this wicked thing in my land without my command? Surely you will tell me.

23 And they told him all the works of Rikayon and his men, and the melech’s anger was aroused, and he ordered Rikayon and his men to be brought before him.

24 And Rikayon took about a thousand children, sons and daughters, and clothed them in silk and embroidery, and he set them upon horses and sent them to the melech by means of his men, and he also took a great quantity of silver and gold and precious stones, and a strong and beautiful horse, as a present for the melech, with which he came before the melech and bowed down to the earth before him; and the melech, his servants and all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim wondered at the work of Rikayon, and they saw his riches and the present that he had brought to the melech.

25 And it greatly pleased the melech and he wondered at it; and when Rikayon sat before him the melech asked him concerning all his works, and Rikayon spoke all his words wisely before the melech, his servants and all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim.

26 And when the melech heard the words of Rikayon and his wisdom, Rikayon found rachamim in his sight, and he met with rachamim and chesed from all the servants of the melech and from all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim, on account of his wisdom and excellent speeches, and from that time they loved him exceedingly.

27 And the melech answered and said to Rikayon, Your name shall no more be called Rikayon but Pharaoh shall be your name, since you did exact a tax from the dead; and he called his name Pharaoh.

28 And the melech and his subjects loved Rikayon for his wisdom, and they consulted with all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim to make him prefect under the melech.

29 And all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim and its wise men did so, and it was made a law in Mitzrayim.

30 And they made Rikayon Pharaoh prefect under Oswiris melech of Mitzrayim, and Rikayon Pharaoh governed over Mitzrayim, daily administering mishpat to the whole city, but Oswiris the melech would judge the people of the land one day in the year, when he went out to make his appearance.

31 And Rikayon Pharaoh cunningly usurped the government of Mitzrayim, and he exacted a tax from all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim.

32 And all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim greatly loved Rikayon Pharaoh, and they made a decree to call every melech that should reign over them and their zera in Mitzrayim, Pharaoh.

33 Therefore all the melechim that reigned in Mitzrayim from that time forward were called Pharaoh to this day.

15 And in that year there was a heavy famine throughout the land of Kanaan, and the inhabitants of the land could not remain on account of the famine for it was very grievous.

2 And Avram and all belonging to him rose and went down to Mitzrayim on account of the famine, and when they were at the brook Mitzrayim they remained there some time to rest from the fatigue of the road.

3 And Avram and Sarai were walking at the border of the brook Mitzrayim, and Avram beheld his wife Sarai that she was very beautiful.

4 And Avram said to his wife Sarai, Since 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has created you with such a beautiful countenance, I am afraid of the Mitzrites lest they should slay me and take you away, for the fear of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is not in these places.

5 Surely then you shall do this, Say you are my sister to all that may ask you, in order that it may be well with me, and that we may live and not be put to death.

6 And Avram commanded the same to all those that came with him to Mitzrayim on account of the famine; also his nephew Lot he commanded, saying, If the Mitzrites ask you concerning Sarai say she is the sister of Avram.

7 And yet with all these orders Avram did not put confidence in them, but he took Sarai and placed her in a chest and concealed it among their vessels, for Avram was greatly concerned about Sarai on account of the wickedness of the Mitzrites.

8 And Avram and all belonging to him rose up from the brook Mitzrayim and came to Mitzrayim; and they had scarcely entered the gates of the city when the guards stood up to them saying, Give ma’aser to the melech from what you have, and then you may come into the town; and Avram and those that were with him did so.

9 And Avram with the people that were with him came to Mitzrayim, and when they came they brought the chest in which Sarai was concealed and the Mitzrites saw the chest.

10 And the melech’s servants approached Avram, saying, What have you here in this chest that we have not seen? Now open you the chest and give ma’aser to the melech of all that it contains.

11 And Avram said, This chest I will not open, but all you demand upon it I will give. And Pharaoh’s officers answered Avram, saying, It is a chest of precious stones, give us the ma’aser of it.

12 Avram said, All that you desire I will give, but you must not open the chest.

13 And the melech’s officers pressed Avram, and they reached the chest and opened it with force, and they saw, and behold a beautiful woman was in the chest.

14 And when the officers of the melech beheld Sarai they were struck with admiration at her beauty, and all the princes and servants of Pharaoh assembled to see Sarai, for she was very beautiful. And the melech’s officers ran and told Pharaoh all that they had seen, and they praised Sarai to the melech; and Pharaoh ordered her to be brought, and the woman came before the melech.

15 And Pharaoh beheld Sarai and she pleased him exceedingly, and he was struck with her beauty, and the melech rejoiced greatly on her account, and made presents to those who brought him the tidings concerning her.

16 And the woman was then brought to Pharaoh’s house, and Avram grieved on account of his wife, and he prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to deliver her from the hands of Pharaoh.

17 And Sarai also prayed at that time and said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim you did tell my master Avram to go from his land and from his abba’s house to the land of Kanaan, and you did promise to do well with him if he would perform your mitzvot; now behold we have done that which you did command us, and we left our land and our families, and we went to a strange land and to a people whom we have not known before.

18 And we came to this land to avoid the famine, and this evil accident has befallen me; now therefore, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, deliver us and save us from the hand of this oppressor, and do well with me for the sake of your chesed.

19 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of Sarai, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent a malach to deliver Sarai from the power of Pharaoh.

20 And the melech came and sat before Sarai and behold a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was standing over them, and he appeared to Sarai and said to her, Do not fear, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has heard your prayer.

21 And the melech approached Sarai and said to her, What is that man to you who brought you here? And she said, He is my brother.

22 And the melech said, It is incumbent upon us to make him great, to elevate him and to do to him all the tov which you shall command us; and at that time the melech sent to Avram silver and gold and precious stones in abundance, together with cattle, men servants and maid servants; and the melech ordered Avram to be brought, and he sat in the court of the melech’s house, and the melech greatly exalted Avram on that night.

23 And the melech approached to speak to Sarai, and he reached out his hand to touch her, when the malach smote him heavily, and he was terrified and he refrained fromΒ reaching to her.

24 And when the melech came near to Sarai, the malach smote him to the ground, and acted like this to him the whole night, and the melech was terrified.

25 And the malach on that night smote heavily all the servants of the melech, and his whole household, on account of Sarai, and there was a great lamentation that night among the people of Pharaoh’s house.

26 And Pharaoh, seeing the evil that befell him, said, Surely on account of this woman has this thing happened to me, and he removed himself at some distance from her and spoke pleasing words to her.

27 And the melech said to Sarai, Tell me I ask you concerning the man with whom you came here; and Sarai said, This man is my husband, and I said to you that he was my brother for I was afraid, lest you should put him to death through wickedness.

28 And the melech kept away from Sarai, and the plagues of the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 ceased from him and his household; and Pharaoh knew that he was smitten on account of Sarai, and the melech was greatly astonished at this.

29 And in the morning the melech called for Avram and said to him, What is this you have done to me? Why did you say, She is my sister, owing to which I took her to me for a wife, and this heavy plague has therefore come upon me and my household.

30 Now therefore here is your wife, take her and go from our land lest we all die on her account. And Pharaoh took more cattle, men servants and maidservants, and silver and gold, to give to Avram, and he returned to him Sarai his wife.

31 And the melech took a maiden whom he begat by his concubines, and he gave her to Sarai for a handmaid.

32 And the melech said to his daughter, It is better for you my daughter to be a handmaid in this man’s house than to be mistress in my house, after we have beheld the evil that befell us on account of this woman.

33 And Avram arose, and he and all belonging to him went away from Mitzrayim; and Pharaoh ordered some of his men to accompany him and all that went with him.

34 And Avram returned to the land of Kanaan, to the place where he had made the altar, where he at first had pitched his tent.

35 And Lot the son of Charan, Avram’s brother, had a heavy stock of cattle, flocks and herds and tents, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was bountiful to them on account of Avram.

36 And when Avram was dwelling in the land the herdsmen of Lot quarreled with the herdsmen of Avram, for their property was too great for them to remain together in the land, and the land could not bear them on account of their cattle.

37 And when Avram’s herdsmen went to feed their flock they would not go into the fields of the people of the land, but the cattle of Lot’s herdsmen did otherwise, for they were allowed to feed in the fields of the people of the land.

38 And the people of the land saw this occurrence daily, and they came to Avram and quarreled with him on account of Lot’s herdsmen.

39 And Avram said to Lot, What is this you are doing to me, to make me despicable to the inhabitants of the land, that you order your herdsman to feed your cattle in the fields of other people? Do you not know that I am a stranger in this land among the children of Kanaan, and why will you do this to me?

40 And Avram quarreled daily with Lot on account of this, but Lot would not listen to Avram, and he continued to do the same and the inhabitants of the land came and told Avram.

41 And Avram said to Lot, How long will you be to me for a stumbling block with the inhabitants of the land? Now I beseech you let there be no more quarrelling between us, for we are kinsmen.

42 But I beg you separate from me, go and choose a place where you may dwell with your cattle and all belonging to you, but keep yourself at a distance from me, you and your household.

43 And be not afraid in going from me, for if anyone does any injury to you, let me know and I will avenge your cause from him, only remove yourself from me.

44 And when Avram had spoken all these words to Lot, then Lot arose and lifted up his eyes toward the plain of Yarden.

45 And he saw that the whole of this place was well watered, and tov for man as well as affording pasture for the cattle.

46 And Lot went from Avram to that place, and he there pitched his tent and he dwelt in Sedom, and they were separated from each other.

47 And Avram dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hevron, and he pitched his tent there, and Avram remained in that place many years.

16 At that time Chedorlaomer melech of Eylam sent to all the neighboring melechim, to Nimrod, melech of Shinar who was then under his power, and to Tidal, melech of Goyim, and to Arioch, melech of Elasar, with whom he made a covenant, saying, Come up to me and assist me, that we may smite all the towns of Sedom and its inhabitants, for they have rebelled against me these thirteen years.

2 And these four melechim went up with all their camps, about eight hundred thousand men, and they went as they were, and smote every man they found in their road.

3 And the five melechim of Sedom and Amorah, Shinav melech of Admah, Shemever melech of Zevoyim, Bera melech of Sedom, Bersha melech of Amorah, and Bela melech of Zoar, went out to meet them, and they all joined together in the Valley of Siddim.

4 And these nine melechim made war in the Valley of Siddim; and the melechim of Sedom and Amorah were smitten before the melechim of Eylam.

5 And the Valley of Siddim was full of lime pits and the melechim of Eylam pursued the melechim of Sedom, and the melechim of Sedom with their camps fled and fell into the lime pits, and all that remained went to the mountain for safety, and the five melechim of Eylam came after them and pursued them to the gates of Sedom, and they took all that there was in Sedom.

6 And they plundered all the cities of Sedom and Amorah, and they also took Lot, Avram’s brother’s son, and his property, and they seized all the goods of the cities of Sedom, and they went away; and Unic, Avram’s servant, who was in the battle, saw this, and told Avram all that the melechim had done to the cities of Sedom, and that Lot was taken captive by them.

7 And Avram heard this, and he rose up with about three hundred and eighteen men that were with him, and he that night pursued these melechim and smote them, and they all fell before Avram and his men, and there was none remaining but the four melechim who fled, and they went each his own road.

8 And Avram recovered all the property of Sedom, and he also recovered Lot and his property, his wives and little ones and all belonging to him, so that Lot lacked nothing.

9 And when he returned from smiting these melechim, he and his men passed the Valley of Siddim where the melechim had made war together.

10 And Bera melech of Sedom, and the rest of his men that were with him, went out from the lime pits into which they had fallen, to meet Avram and his men.

11 And Adoni-Tzedek melech of Yahrushalayim, the same was Shem,Β went out with his men to meet Avram and his people, with bread and wine, and they remained together in the valley of Melech.

12 And Adoni-Tzedek blessed Avram, and Avram gave him a ma’aser from all that he had brought from the spoil of his enemies, for Adoni-Tzedek was a kohen before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

13 And all the melechim of Sedom and Amorah, who were there, with their servants, approached Avram and begged of him to return them their servants whom he had made captive, and to take to himself all the property.

14 And Avram answered the melechim of Sedom, saying, As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives who created the shamayim and earth, and who redeemed my being from all affliction, and who delivered me this day from my enemies, and gave them into my hand, I will not take anything belonging to you, that you may not boast tomorrow, saying, Avram became rich from our property that he saved.

15 For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 my 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in whom I trust said to me, You shall lack nothing, for I will bless you in all the works of your hands.

16 And now therefore behold, here is all belonging to you, take it and go; as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives I will not take from you from a living being down to a shoetie or thread, except the cost of the food of those who went out with me to battle, as also the portions of the men who went with me, Anar, Ashcol, and Mamre, they and their men, as well as those also who had remained to watch the baggage, they shall take their portion of the spoil.

17 And the melechim of Sedom gave Avram according to all that he had said, and they pressed him to take of whatever he chose, but he would not.

18 And he sent away the melechim of Sedom and the remainder of their men, and he gave them orders about Lot, and they went to their respective places.

19 And Lot, his brother’s son, he also sent away with his property, and he went with them, and Lot returned to his home, to Sedom, and Avram and his people returned to their home to the plains of Mamre, which is in Hevron.

20 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 again appeared to Avram in Hevron, and he said to him, Do not fear, your reward is very great before me, for I will not leave you, until I shall have multiplied you, and blessed you and made your zera like the stars in the shamayim, which cannot be measured nor numbered.

21 And I will give to your zera all these lands that you see with your eyes, to them will I give them for an inheritance le-olam-va-ed, only be strong and do not fear, have your halacha before me and be perfect.

22 And in the seventy-eighth year of the life of Avram, in that year died Reu, the son of Peleg, and all the days of Reu were two hundred and thirty-nine years, and he died.

23 And Sarai, the daughter of Charan, Avram’s wife, was still barren in those days; she did not bear to Avram either son or daughter.

24 And when she saw that she bare no children she took her handmaid Chagar, whom Pharaoh had given her, and she gave her to Avram her husband for a wife.

25 For Chagar learned all the halachot of Sarai as Sarai taught her, she was not in any way deficient in following her tov halachot.

26 And Sarai said to Avram, Behold here is my handmaid Chagar, go to her that she may bring forth upon my knees, that I may also obtain children through her.

27 And at the end of ten years of Avram’s dwelling in the land of Kanaan, which is the eighty-fifth year of Avram’s life, Sarai gave Chagar to him.

28 And Avram hearkened to the voice of his wife Sarai, and he took his handmaid Chagar and Avram came to her and she conceived.

29 And when Chagar saw that she had conceived she rejoiced greatly, and her mistress was despised in her eyes, and she said within herself, This can only be that I am better before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 than Sarai my mistress, for all the days that my mistress has been with my master, she did not conceive, but me 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has caused in so short a time to conceive by him.

30 And when Sarai saw that Chagar had conceived by Avram, Sarai was jealous of her handmaid, and Sarai said within herself, This is surely nothing else but that she must be better than I am.

31 And Sarai said to Avram, My wrong be upon you, for at the time when you did pray before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for children why did you not pray on my account, that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 should give me zera from you?

32 And when I speak to Chagar in your presence, she despises my words, because she has conceived, and you will say nothing to her; may 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 judge between me and you for what you have done to me.

33 And Avram said to Sarai, Behold your handmaid is in your hand, do to her as it may seem tov in your eyes; and Sarai afflicted her, and Chagar fled from her to the wilderness.

34 And a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 found her in the place where she had fled, by a well, and he said to her, Do not fear, for I will multiply your zera, for you shall bear a son and you shall call his name Yishmael; now then return to Sarai your mistress, and submit yourself under her hands.

35 And Chagar called the place of that well Beer-Lahai-Roi; it is between Kadesh and the wilderness of Bered.

36 And Chagar at that time returned to her master’s house, and at the end of days Chagar bare a son to Avram, and Avram called his name Yishmael; and Avram was eighty-six years old when he begat him.

17 And in those days, in the ninety-first year of the life of Avram, the children of Chittim made war with the children of Tuval, for when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had scattered the sons of men upon the face of the earth, the children of Chittim went and embodied themselves in the plain of Canopia, and they built themselves cities there and dwelt by the River Tivreu.

2 And the children of Tuval dwelt in Tuscanah, and their boundaries reached the River Tivreu, and the children of Tuval built a city in Tuscanan, and they called the name Savinah, after the name of Savinah son of Tuval their abba, and they dwelt there to this day.

3 And it was at that time the children of Chittim made war with the children of Tuval, and the children of Tuval were smitten before the children of Chittim, and the children of Chittim caused three hundred and seventy men to fall from the children of Tuval.

4 And at that time the children of Tuval swore to the children of Chittim, saying, You shall not intermarry among us, and no man shall give his daughter to any of the sons of Chittim.

5 For all the daughters of Tuval were in those days fair, for no women were then found in the whole earth so fair as the daughters of Tuval.

6 And all who delighted in the beauty of women went to the daughters of Tuval and took wives from them, and the sons of men, melechim and princes, who greatly delighted in the beauty of women, took wives in those days from the daughters of Tuval.

7 And at the end of three years after the children of Tuval had sworn to the children of Chittim not to give them their daughters for wives, about twenty men of the children of Chittim went to take some of the daughters of Tuval, but they found none.

8 For the children of Tuval kept their oaths not to intermarry with them, and they would not break their oaths.

9 And in the days of harvest the children of Tuval went into their fields to get in their harvest, when the young men of Chittim assembled and went to the city of Savinah, and each man took a young woman from the daughters of Tuval, and they came to their cities.

10 And the children of Tuval heard of it and they went to make war with them, and they could not prevail over them, for the mountain was exceedingly high from them, and when they saw they could not prevail over them they returned to their land.

11 And at the turn of the year the children of Tuval went and hired about ten thousand men from those cities that were near them, and they went to war with the children of Chittim.

12 And the children of Tuval went to war with the children of Chittim, to destroy their land and to distress them, and in this engagement the children of Tuval prevailed over the children of Chittim, and the children of Chittim, seeing that they were greatly distressed, lifted up the children which they had had by the daughters of Tuval, upon the wall which had been built, to be before the eyes of the children of Tuval.

13 And the children of Chittim said to them, Have you come to make war with your own sons and daughters, and have we not been considered your flesh and bones from that time till now?

14 And when the children of Tuval heard this they ceased to make war with the children of Chittim, and they went away.

15 And they returned to their cities, and the children of Chittim at that time assembled and built two cities by the sea, and they called one Purtu and the other Ariza.

16 And Avram the son of Terah was then ninety-nine years old.

17 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to him and He said to him,Β I will make My covenant between Me and you, and I will greatly multiply your zera, and this is the covenant which I make between me and you, that every male child be circumcised, you and your zera after you.

18 At eight days old shall it be circumcised, and this covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

19 And now therefore your name shall no more be called Avram but Avraham, and your wife shall no more be called Sarai but Sarah.

20 For I will bless you both, and I will multiply your zera after you that you shall become a great nation, and melechim shall come forth from you.

18 And Avraham rose and did all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had ordered him, and he took the men of his household and those bought with his money, and he circumcised them as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him.

2 And there was not one left, whom he did not circumcise, and Avraham and his son Yishmael were circumcised in the flesh of their foreskin; thirteen years old was Yishmael when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

3 And in the third day Avraham went out of his tent and sat at the door to enjoy the heat of the sun, during the pain of his flesh.

4 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to him in the plain of Mamre, and sent three of his ministering malachim to visit him, and he was sitting at the door of the tent, and he lifted his eyes and saw, and see three men were coming from a distance, and he rose up and ran to meet them, and he bowed down to them and brought them into his house.

5 And he said to them, If now I have found favor in your sight, turn in and eat a morsel of bread; and he pressed them, and they turned in and he gave them mayim and they washed their feet, and he placed them under a tree at the door of the tent.

6 And Avraham ran and took a calf, tender and tov, and he hurried to kill it, and gave it to his servant Eliezer to dress.

7 And Avraham came to Sarah into the tent, and he said to her, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it and make cakes to cover the pot containing the meat, and she did so.

8 And Avraham hurried and brought before them butter and milk, beef and mutton, and gave it before them to eat before the flesh of the calf was sufficiently done, and they did eat.

9 And when they had done eating one of them said to him, I will return to you according to the time of life, and Sarah your wife shall have a son.

10 And the men afterward departed and went their ways, to the places to which they were sent.

11 In those days all the people of Sedom and Amorah, and of the whole five cities, were exceedingly wicked and sinful against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and they provoked 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 with their abominations, and they strengthened in aging abominably and scornfully before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and their wickedness and crimes were in those days great before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

12 And they had in their land a very extensive valley, about half a day’s walk, and in it there were fountains of mayim and a great deal of herbage surrounding the mayim.

13 And all the people of Sedom and Amorah went there four times in the year, with their wives and children and all belonging to them, and they rejoiced there with timbrels and dances.

14 And in the time of rejoicing they would all rise and lay hold of their neighbor’s wives, and some, the virgin daughters of their neighbors, and they enjoyed them, and each man saw his wife and daughter in the hands of his neighbor and did not say a word.

15 And they did so from morning to night, and they afterward returned home each man to his house and each woman to her tent; so they always did four times in the year.

16 Also when a stranger came into their cities and brought goods which he had purchased with a view to dispose of there, the people of these cities would assemble, men, women and children, young and old, and go to the man and take his goods by force, giving a little to each man until there was an end to all the goods of the owner which he had brought into the land.

17 And if the owner of the goods quarreled with them, saying, What is this work which you have done to me, then they would approach to him one by one, and each would show him the little which he took and taunt him, saying, I only took that little which you did give me; and when he heard this from them all, he would arise and go from them in sorrow and bitterness of being, when they would all arise and go after him, and drive him out of the city with great noise and tumult.

18 And there was a man from the country of Eylam who was leisurely going on the road, seated upon his donkey, which carried a fine mantle of divers colors, and the mantle was bound with a cord upon the donkey.

19 And the man was on his journey passing through the street of Sedom when the sun set in the evening, and he remained there in order to abide during the night, but no one would let him into his house; and at that time there was in Sedom a wicked and mischievous man, one skillful to do evil, and his name was Hedad.

20 And he lifted up his eyes and saw the traveler in the street of the city, and he came to him and said, Where do you come and where do you go?

21 And the man said to him, I am traveling from Hevron to Eylam where I belong, and as I passed the sun set and no one would allow me to enter his house, though I had bread and mayim and also straw and provender for my donkey, and am short of nothing.

22 And Hedad answered and said to him, All that you shall want shall be supplied by me, but in the street you shall not abide all night.

23 And Hedad brought him to his house, and he took off the mantle from the donkey with the cord, and brought them to his house, and he gave the donkey straw and provender while the traveler ate and drank in Hedad’s house, and he abode there that night.

24 And in the morning the traveler rose up early to continue his journey, when Hedad said to him, Wait, comfort your heart with a morsel of bread and then go, and the man did so; and he remained with him, and they both ate and drank together during the day, when the man rose up to go.

25 And Hedad said to him, Behold now the day is declining, you had better remain all night that your heart may be comforted; and he pressed him so that he tarried there all night, and on the second day he rose up early to go away, when Hedad pressed him, saying, Comfort your heart with a morsel of bread and then go, and he remained and ate with him also the second day, and then the man rose up to continue his journey.

26 And Hedad said to him, Behold now the day is declining, remain with me to comfort your heart and in the morning rise up early and go your way.

27 And the man would not remain, but rose and saddled his donkey, and while he was saddling his donkey the wife of Hedad said to her husband, Behold this man has remained with us for two days eating and drinking and he has given us nothing, and now shall he go away from us without giving anything? And Hedad said to her, Be silent.

28 And the man saddled his donkey to go, and he asked Hedad to give him the cord and mantle to tie it upon the donkey.

29 And Hedad said to him, What say you? And he said to him, That you my master shall give me the cord and the mantle made with divers colors that you did conceal with you in your house to take care of it.

30 And Hedad answered the man, saying, This is the interpretation of your dream, the cord which you did see, means that your life will be lengthened out like a cord, and having seen the mantle colored with all sorts of colors, means that you shall have a vineyard in which you will plant trees of all fruits.

31 And the traveler answered, saying, Not so my master, for I was awake when I gave you the cord and also a mantle woven with different colors, which you did take off the donkey to put them by for me; and Hedad answered and said, Surely I have told you the interpretation of your dream and it is a tov dream, and this is the interpretation of it.

32 Now the sons of men give me four pieces of silver, which is my charge for interpreting dreams, and of you only I require three pieces of silver.

33 And the man was provoked at the words of Hedad, and he cried bitterly, and he brought Hedad to Serak judge of Sedom.

34 And the man laid his cause before Serak the judge, when Hedad replied, saying, It is not so, but this the matter stands; and the judge said to the traveler, This man Hedad tells you emet, for he is famed in the cities for the accurate interpretation of dreams.

35 And the man cried at the word of the judge, and he said, Not so my master, for it was in the day that I gave him the cord and mantle which was upon the donkey, in order to put them by in his house; and they both disputed before the judge, the one saying, This the matter was, and the other declaring otherwise.

36 And Hedad said to the man, Give me four pieces of silver that I charge for my interpretations of dreams; I will not make any allowance; and give me the expense of the four meals that you did eat in my house.

37 And the man said to Hedad, Truly I will pay you for what I ate in your house, only give me the cord and mantle that you did conceal in your house.

38 And Hedad replied before the judge and said to the man, Did I not tell you the interpretation of your dream? The cord means that your days shall be prolonged like a cord, and the mantle, that you will have a vineyard in which you will plant all kinds of fruit trees.

39 This is the proper interpretation of your dream; now give me the four pieces of silver that I require as compensation, for I will make you no allowance.

40 And the man cried at the words of Hedad and they both quarreled before the judge, and the judge gave orders to his servants, who drove them rashly from the house.

41 And they went away quarreling from the judge, when the people of Sedom heard them, and they gathered about them and they exclaimed against the stranger, and they drove him rashly from the city.

42 And the man continued his journey upon his donkey with bitterness of being, lamenting and weeping.

43 And while he was going along he wept at what had happened to him in the corrupt city of Sedom.

19 And the cities of Sedom had four shophtim to four cities, and these were their names, Serak in the city of Sedom, Sharkad in Amorah, Zavnac in Admah, and Menon in Zevoyim.

2 And Eliezer Avraham’s servant applied to them different names, and he converted Serak to Shakra, Sharkad to Shakrura, Zevnac to Kezobim, and Menon to Matzlodin.

3 And by desire of their four shophtim the people of Sedom and Amorah had beds erected in the streets of the cities, and if a man came to these places they laid hold of him and brought him to one of their beds, and by force made him to lie in them.

4 And as he lay down, three men would stand at his head and three at his feet, and measure him by the length of the bed, and if the man was less than the bed these six men would stretch him at each end, and when he cried out to them they would not answer him.

5 And if he was longer than the bed they would draw together the two sides of the bed at each end, until the man had reached the gates of death.

6 And if he continued to cry out to them, they would answer him, saying, This shall it be done to a man that comes into our land.

7 And when men heard all these things that the people of the cities of Sedom did, they refrained from coming there.

8 And when a poor man came to their land they would give him silver and gold, and cause a proclamation in the whole city not to give him a morsel of bread to eat, and if the stranger should remain there some days, and die from hunger, not having been able to obtain a morsel of bread, then at his death all the people of the city would come and take their silver and gold which they had given to him.

9 And those that could recognize the silver or gold that they had given him took it back, and at his death they also stripped him of his garments, and they would fight about them, and he that prevailed over his neighbor took them.

10 They would after that carry him and bury him under some of the shrubs in the deserts; so they did all the days to any one that came to them and died in their land.

11 And in the course of time Sarah sent Eliezer to Sedom, to see Lot and inquire after his welfare.

12 And Eliezer went to Sedom, and he met a man of Sedom fighting with a stranger, and the man of Sedom stripped the poor man of all his clothes and went away.

13 And this poor man cried to Eliezer and supplicated his favor on account of what the man of Sedom had done to him.

14 And he said to him, Why do you act like this to the poor man who came to your land?

15 And the man of Sedom answered Eliezer, saying, Is this man your brother, or have the people of Sedom made you a judge this day, that you speak about this man?

16 And Eliezer strove with the man of Sedom on account of the poor man, and when Eliezer approached to recover the poor man’s clothes from the man of Sedom, he hurried and with a stone smote Eliezer in the forehead.

17 And the blood flowed copiously from Eliezer’s forehead, and when the man saw the blood he caught hold of Eliezer, saying, Give me my hire for having rid you of this bad blood that was in your forehead, for such is the custom and the law in our land.

18 And Eliezer said to him, You have wounded me and you now require me to pay you your hire; and Eliezer would not listen to the words of the man of Sedom.

19 And the man laid hold of Eliezer and brought him to Shakra the judge of Sedom for mishpat.

20 And the man spoke to the judge, saying, I beseech you my master, this has this man done, for I smote him with a stone that the blood flowed from his forehead, and he is unwilling to give me my hire.

21 And the judge said to Eliezer, This man speaks emet to you, give him his hire, for this is the custom in our land; and Eliezer heard the words of the judge, and he lifted up a stone and smote the judge, and the stone struck on his forehead, and the blood flowed copiously from the forehead of the judge, and Eliezer said, If this then is the custom in your land give you to this man what I should have given him, for this has been your decision, you did decree it.

22 And Eliezer left the man of Sedom with the judge, and he went away.

23 And when the melechim of Eylam had made war with the melechim of Sedom, the melechim of Eylam captured all the property of Sedom, and they took Lot captive, with his property, and when it was told to Avraham he went and made war with the melechim of Eylam, and he recovered from their hands all the property of Lot as well as the property of Sedom.

24 At that time the wife of Lot bare him a daughter, and he called her name Paltith, saying, Because 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had delivered him and his whole household from the melechim of Eylam; and Paltith daughter of Lot grew up, and one of the men of Sedom took her for a wife.

25 And a poor man came into the city to seek a maintenance, and he remained in the city some days, and all the people of Sedom caused a proclamation of their custom not to give this man a morsel of bread to eat, until he dropped dead upon the earth, and they did so.

26 And Paltith the daughter of Lot saw this man lying in the streets starved with hunger, and no one would give him anything to keep him alive, and he was just upon the point of death.

27 And her being was filled with pity on account of the man, and she fed him secretly with bread for many days, and the being of this man was revived.

28 For when she went forth to fetch mayim she would put the bread in the mayim pitcher, and when she came to the place where the poor man was, she took the bread from the pitcher and gave it him to eat; so she did many days.

29 And all the people of Sedom and Amorah wondered how this man could bear starvation for so many days.

30 And they said to each other, This can only be that he eats and drinks, for no man can bear starvation for so many days or live as this man has, without even his countenance changing; and three men concealed themselves in a place where the poor man was stationed, to know who it was that brought him bread to eat.

31 And Paltith daughter of Lot went forth that day to fetch mayim, and she put bread into her pitcher of mayim, and she went to draw mayim by the poor man’s place, and she took out the bread from the pitcher and gave it to the poor man and he ate it.

32 And the three men saw what Paltith did to the poor man, and they said to her, It is you then who have supported him, and therefore has he not starved, nor changed in appearance nor died like the rest.

33 And the three men went out of the place in which they were concealed, and they seized Paltith and the bread that was in the poor man’s hand.

34 And they took Paltith and brought her before their shophtim, and they said to them, This did she do, and it is she who supplied the poor man with bread, therefore did he not die all this time; now therefore declare to us the punishment due to this woman for having transgressed our law.

35 And the people of Sedom and Amorah assembled and kindled a fire in the street of the city, and they took the woman and cast her into the fire and she was burned to ashes.

36 And in the city of Admah there was a woman to whom they did the same.

37 For a traveler came into the city of Admah to abide there all night, with the intention of going home in the morning, and he sat opposite the door of the house of the young woman’s abba, to remain there, as the sun had set when he had reached that place; and the young woman saw him sitting by the door of the house.

38 And he asked her for a drink of mayim and she said to him, Who are you? And he said to her, I was this day going on the road, and reached here when the sun set, so I will abide here all night, and in the morning I will arise early and continue my journey.

39 And the young woman went into the house and fetched the man bread and mayim to eat and drink.

40 And this affair became known to the people of Admah, and they assembled and brought the young woman before the shophtim, that they should judge her for this act.

41 And the judge said, The mishpat of death must pass upon this woman because she transgressed our law, and this therefore is the decision concerning her.

42 And the people of those cities assembled and brought out the young woman, and anointed her with honey from head to foot, as the judge had decreed, and they placed her before a swarm of bees which were then in their hives, and the bees flew upon her and stung her that her whole body was swollen.

43 And the young woman cried out on account of the bees, but no one took notice of her or pitied her, and her cries ascended to the shamayim.

44 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was provoked at this and at all the works of the cities of Sedom, for they had abundance of food, and had tranquility among them, and still would not sustain the poor and the needy, and in those days their evil doings and sins became great before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

45 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent for two of the malachim that had come to Avraham’s house, to destroy Sedom and its cities.

46 And the malachim rose up from the door of Avraham’s tent, after they had eaten and drunk, and they reached Sedom in the evening, and Lot was then sitting in the gate of Sedom, and when he saw them he rose to meet them, and he bowed down to the ground.

47 And he pressed them greatly and brought them into his house, and he gave them food that they ate, and they abode all night in his house.

48 And the malachim said to Lot, Arise, go forth from this place, you and all belonging to you, lest you be consumed in the iniquity of this city, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will destroy this place.

49 And the malachim laid hold upon the hand of Lot and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hands of his children, and all belonging to him, and they brought him forth and set him outside the cities.

50 And they said to Lot, Escape for your life, and he fled and all belonging to him.

51 Then 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 rained upon Sedom and upon Amorah and upon all these cities brimstone and fire from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 out of the shamayim

52 And He overthrew these cities, all the plain and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground; and Ado the wife of Lot looked back to see the destruction of the cities, for her rachamim was moved on account of her daughters who remained in Sedom, for they did not go with her.

53 And when she looked back she became a pillar of salt, and it is yet in that place to this day.

54 And the oxen that stood in that place daily licked up the salt to the extremities of their feet, and in the morning it would spring forth afresh, and they again licked it up to this day.

55 And Lot and two of his daughters that remained with him fled and escaped to the cave of Adullam, and they remained there for some time.

56 And Avraham rose up early in the morning to see what had been done to the cities of Sedom; and he looked and beheld the smoke of the cities going up like the smoke of a furnace.

57 And Lot and his two daughters remained in the cave, and they made their abba drink wine, and they lay with him, for they said there was no man upon earth that could raise up zera from them, for they thought that the whole earth was destroyed.

58 And they both lay with their abba, and they conceived and bare sons, and the bachor called the name of her son Moav, saying, From my abba did I conceive him; he is the abba of the Moavites to this day.

59 And the younger also called her son Ben-Ami; he is the abba of the children of Ammon to this day.

60 And after this Lot and his two daughters went away from there, and he dwelt on the other side of the Yarden with his two daughters and their sons, and the sons of Lot grew up, and they went and took themselves wives from the land of Kanaan, and they begat children and they were fruitful and multiplied.

20 And at that time Avraham journeyed from the plain of Mamre, and he went to the land of the Philistines, and he dwelt in Gerar; it was in the twenty-fifth year of Avraham’s being in the land of Kanaan, and the hundredth year of the life of Avraham, that he came to Gerar in the land of the Philistines.

2 And when they entered the land he said to Sarah his wife, Say you are my sister, to any one that shall ask you, in order that we may escape the evil of the inhabitants of the land.

3 And as Avraham was dwelling in the land of the Philistines, the servants of Avimelech, melech of the Philistines, saw that Sarah was exceedingly beautiful, and they asked Avraham concerning her, and he said, She is my sister.

4 And the servants of Avimelech went to Avimelech, saying, A man from the land of Kanaan is come to dwell in the land, and he has a sister that is exceeding fair.

5 And Avimelech heard the words of his servants, who praised Sarah to him, and Avimelech sent his officers, and they brought Sarah to the melech.

6 And Sarah came to the house of Avimelech, and the melech saw that Sarah was beautiful, and she pleased him exceedingly.

7 And he approached her and said to her, What is that man to you with whom you did come to our land? And Sarah answered and said He is my brother, and we came from the land of Kanaan to dwell wherever we could find a place.

8 And Avimelech said to Sarah, Behold my land is before you, place your brother in any part of this land that pleases you, and it will be our duty to exalt and elevate him above all the people of the land since he is your brother.

9 And Avimelech sent for Avraham, and Avraham came to Avimelech.

10 And Avimelech said to Avraham, Behold I have given orders that you shall be honored, as you desire on account of your sister Sarah.

11 And Avraham went forth from the melech, and the melech’s present followed him.

12 As at evening time, before men lie down to rest, the melech was sitting upon his throne, and a deep sleep fell upon him, and he lay upon the throne and slept till morning.

13 And he dreamed that a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came to him with a drawn sword in his hand, and the malach stood over Avimelech, and wished to slay him with the sword, and the melech was terrified in his dream, and said to the malach, In what have I sinned against you that you come to slay me with your sword?

14 And the malach answered and said to Avimelech,Β Behold you will die on account of the woman which you did last night bring to your house, for she is a married woman, the wife of Avraham who came to your house; now therefore return that man his wife, for she is his wife; and should you not return her, know that you will surely die, you and all belonging to you.

15 And on that night there was a great outcry in the land of the Philistines, and the inhabitants of the land saw the figure of a man standing with a drawn sword in his hand, and he smote the inhabitants of the land with the sword, yes he continued to smite them.

16 And the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote the whole land of the Philistines on that night, and there was a great confusion on that night and on the following morning.

17 And every womb was closed, and all their issues, and the hand of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was upon them on account of Sarah, wife of Avraham, whom Avimelech had taken.

18 And in the morning Avimelech rose with terror and confusion and with a great dread, and he sent and had his servants called in, and he related his dream to them, and the people were greatly afraid.

19 And one man standing among the servants of the melech answered the melech, saying, O sovereign melech, restore this woman to her husband, for he is her husband, for the like happened to the melech of Mitzrayim when this man came to Mitzrayim.

20 And he said concerning his wife, She is my sister, for such is his manner of doing when he comes to dwell in the land in which he is a stranger.

21 And Pharaoh sent and took this woman for a wife and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought upon him grievous plagues until he returned the woman to her husband.

22 Now therefore, O sovereign melech, know what happened last night to the whole land, for there was a very great consternation and great pain and lamentation, and we know that it was on account of the woman which you did take.

23 Now, therefore, restore this woman to her husband, lest it should befall us as it did to Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim and his subjects, and that we may not die; and Avimelech hurried and called and had Sarah called for, and she came before him, and he had Avraham called for, and he came before him.

24 And Avimelech said to them, What is this work you have been doing in saying you are brother and sister, and I took this woman for a wife?

25 And Avraham said, Because I thought I should suffer death on account of my wife; and Avimelech took flocks and herds, and men servants and maidservants, and a thousand pieces of silver, and he gave them to Avraham, and he returned Sarah to him.

26 And Avimelech said to Avraham, Behold the whole land is before you, dwell in it wherever you shall choose.

27 And Avraham and Sarah, his wife, went forth from the melech’s presence with honor and respect, and they dwelt in the land, even in Gerar.

28 And all the inhabitants of the land of the Philistines and the melech’s servants were still in pain, through the plague that the malach had inflicted upon them the whole night on account of Sarah.

29 And Avimelech sent for Avraham, saying, Pray now for your servants to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, that he may put away this mortality from among us.

30 And Avraham prayed on account of Avimelech and his subjects, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the tefilah of Avraham, and he healed Avimelech and all his subjects.

21 And it was at that time at the end of a year and four months of Avraham’s dwelling in the land of the Philistines in Gerar, that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 visited Sarah, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 remembered her, and she conceived and bare a son to Avraham.

2 And Avraham called the name of the son that was born to him, which Sarah bare to him, Yitzchak.

3 And Avraham circumcised his son Yitzchak at eight days old, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Avraham to do to his zera after him; and Avraham was one hundred, and Sarah ninety years old, when Yitzchak was born to them.

4 And the child grew up and he was weaned, and Avraham made a great feast upon the day that Yitzchak was weaned.

5 And Shem and Ever and all the great people of the land, and Avimelech melech of the Philistines, and his servants, and Phicol, the captain of his host, came to eat and drink and rejoice at the feast which Avraham made upon the day of his son Yitzchak’s being weaned.

6 Also Terah, the abba of Avraham, and Nachor his brother, came from Charan, they and all belonging to them, for they greatly rejoiced on hearing that a son had been born to Sarah.

7 And they came to Avraham, and they ate and drank at the feast that Avraham made upon the day of Yitzchak’s being weaned.

8 And Terah and Nachor rejoiced with Avraham, and they remained with him many days in the land of the Philistines.

9 At that time Serug the son of Reu died, in the first year of the birth of Yitzchak son of Avraham.

10 And all the days of Serug were two hundred and thirty years, *** and he died.

11 And Yishmael the son of Avraham was grown up in those days; he was fourteen years old when Sarah bare Yitzchak to Avraham.

12 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Yishmael the son of Avraham, and he grew up, and he learned to use the bow and became an archer.

13 And when Yitzchak was five years old he was sitting with Yishmael at the door of the tent.

14 And Yishmael came to Yitzchak and seated himself opposite to him, and he took the bow and drew it and put the arrow in it, and intended to slay Yitzchak.

15 And Sarah saw the act which Yishmael desired to do to her son Yitzchak, and it grieved her exceedingly on account of her son, and she sent for Avraham, and said to him, Cast out this bondwoman and her son, for her son shall not be heir with my son, for this did he seek to do to him this day.

16 And Avraham hearkened to the voice of Sarah, and he rose up early in the morning, and he took twelve loaves and a bottle of mayim which he gave to Chagar, and sent her away with her son, and Chagar went with her son to the wilderness, and they dwelt in the wilderness of Paran with the inhabitants of the wilderness, and Yishmael was an archer, and he dwelt in the wilderness a long time.

17 And he and his ema afterward went to the land of Mitzrayim, and they dwelt there, and Chagar took a wife for her son from Mitzrayim, and her name was Merivah.

18 And the wife of Yishmael conceived and bare four sons and two daughters, and Yishmael and his ema and his wife and children afterward went and returned to the wilderness.

19 And they made themselves tents in the wilderness, in which they dwelt, and they continued to travel and then to rest monthly and yearly.

20 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave Yishmael flocks and herds and tents on account of Avraham his abba, and the man increased in cattle.

21 And Yishmael dwelt in deserts and in tents, traveling and resting for a long time, and he did not see the face of his abba.

22 And in some time after, Avraham said to Sarah his wife, I will go and see my son Yishmael, for I have a desire to see him, for I have not seen him for a long time.

23 And Avraham rode upon one of his camels to the wilderness to seek his son Yishmael, for he heard that he was dwelling in a tent in the wilderness with all belonging to him.

24 And Avraham went to the wilderness, and he reached the tent of Yishmael about noon, and he asked after Yishmael, and he found the wife of Yishmael sitting in the tent with her children, and Yishmael her husband and his ema were not with them.

25 And Avraham asked the wife of Yishmael, saying, Where has Yishmael gone? And she said, He has gone to the field to hunt, and Avraham was still mounted upon the camel, for he would not get off to the ground as he had sworn to his wife Sarah that he would not get off from the camel.

26 And Avraham said to Yishmael’s wife, My daughter, give me a little mayim that I may drink, for I am fatigued from the journey.

27 And Yishmael’s wife answered and said to Avraham, We have neither mayim nor bread, and she continued sitting in the tent and did not notice Avraham, neither did she ask him who he was.

28 But she was beating her children in the tent, and she was cursing them, and she also cursed her husband Yishmael and reproached him, and Avraham heard the words of Yishmael’s wife to her children, and he was very angry and displeased.

29 And Avraham called to the woman to come out to him from the tent, and the woman came and stood opposite to Avraham, for Avraham was still mounted upon the camel.

30 And Avraham said to Yishmael’s wife, When your husband Yishmael returns home say these words to him,

31 A very old man from the land of the Philistines came here to seek you, and this was his appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing you were not here he spoke to me and said, When Yishmael your husband returns tell him this did this man say, When you come home put away this nail of the tent which you have placed here, and place another nail in its stead.

32 And Avraham finished his instructions to the woman, and he turned and went off on the camel homeward.

33 And after that Yishmael came from the chase he and his ema, and returned to the tent, and his wife spoke these words to him,

34 A very old man from the land of the Philistines came to seek you, and this was his appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing you were not at home he said to me, When your husband comes home tell him, this says the old man, Put away the nail of the tent which you have placed here and place another nail in its stead.

35 And Yishmael heard the words of his wife, and he knew that it was his abba, and that his wife did not honor him.

36 And Yishmael understood his abba’s words that he had spoken to his wife, and Yishmael hearkened to the voice of his abba, and Yishmael cast off that woman and she went away.

37 And Yishmael afterward went to the land of Kanaan, and he took another wife and he brought her to his tent to the place where he then dwelt.

38 And at the end of three years Avraham said, I will go again and see Yishmael my son, for I have not seen him for a long time.

39 And he rode upon his camel and went to the wilderness, and he reached the tent of Yishmael about noon.

40 And he asked after Yishmael, and his wife came out of the tent and she said, He is not here my master, for he has gone to hunt in the fields, and to feed the camels, and the woman said to Avraham, Turn in my master into the tent, and eat a morsel of bread, for your being must be wearied on account of the journey.

41 And Avraham said to her, I will not stop for I am in haste to continue my journey, but give me a little mayim to drink, for I have thirst; and the woman hurried and ran into the tent and she brought out mayim and bread to Avraham, which she placed before him and she urged him to eat, and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted and he blessed his son Yishmael.

42 And he finished his meal and he blessed 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he said to Yishmael’s wife, When Yishmael comes home say these words to him,

43 A very old man from the land of the Philistines came here and asked after you, and you were not here; and I brought him out bread and mayim and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted.

44 And he spoke these words to me: When Yishmael your husband comes home, say to him, The nail of the tent which you have is very tov, do not put it away from the tent.

45 And Avraham finished commanding the woman, and he rode off to his home to the land of the Philistines; and when Yishmael came to his tent his wife went forth to meet him with joy and a cheerful heart.

46 And she said to him, An old man came here from the land of the Philistines and this was his appearance, and he asked after you and you were not here, so I brought out bread and mayim, and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted.

47 And he spoke these words to me, When Yishmael your husband comes home say to him, The nail of the tent that you have is very tov, do not put it away from the tent.

48 And Yishmael knew that it was his abba, and that his wife had honored him, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed Yishmael.

22 And Yishmael then rose up and took his wife and his children and his cattle and all belonging to him, and he journeyed from there and he went to his abba in the land of the Philistines.

2 And Avraham related to Yishmael his son the transaction with the first wife that Yishmael took, according to what she did.

3 And Yishmael and his children dwelt with Avraham many days in that land, and Avraham dwelt in the land of the Philistines a long time.

4 And the days increased and reached twenty six years, and after that Avraham with his servants and all belonging to him went from the land of the Philistines and removed to a great distance, and they came near to Hevron, and they remained there, and the servants of Avraham dug wells of mayim, and Avraham and all belonging to him dwelt by the mayim, and the servants of Avimelech melech of the Philistines heard the report that Avraham’s servants had dug wells of mayim in the borders of the land.

5 And they came and quarreled with the servants of Avraham, and they robbed them of the great well which they had dug.

6 And Avimelech melech of the Philistines heard of this affair, and he with Phicol the captain of his host and twenty of his men came to Avraham, and Avimelech spoke to Avraham concerning his servants, and Avraham rebuked Avimelech concerning the well of which his servants had robbed him.

7 And Avimelech said to Avraham, As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives who created the whole earth; I did not hear of the act that my servants did to your servants until this day.

8 And Avraham took seven ewe lambs and gave them to Avimelech, saying, Take these, I beg you, from my hands that it may be a testimony for me that I dug this well.

9 And Avimelech took the seven ewe lambs which Avraham had given to him, for he had also given him cattle and herds in abundance, and Avimelech swore to Avraham concerning the well, therefore he called that well Beersheva, for there they both swore concerning it.

10 And they both made a covenant in Beersheva, and Avimelech rose up with Phicol the captain of his host and all his men, and they returned to the land of the Philistines, and Avraham and all belonging to him dwelt in Beersheva and he was in that land a long time.

11 And Avraham planted a large grove in Beersheva, and he made to it four gates facing the four sides of the earth, and he planted a vineyard in it, so that if a traveler came to Avraham he entered any gate which was in his road, and remained there and ate and drank and satisfied himself and then departed.

12 For the house of Avraham was always open to the sons of men that passed and repassed, who came daily to eat and drink in the house of Avraham.

13 And any man who had hunger and came to Avraham’s house, Avraham would give him bread that he might eat and drink and be satisfied, and any one that came naked to his house he would clothe with garments as he might chooseΒ and give him silver and gold and make known to him 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who had created him in the earth; this did Avraham all his life.

14 And Avraham and his children and all belonging to him dwelt in Beersheva, and he pitched his tent as far as Hevron.

15 And Avraham’s brother Nachor and his abba and all belonging to them dwelt in Charan, for they did not come with Avraham to the land of Kanaan.

16 And children were born to Nachor which Milca the daughter of Charan, and sister to Sarah, Avraham’s wife, bare to him.

17 And these are the names of those that were born to him, Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Kesed, Chazo, Pildash, Tidlaf, and Bethuel, being eight sons, these are the children of Milca which she bare to Nachor, Avraham’s brother.

18 And Nachor had a concubine and her name was Reumah, and she also bare to Nachor, Zevach, Gachash, Tachash and Maacha, being four sons.

19 And the children that were born to Nachor were twelve sons besides his daughters, and they also had children born to them in Charan.

20 And the children of Uz the first born of Nachor were Avi, Cheref, Gadin, Melus, and Devorah their sister.

21 And the sons of Buz were Berachel, Naamath, Sheva, and Madonu.

22 And the sons of Kemuel were Aram and Rechov.

23 And the sons of Kesed were Anamlech, Meshai, Benon and Yifi; and the sons of Chazo were Pildash, Mechi and Opher.

24 And the sons of Pildash were Arud, Chamum, Mered and Moloch.

25 And the sons of Tidlaf were Mushan, Cushan and Mutzi.

26 And the children of Bethuel were Sechar, Lavan and their sister Rivkah.

27 These are the families of the children of Nachor, that were born to them in Charan; and Aram the son of Kemuel and Rechov his brother went away from Charan, and they found a valley in the land by the River Euphrates.

28 And they built a city there, and they called the name of the city after the name of Pethor the son of Aram, that is Aram Naherayim to this day.

29 And the children of Kesed also went to dwell where they could find a place, and they went and they found a valley opposite to the land of Shinar, and they dwelt there.

30 And they there built themselves a city, and they called the name of the city Kesed after the name of their abba, that is the land Kasdim to this day, and the Kasdim dwelt in that land and they were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly.

31 And Terah, abba of Nachor and Avraham, went and took another wife in his old age, and her name was Pelilah, and she conceived and bare him a son and he called his name Zova.

32 And Terah lived twenty-five years after he begat Zova.

33 And Terah died in that year; that is in the thirty-fifth year of the birth of Yitzchak son of Avraham.

34 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years, and he was buried in Charan.

35 And Zova the son of Terah lived thirty years and he begat Aram, Achlis and Merik.

36 And Aram son of Zova son of Terah, had three wives and he begat twelve sons and three daughters; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave to Aram the son of Zova, riches and possessions, and abundance of cattle, and flocks and herds, and the man increased greatly.

37 And Aram the son of Zova and his brother and all his household journeyed from Charan, and they went to dwell where they should find a place, for their property was too great to remain in Charan; for they could not stop in Charan together with their brothers the children of Nachor.

38 And Aram the son of Zova went with his brothers, and they found a valley at a distance toward the eastern country and they dwelt there.

39 And they also built a city there, and they called the name of it Aram, after the name of their eldest brother; that is Aram-Zova to this day.

40 And Yitzchak the son of Avraham was growing up in those days, and Avraham his abba taught him the halacha of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to know 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him.

41 And when Yitzchak was thirty-seven years old, Yishmael his brother was going about with him in the tent.

42 And Yishmael boasted of himself to Yitzchak, saying, I was thirteen years old when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 spoke to my abba to circumcise us, and I did according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 which he spoke to my abba, and I gave my being to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and I did not transgress his word which he commanded my abba.

43 And Yitzchak answered Yishmael, saying, Why do you boast to me about this, about a little bit of your flesh that you did take from your body, concerning which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded you?

44 As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives, the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of my abba Avraham, if 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 should say to my abba, Take now your son Yitzchak and bring him up an offering before me, I would not refrain but I would joyfully agree to it.

45 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the word that Yitzchak spoke to Yishmael, and it seemed tov in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he thought to test Avraham in this matter.

46 And the day arrived when the sons of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came and placed themselves before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and s.a.tan also came with the sons of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

47 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to s.a.tan,Β Where are you come from?Β And s.a.tan answered 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

48 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to s.a.tan,Β What is your word to me concerning all the children of the earth?Β And s.a.tan answered 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and said, I have seen all the children of the earth who serve you and remember you when they require anything from you.

49 And when you give them the thing that they require from you, they sit at their ease, and forsake you and they remember you no more.

50 Have you seen Avraham the son of Terah, who at first had no children, and he served you and erected altars to you wherever he came, and he brought up offerings upon them, and he proclaimed your nameΒ continually to all the children of the earth?

51 And now that his son Yitzchak is born to him, he has forsaken you, he has made a great feast for all the inhabitants of the land, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 he has forgotten.

52 For amidst all that he has done he brought you no offering; neither burnt offering nor shalom offering, neither ox, lamb nor goat of all that he killed on the day that his son was weaned.

53 Even from the time of his son’s birth until now, being thirty-seven years, he built no altar before you, nor brought any offering to you, for he saw that you did give what he requested before you, and he therefore forsook you.

54 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to s.a.tan,Β Have you this considered my servant Avraham? For there is none like him upon earth, a perfect and an upright man before me, one that fears 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and avoids evil; as I live, were I to say to him, Bring up Yitzchak your son before me, he would not withhold him from me, much more if I told him to bring up a burnt offering before me from his flock or herds.

55 And s.a.tan answered 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and said, Speak then now to Avraham as you have said, and you will see whether he will not this day transgress and cast aside your words.

23 At that time the Word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came to Avraham, and He said to him, Avraham, and he said, Hinayni.

2 And He said to him,Β Take now your son, your only son whom you love, even Yitzchak, and go to the land of Moriyah, and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which shall be shown to you, for there will you see a cloud and theΒ presence of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

3 And Avraham said within himself, How shall I separate my son Yitzchak from Sarah his ema, in order to bring him up for a burnt offering before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄?

4 And Avraham came into the tent, and he sat before Sarah his wife, and he spoke these words to her,

5 My son Yitzchak is grown up and he has not for some time studied the service of his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; now tomorrow I will go and bring him to Shem and Ever his son, and there he will learn the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, for they will teach him to know 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 as well as to know that when he prays continually before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, He will answer him, therefore there he will know the halacha of serving 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

6 And Sarah said, You have spoken well, go my master and do to him as you have said, but remove him not at a great distance from me, neither let him remain there too long, for my being is bound within his being.

7 And Avraham said to Sarah, My daughter, let us make tefilah to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that He may do tov with us.

8 And Sarah took her son Yitzchak and he abode all that night with her, and she kissed and embraced him, and gave him instructions till morning.

9 And she said to him, O my son, how can my being separate itself from you? And she still kissed him and embraced him, and she gave Avraham instructions concerning him.

10 And Sarah said to Avraham, O my master, I pray you take heed of your son, and place your eyes over him, for I have no other son nor daughter but him.

11 O forsake him not. If he be hungry give him bread, and if he be thirsty give him mayim to drink; do not let him go on foot, neither let him sit in the sun.

12 Neither let him go by himself in the road, neither force him from whatever he may desire, but do to him as he may say to you.

13 And Sarah wept bitterly the whole night on account of Yitzchak, and she gave him instructions until morning.

14 And in the morning Sarah selected a very fine and beautiful garment from those garments that she had in the house that Avimelech had given to her.

15 And she dressed Yitzchak her son with it, and she put a turban upon his head, and she enclosed a precious stone in the top of the turban, and she gave them provision for the road, and they went forth, and Yitzchak went with his abba Avraham, and some of their servants accompanied them to see them off the road.

16 And Sarah went out with them, and she accompanied them upon the road to see them off, and they said to her, Return to the tent.

17 And when Sarah heard the words of her son Yitzchak she wept bitterly, and Avraham her husband wept with her, and their son wept with them a great weeping; also those who went with them wept greatly.

18 And Sarah caught hold of her son Yitzchak, and she held him in her arms, and she embraced him and continued to weep with him, and Sarah said, Who knows if after this day I shall ever see you again?

19 And they still wept together, Avraham, Sarah and Yitzchak, and all those that accompanied them on the road wept with them, and Sarah afterward turned away from her son, weeping bitterly, and all her men servants and maid servants returned with her to the tent.

20 And Avraham went with Yitzchak his son to bring him up as an offering before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, as He had commanded him.

21 And Avraham took two of his young men with him, Yishmael the son of Chagar and Eliezer his servant, and they went together with them, and while they were walking in the road the young men spoke these words to themselves,

22 And Yishmael said to Eliezer, Now my abba Avraham is going with Yitzchak to bring him up for a burnt offering to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, as He commanded him.

23 Now when he returns he will give to me all that he possesses, to inherit after him, for I am his bechor.

24 And Eliezer answered Yishmael and said, Surely Avraham did cast you away with your ema, and swear that you should not inherit anything of all he possesses, and to whom will he give all that he has, with all his treasures, but to me his servant, who has been faithful in his house, who has served him night and day, and has done all that he desired from me? To me will he bequeath at his death all that he possesses.

25 And while Avraham was proceeding with his son Yitzchak along the road, s.a.tan came and appeared to Avraham in the figure of a very aged man, humble and of contrite ruach, and he approached Avraham and said to him, Are you silly or brutish, that you go to do this thing this day to your only son?

26 For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave you a son in your latter-days, in your old age, and will you go and slaughter him this day because he committed no violence, and will you cause the being of your only son to perish from the earth?

27 Do you not know and understand that this thing cannot be from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄? For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 cannot do to man such evil upon earth to say to him, Go slaughter your child.

28 And Avraham heard this and knew that it was the word of s.a.tan who endeavored to draw him aside from the halacha of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, but Avraham would not listen to the voice of s.a.tan, and Avraham rebuked him so that he went away.

29 And s.a.tan returned and came to Yitzchak; and he appeared to Yitzchak in the figure of a young man comely and well favored.

30 And he approached Yitzchak and said to him, Do you not know and understand that your old silly abba brings you to the slaughter this day for nothing?

31 Now therefore, my son, do not listen nor attend to him, for he is a silly old man, and let not your precious being and beautiful figure be lost from the earth.

32 And Yitzchak heard this, and said to Avraham, Have you heard, my abba, that which this man has spoken? Even this has he spoken.

33 And Avraham answered his son Yitzchak and said to him, Take heed of him and do not listen to his words, nor attend to him, for he is s.a.tan, endeavoring to draw us aside this day from the mitvoth of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

34 And Avraham still rebuked s.a.tan, and s.a.tan went from them, and seeing he could not prevail over them he hid himself from them, and he went and passed before them in the road; and he transformed himself into a large brook of mayim in the road, and Avraham and Yitzchak and his two young men reached that place, and they saw a brook large and powerful as the mighty mayim.

35 And they entered the brook and passed through it, and the mayim at first reached their legs.

36 And they went deeper in the brook and the mayim reached up to their necks, and they were all terrified on account of the mayim; and while they were going over the brook Avraham recognized that place, and he knew that there was no mayim there before.

37 And Avraham said to his son Yitzchak, I know this place in which there was no brook nor mayim, now therefore it is this s.a.tan who does all this to us, to draw us aside this day from the mitzvoth of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

38 And Avraham rebuked him and said to him, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 rebuke you, O s.a.tan,Β be gone from us, for we go by the mitzvoth of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

39 And s.a.tan was terrified at the voice of Avraham, and he went away from them, and the place again became dry land as it was at first.

40 And Avraham went with Yitzchak toward the place that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had told him.

41 And on the third day Avraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place at a distance that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had told him of.

42 And a pillar of fire appeared to him that reached from the earth to the shamayim, and a cloud of shecinah upon the mountain, and the shecinah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was seen in the cloud.

43 And Avraham said to Yitzchak, My son, do you see in that mountain, which we perceive at a distance, that which I see upon it?

44 And Yitzchak answered and said to his abba, I see and behold a pillar of fire and a cloud, and the shecinah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is seen upon the cloud.

45 And Avraham knew that his son Yitzchak was accepted before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for a burnt offering.

46 And Avraham said to Eliezer and to Yishmael his son, Do you also see that which we see upon the mountain that is at a distance?

47 And they answered and said, We see nothing more than like the other mountains of the earth. And Avraham knew that they were not accepted before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to go with them, and Avraham said to them, Abide here with the donkey while I and Yitzchak my son will go to yonder mount and worship there before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and then return to you.

48 And Eliezer and Yishmael remained in that place, as Avraham had commanded.

49 And Avraham took wood for a burnt offering and placed it upon his son Yitzchak, and he took the fire and the knife, and they both went to that place.

50 And when they were going along Yitzchak said to his abba, Behold, I see here the fire and wood, and where then is the lamb that is to be the burnt offering before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄?

51 And Avraham answered his son Yitzchak, saying; 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has made choice of you my son, to be a perfect burnt offering instead of the lamb.

52 And Yitzchak said to his abba, I will do all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 spoke to you with joy and cheerfulness of heart.

53 And Avraham again said to Yitzchak his son, Is there in your heart any thought or counsel concerning this, which is not proper? Tell me my son, I beg you, O my son conceal it not from me.

54 And Yitzchak answered his abba Avraham and said to him, O my abba, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives and as your being lives, there is nothing in my heart to cause me to deviate either to the right or to the left from the word that he has spoken to you.

55 Neither limb nor muscle has moved or stirred at this, nor is there in my heart any thought or evil counsel concerning this.

56 But I am of joyful and cheerful heart in this matter, and I say, Blessed is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who has this day chosen me to be a burnt offering before Him.

57 And Avraham greatly rejoiced at the words of Yitzchak, and they went on and came together to that place that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken of.

58 And Avraham approached to build the altar in that place, and Avraham was weeping, and Yitzchak took stones and mortar until they had finished building the altar.

59 And Avraham took the wood and placed it in order upon the altar that he had built.

60 And he took his son Yitzchak and bound him in order to place him upon the wood that was upon the altar, to slay him for a burnt offering before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

61 And Yitzchak said to his abba, Bind me securely and then place me upon the altar lest I should turn and move, and break loose from the force of the knife upon my flesh and of it profane the burnt offering; and Avraham did so.

62 And Yitzchak still said to his abba, O my abba, when you shall have slain me and burnt me for an offering, take with you that which shall remain of my ashes to bring to Sarah my ema, and say to her, This is the sweet smelling savor of Yitzchak; but do not tell her this if she should sit near a well or upon any high place, lest she should cast her being after me and die.

63 And Avraham heard the words of Yitzchak, and he lifted up his voice and wept when Yitzchak spoke these words; and Avraham’s tears gushed down upon Yitzchak his son, and Yitzchak wept bitterly, and he said to his abba, Hurry, O my abba, and do with me the will of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 as He has commanded you.

64 And the hearts of Avraham and Yitzchak rejoiced at this thing that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded them; but the eye wept bitterly while the heart rejoiced.

65 And Avraham bound his son Yitzchak, and placed him on the altar upon the wood, and Yitzchak stretched forth his neck upon the altar before his abba, and Avraham stretched forth his hand to take the knife to slay his son as a burnt offering before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

66 At that time the malachim of chesed came before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and spoke to Him concerning Yitzchak, saying,

67 0 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, you are a merciful and compassionate Melech over all that You have created in the shamayim and in earth, and you support them all; give therefore ransom and redemption instead of your servant Yitzchak, and pity and have rachamim upon Avraham and Yitzchak his son, who are this day performing your commands.

68 Have you seen, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, how Yitzchak the son of Avraham your servant is bound down to the slaughter like an animal? Now therefore let your pity be roused for them, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

69 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Avraham, and called to him, from the shamayim, and said to him,Β Lay not your hand upon the lad, neither do anything to him; for now I know that you fear 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in performing this act, and in not withholding your son, your only son, from Me.

70 And Avraham lifted up his eyes and saw, and behold, a ram was caught in a thicket by his horns; that was the ram which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim had created in the earth in the day that He made earth and the shamayim.

71 For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had prepared this ram from that day, to be a burnt offering instead of Yitzchak.

72 And this ram was advancing to Avraham when s.a.tan caught hold of him and entangled his horns in the thicket, that he might not advance to Avraham, in order that Avraham might slay his son.

73 And Avraham, seeing the ram advancing to him and s.a.tan withholding him, fetched him and brought him before the altar, and he loosened his son Yitzchak from his binding, and he put the ram in his stead, and Avraham killed the ram upon the altar, and brought it up as an offering in the place of his son Yitzchak.

74 And Avraham sprinkled some of the blood of the ram upon the altar, and he exclaimed and said, This is in the place of my son, and may this be considered this day as the blood of my son before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

75 And all that Avraham did on this occasion by the altar, he would exclaim and say, This is in the place of my son, and may it this day be considered before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in the place of my son; and Avraham finished the whole of the service by the altar, and the service was accepted before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and was counted as if it had been Yitzchak; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed Avraham and his zera on that day.

76 And s.a.tan went to Sarah, and he appeared to her in the figure of an old man very humble and meek, and Avraham was yet engaged in the burnt offering before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

77 And he said to her, Do you not know all the work that Avraham has made with your only son this day? For he took Yitzchak and built an altar, and killed him, and brought him up as a sacrifice upon the altar, and Yitzchak cried and wept before his abba, but he looked not at him, neither did he have rachamim over him.

78 And s.a.tan repeated these words, and he went away from her, and Sarah heard all the words of s.a.tan, and she imagined him to be an old man from among the sons of men who had been with her son, and had come and told her these things.

79 And Sarah lifted up her voice and wept and cried out bitterly on account of her son; and she threw herself upon the ground and she cast dust upon her head, and she said, O my son, Yitzchak my son, O that I had this day died instead of you. And she continued to weep and said, It grieves me for you, O my son, my son Yitzchak, O that I had died this day in your stead.

80 And she still continued to weep, and said, It grieves me for you after that I have reared you and have brought you up; now my joy is turned into mourning over you, I that had a longing for you, and cried and prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 till I bare you at ninety years old; and now have you served this day for the knife and the fire, to be made an offering.

81 But I console myself with you, my son, in its being the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, for you did perform the mitzvah of your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; for who can transgress the word of our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, in whose hands is the being of every living creature?

82 You are just, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, for all your works are tov and tzadik; for I also rejoice at your word, which you did command, and while my eye weeps bitterly my heart rejoices.

83 And Sarah laid her head upon the bosom of one of her handmaids, and she became as still as a stone.

84 She afterward rose up and went about making inquiries until she came to Hevron, and she inquired of all those whom she met walking in the road, and no one could tell her what had happened to her son.

85 And she came with her maid servants and men servants to Kiryath-Arba, which is Hevron, and she asked concerning her son, and she remained there while she sent some of her servants to seek where Avraham had gone with Yitzchak; they went to seek him in the house of Shem and Ever, and they could not find him, and they sought throughout the land and he was not there.

86 And behold, s.a.tan came to Sarah in the shape of an old man, and he came and stood before her, and he said to her, I spoke falsely to you, for Avraham did not kill his son and he is not dead; and when she heard the word her joy was so exceedingly violent on account of her son, that her being went out through joy; she died and was gathered to her people.

87 And when Avraham had finished his service he returned with his son Yitzchak to his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheva, and they came home.

88 And Avraham sought for Sarah, and could not find her, and he made inquiries concerning her, and they said to him, She went as far as Hevron to seek you both where you had gone, for this was she informed.

89 And Avraham and Yitzchak went to her to Hevron, and when they found that she was dead they lifted up their voices and wept bitterly over her; and Yitzchak fell upon his ema’s face and wept over her, and he said, O my ema, my ema, how have you left me, and where have you gone? O how, how have you left me!

90 And Avraham and Yitzchak wept greatly and all their servants wept with them on account of Sarah, and they mourned over her a great and heavy mourning.

24 And the life of Sarah was one hundred and twenty-seven years, and Sarah died; and Avraham rose up from before his dead to seek a burial place to bury his wife Sarah; and he went and spoke to the children of Cheth, the inhabitants of the land, saying,

2 I am a stranger and a sojourner with you in your land; give me a possession of a burial place in your land, that I may bury my dead from before me.

3 And the children of Cheth said to Avraham, behold the land is before you; in the choice of our sepulchers bury your dead, for no man shall withhold you from burying your dead.

4 And Avraham said to them, If you are agreeable to this go and entreat for me to Ephron, the son of Zochar, requesting that he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which is in the end of his field, and I will purchase it from him for whatever he desires for it.

5 And Ephron dwelt among the children of Cheth, and they went and called for him, and he came before Avraham, and Ephron said to Avraham, Behold all you require your servant will do; and Avraham said, No, but I will buy the cave and the field which you have for value, in order that it may be for a possession of a burial place for ever.

6 And Ephron answered and said, Behold the field and the cave are before you, give whatever you desire; and Avraham said, Only at full value will I buy it from your hand, and from the hands of those that go in at the gate of your city, and from the hand of your zera le-olam-va-ed.

7 And Ephron and all his brothers heard this, and Avraham weighed to Ephron four hundred shekels of silver in the hands of Ephron and in the hands of all his brothers; and Avraham wrote this transaction, and he wrote it and testified it with four witnesses.

8 And these are the names of the witnesses, Amigal son of Avishna the Hittite, Adichorom son of Ashunach the Hivite, Avdon son of Achiram the Gomerite, Bakdil the son of Avudish the Zidonite.

9 And Avraham took the scroll of the purchase, and placed it in his treasures; and these are the words that Avraham wrote in the scroll, namely:

10 That the cave and the field Avraham bought from Ephron the Hittite, and from his zera, and from those that go out of his city, and from their zera le-olam-va-ed, are to be a purchase to Avraham and to his zera and to those that go forth from his loins, for a possession of a burial place le-olam-va-ed; and he put a signet to it and testified it with witnesses.

11 And the field and the cave that was in it and all that place were made secure to Avraham and to his zera after him, from the children of Cheth; behold it is before Mamre in Hevron, which is in the land of Kanaan.

12 And after this, Avraham buried his wife Sarah there, and that place and its entire boundary became to Avraham and to his zera for a possession of a burial place.

13 And Avraham buried Sarah with pomp as observed at the interment of melechim, and she was buried in very fine and beautiful garments.

14 And at her bier was Shem, his sons Ever and Avimelech, together with Anar, Ashcol and Mamre, and all the nobles of the land followed her bier.

15 And the days of Sarah were one hundred and twenty-seven years and she died, and Avraham made a great and heavy mourning, and he performed the rites of mourning for seven days.

16 And all the inhabitants of the land comforted Avraham and Yitzchak his son on account of Sarah.

17 And when the days of their mourning were over, Avraham sent away his son Yitzchak, and he went to the house of Shem and Ever, to learn the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and his Torot, and Avraham remained there three years.

18 At that time Avraham rose up with all his servants, and they went and returned homeward to Beersheva, and Avraham and all his servants remained in Beersheva.

19 And at the turn of the year Avimelech melech of the Philistines died in that year; he was one hundred and ninety-three years old at his death; and Avraham went with his people to the land of the Philistines, and they comforted the whole household and all his servants, and he then turned and went home.

20 And it was after the death of Avimelech that the people of Gerar took Benmalich his son, and he was only twelve years old, and they made him stay in the place of his abba.

21 And they called his name Avimelech after the name of his abba, for this was their custom to do in Gerar, and Avimelech reigned instead of Avimelech his abba, and he sat upon his throne.

22 And Lot the son of Charan also died in those days, in the thirty-ninth year of the life of Yitzchak, and all the days that Lot lived were one hundred and forty years and he died.

23 And these are the children of Lot that were born to him by his daughters, the name of the bechor was Moav, and the name of the second was Ben-Ami.

24 And the two sons of Lot went and took themselves wives from the land of Kanaan, and they bare children to them, and the children of Moav were Ed, Mayon, Tarsus, and Kanvil, four sons, these are ahvot to the children of Moav to this day.

25 And all the families of the children of Lot went to dwell wherever they did go, for they were fruitful and increased abundantly.

26 And they went and built themselves cities in the land where they dwelt, and they called the names of the cities that they built after their own names.

27 And Nachor the son of Terah, brother to Avraham, died in those days in the fortieth year of the life of Yitzchak, and all the days of Nachor were one hundred and seventy-two years and he died and was buried in Charan.

28 And when Avraham heard that his brother was dead he grieved sadly, and he mourned over his brother many days.

29 And Avraham called for Eliezer his head servant, to give him orders concerning his house, and he came and stood before him.

30 And Avraham said to him, Behold I am old, I do not know the day of my death; for I am advanced in days; now therefore rise up, go forth and do not take a wife for my son from this place and from this land, from the daughters of the Kannaim among whom we dwell.

31 But go to my land and to my birthplace, and take from there a wife for my son, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of ha shamayim and earth who took me from my abba’s house and brought me to this place, and said to me, To your zera will I give this land for an inheritance le-olam-va-ed, He will send His malach before you and prosper your way, that you may obtain a wife for my son from my family and from my abba’s house.

32 And the servant answered his master Avraham and said, Behold I go to your birthplace and to your abba’s house, and take a wife for your son from there; but if the woman be not willing to follow me to this land, shall I take your son back to the land of your birthplace?

33 And Avraham said to him, Take heed that you bring not my son here again, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 before whom I have had my halacha, He will send His malach before you and prosper your way.

34 And Eliezer did as Avraham ordered him, and Eliezer swore to Avraham his master upon this matter; and Eliezer rose up and took ten camels of the camels of his master, and ten men from his master’s servants with him, and they rose up and went to Charan, the city of Avraham and Nachor, in order to fetch a wife for Yitzchak the son of Avraham; and while they were gone Avraham sent to the house of Shem and Ever, and they brought from there his son Yitzchak.

35 And Yitzchak came home to his abba’s house to Beersheva, while Eliezer and his men came to Charan; and they stopped in the city by the watering place, and he made his camels to kneel down by the mayim and they remained there.

36 And Eliezer, Avraham’s servant, prayed and said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of Avraham my master; send me I beg you tov speed this day and show chesed to my master, that you shall appoint this day a wife for my master’s son from his family.

37 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of Eliezer, for the sake of his servant Avraham, and he happened to meet with the daughter of Bethuel, the son of Milcah, the wife of Nachor, brother to Avraham, and Eliezer came to her house.

38 And Eliezer related to them all his concerns, and that he was Avraham’s servant, and they greatly rejoiced at him.

39 And they all blessed 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who brought this thing about, and they gave him Rivkah, the daughter of Bethuel, for a wife for Yitzchak.

40 And the young woman was of very comely appearance, she was a virgin, and Rivkah was ten years old in those days.

41 And Bethuel and Lavan and his children made a feast on that night, and Eliezer and his men came and ate and drank and rejoiced there on that night.

42 And Eliezer rose up in the morning, he and the men that were with him, and he called to the whole household of Bethuel, saying, Send me away that I may go to my master; and they rose up and sent away Rivkah and her nurse Devorah, the daughter of Uz, and they gave her silver and gold, men servants and maid servants, and they blessed her.

43 And they sent Eliezer away with his men; and the servants took Rivkah, and he went and returned to his master to the land of Kanaan.

44 And Yitzchak took Rivkah and she became his wife, and he brought her into the tent.

45 And Yitzchak was forty years old when he took Rivkah, the daughter of his uncle Bethuel, for a wife.

25 And it was at that time that Avraham again took a wife in his old age, and her name was Keturah, from the land of Kanaan.

2 And she bare to him Zimran, Yokshan, Medan, Midiyan, Ishbak and Shuach, being six sons. And the children of Zimran were Avihen, Molich and Narim.

3 And the sons of Yokshan were Sheba and Dedan, and the sons of Medan were Amida, Yoab, Gochi, Elisha and Nothach; and the sons of Midiyan were Ephah, Epher, Chanoch, Avida and Eldaah.

4 And the sons of Ishbak were Makiro, Beyodua and Tator.

5 And the sons of Shuach were Bildad, Mamdad, Munan and Mevan; all these are the families of the children of Keturah the Canaanitish woman that she bare to Avraham the Ivri.

6 And Avraham sent all these away, and he gave them gifts, and they went away from his son Yitzchak to dwell wherever they should find a place.

7 And all these went to the mountain at the east, and they built themselves six cities in which they dwelt to this day.

8 But the children of Sheva and Dedan, children of Yokshan, with their children, did not dwell with their brothers in their cities, and they journeyed and encamped in the countries and wildernesses to this day.

9 And the children of Midiyan, son of Avraham, went to the east of the land of Cush, and they there found a large valley in the eastern country, and they remained there and built a city, and they dwelt therein, that is the land of Midiyan to this day.

10 And Midiyan dwelt in the city that he built, he and his five sons and all belonging to him.

11 And these are the names of the sons of Midiyan according to their names in their cities, Ephah, Epher, Chanoch, Avida and Eldaah.

12 And the sons of Ephah were Methach, Meshar, Avi and Tzanua, and the sons of Epher were Ephron, Zur, Alirun and Medin, and the sons of Chanoch were Reuel, Rekem, Azi, Alyoshuv and Alad.

13 And the sons of Avida were Chur, Melud, Kerury, Molchi; and the sons of Eldaah were Miker, and Reva, and Malchiyah and Gavol; these are the names of the Midyanites according to their families; and afterward the families of Midiyan spread throughout the land of Midiyan.

14 And these are the generations of Yishmael the son Avraham, whom Chagar, Sarah’s handmaid, bare to Avraham.

15 And Yishmael took a wife from the land of Mitzrayim, and her name was Rivah, the same is Merivah.

16 And Rivah bare to Yishmael Nevayoth, Kedar, Adveel, Mivsam and their sister Bosmath.

17 And Yishmael cast away his wife Rivah, and she went from him and returned to Mitzrayim to the house of her abba, and she dwelt there, for she had been very bad in the sight of Yishmael, and in the sight of his abba Avraham.

18 And Yishmael afterward took a wife from the land of Kanaan, and her name was Malchuth, and she bare to him Nishma, Dumah, Masa, Chadad, Tema, Yetur, Naphish and Kedma.

19 These are the sons of Yishmael, and these are their names, being twelve princes according to their nations; and the families of Yishmael afterward spread forth, and Yishmael took his children and all the property that he had gained, together with the beings of his household and all belonging to him, and they went to dwell where they should find a place.

20 And they went and dwelt near the wilderness of Paran, and their dwelling was from Havilah to Shur, that is before Mitzrayim as you come toward Ahshur.

21 And Yishmael and his sons dwelt in the land, and they had children born to them, and they were fruitful and increased abundantly.

22 And these are the names of the sons of Nevayoth the bechor of Yishmael; Mend, Send, Mayon; and the sons of Kedar were Alyon, Kezem, Chamad and Eli.

23 And the sons of Adveel were Chamad and Yavin; and the sons of Mivsam were Ovadyah, Evedmelech and Yeush; these are the families of the children of Rivah the wife of Yishmael.

24 And the sons of Mishma the son of Yishmael were Shamua, Zecaryon and Oved; and the sons of Dumah were Kezed, Eli, Machmad and Amed.

25 And the sons of Masa were Melon, Mula and Evidadon; and the sons of Chadad were Azur, Minzar and Ebedmelech; and the sons of Tema were Seir, Sadon and Yakol.

26 And the sons of Yetur were Merith, Yaish, Alyo, and Pachoth; and the sons of Naphish were Eved-Tamed, Aviyasaph and Mir; and the sons of Kedma were Calip, Tachti, and Omir; these were the children of Malchuth the wife of Yishmael according to their families.

27 All these are the families of Yishmael according to their generations, and they dwelt in those lands wherein they had built themselves cities to this day.

28 And Rivkah the daughter of Bethuel, the wife of Avraham’s son Yitzchak, was barren in those days, she had no offspring; and Yitzchak dwelt with his abba in the land of Kanaan; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Yitzchak; and Arpachshad the son of Shem the son of Noach died in those days, in the forty-eighth year of the life of Yitzchak, and all the days that Arpachshad lived were four hundred and thirty-eight years, and he died.

26 And in the fifty-ninth year of the life of Yitzchak the son of Avraham, Rivkah his wife was still barren in those days.

2 And Rivkah said to Yitzchak, Truly I have heard, my master, that your ema Sarah was barren in her days until my master Avraham, your abba, prayed for her and she conceived by him.

3 Now therefore stand up, pray you also to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and He will hear your prayer and remember us through his mercies.

4 And Yitzchak answered his wife Rivkah, saying, Avraham has already prayed for me to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to multiply his zera, now therefore this barrenness must proceed to us from you.

5 And Rivkah said to him, But arise now you also and pray, that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 may hear your prayer and grant me children, and Yitzchak hearkened to the words of his wife, and Yitzchak and his wife rose up and went to the land of Moriyah to pray there and to seek 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and when they had reached that place Yitzchak stood up and prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on account of his wife because she was barren.

6 And Yitzchak said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the shamayim and earth, whose goodness and mercies fill the earth, you who did take my abba from his abba’s house and from his birthplace, and did bring him to this land, and did say to him, To your zera will I give the land, and you did promise him and did declare to him, I will multiply your zera as the stars of the shamayim and as the sand of the sea, now may your words be verified which you did speak to my abba.

7 For you are 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, our eyes are toward you to give us zera of men, as you did promise us, for you are 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and our eyes are directed toward you only.

8 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the prayer of Yitzchak the son of Avraham, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was entreated of him and Rivkah his wife conceived.

9 And in about seven months after the children struggled together within her, and it pained her greatly that she was wearied on account of them, and she said to all the women who were then in the land, Did such a thing happen to you as it has to me? And they said to her, No.

10 And she said to them, Why am I alone in this among all the women that were upon earth? And she went to the land of Moriyah to seek 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on account of this; and she went to Shem and Ever his son to make inquiries of them in this matter, and that they should seek 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in this thing respecting her.

11 And she also asked Avraham to seek and inquire of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 about all that had befallen her.

12 And they all inquired of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 concerning this matter, and they brought her word from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and told her,Β Two children are in your womb, and two nations shall rise from them; and one nation shall be stronger than the other, and the greater shall serve the younger.

13 And when her days to be delivered were completed, she knelt down, and behold there were twins in her womb, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to her.

14 And the first one came out red all over like a hairy garment, and all the people of the land called his name Esav, saying, That this one was made complete from the womb.

15 And after that came his brother, and his hand took hold of Esav’s heel, therefore they called his name Yaakov.

16 And Yitzchak, the son of Avraham, was sixty years old when he begat them.

17 And the boys grew up to their fifteenth year, and they came among the society of men. Esav was a designing and deceitful man, and an expert hunter in the field, and Yaakov was a man perfect and wise, dwelling in tents, feeding flocks and learning the Torot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and the commands of his abba and ema.

18 And Yitzchak and the children of his household dwelt with his abba Avraham in the land of Kanaan, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded them.

19 And Yishmael the son of Avraham went with his children and all belonging to them, and they returned there to the land of Havilah, and they dwelt there.

20 And all the children of Avraham’s concubines went to dwell in the land of the east, for Avraham had sent them away from his son, and had given them presents, and they went away.

21 And Avraham gave all that he had to his son Yitzchak, and he also gave him all his treasures.

22 And he commanded him saying, Do you not know and understand 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in the shamayim and in earth, and there is no other beside Him?

23 And it was He who took me from my abba’s house, and from my birth place, and gave me all the delights upon earth; who delivered me from the counsel of the wicked, for in Him did I trust.

24 And He brought me to this place, and He delivered me from Ur Chasdim; and He said to me,Β To your zera will I give all these lands, and they shall inherit them when they keep my mitzvot, my chukim and my mishpatim that I have commanded you, and which I shall command them.

25 Now therefore my son, listen to my voice, and keep the mitzvot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, which I commanded you, do not turn from the right halacha either to the right or to the left, in order that it may be well with you and your children after you le-olam-va-ed.

26 And remember the wonderful works of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and His chesed that He has shown toward us, in having delivered us from the hands of our enemies, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused them to fall into our hands; and now therefore keep all that I have commanded you, and turn not away from the mitzvot of your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and serve none beside Him, in order that it may be well with you and your zera after you.

27 And teach your children and your zera the Torot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His mitzvot, and teach them the upright halacha in which they should go, in order that it may be well with them le-olam-va-ed.

28 And Yitzchak answered his abba and said to him, That which my master has commanded that will I do, and I will not depart from the mitzvoth of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 my 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, I will keep all that He commanded me; and Avraham blessed his son Yitzchak, and also his children; and Avraham taught Yaakov the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His halachot.

29 And it was at that time that Avraham died, in the fifteenth year of the life of Yaakov and Esav, the sons of Yitzchak, and all the days of Avraham were one hundred and seventy-five years, and he died and was gathered to his people in tov old age, old and satisfied with days, and Yitzchak and Yishmael his sons buried him.

30 And when the inhabitants of Kanaan heard that Avraham was dead, they all came with their melechim and princes and all their men to bury Avraham.

31 And all the inhabitants of the land of Charan, and all the families of the house of Avraham, and all the princes and nobles, and the sons of Avraham by the concubines, all came when they heard of Avraham’s death, and they repaid Avraham’s chesed, and comforted Yitzchak his son, and they buried Avraham in the cave which he bought from Ephron the Hittite and his children, for the possession of a burial place.

32 And all the inhabitants of Kanaan, and all those who had known Avraham, wept for Avraham a whole year, and men and women mourned over him.

33 And all the little children, and all the inhabitants of the land wept on account of Avraham, for Avraham had been tov to them all, and because he had been upright with 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and men.

34 And there arose not a man who feared 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 like Avraham, for he had feared His 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 from his youth, and had served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and had gone in all His halachot during his life, from his childhood to the day of his death.

35 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him and delivered him from the counsel of Nimrod and his people, and when he made war with the four melechim of Eylam he conquered them.

36 And he brought all the children of the earth to the service of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he taught them the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and caused them to know 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

37 And he formed a grove and he planted a vineyard therein, and he had always prepared in his tent meat and drink to those that passed through the land, that they might satisfy themselves in his house.

38 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim delivered the whole earth on account of Avraham.

39 And it was after the death of Avraham that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed his son Yitzchak and his children, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Yitzchak as he had been with his abba Avraham, for Yitzchak kept all the mitzvot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 as Avraham his abba had commanded him; he did not turn to the right or to the left from the right path which his abba had commanded him.

27 And Esav at that time, after the death of Avraham, frequently went in the field to hunt.

2 And Nimrod melech of Bavel, the same was Amraphel, also frequently went with his mighty men to hunt in the field, and to walk about with his men in the cool of the day.

3 And Nimrod was observing Esav all the days, for a jealousy was formed in the heart of Nimrod against Esav all the days.

4 And on a certain day Esav went in the field to hunt, and he found Nimrod walking in the wilderness with his two men.

5 And all his mighty men and his people were with him in the wilderness, but they removed at a distance from him, and they went from him in different directions to hunt, and Esav concealed himself from Nimrod, and he lurked for him in the wilderness.

6 And Nimrod and his men that were with him did not know him, and Nimrod and his men frequently walked about in the field at the cool of the day, and to know where his men were hunting in the field.

7 And Nimrod and two of his men that were with him came to the place where they were, when Esav started suddenly from his lurking place, and drew his sword, and hurried and ran to Nimrod and cut off his head.

8 And Esav fought a desperate fight with the two men that were with Nimrod, and when they called out to him, Esav turned to them and smote them to death with his sword.

9 And all the mighty men of Nimrod, who had left him to go to the wilderness, heard the cry at a distance, and they knew the voices of those two men, and they ran to know the cause of it, when they found their melech and the two men that were with him lying dead in the wilderness.

10 And when Esav saw the mighty men of Nimrod coming at a distance, he fled, and thereby escaped; and Esav took the valuable garments of Nimrod, which Nimrod’s abba had bequeathed to Nimrod, and with which Nimrod prevailed over the whole land, and he ran and concealed them in his house.

11 And Esav took those garments and ran into the city on account of Nimrod’s men, and he came to his abba’s house wearied and exhausted from fight, and he was ready to die through grief when he approached his brother Yaakov and sat before him.

12 And he said to his brother Yaakov, Behold I shall die this day, and why then do I want the bechor? And Yaakov acted wisely with Esav in this matter, and Esav sold his bechor to Yaakov, for it was so brought about by 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

13 And Esav’s portion in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Avraham had bought from the children of Cheth for the possession of a burial ground, Esav also sold to Yaakov, and Yaakov bought all this from his brother Esav for value given.

14 And Yaakov wrote the whole of this in a scroll, and he testified the same with witnesses, and he sealed it, and the scroll remained in the hands of Yaakov.

15 And when Nimrod the son of Cush died, his men lifted him up and brought him in consternation, and buried him in his city, and all the days that Nimrod lived were two hundred and fifteen years and he died.

16 And the days that Nimrod reigned upon the people of the land were one hundred and eighty-five years; and Nimrod died by the sword of Esav in shame and contempt, and the zera of Avraham caused his death as he had seen in his dream.

17 And at the death of Nimrod his malchut became divided into many divisions, and all those parts that Nimrod reigned over were restored to the respective melechim of the land, who recovered them after the death of Nimrod, and all the people of the house of Nimrod were for a long time enslaved to all the other melechim of the land.

28 And in those days, after the death of Avraham, in that year 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought a heavy famine in the land, and while the famine was raging in the land of Kanaan, Yitzchak rose up to go down to Mitzrayim on account of the famine, as his abba Avraham had done.

2 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared that night to Yitzchak and he said to him, Do not go down to Mitzrayim but rise and go to Gerar, to Avimelech melech of the Philistines, and remain there until the famine shall cease.

3 And Yitzchak rose up and went to Gerar, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded him, and he remained there a full year.

4 And when Yitzchak came to Gerar, the people of the land saw that Rivkah his wife was of a beautiful appearance, and the people of Gerar asked Yitzchak concerning his wife, and he said, She is my sister, for he was afraid to say she was his wife lest the people of the land should slay him on account of her.

5 And the princes of Avimelech went and praised the woman to the melech, but he answered them not, neither did he attend to their words.

6 But he heard them say that Yitzchak declared her to be his sister, so the melech reserved this within himself.

7 And when Yitzchak had remained three months in the land, Avimelech looked out at the window, and he saw, and behold Yitzchak was sporting with Rivkah his wife, for Yitzchak dwelt in the outer house belonging to the melech, so that the house of Yitzchak was opposite the house of the melech.

8 And the melech said to Yitzchak, What is this you have done to us in saying of your wife, She is my sister? How easily might one of the great men of the people have lain with her, and you would then have brought guilt upon us.

9 And Yitzchak said to Avimelech, Because I was afraid lest I die on account of my wife, therefore I said, She is my sister.

10 At that time Avimelech gave orders to all his princes and great men, and they took Yitzchak and Rivkah his wife and brought them before the melech.

11 And the melech commanded that they should dress them in princely garments, and make them ride through the streets of the city, and proclaim before them throughout the land, saying, This is the man and this is his wife; whoever touches this man or his wife shall surely die. And Yitzchak returned with his wife to the melech’s house, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Yitzchak and he continued to wax great and lacked nothing.

12 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused Yitzchak to find favor in the sight of Avimelech, and in the sight of all his subjects, and Avimelech acted well with Yitzchak, for Avimelech remembered the oath and the covenant that existed between his abba and Avraham.

13 And Avimelech said to Yitzchak, Behold the whole earth is before you; dwell wherever it may seem tov in your sight until you shall return to your land; and Avimelech gave Yitzchak fields and vineyards and the best part of the land of Gerar, to sow and reap and eat the fruits of the ground until the days of the famine should have passed by.

14 And Yitzchak sowed in that land, and received a hundred-fold in the same year, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed him.

15 And the man waxed great, and he had possession of flocks and possession of herds and great store of servants.

16 And when the days of the famine had passed away 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Yitzchak and said to him, Rise up, go forth from this place and return to your land, to the land of Kanaan; and Yitzchak rose up and returned to Hevron which is in the land of Kanaan, he and all belonging to him as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded him.

17 And after this Shelach the son of Arpachshad died in that year, which is the eighteenth year of the lives of Yaakov and Esav; and all the days that Shelach lived were four hundred and thirty-three years and he died.

18 At that time Yitzchak sent his younger son Yaakov to the house of Shem and Ever, and he learned the Torot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and Yaakov remained in the house of Shem and Ever for thirty-two years, and Esav his brother did not go, for he was not willing to go, and he remained in his abba’s house in the land of Kanaan.

19 And Esav was continually hunting in the fields to bring home what he could get, so did Esav all the days.

20 And Esav was a designing and deceitful man, one who hunted after the hearts of men and lured them, and Esav was a valiant man in the field, and in the course of time went as usual to hunt; and he came as far as the field of Seir, the same is Edom.

21 And he remained in the land of Seir hunting in the field a year and four months.

22 And Esav there saw in the land of Seir the daughter of a man of Kanaan, and her name was Yehudite, the daughter of Beeri, son of Epher, from the families of Cheth the son of Kanaan.

23 And Esav took her for a wife, and he came to her; forty years old was Esav when he took her, and he brought her to Hevron, the land of his abba’s dwelling place, and he dwelt there.

24 And it came to pass in those days, in the hundred and tenth year of the life of Yitzchak, that is in the fiftieth year of the life of Yaakov, in that year died Shem the son of Noach; Shem was six hundred years old at his death.

25 And when Shem died Yaakov returned to his abba to Hevron, which is in the land of Kanaan.

26 And in the fifty-sixth year of the life of Yaakov, people came from Charan, and Rivkah was told concerning her brother Lavan the son of Bethuel.

27 For the wife of Lavan was barren in those days, and bare no children, and also all his handmaids bare none to him.

28 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 afterward remembered Adinah the wife of Lavan, and she conceived and bare twin daughters, and Lavan called the names of his daughters, the name of the zachena Leah, and the name of the younger Rachel.

29 And those people came and told these things to Rivkah, and Rivkah rejoiced greatly that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had visited her brother and that he had gotten children.

29 And Yitzchak the son of Avraham became old and advanced in days, and his eyes became heavy through age; they were dim and could not see.

2 At that time Yitzchak called to Esav his son, saying, Get I beg you your weapons, your quiver and your bow, rise up and go forth into the field and get me some venison, and make me tasty meat and bring it to me, that I may eat in order that I may bless you before my death, as I have now become old and gray-headed.

3 And Esav did so; and he took his weapon and went forth into the field to hunt for venison, as usual, to bring to his abba as he had ordered him, so that he might bless him.

4 And Rivkah heard all the words that Yitzchak had spoken to Esav, and she hurried and called her son Yaakov, saying, This did your abba speak to your brother Esav, and this did I hear, now therefore hurry and make that which I shall tell you.

5 Rise up and go, I beg you, to the flock and fetch me two fine kids of the goats, and I will get the tasty meat for your abba, and you shall bring the tasty meat that he may eat before your brother shall have come from the chase, in order that your abba may bless you.

6 And Yaakov hurried and did as his ema had commanded him, and he made the tasty meat and brought it before his abba before Esav had come from his chase.

7 And Yitzchak said to Yaakov, Who are you, my son? And he said, I am your bechor Esav, I have done as you did order me, now therefore rise up I ask you, and eat of my hunt, in order that your being may bless me as you did speak to me.

8 And Yitzchak rose up and he ate and he drank, and his heart was comforted, and he blessed Yaakov and Yaakov went away from his abba; and as soon as Yitzchak had blessed Yaakov and he had gone away from him, behold Esav came from his hunt from the field, and he also made tasty meat and brought it to his abba to eat of it and to bless him.

9 And Yitzchak said to Esav, And who was he that has taken venison and brought it me before you came and whom I did bless? And Esav knew that his brother Yaakov had done this, and the anger of Esav was kindled against his brother Yaakov that he had acted this way toward him.

10 And Esav said, Is he not rightly called Yaakov? For he has supplanted me twice, he took away my bechor and now he has taken away my blessing; and Esav wept greatly; and when Yitzchak heard the voice of his son Esav weeping, Yitzchak said to Esav, What can I do, my son, your brother came with subtlety and took away your blessing; and Esav hated his brother Yaakov on account of the blessing that his abba had given him, and his anger was greatly roused against him.

11 And Yaakov was very much afraid of his brother Esav, and he rose up and fled to the house of Ever the son of Shem, and he concealed himself there on account of his brother, and Yaakov was sixty-three years old when he went forth from the land of Kanaan from Hevron, and Yaakov was concealed in Ever’s house fourteen years on account of his brother Esav, and he there continued to learn the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His mitzvot.

12 And when Esav saw that Yaakov had fled and escaped from him, and that Yaakov had cunningly obtained the blessing, then Esav grieved exceedingly, and he was also vexed at his abba and ema; and he also rose up and took his wife and went away from his abba and ema to the land of Seir, and he dwelt there; and Esav saw there a woman from among the daughters of Cheth whose name was Bosmath, the daughter of Eylon the Hittite, and he took her for a wife in addition to his first wife, and Esav called her name Adah, saying the blessing had in that time passed from him.

13 And Esav dwelt in the land of Seir six months without seeing his abba and ema, and afterward Esav took his wives and rose up and returned to the land of Kanaan, and Esav placed his two wives in his abba’s house in Hevron.

14 And the wives of Esav vexed and provoked Yitzchak and Rivkah with their works, for they walked not in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, but served their abba’s ahlohim of wood and stone as their abba had taught them, and they were more wicked than their abba.

15 And they went according to the evil desires of their hearts, and they sacrificed and burnt incense to the Baalim, and Yitzchak and Rivkah became weary of them.

16 And Rivkah said, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Cheth; if Yaakov take a wife of the daughters of Cheth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what tov then is life to me?

17 And in those days Adah the wife of Esav conceived and bare him a son, and Esav called the name of the son that was born to him Eliphaz, and Esav was sixty-five years old when she bare him.

18 And Yishmael the son of Avraham died in those days, in the sixty-forth year of the life of Yaakov, and all the days that Yishmael lived were one hundred and thirty-seven years and he died.

19 And when Yitzchak heard that Yishmael was dead he mourned for him, and Yitzchak lamented over him many days.

20 And at the end of fourteen years of Yaakov’s residing in the house of Ever, Yaakov desired to see his abba and ema, and Yaakov came to the house of his abba and ema to Hevron, and Esav had in those days forgotten what Yaakov had done to him in having taken the blessing from him in those days.

21 And when Esav saw Yaakov coming to his abba and ema he remembered what Yaakov had done to him, and he was greatly incensed against him and he sought to slay him.

22 And Yitzchak the son of Avraham was old and advanced in days, and Esav said, Now my abba’s time is drawing near that he must die, and when he shall die I will slay my brother Yaakov.

23 And this was told to Rivkah, and she hurried and sent and called for Yaakov her son, and she said to him, Arise, go and flee to Charan to my brother Lavan, and remain there for some time, until your brother’s anger be turned from you and then shall you come back.

24 And Yitzchak called to Yaakov and said to him, Take not a wife from the daughters of Kanaan, for this did our abba Avraham command us according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 which He had commanded him, saying, Unto your zera will I give this land; if your children keep my covenant that I have made with you, then will I also perform to your children that which I have spoken to you and I will not forsake them.

25 Now therefore my son listen to my voice, to all that I shall command you, and refrain from taking a wife from among the daughters of Kanaan; arise, go to Charan to the house of Bethuel your ema’s abba, and take to you a wife from there from the daughters of Lavan your ema’s brother.

26 Therefore take heed lest you should forget 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and all His halachot in the land to which you go, and should get connected with the people of the land and pursue vanity and forsake 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

27 But when you come to the land there serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, do not turn to the right or to the left from the way which I commanded you and which you did learn.

28 And may the Almighty 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 grant you favor in the sight of the people of the earth, that you may take there a wife according to your choice; one who is tov and upright in the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

29 And may 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 give to you and your zera the blessing of your abba Avraham, and make you fruitful and multiply you, and may you become a multitude of people in the land where you go, and may 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 cause you to return to this land, the land of your abba’s dwelling, with children and with great riches, with joy and with pleasure.

30 And Yitzchak finished commanding Yaakov and blessing him, and he gave him many gifts, together with silver and gold, and he sent him away; and Yaakov hearkened to his abba and ema; he kissed them and arose and went to Padan-Aram; and Yaakov was seventy-seven years old when he went out from the land of Kanaan from Beersheva.

31 And when Yaakov went away to go to Charan, Esav called to his son Eliphaz, and secretly spoke to him, saying, Now hurry, take your sword in your hand and pursue Yaakov and pass before him in the road, and lurk for him, and slay him with your sword in one of the mountains, and take all belonging to him and come back.

32 And Eliphaz the son of Esav was an active man and expert with the bow as his abba had taught him, and he was a noted hunter in the field and a valiant man.

33 And Eliphaz did as his abba had commanded him, and Eliphaz was at that time thirteen years old, and Eliphaz rose up and went and took ten of his ema’s brothers with him and pursued Yaakov.

34 And he closely followed Yaakov, and he lurked for him in the border of the land of Kanaan opposite to the city of Shechem.

35 And Yaakov saw Eliphaz and his men pursuing him, and Yaakov stood still in the place in which he was going, in order to know what this was, for he did not know the thing; and Eliphaz drew his sword and he went on advancing, he and his men, toward Yaakov; and Yaakov said to them, What is this to do with you that you have come here, and what means it that you pursue with your swords.

36 And Eliphaz came near to Yaakov and he answered and said to him, This did my abba command me, and now therefore I will not deviate from the orders which my abba gave me; and when Yaakov saw that Esav had spoken to Eliphaz to employ force, Yaakov then approached and supplicated Eliphaz and his men, saying to him,

37 Behold all that I have and which my abba and ema gave to me, that take to you and go from me, and do not slay me, and may this thing be accounted to you a tzedakah.

38 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused Yaakov to find favor in the sight of Eliphaz the son of Esav, and his men, and they hearkened to the voice of Yaakov, and they did not put him to death, and Eliphaz and his men took all belonging to Yaakov together with the silver and gold that he had brought with him from Beersheva; they left him nothing.

39 And Eliphaz and his men went away from him and they returned to Esav to Beersheva, and they told him all that had occurred to them with Yaakov, and they gave him all that they had taken from Yaakov.

40 And Esav was indignant at Eliphaz his son, and at his men that were with him, because they had not put Yaakov to death.

41 And they answered and said to Esav, Because Yaakov supplicated us in this matter not to slay him, our pity was excited toward him, and we took all belonging to him and brought it to you; and Esav took all the silver and gold which Eliphaz had taken from Yaakov and he put them by in his house.

42 At that time when Esav saw that Yitzchak had blessed Yaakov, and had commanded him, saying, You shall not take a wife from among the daughters of Kanaan, and that the daughters of Kanaan were bad in the sight of Yitzchak and Rivkah,

43 Then he went to the house of Yishmael his uncle, and in addition to his older wives he took Machlath the daughter of Yishmael, the sister of Nevayoth, for a wife.

30 And Yaakov went forth continuing his road to Charan, and he came as far as mount Moriyah, and he tarried there all night near the city of Luz; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared there to Yaakov on that night, and He said to him,Β I AM 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of Avraham and the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of Yitzchak your abba; the land upon which you liest I will give to you and your zera.

2 And behold IΒ AM with you and will keep you wherever you go, and I will multiply your zera as the stars of ha shamayim, and I will cause all your enemies to fall before you; and when they shall make war with you they shall not prevail over you, and I will bring you again to this land with joy, with children, and with great riches.

3 And Yaakov awoke from his sleep and he rejoiced greatly at the vision that he had seen; and he called the name of that place Bethel.

4 And Yaakov rose up from that place quite rejoiced, and when he walked his feet felt light to him for joy, and he went from there to the land of the children of the East, and he returned to Charan and he sat by the shepherd’s well.

5 And he there found some men; going from Charan to feed their flocks, and Yaakov made inquiries of them, and they said, We are from Charan.

6 And he said to them, Do you know Lavan, the son of Nachor? And they said, We know him, and behold his daughter Rachel is coming along to feed her abba’s flock.

7 While he was yet speaking with them, Rachel the daughter of Lavan came to feed her abba’s sheep, for she was a shepherdess.

8 And when Yaakov saw Rachel, the daughter of Lavan, his ema’s brother, he ran and kissed her, and lifted up his voice and wept.

9 And Yaakov told Rachel that he was the son of Rivkah, her abba’s sister, and Rachel ran and told her abba, and Yaakov continued to cry because he had nothing with him to bring to the house of Lavan.

10 And when Lavan heard that his sister’s son Yaakov had come, he ran and kissed him and embraced him and brought him into the house and gave him bread, and he ate.

11 And Yaakov related to Lavan what his brother Esav had done to him, and what his son Eliphaz had done to him in the road.

12 And Yaakov resided in Lavan’s house for one month, and Yaakov ate and drank in the house of Lavan, and afterward Lavan said to Yaakov, Tell me what shall be your wages, for how can you serve me for nothing?

13 And Lavan had no sons but only daughters, and his other wives and handmaids were still barren in those days; and these are the names of Lavan’s daughters which his wife Adinah had borne to him; the name of the zachena was Leah and the name of the younger was Rachel; and Leah was tender-eyed, but Rachel was beautiful and well favored, and Yaakov loved her.

14 And Yaakov said to Lavan, I will serve you seven years for Rachel your younger daughter; and Lavan consented to this and Yaakov served Lavan seven years for his daughter Rachel.

15 And in the second year of Yaakov’s dwelling in Charan, that is in the seventy ninth year of the life of Yaakov, in that year died Ever the son of Shem, he was four hundred and sixty-four years old at his death.

16 And when Yaakov heard that Ever was dead he grieved exceedingly, and he lamented and mourned over him many days.

17 And in the third year of Yaakov’s dwelling in Charan, Bosmath, the daughter of Yishmael, the wife of Esav, bare to him a son, and Esav called his name Reuel.

18 And in the fourth year of Yaakov’s residence in the house of Lavan, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 visited Lavan and remembered him on account of Yaakov, and sons were born to him, and his bechor was Beor, his second was Aliv, and the third was Chorash.

19 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave Lavan riches and honor, sons and daughters, and the man increased greatly on account of Yaakov.

20 And Yaakov in those days served Lavan in all manner of work, in the house and in the field, and the blessing of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was in all that belonged to Lavan in the house and in the field.

21 And in the fifth year died Yehudite, the daughter of Beeri, the wife of Esav, in the land of Kanaan, and she had no sons but daughters only.

22 And these are the names of her daughters that she bare to Esav, the name of the zachena was Marzith, and the name of the younger was Puith.

23 And when Yehudite died, Esav rose up and went to Seir to hunt in the field, as usual, and Esav dwelt in the land of Seir for a long time.

24 And in the sixth year Esav took for a wife, in addition to his other wives, Ahlivamah, the daughter of Zeveon the Hivite, and Esav brought her to the land of Kanaan.

25 And Ahlivamah conceived and bare to Esav three sons, Yeush, Yaalan, and Korah.

26 And in those days, in the land of Kanaan, there was a quarrel between the herdsmen of Esav and the herdsmen of the inhabitants of the land of Kanaan, for Esav’s cattle and goods were too abundant for him to remain in the land of Kanaan, in his abba’s house, and the land of Kanaan could not bear him on account of his cattle.

27 And when Esav saw that his quarreling increased with the inhabitants of the land of Kanaan, he rose up and took his wives and his sons and his daughters, and all belonging to him, and the cattle which he possessed, and all his property that he had acquired in the land of Kanaan, and he went away from the inhabitants of the land to the land of Seir, and Esav and all belonging to him dwelt in the land of Seir.

28 But from time to time Esav would go and see his abba and ema in the land of Kanaan, and Esav intermarried with the Horites, and he gave his daughters to the sons of Seir, the Horite.

29 And he gave his zachena daughter Marzith to Anah, the son of Zeveon, his wife’s brother, and Puith he gave to Azar, the son of Bilhan the Horite; and Esav dwelt in the mountain, he and his children, and they were fruitful and multiplied.

31 And in the seventh year, Yaakov’s service which he served Lavan was completed, and Yaakov said to Lavan, Give me my wife, for the days of my service are fulfilled; and Lavan did so, and Lavan and Yaakov assembled all the people of that place and they made a feast.

2 And in the evening Lavan came to the house, and afterward Yaakov came there with the people of the feast, and Lavan extinguished all the lights that were there in the house.

3 And Yaakov said to Lavan, Why do you do this thing to us? And Lavan answered, Such is our custom to act in this land.

4 And afterward Lavan took his daughter Leah, and he brought her to Yaakov, and he came to her and Yaakov did not know that she was Leah.

5 And Lavan gave his daughter Leah his maid Zilpah for a handmaid.

6 And all the people at the feast knew what Lavan had done to Yaakov, but they did not tell the thing to Yaakov.

7 And all the neighbors came that night to Yaakov’s house, and they ate and drank and rejoiced, and played before Leah upon timbrels, and with dances, and they responded before Yaakov, He-Leah, He-Leah.

8 And Yaakov heard their words but did not understand their meaning, but he thought such might be their custom in this land.

9 And the neighbors spoke these words before Yaakov during the night, and all the lights that were in the house Lavan had that night extinguished.

10 And in the morning, when daylight appeared, Yaakov turned to his wife and he saw, and behold it was Leah that had been lying in his bosom, and Yaakov said, Behold now I know what the neighbors said last night, He-Leah, they said, and I knew it not.

11 And Yaakov called to Lavan, and said to him, What is this that you did to me? Surely I served you for Rachel, and why did you deceive me and did give me Leah?

12 And Lavan answered Yaakov, saying, Not so is it done in our place to give the younger before the zachena; now therefore if you desire to take her sister likewise, take her to you for the service which you will serve me for another seven years.

13 And Yaakov did so, and he also took Rachel for a wife, and he served Lavan seven years more, and Yaakov also came to Rachel, and he loved Rachel more than Leah, and Lavan gave her his maid Bilhah for a handmaid.

14 And when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 saw that Leah was hated, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 opened her womb, and she conceived and bare Yaakov four sons in those days.

15 And these are their names, Reuven Shimeon, Levi, and Yahudah, and she afterward left bearing.

16 And at that time Rachel was barren, and she had no offspring, and Rachel envied her sister Leah, and when Rachel saw that she bare no children to Yaakov, she took her handmaid Bilhah, and she bare Yaakov two sons, Dan and Naphtali.

17 And when Leah saw that she had left bearing, she also took her handmaid Zilpah, and she gave her to Yaakov for a wife, and Yaakov also came to Zilpah, and she also bare Yaakov two sons, Gad and Asher.

18 And Leah again conceived and bare Yaakov in those days’ two sons and one daughter, and these are their names, Yissacher, Zevulon, and their sister Dinah.

19 And Rachel was still barren in those days, and Rachel prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 at that time, and she said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim remember me and visit me, I beseech you, for now my husband will cast me off, for I have borne him no children.

20 Now O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, hear my supplication before you, and see my affliction, and give me children like one of the handmaids, that I may no more bear my reproach.

21 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard her and opened her womb, and Rachel conceived and bare a son, and she said, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has taken away my reproach, and she called his name Yoseph, saying, May 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 add to me another son; and Yaakov was ninety-one years old when she bare him.

22 At that time Yaakov’s ema, Rivkah, sent her nurse Devorah the daughter of Uz, and two of Yitzchak’s servants to Yaakov.

23 And they came to Yaakov to Charan and they said to him, Rivkah has sent us to you that you shall return to your abba’s house to the land of Kanaan; and Yaakov hearkened to them in this that his ema had spoken.

24 At that time, the other seven years which Yaakov served Lavan for Rachel were completed, and it was at the end of fourteen years that he had dwelt in Charan that Yaakov said to Lavan, give me my wives and send me away, that I may go to my land, for behold my ema did send to me from the land of Kanaan that I should return to my abba’s house.

25 And Lavan said to him, Not so I beg you; if I have found favor in your sight do not leave me; appoint me your wages and I will give them, and remain with me.

26 And Yaakov said to him, This is what you shall give me for wages, that I shall this day pass through all your flock and take away from them every lamb that is speckled and spotted and such as are brown among the sheep, and among the goats, and if you will do this thing for me I will return and feed your flock and keep them as at first.

27 And Lavan did so, and Lavan removed from his flock all that Yaakov had said and gave them to him.

28 And Yaakov placed all that he had removed from Lavan’s flock in the hands of his sons, and Yaakov was feeding the remainder of Lavan’s flock.

29 And when the servants of Yitzchak that he had sent to Yaakov saw that Yaakov would not then return with them to the land of Kanaan to his abba, they then went away from him, and they returned home to the land of Kanaan.

30 And Devorah remained with Yaakov in Charan, and she did not return with the servants of Yitzchak to the land of Kanaan, and Devorah resided with Yaakov’s wives and children in Charan.

31 And Yaakov served Lavan six years longer, and when the sheep brought forth, Yaakov removed from them such as were speckled and spotted, as he had determined with Lavan, and Yaakov did so at Lavan’s for six years, and the man increased abundantly and he had cattle and maid servants and men servants, camels, and donkeys.

32 And Yaakov had two hundred drove of cattle, and his cattle were of large size and of beautiful appearance and were very productive, and all the families of the sons of men desired to get some of the cattle of Yaakov, for they were exceedingly prosperous.

33 And many of the sons of men came to procure some of Yaakov’s flock, and Yaakov gave them a sheep for a man servant or a maid servant or for an donkey or a camel, or whatever Yaakov desired from them they gave him.

34 And Yaakov obtained riches and honor and possessions by means of these transactions with the sons of men, and the children of Lavan envied him because of this honor.

35 And in the course of time he heard the words of Lavan’s sons, saying, Yaakov has taken away all that was our abba’s, and of that which was our abba’s has he acquired all this glory.

36 And Yaakov beheld the countenance of Lavan and of his children, and behold it was not toward him in those days as it had been before.

37 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Yaakov at the expiration of the six years, and said to him, Arise, go forth out of this land, and return to the land of your birthplace and I will be with you.

38 And Yaakov rose up at that time and he mounted his children and wives and all belonging to him upon camels, and he went forth to go to the land of Kanaan to his abba Yitzchak.

39 And Lavan did not know that Yaakov had gone from him, for Lavan had been that day sheep shearing.

40 And Rachel stole her abba’s images, and she took them and she concealed them upon the camel upon which she sat, and she went on.

41 And this is the manner of the images; in taking a man who is the first born and slaying him and taking the hair off his head, and taking salt and salting the head and anointing it in oil, then taking a small tablet of copper or a tablet of gold and writing the name upon it, and placing the tablet under his tongue, and taking the head with the tablet under the tongue and putting it in the house, and lighting up lights before it and bowing down to it.

42 And at the time when they bow down to it, it speaks to them in all matters that they ask of it, through the power of the name that is written in it.

43 And some make them in the figures of men, of gold and silver, and go to them in times known to them, and the figures receive the influence of the stars, and tell them future things, and in this manner were the images which Rachel stole from her abba.

44 And Rachel stole these images that were her abba’s, in order that Lavan might not know through them where Yaakov had gone.

45 And Lavan came home and he asked concerning Yaakov and his household, and he was not to be found, and Lavan sought his images to know where Yaakov had gone, and could not find them, and he went to some other images, and he inquired of them and they told him that Yaakov had fled from him to his abba’s, to the land of Kanaan.

46 And Lavan then rose up and he took his brothers and all his servants, and he went forth and pursued Yaakov, and he overtook him in mount Gilead.

47 And Lavan said to Yaakov, What is this you have done to me to flee and deceive me, and lead my daughters and their children as captives taken by the sword?

48 And you did not allow me to kiss them and send them away with joy, and you did steal my ahlohim and did go away.

49 And Yaakov answered Lavan, saying, Because I was afraid lest you would take your daughters by force from me; and now with whomsoever you find your ahlohim he shall die.

50 And Lavan searched for the images and he examined in all Yaakov’s tents and furniture, but could not find them.

51 And Lavan said to Yaakov, We will make a covenant together and it shall be a testimony between me and you; if you shall afflict my daughters, or shall take other wives besides my daughters, even 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 shall be a witness between me and you in this matter.

52 And they took stones and made a heap, and Lavan said, This heap is a witness between me and you, therefore he called the name of it Gilead.

53 And Yaakov and Lavan offered sacrifice upon the mount, and they ate there by the heap, and they tarried in the mount all night, and Lavan rose up early in the morning, and he wept with his daughters and he kissed them, and he returned to his place.

54 And he hurried and sent off his son Beor, who was seventeen years old, with Avichorof the son of Uz, the son of Nachor, and with them were ten men.

55 And they hurried and went and passed on the road before Yaakov, and they came by another road to the land of Seir.

56 And they came to Esav and said to him, This says your brother and relative, your ema’s brother Lavan, the son of Bethuel, saying,

57 Have you heard what Yaakov your brother has done to me, who first came to me naked and bare, and I went to meet him, and brought him to my house with honor, and I made him great, and I gave him my two daughters for wives and also two of my maids.

58 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed him on my account, and he increased abundantly, and had sons, daughters and maidservants.

59 He has also an immense stock of flocks and herds, camels and donkeys, also silver and gold in abundance; and when he saw that his wealth increased, he left me while I went to shear my sheep, and he rose up and fled in secrecy.

60 And he lifted his wives and children upon camels, and he led away all his cattle and property which he acquired in my land, and he lifted up his countenance to go to his abba Yitzchak, to the land of Kanaan.

61 And he did not allow me to kiss my daughters and their children, and he led my daughters as captives taken by the sword, and he also stole my ahlohim and he fled.

62 And now I have left him in the mountain of the brook of Yavuk, him and all belonging to him; he lacks nothing.

63 If it be your wish to go to him, go then and there will you find him, and you can do to him as your being desires; and Lavan’s messengers came and told Esav all these things.

64 And Esav heard all the words of Lavan’s messengers, and his anger was greatly kindled against Yaakov, and he remembered his hatred, and his anger burned within him.

65 And Esav hurried and took his children and servants and the beings of his household, being sixty men, and he went and assembled all the children of Seir the Horite and their people, being three hundred and forty men, and took all this number of four hundred men with drawn swords, and he went to Yaakov to smite him.

66 And Esav divided this number into several parts, and he took the sixty men of his children and servants and the beings of his household as one head, and gave them in care of Eliphaz his eldest son.

67 And the remaining heads he gave to the care of the six sons of Seir the Horite, and he placed every man over his generations and children.

68 And the whole of this camp went as it was, and Esav went among them toward Yaakov, and he conducted them with speed.

69 And Lavan’s messengers departed from Esav and went to the land of Kanaan, and they came to the house of Rivkah the ema of Yaakov and Esav.

70 And they told her saying, Behold your son Esav has gone against his brother Yaakov with four hundred men, for he heard that he was coming, and he is gone to make war with him, and to smite him and to take all that he has.

71 And Rivkah hurried and sent seventy-two men from the servants of Yitzchak to meet Yaakov on the road; for she said, Perhaps, Esav may make war in the road when he meets him.

72 And these messengers went on the road to meet Yaakov, and they met him in the road of the brook on the opposite side of the brook Yavuk, and Yaakov said when he saw them, This camp is destined to me from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and Yaakov called the name of that place Machnayim.

73 And Yaakov knew all his abba’s people, and he kissed them and embraced them and came with them, and Yaakov asked them concerning his abba and ema, and they said, They were well.

74 And these messengers said to Yaakov, Rivkah your ema has sent us to you, saying, I have heard, my son that your brother Esav has gone forth against you on the road with men from the children of Seir the Horite.

75 And therefore, my son, listen to my voice and see with your counsel what you will do, and when he comes up to you, supplicate him, and do not speak rashly to him, and give him a present from what you possess, and from what 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has favored you with.

76 And when he asks you concerning your affairs, conceal nothing from him, perhaps he may turn from his anger against you and you will thereby save your being, you and all belonging to you, for it is your duty to honor him, for he is your zachen brother.

77 And when Yaakov heard the words of his ema that the messengers had spoken to him, Yaakov lifted up his voice and wept bitterly, and did as his ema then commanded him.

32 And at that time Yaakov sent messengers to his brother Esav toward the land of Seir, and he spoke to him words of supplication.

2 And he commanded them, saying, This shall you say to my master, to Esav, This says your servant Yaakov, Let not my master imagine that my abba’s blessing with which he did bless me has proved beneficial to me.

3 For I have been these twenty years with Lavan, and he deceived me and changed my wages ten times, as it has all been already told to my master.

4 And I served him in his house very laboriously, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 afterward saw my affliction, my labor and the work of my hands, and He caused me to find rachamim and favor in his sight.

5 And I afterward through 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s great chesed and rachamim acquired oxen and donkeys and cattle, and men servants and maidservants.

6 And now I am coming to my land and my home to my abba and ema, who are in the land of Kanaan; and I have sent to let my master know all this in order to find favor in the sight of my master, so that he may not imagine that I have of myself obtained wealth, or that the blessing with which my abba blessed me has benefited me.

7 And those messengers went to Esav, and found him on the borders of the land of Edom going toward Yaakov, and four hundred men of the children of Seir the Horite were standing with drawn swords.

8 And the messengers of Yaakov told Esav all the words that Yaakov had spoken to them concerning Esav.

9 And Esav answered them with pride and contempt, and said to them, Surely I have heard and truly it has been told to me what Yaakov has done to Lavan, who exalted him in his house and gave him his daughters for wives, and he begat sons and daughters, and abundantly increased in wealth and riches in Lavan’s house through his means.

10 And when he saw that his wealth was abundant and his riches great he fled with all belonging to him, from Lavan’s house, and he led Lavan’s daughters away from the face of their abba, as captives taken by the sword without telling him of it.

11 And not only to Lavan has Yaakov done this but also to me has he done so and has twice supplanted me, and shall I be silent?

12 Now therefore I have this day come with my camps to meet him, and I will do to him according to the desire of my heart.

13 And the messengers returned and came to Yaakov and said to him, We came to your brother, to Esav, and we told him all your words, and this has he answered us, and behold he comes to meet you with four hundred men.

14 Now then know and see what you shall do, and pray before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to deliver you from him.

15 And when he heard the words of his brother that he had spoken to the messengers of Yaakov, Yaakov was greatly afraid and he was distressed.

16 And Yaakov prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of my ahvot, Avraham and Yitzchak, you did say to me when I went away from my abba’s house, saying,

17Β IΒ AM 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of your abba Avraham and the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of Yitzchak, to you do I give this land and your zera after you, and I will make your zera as the stars of the shamayim, and you shall spread forth to the four sides of the shamayim, and in you and in your zera shall all the families of the earth be blessed-mixed.

18 And you did establish your words, and did give to me riches and children and cattle, as the utmost wishes of my heart did you give to your servant; you did give to me all that I asked from you, so that I lacked nothing.

19 And you did afterward say to me, Return to your parents and to your birthplace and I will still do well with you.

20 And now that I have come, and you did deliver me from Lavan, I shall fall in the hands of Esav who will slay me, yes, together with the mothers of my children.

21 Now therefore, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, deliver me, I pray you, also from the hands of my brother Esav, for I am greatly afraid of him.

22 And if there is no tzedakah in me, do it for the sake of Avraham and my abba Yitzchak.

23 For I know that through chesed and rachamim have I acquired this wealth; now therefore I beseech you to deliver me this day with your chesed and to answer me.

24 And Yaakov ceased praying to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he divided the people that were with him with the flocks and cattle into two camps, and he gave the half to the care of Dameshek, the son of Eliezer, Avraham’s servant, for a camp, with his children, and the other half he gave to the care of his brother Elianus the son of Eliezer, to be for a camp with his children.

25 And he commanded them, saying, Keep yourselves at a distance with your camps, and do not come too near each other, and if Esav come to one camp and slay it, the other camp at a distance from it will escape him.

26 And Yaakov tarried there that night, and during the whole night he gave his servants instructions concerning the forces and his children.

27 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the prayer of Yaakov on that day, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 then delivered Yaakov from the hands of his brother Esav.

28 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent three malachim of the malachim of the shamayim, and they went before Esav and came to him.

29 And these malachim appeared to Esav and his people as two thousand men, riding upon horses furnished with all sorts of war instruments, and they appeared in the sight of Esav and all his men to be divided into four camps, with four chiefs to them.

30 And one camp went on and they found Esav coming with four hundred men toward his brother Yaakov, and this camp ran toward Esav and his people and terrified them, and Esav fell off the horse in alarm, and all his men separated from him in that place, for they were greatly afraid.

31 And the whole of the camp shouted after them when they fled from Esav, and all the warlike men answered, saying,

32 Surely we are the servants of Yaakov, who is the servant of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and who then can stand against us? And Esav said to them, O then, my master and brother Yaakov is your master, whom I have not seen for these twenty years, and now that I have this day come to see him, do you treat me in this manner?

33 And the malachim answered him saying, As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives, were not Yaakov of whom you speak your brother, we had not left one remaining from you and your people, but only on account of Yaakov we will do nothing to them.

34 And this camp passed from Esav and his men and it went away, and Esav and his men had gone from them about a league when the second camp came toward him with all sorts of weapons, and they also did to Esav and his men as the first camp had done to them.

35 And when they had left it to go on, behold the third camp came toward him and they were all terrified, and Esav fell off the horse, and the whole camp cried out, and said, Surely we are the servants of Yaakov, who is the servant of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and who can stand against us?

36 And Esav again answered them saying, O then, Yaakov my master and your master is my brother, and for twenty years I have not seen his countenance and hearing this day that he was coming, I went this day to meet him, and do you treat me in this manner?

37 And they answered him, and said to him, As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives, were not Yaakov your brother as you did say, we had not left a remnant from you and your men, but on account of Yaakov of whom you speak being your brother, we will not meddle with you or your men.

38 And the third camp also passed from them, and he still continued his road with his men toward Yaakov, when the fourth camp came toward him, and they also did to him and his men as the others had done.

39 And when Esav beheld the evil that the four malachim had done to him and to his men, he became greatly afraid of his brother Yaakov, and he went to meet him in shalom.

40 And Esav concealed his hatred against Yaakov, because he was afraid of his life on account of his brother Yaakov, and because he imagined that the four camps that he had lighted upon were Yaakov’s servants.

41 And Yaakov tarried that night with his servants in their camps, and he resolved with his servants to give to Esav a present from all that he had with him, and from all his property; and Yaakov rose up in the morning, he and his men, and they chose from among the cattle a present for Esav.

42 And this is the amount of the present which Yaakov chose from his flock to give to his brother Esav: and he selected two hundred and forty head from the flocks, and he selected from the camels and donkeys thirty each, and of the herds he chose fifty kine.

43 And he put them all in ten droves, and he placed each sort by itself, and he delivered them into the hands of ten of his servants, each drove by itself.

44 And he commanded them, and said to them, Keep yourselves at a distance from each other, and put a space between the droves, and when Esav and those who are with him shall meet you and ask you, saying, Whose are you, and where do you go, and to whom belongs all this before you, you shall say to them, We are the servants of Yaakov, and we come to meet Esav in shalom, and behold Yaakov comes behind us.

45 And that which is before us is a present sent from Yaakov to his brother Esav.

46 And if they shall say to you, Why does he delay behind you, from coming to meet his brother and to see his face, then you shall say to them, Surely he comes joyfully behind us to meet his brother, for he said, I will appease him with the present that goes to him, and after this I will see his face, perhaps he will accept it from me.

47 So the whole present passed on in the hands of his servants, and went before him on that day, and he lodged that night with his camps by the border of the brook of Yavuk, and he rose up in the midst of the night, and he took his wives and his maid servants, and all belonging to him, and he that night passed them over the ford Yavuk.

48 And when he passed all belonging to him over the brook, Yaakov was left by himself, and a Man met him,Β and he wrestled with him that night until the breaking of the day, and the hollow of Yaakov’s thigh was out of joint through wrestling with Him.

49 And at the break of day the Man left Yaakov there, and He blessed him and went away, and Yaakov passed the brook at the break of day, and he halted upon his thigh.

50 And the sun rose upon him when he had passed the brook, and he came up to the place of his cattle and children.

51 And they went on till midday, and while they were going the present was passing on before them.

52 And Yaakov lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold Esav was at a distance, coming along with many men, about four hundred, and Yaakov was greatly afraid of his brother.

53 And Yaakov hurried and divided his children to his wives and his handmaids, and his daughter Dinah he put in a chest, and delivered her into the hands of his servants.

54 And he passed before his children and wives to meet his brother, and he bowed down to the ground, yes he bowed down seven times until he approached his brother, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused Yaakov to find rachamim and favor in the sight of Esav and his men, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had heard the prayer of Yaakov.

55 And the fear of Yaakov and his terror fell upon his brother Esav, for Esav was greatly afraid of Yaakov for what the malachim of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had done to Esav, and Esav’s anger against Yaakov was turned into chesed.

56 And when Esav saw Yaakov running toward him, he also ran toward him and he embraced him, and he fell upon his neck, and they kissed and they wept.

57 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 put fear and chesed toward Yaakov in the hearts of the men that came with Esav, and they also kissed Yaakov and embraced him.

58 And also Eliphaz, the son of Esav, with his four brothers, sons of Esav, wept with Yaakov, and they kissed him and embraced him, for the fear of Yaakov had fallen upon them all.

59 And Esav lifted up his eyes and saw the women with their offspring, the children of Yaakov, walking behind Yaakov and bowing along the road to Esav.

60 And Esav said to Yaakov, Who are these with you, my brother? Are they your children or your servants? And Yaakov answered Esav and said, They are my children, which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has graciously given to your servant.

61 And while Yaakov was speaking to Esav and his men, Esav beheld the whole camp, and he said to Yaakov, Where did you get the whole of the camp that I met last night? And Yaakov said, To find favor in the sight of my master, it is that which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 graciously gave to your servant.

62 And the present came before Esav, and Yaakov pressed Esav, saying, Take I beg you the present that I have brought to my master, and Esav said, Why is this my purpose? Keep that which you have to yourself.

63 And Yaakov said, It is incumbent upon me to give all this, since I have seen your face that you still live in shalom.

64 And Esav refused to take the present, and Yaakov said to him, I beseech you my master, if now I have found favor in your sight, then receive my present at my hand, for I have therefore seen your face, as though I had seen an ahlohim-like face, because you were pleased with me.

65 And Esav took the present, and Yaakov also gave to Esav silver and gold and bdellium, for he pressed him so much that he took them.

66 And Esav divided the cattle that were in the camp, and he gave the half to the men who had come with him, for they had come on hire, and the other half he delivered to the hands of his children.

67 And the silver and gold and bdellium he gave in the hands of Eliphaz his eldest son, and Esav said to Yaakov, Let us remain with you, and we will go slowly along with you until you come to my place with me, that we may dwell there together.

68 And Yaakov answered his brother and said, I would do as my master speaks to me, but my master knows that the children are tender, and the flocks and herds with their young who are with me, go but slowly, for if they went swiftly they would all die, for you know their burdens and their fatigue.

69 Therefore let my master pass on before his servant, and I will go on slowly for the sake of the children and the flock, until I come to my master’s place to Seir.

70 And Esav said to Yaakov, I will place with you some of the people that are with me to take care of you in the road, and to bear your fatigue and burden, and he said, What needs it my master, if I may find rachamim in your sight?

71 Behold I will come to you to Seir to dwell there together as you have spoken, go you then with your people for I will follow you.

72 And Yaakov said this to Esav in order to remove Esav and his men from him, so that Yaakov might afterward go to his abba’s house to the land of Kanaan.

73 And Esav hearkened to the voice of Yaakov, and Esav returned with the four hundred men that were with him on their road to Seir, and Yaakov and all belonging to him went that day as far as the extremity of the land of Kanaan in its borders, and he remained there some time.

33 And in some time after Yaakov went away from the borders of the land, and he came to the land of Shalem, that is the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Kanaan, and he rested in front of the city.

2 And he bought a parcel of the field that was there, from the children of Chamor the people of the land, for five shekels.

3 And Yaakov there built himself a house, and he pitched his tent there, and he made booths for his cattle, therefore he called the name of that place Succoth.

4 And Yaakov remained in Succoth a year and six months.

5 At that time some of the women of the inhabitants of the land went to the city of Shechem to dance and rejoice with the daughters of the people of the city, and when they went forth then Rachel and Leah the wives of Yaakov with their families also went to behold the rejoicing of the daughters of the city.

6 And Dinah the daughter of Yaakov also went along with them and saw the daughters of the city, and they remained there before these daughters while all the people of the city were standing by them to behold their rejoicings, and all the great people of the city were there.

7 And Shechem the son of Chamor, the prince of the land was also standing there to see them.

8 And Shechem beheld Dinah the daughter of Yaakov sitting with her ema before the daughters of the city, and the damsel pleased him greatly, and he asked his friends and his people, saying, Whose daughter is that sitting among the women, whom I do not know in this city?

9 And they said to him, Surely this is the daughter of Yaakov the son of Yitzchak the Ivri, who has dwelt in this city for some time, and when it was reported that the daughters of the land were going forth to rejoice she went with her ema and maid servants to sit among them as you see.

10 And Shechem beheld Dinah the daughter of Yaakov, and when he looked at her his being became fixed upon Dinah.

11 And he sent and had her taken by force, and Dinah came to the house of Shechem and he seized her forcibly and lay with her and humbled her, and he loved her exceedingly and placed her in his house.

12 And they came and told the thing to Yaakov, and when Yaakov heard that Shechem had defiled his daughter Dinah, Yaakov sent twelve of his servants to fetch Dinah from the house of Shechem, and they went and came to the house of Shechem to take away Dinah from there.

13 And when they came Shechem went out to them with his men and drove them from his house, and he would not allow them to come before Dinah, but Shechem was sitting with Dinah kissing and embracing her before their eyes.

14 And the servants of Yaakov came back and told him, saying; When we came, he and his men drove us away, and this did Shechem do to Dinah before our eyes.

15 And Yaakov knew moreover that Shechem had defiled his daughter, but he said nothing, and his sons were feeding his cattle in the field, and Yaakov remained silent until their return.

16 And before his sons came home Yaakov sent two maidens from his servants’ daughters to take care of Dinah in the house of Shechem, and to remain with her, and Shechem sent three of his friends to his abba Chamor the son of Chiddekem, the son of Pered, saying, Get me this damsel for a wife.

17 And Chamor the son of Chiddekem the Hivite came to the house of Shechem his son, and he sat before him, and Chamor said to his son, Shechem, Is there then no woman among the daughters of your people that you will take an Ivri woman who is not of your people?

18 And Shechem said to him, Her only must you get for me, for she is delightful in my sight; and Chamor did according to the word of his son, for he was greatly beloved by him.

19 And Chamor went forth to Yaakov to commune with him concerning this matter, and when he had gone from the house of his son Shechem, before he came to Yaakov to speak to him, behold the sons of Yaakov had come from the field, as soon as they heard the thing that Shechem the son of Chamor had done.

20 And the men were very much grieved concerning their sister, and they all came home fired with anger, before the time of gathering in their cattle.

21 And they came and sat before their abba and they spoke to him kindled with wrath, saying, Surely death is due to this man and to his household, because 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the whole earth commanded Noach and his children that man shall never rob, nor commit adultery; now behold Shechem has both ravaged and committed fornication with our sister, and not one of all the people of the city spoke a word to him.

22 Surely you know and understand that the mishpat of death is due to Shechem, and to his abba, and to the whole city on account of the thing that he has done.

23 And while they were speaking before their abba in this matter, behold Chamor the abba of Shechem came to speak to Yaakov the words of his son concerning Dinah, and he sat before Yaakov and before his sons.

24 And Chamor spoke to them, saying, The being of my son Shechem longs for your daughter; I ask you give her to him for a wife and intermarry with us; give us your daughters and we will give you our daughters, and you shall dwell with us in our land and we will be as one people in the land.

25 For our land is very extensive, so you dwell and trade in it and get possessions in it, and do in it as you desire, and no one shall prevent you by saying a word to you.

26 And Chamor ceased speaking to Yaakov and his sons, and behold Shechem his son had come after him, and he sat before them.

27 And Shechem spoke before Yaakov and his sons, saying, May I find favor in your sight that you will give me your daughter, and whatever you say to me that will I do for her.

28 Ask me for abundance of dowry and gift, and I will give it, and whatever you shall say to me that will I do, and whoever he be that will rebel against your orders, he shall die; only give me the damsel for a wife.

29 And Shimeon and Levi answered Chamor and Shechem his son deceitfully, saying, All you have spoken to us we will do for you.

30 And behold our sister is in your house, but keep away from her until we send to our abba Yitzchak concerning this matter, for we can do nothing without his consent.

31 For he knows the halachot of our abba Avraham, and whatever he says to us, we will tell you, we will conceal nothing from you.

32 And Shimeon and Levi spoke this to Shechem and his abba in order to find a pretext, and to seek counsel what was to be done to Shechem and to his city in this matter.

33 And when Shechem and his abba heard the words of Shimeon and Levi, it seemed tov in their sight, and Shechem and his abba came forth to go home.

34 And when they had gone, the sons of Yaakov said to their abba, saying, Behold, we know that death is due to these wicked ones and to their city, because they transgressed that which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded to Noach and his children and his zera after them.

35 And also because Shechem did this thing to our sister Dinah in defiling her, for such vileness shall never be done among us.

36 Now therefore know and see what you will do, and seek counsel and pretext what is to be done to them, in order to kill all the inhabitants of this city.

37 And Shimeon said to them, Here is a proper advice for you: tell them to circumcise every male among them as we are circumcised, and if they do not wish to do this, we shall take our daughter from them and go away.

38 And if they consent to do this and will do it, then when they are sunk down with pain, we will attack them with our swords, as upon one who is quiet and peaceable, and we will slay every male person among them.

39 And Shimeon’s advice pleased them, and Shimeon and Levi resolved to do to them as it was proposed.

40 And on the next morning Shechem and Chamor his abba came again to Yaakov and his sons, to speak concerning Dinah, and to hear what answer the sons of Yaakov would give to their words.

41 And the sons of Yaakov spoke deceitfully to them, saying, We told our abba Yitzchak all your words, and your words pleased him.

42 But he spoke to us, saying, This did Avraham his abba command him from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the whole earth, that any man who is not of his descendants that should wish to take one of his daughters, shall cause every male belonging to him to be circumcised, as we are circumcised, and then we may give him our daughter for a wife.

43 Now we have made known to you all our halachot that our abba spoke to us, for we cannot do this of which you spoke to us, to give our daughter to an uncircumcised man, for it is a disgrace to us.

44 But herein will we consent to you, to give you our daughter, and we will also take to ourselves your daughters, and will dwell among you and be one people as you have spoken, if you will listen to us, and consent to be like us, to circumcise every male belonging to you, as we are circumcised.

45 And if you will not listen to us, to have every male circumcised as we are circumcised, as we have commanded, then we will come to you, and take our daughter from you and go away.

46 And Shechem and his abba Chamor heard the words of the sons of Yaakov, and the thing pleased them exceedingly, and Shechem and his abba Chamor hurried to do the wishes of the sons of Yaakov, for Shechem was very fond of Dinah, and his being was riveted to her.

47 And Shechem and his abba Chamor hurried to the gate of the city, and they assembled all the men of their city and spoke to them the words of the sons of Yaakov, saying,

48 We came to these men, the sons of Yaakov, and we spoke to them concerning their daughter, and these men will consent to do according to our wishes, and behold our land is of great extent for them, and they will dwell in it, and trade in it, and we shall be one people; we will take their daughters, and our daughters we will give to them for wives.

49 But only on this condition will these men consent to do this thing, that every male among us be circumcised as they are circumcised, as their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded them, and when we shall have done according to their instructions to be circumcised, then will they dwell among us, together with their cattle and possessions, and we shall be as one people with them.

50 And when all the men of the city heard the words of Shechem and his abba Chamor, then all the men of their city were agreeable to this proposal, and they obeyed to be circumcised, for Shechem and his abba Chamor were greatly esteemed by them, being the princes of the land.

51 And on the next day, Shechem and Chamor his abba rose up early in the morning, and they assembled all the men of their city into the middle of the city, and they called for the sons of Yaakov, who circumcised every male belonging to them on that day and the next.

52 And they circumcised Shechem and Chamor his abba, and the five brothers of Shechem, and then every one rose up and went home, for this thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 against the city of Shechem, and from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was Shimeon’s counsel in this matter, in order that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 might deliver the city of Shechem into the hands of Yaakov’s two sons.

34 And the number of all the males that were circumcised, were six hundred and forty-five men, and two hundred and forty-six children.

2 But Chiddekem, son of Pered, the abba of Chamor, and his six brothers, would not listen to Shechem and his abba Chamor, and they would not be circumcised, for the proposal of the sons of Yaakov was loathsome in their sight, and their anger was greatly roused at this, that the people of the city had not hearkened to them.

3 And in the evening of the second day, they found eight small children who had not been circumcised, for their mothers had concealed them from Shechem and his abba Chamor, and from the men of the city.

4 And Shechem and his abba Chamor sent to have them brought before them to be circumcised, when Chiddekem and his six brothers sprang at them with their swords, and sought to slay them.

5 And they sought to slay also Shechem and his abba Chamor and they sought to slay Dinah with them on account of this matter.

6 And they said to them, What is this thing that you have done? Are there no women among the daughters of your brothers the Kannaim, that you wish to take to yourselves daughters of the Ivrim, whom you knew not before, and will do this act which your ahvot never commanded you?

7 Do you imagine that you will succeed through this act that you have done? And what will you answer in this affair to your brothers the Kannaim, who will come tomorrow and ask you concerning this thing?

8 And if your act shall not appear just and tov in their sight, what will you do for your lives, and me for our lives, in your not having hearkened to our voices?

9 And if the inhabitants of the land and all your brothers the children of Ham, shall hear of your act, saying,

10 On account of an Ivri woman did Shechem and Chamor his abba, and all the inhabitants of their city, do that with which they had been unacquainted and which their ancestors never commanded them, where then will you fly or where conceal your shame, all your days before your brothers, the inhabitants of the land of Kanaan?

11 Now therefore we cannot bear up against this thing that you have done, neither can we be burdened with this yoke upon us, which our ancestors did not command us.

12 Behold tomorrow we will go and assemble all our brothers, the Canaanitish brothers who dwell in the land, and we will all come and smite you and all those who trust in you, that there shall not be a remnant left from you or them.

13 And when Chamor and his son Shechem and all the people of the city heard the words of Chiddekem and his brothers, they were terribly afraid of their lives at their words, and they repented of what they had done.

14 And Shechem and his abba Chamor answered their abba Chiddekem and his brothers, and they said to them, All the words that you spoke to us are emet.

15 Now do not say, nor imagine in your hearts that on account of the love of the Ivrim we did this thing that our ancestors did not command us.

16 But because we saw that it was not their intention and desire to accede to our wishes concerning their daughter as to our taking her, except on this condition, so we hearkened to their voices and did this act which you saw, in order to obtain our desire from them.

17 And when we shall have obtained our request from them, we will then return to them and do to them that which you say to us.

18 We beseech you then to wait and tarry until our flesh shall be healed and we again become strong, and we will then go together against them, and do to them that which is in your hearts and in ours.

19 And Dinah the daughter of Yaakov heard all these words which Chiddekem and his brothers had spoken, and what Chamor and his son Shechem and the people of their city had answered them.

20 And she hurried and sent one of her maidens, that her abba had sent to take care of her in the house of Shechem, to Yaakov her abba and to her brothers, saying:

21 This did Chiddekem and his brothers advise concerning you, and this did Chamor and Shechem and the people of the city answer them.

22 And when Yaakov heard these words he was filled with wrath, and he was indignant at them, and his anger was kindled against them.

23 And Shimeon and Levi swore and said, As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives, the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the whole earth, by this time tomorrow, there shall not be a remnant left in the whole city.

24 And twenty young men had concealed themselves who were not circumcised, and these young men fought against Shimeon and Levi, and Shimeon and Levi killed eighteen of them, and two fled from them and escaped to some lime pits that were in the city, and Shimeon and Levi sought for them, but could not find them.

25 And Shimeon and Levi continued to go about in the city, and they killed all the people of the city at the edge of the sword, and they left none remaining.

26 And there was a great consternation in the midst of the city, and the cry of the people of the city ascended to the shamayim, and all the women and children cried aloud.

27 And Shimeon and Levi slew all the city; they left not a male remaining in the whole city.

28 And they slew Chamor and Shechem his son at the edge of the sword, and they brought away Dinah from the house of Shechem and they went from there.

29 And the sons of Yaakov went and returned, and came upon the slain, and spoiled all their property that was in the city and the field.

30 And while they were taking the spoil, three hundred men stood up and threw dust at them and struck them with stones, when Shimeon turned to them and he slew them all with the edge of the sword, and Shimeon turned before Levi, and came into the city.

31 And they took away their sheep and their oxen and their cattle, and also the remainder of the women and little ones, and they led all these away, and they opened a gate and went out and came to their abba Yaakov with vigor.

32 And when Yaakov saw all that they had done to the city, and saw the spoil that they took from them, Yaakov was very angry at them, and Yaakov said to them, What is this that you have done to me? Behold I obtained rest among the Canaanitish inhabitants of the land, and none of them meddled with me.

33 And now you have done to make me obnoxious to the inhabitants of the land, among the Kannaim and the Perizzites, and I am but of a small number, and they will all assemble against me and slay me when they hear of your work with their brothers, and my household and I will be destroyed.

34 And Shimeon and Levi and all their brothers with them answered their abba Yaakov and said to him, Behold we live in the land, and shall Shechem do this to our sister? Why are you silent at all that Shechem has done? And shall he deal with our sister as with a harlot in the streets?

35 And the number of women whom Shimeon and Levi took captives from the city of Shechem, whom they did not slay, was eighty-five who had not known man.

36 And among them was a young damsel of beautiful appearance and well favored, whose name was Bunah, and Shimeon took her for a wife, and the number of the males that they took captives and did not slay, was forty-seven men, and the rest they slew.

37 And all the young men and women that Shimeon and Levi had taken captives from the city of Shechem, were servants to the sons of Yaakov and to their children after them, until the day of the sons of Yaakov going forth from the land of Mitzrayim.

38 And when Shimeon and Levi had gone forth from the city, the two young men that were left, who had concealed themselves in the city, and did not die among the people of the city, rose up, and these young men went into the city and walked about in it, and found the city desolate without man, and only women weeping, and these young men cried out and said, Behold, this is the evil which the sons of Yaakov the Ivri did to this city in their having this day destroyed one of the Canaanitish cities, and were not afraid of their lives of all the land of Kanaan.

39 And these men left the city and went to the city of Tapnach, and they came there and told the inhabitants of Tapnach all that had befallen them, and all that the sons of Yaakov had done to the city of Shechem.

40 And the information reached Yashuv melech of Tapnach, and he sent men to the city of Shechem to see those young men, for the melech did not believe them in this account, saying, How could two men lay waste such a large town as Shechem?

41 And the messengers of Yashuv came back and told him, saying, We came to the city, and it is destroyed, there is not a man there; only weeping women; neither is any flock or cattle there, for all that was in the city the sons of Yaakov took away.

42 And Yashuv wondered at this, saying, How could two men do this thing, to destroy so large a city, and not one man able to stand against them?

43 For the like has not been from the days of Nimrod, and not even from the remotest time, has the like taken place; and Yashub, melech of Tapnach, said to his people, Be courageous and we will go and fight against these Ivrim, and do to them as they did to the city, and we will avenge the cause of the people of the city.

44 And Yashuv, melech of Tapnach, consulted with his counselors about this matter, and his advisers said to him, Alone you will not prevail over the Ivrim, for they must be powerful to do this work to the whole city.

45 If two of them laid waste the whole city, and no one stood against them, surely if you will go against them, they will all rise against us and destroy us likewise.

46 But if you will send to all the melechim that surround us, and let them come together, then we will go with them and fight against the sons of Yaakov; then will you prevail against them.

47 And Yahshuv heard the words of his counselors, and their words pleased him and his people, and he did so; and Yahshuv melech of Tapnach sent to all the melechim of the Amorites that surrounded Shechem and Tapnach, saying,

48 Go up with me and assist me, and we will smite Yaakov the Ivri and all his sons, and destroy them from the earth, for this did he do to the city of Shechem, and do you not know of it?

49 And all the melechim of the Amorites heard the evil that the sons of Yaakov had done to the city of Shechem, and they were greatly astonished at them.

50 And the seven melechim of the Amorites assembled with all their armies, about ten thousand men with drawn swords, and they came to fight against the sons of Yaakov; and Yaakov heard that the melechim of the Amorites had assembled to fight against his sons, and Yaakov was greatly afraid, and it distressed him.

51 And Yaakov exclaimed against Shimeon and Levi, saying, What is this act that you did? Why have you injured me, to bring against me all the children of Kanaan to destroy me and my household? For I was at rest, even I and my household, and you have done this thing to me, and provoked the inhabitants of the land against me by your proceedings.

52 And Yahudah answered his abba, saying, Was it for nothing my brothers Shimeon and Levi killed all the inhabitants of Shechem? Surely it was because Shechem had humbled our sister, and transgressed the command of our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to Noach and his children, for Shechem took our sister away by force, and committed adultery with her.

53 And Shechem did all this evil and not one of the inhabitants of his city interfered with him, to say, Why will you do this? Surely for this my brothers went and smote the city, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered it into their hands, because its inhabitants had transgressed the mitzvoth of our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄. Is it then for nothing that they have done all this?

54 And now why are you afraid or distressed, and why are you displeased at my brothers, and why is your anger kindled against them?

55 Surely our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who delivered into their hand the city of Shechem and its people, he will also deliver into our hands all the Canaanitish melechim who are coming against us, and we will do to them as my brothers did to Shechem.

56 Now be tranquil about them and cast away your fears, but trust in 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and pray to him to assist us and deliver us, and deliver our enemies into our hands.

57 And Yahudah called to one of his abba’s servants, Go now and see where those melechim, who are coming against us, are situated with their armies.

58 And the servant went and looked far off, and went up opposite Mount Sihon, and saw all the camps of the melechim standing in the fields, and he returned to Yahudah and said, Behold the melechim are situated in the field with all their camps, a people exceedingly numerous, like to the sand upon the seashore.

59 And Yahudah said to Shimeon and Levi, and to all his brothers, Strengthen yourselves and be sons of valor, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is with us, do not fear them.

60 Stand forth each man, girt with his weapons of war, his bow and his sword, and we will go and fight against these uncircumcised men; 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, He will save us.

61 And they rose up, and each girt on his weapons of war, great and small, eleven sons of Yaakov, and all the servants of Yaakov with them.

62 And all the servants of Yitzchak who were with Yitzchak in Hevron, all came to them equipped in all sorts of war instruments, and the sons of Yaakov and their servants, being one hundred and twelve men, went towards these melechim, and Yaakov also went with them.

63 And the sons of Yaakov sent to their abba Yitzchak the son of Avraham to Hevron, the same is Kiryath-Arba, saying,

64 Pray we beseech you for us to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, to protect us from the hands of the Kannaim who are coming against us, and to deliver them into our hands.

65 And Yitzchak the son of Avraham prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for his sons, and he said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, you did promise my abba, saying, I will multiply your zera as the stars of the shamayim, and you did also promise me, and establish you your word, now that the melechim of Kanaan are coming together, to make war with my children because they committed no violence.

66 Now therefore, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the whole earth, pervert, I pray you, the counsel of these melechim that they may not fight against my sons.

67 And impress the hearts of these melechim and their people with the terror of my sons and bring down their pride, and that they may turn away from my sons.

68 And with your strong hand and outstretched arm deliver my sons and their servants from them, for power and might are in your hands to do all this.

69 And the sons of Yaakov and their servants went toward these melechim, and they trusted in 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and while they were going, Yaakov their abba also prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, powerful and exalted 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, who has reigned from days of old, from there till now and le-olam-va-ed;

70 You are He who stirs up wars and causes them to cease, in Your hand are power and might to exalt and to bring down; O may my prayer be acceptable before You that You may turn to me with Your mercies, to impress the hearts of these melechim and their people with the terror of my sons, and terrify them and their camps, and with your great chesed deliver all those that trust in You, for it is You who can bring people under us, and reduce nations under our power.

35 And all the melechim of the Amorites came and took their stand in the field to consult with their counselors what was to be done with the sons of Yaakov, for they were still afraid of them, saying, Behold, two of them slew the whole of the city of Shechem.

2 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the prayers of Yitzchak and Yaakov, and he filled the hearts of all these melechim’ advisers with great fear and terror that they unanimously exclaimed,

3 Are you silly this day, or is there no understanding in you, that you will fight with the Ivrim, and why will you take a delight in your own destruction this day?

4 Behold two of them came to the city of Shechem without fear or terror, and they killed all the inhabitants of the city that no man stood up against them and how will you be able to fight with them all?

5 Surely you know that their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is exceedingly fond of them, and has done mighty things for them, such as have not been done from days of old, and among all the ahlohim of the goyim, there is none can do like to His mighty deeds.

6 Surely He delivered their abba Avraham, the Ivri, from the hand of Nimrod, and from the hand of all his people who had many times sought to slay him.

7 He delivered him also from the fire in which melech Nimrod had cast him, and His 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered him from it.

8 And who else can do the like? Surely it was Avraham who slew the five melechim of Eylam, when they had touched his brother’s son who in those days dwelt in Sedom.

9 And took his servant that was faithful in his house and a few of his men, and they pursued the melechim of Eylam in one night and killed them, and restored to his brother’s son all his property which they had taken from him.

10 And surely you know the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of these Ivrim is much delighted with them, and they are also delighted with Him, for they know that He delivered them from all their enemies.

11 And behold through his love toward His 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, Avraham took his only and precious son and intended to bring him up as a burnt offering to His 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and had it not been for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who prevented him from doing this, he would then have done it through his love to his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

12 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 saw all his works, and swore to him, and promised him that he would deliver his sons and all his zera from every trouble that would befall them, because he had done this thing, and through his love to his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 stifled his rachamim for his child.

13 And have you not heard what their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did to Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim, and to Avimelech melech of Gerar, through taking Avraham’s wife, who said of her, She is my sister, lest they might slay him on account of her, and think of taking her for a wife? And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did to them and their people all that you heard of.

14 And behold, we ourselves saw with our eyes that Esav, the brother of Yaakov, came to him with four hundred men, with the intention of slaying him, for he called to mind that he had taken away from him his abba’s blessing.

15 And he went to meet him when he came from Aram-Syria, to smite the ema with the children, and who delivered him from his hands but his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in whom he trusted? He delivered him from the hand of his brother and also from the hands of his enemies, and surely He again will protect them.

16 Who does not know that it was their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who inspired them with strength to do to the town of Shechem the evil that you heard of?

17 Could it then be with their own strength that two men could destroy such a large city as Shechem had it not been for their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in whom they trusted? He said and did to them all this to slay the inhabitants of the city in their city.

18 And can you then prevail over them who have come forth together from your city to fight with the whole of them, even if a thousand times as many more should come to your assistance?

19 Surely you know and understand that you do not come to fight with them, but you come to war with their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who made choice of them, and you have therefore all come this day to be destroyed.

20 Now therefore refrain from this evil which you are endeavoring to bring upon yourselves, and it will be better for you not to go to battle with them, although they are but few in numbers, because their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is with them.

21 And when the melechim of the Amorites heard all the words of their advisers, their hearts were filled with terror, and they were afraid of the sons of Yaakov and would not fight against them.

22 And they inclined their ears to the words of their advisers, and they listened to all their words, and the words of the counselors greatly pleased the melechim, and they did so.

23 And the melechim turned and refrained from the sons of Yaakov, for they dared not approach them to make war with them, for they were greatly afraid of them, and their hearts melted within them from their fear of them.

24 For this proceeded from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to them, for He heard the prayers of His servants Yitzchak and Yaakov, for they trusted in Him; and all these melechim returned with their camps on that day, each to his own city, and they did not at that time fight with the sons of Yaakov.

25 And the sons of Yaakov kept their station that day till evening opposite mount Sihon, and seeing that these melechim did not come to fight against them, the sons of Yaakov returned home.

36 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to Yaakov saying, Arise, go to Bethel and remain there, and make there an altar to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who appears to you, who delivered you and your sons from affliction.

2 And Yaakov rose up with his sons and all belonging to him, and they went and came to Bethel according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

3 And Yaakov was ninety-nine years old when he went up to Bethel, and Yaakov and his sons and all the people that were with him, remained in Bethel in Luz, and he there built an altar to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who appeared to him, and Yaakov and his sons remained in Bethel six months.

4 At that time died Devorah the daughter of Uz, the nurse of Rivkah, who had been with Yaakov; and Yaakov buried her beneath Bethel under an oak that was there.

5 And Rivkah the daughter of Bethuel, the ema of Yaakov, also died at that time in Hevron, the same is Kiryath-Arba, and she was buried in the cave of Machpelah that Avraham had bought from the children of Cheth.

6 And the life of Rivkah was one hundred and thirty-three years, and she died and when Yaakov heard that his ema Rivkah was dead he wept bitterly for his ema, and made a great mourning for her, and for Devorah her nurse beneath the oak, and he called the name of that place Allon-Bachuth.

7 And Lavan the Aramean-Syrian died in those days, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote him because he transgressed the covenant that existed between him and Yaakov.

8 And Yaakov was a hundred years old when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to him, and blessed him and called his name Yisrael, and Rachel the wife of Yaakov conceived in those days.

9 And at that time Yaakov and all belonging to him journeyed from Bethel to go to his abba’s house, to Hevron.

10 And while they were going on the road, and there was yet but a little way to come to Ephrath, Rachel bare a son and she had hard labor and she died.

11 And Yaakov buried her in the way to Ephrath, which is Beth Lechem, and he set a pillar upon her grave, which is there to this day; and the days of Rachel were forty-five years and she died.

12 And Yaakov called the name of his son that was born to him, which Rachel bare to him, Binyamin, for he was born to him in the land on the right hand.

13 And it was after the death of Rachel, that Yaakov pitched his tent in the tent of her handmaid Bilhah.

14 And Reuven was jealous for his ema Leah on account of this, and he was filled with anger, and he rose up in his anger and went and entered the tent of Bilhah and he there removed his abba’s bed.

15 At that time the portion of bechor, together with the kingly and priestly offices, was removed from the sons of Reuven, for he had profaned his abba’s bed, and the bechor was given to Yoseph, the kingly office to Yahudah, and the priesthood to Levi, because Reuven had defiled his abba’s bed.

16 And these are the generations of Yaakov who were born to him in Padan-Aram, and the sons of Yaakov were twelve.

17 The sons of Leah were Reuven the first born, and Shimeon, Levi, Yahudah, Yissacher, Zevulun, and their sister Dinah; and the sons of Rachel were Yoseph and Binyamin.

18 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s handmaid, were Gad and Asher, and the sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s handmaid, were Dan and Naphtali; these are the sons of Yaakov that were born to him in Padan-Aram.

19 And Yaakov and his sons and all belonging to him journeyed and came to Mamre, which is Kiryath-Arba, that is in Hevron, where Avraham and Yitzchak sojourned, and Yaakov with his sons and all belonging to him, dwelt with his abba in Hevron.

20 And his brother Esav and his sons, and all belonging to him went to the land of Seir and dwelt there, and had possessions in the land of Seir, and the children of Esav were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly in the land of Seir.

21 And these are the generations of Esav that were born to him in the land of Kanaan, and the sons of Esav were five.

22 And Adah bare to Esav his bachor Eliphaz, and she also bare to him Reuel, and Ahlivamah bare to him Yeush, Yaalam and Korah.

23 These are the children of Esav who were born to him in the land of Kanaan; and the sons of Eliphaz the son of Esav were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, Kenaz and Amalex, and the sons of Reuel were Nachath, Zerach, Shamah and Mizzah.

24 And the sons of Yeush were Timnah, Alvah, Yetheth; and the sons of Yaalam were Alah, Phinor and Kenaz.

25 And the sons of Korah were Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel and Eram; these are the families of the sons of Esav according to their dukedoms in the land of Seir.

26 And these are the names of the sons of Seir the Horite, inhabitants of the land of Seir, Lotan, Shoval, Ziveon, Anah, Dishan, Ezer and Dishon, being seven sons.

27 And the children of Lotan were Hori, Heman and their sister Timna, that is Timna who came to Yaakov and his sons, and they would not give ear to her, and she went and became a concubine to Eliphaz the son of Esav, and she bare to him Amalek.

28 And the sons of Shoval were Alvan, Manahath, Eval, Shepho, and Onam, and the sons of Ziveon were Ayah, and Anah, this was that Anah who found the Yemim in the wilderness when he fed the donkeys of Ziveon his abba.

29 And while he was feeding his abba’s donkeys he led them to the wilderness at different times to feed them.

30 And there was a day that he brought them to one of the deserts on the seashore, opposite the wilderness of the people, and while he was feeding them, behold a very heavy storm came from the other side of the sea and rested upon the donkeys that were feeding there, and they all stood still.

31 And afterward about one hundred and twenty great and terrible animals came out from the wilderness at the other side of the sea, and they all came to the place where the donkeys were, and they placed themselves there.

32 And those animals, from their middle downward, were in the shape of the children of men, and from their middle upward, some had the likeness of bears, and some the likeness of the keephas, with tails behind them from between their shoulders reaching down to the earth, like the tails of the ducheephath, and these animals came and mounted and rode upon these donkeys, and led them away, and they went away to this day.

33 And one of these animals approached Anah and smote him with his tail, and then fled from that place.

34 And when he saw this work he was exceedingly afraid of his life, and he fled and escaped to the city.

35 And he related to his sons and brothers all that had happened to him, and many men went to seek the donkeys but could not find them, and Anah and his brothers went no more to that place from that day following, for they were greatly afraid of their lives.

36 And the children of Anah the son of Seir, were Dishon and his sister Ahlivamah, and the children of Dishon were Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran and Cheran, and the children of Ezer were Bilhan, Zaavan and Akan, and the children of Dishon were Uz and Aran.

37 These are the families of the children of Seir the Horite, according to their dukedoms in the land of Seir.

38 And Esav and his children dwelt in the land of Seir the Horite, the inhabitant of the land, and they had possessions in it and were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly, and Yaakov and his children and all belonging to them, dwelt with their abba Yitzchak in the land of Kanaan, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Avraham their abba.

37 And in the one hundred and fifth year of the life of Yaakov, that is the ninth year of Yaakov’s dwelling with his children in the land of Kanaan, he came from Padan-Aram.

2 And in those days Yaakov journeyed with his children from Hevron, and they went and returned to the city of Shechem, they and all belonging to them, and they dwelt there, for the children of Yaakov obtained tov and fat pasture land for their cattle in the city of Shechem, the city of Shechem having then been rebuilt, and there were in it about three hundred men and women.

3 And Yaakov and his children and all belonging to him dwelt in the part of the field which Yaakov had bought from Chamor the abba of Shechem, when he came from Padan-Aram before Shimeon and Levi had smitten the city.

4 And all those melechim of the Kannaim and Amorites that surrounded the city of Shechem, heard that the sons of Yaakov had again come to Shechem and dwelt there.

5 And they said, Shall the sons of Yaakov the Ivri again come to the city and dwell therein, after that they have smitten its inhabitants and driven them out? Shall they now return and also drive out those who are dwelling in the city or slay them?

6 And all the melechim of Kanaan again assembled, and they came together to make war with Yaakov and his sons.

7 And Yahshuv melech of Tapnach sent also to all his neighboring melechim, to Eylan melech of Gaash, and to Ihuri melech of Shiloh, and to Parathon melech of Chazar, and to Susi melech of Sarton, and to Lavan melech of Beth Choran, and to Shavir melech of Othnay-Mah, saying,

8 Come up to me and assist me, and let us smite Yaakov the Ivri and his sons, and all belonging to him, for they are again come to Shechem to possess it and to slay its inhabitants as before.

9 And all these melechim assembled together and came with all their camps, a people exceedingly plentiful like the sand upon the seashore, and they were all opposite to Tapnach.

10 And Yahshuv melech of Tapnach went forth to them with all his army, and he encamped with them opposite to Tapnach without the city, and all these melechim they divided into seven divisions, being seven camps against the sons of Yaakov.

11 And they sent a declaration to Yaakov and his son, saying, Come you all forth to us that we may have an interview together in the plain, and revenge the cause of the men of Shechem whom you slew in their city, and you will now again return to the city of Shechem and dwell therein, and slay its inhabitants as before.

12 And the sons of Yaakov heard this and their anger was kindled exceedingly at the words of the melechim of Kanaan, and ten of the sons of Yaakov hurried and rose up, and each of them girt on his weapons of war; and there were one hundred and two of their servants with them equipped in battle array.

13 And all these men, the sons of Yaakov with their servants, went toward these melechim, and Yaakov their abba was with them, and they all stood upon the heap of Shechem.

14 And Yaakov prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for his sons, and he spread forth his hands to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, you are an Almighty 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, you are our Abba, you did form us and we are the works of your hands; I pray you deliver my sons through your chesed from the hand of their enemies, who are this day coming to fight with them and save them from their hand, for in Your hand is power and might, to save the few from the many.

15 And give to my sons, your servants, strength of heart and might to fight with their enemies, to subdue them, and make their enemies fall before them, and let not my sons and their servants die through the hands of the children of Kanaan.

16 But if it seems tov in your eyes to take away the lives of my sons and their servants, take them in your great chesed through the hands of your ministers, that they may not perish this day by the hands of the melechim of the Amorites.

17 And when Yaakov ceased praying to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 the earth shook from its place, and the sun darkened, and all these melechim were terrified and a great consternation seized them.

18 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the prayer of Yaakov, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 impressed the hearts of all the melechim and their hosts with the terror and awe of the sons of Yaakov.

19 For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused them to hear the voice of mirkavot, and the voice of mighty horses from the sons of Yaakov, and the voice of a great army accompanying them.

20 And these melechim were seized with great terror at the sons of Yaakov, and while they were standing in their quarters, behold the sons of Yaakov advanced upon them, with one hundred and twelve men, with a great and tremendous shouting.

21 And when the melechim saw the sons of Yaakov advancing toward them, they were still more panic struck, and they were inclined to retreat from before the sons of Yaakov as at first, and not to fight with them.

22 But they did not retreat, saying, It would be a disgrace to us this twice to retreat from before the Ivrim.

23 And the sons of Yaakov came near and advanced against all these melechim and their armies, and they saw, and behold it was a very mighty people, numerous as the sand of the sea.

24 And the sons of Yaakov called to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and said, Help us O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, help us and answer us, for we trust in you, and let us not die by the hands of these uncircumcised men, who this day have come against us.

25 And the sons of Yaakov put on their weapons of war, and they took in their hands each man his shield and his javelin, and they approached to battle.

26 And Yahudah, the son of Yaakov, ran first before his brothers, and ten of his servants with him, and he went toward these melechim.

27 And Yahshuv, melech of Tapnach, also came forth first with his army before Yahudah, and Yahudah saw Yahshuv and his army coming toward him, and Yahudah’s wrath was kindled, and his anger burned within him, and he approached to battle in which Yahudah ventured his life.

28 And Yahshuv and all his army were advancing toward Yahudah, and he was riding upon a very strong and powerful horse, and Yahshuv was a very valiant man, and covered with iron and brass from head to foot.

29 And while he was upon the horse, he shot arrows with both hands from before and behind, as was his manner in all his battles, and he never missed the place to which he aimed his arrows.

30 And when Yahshuv came to fight with Yahudah, and was darting many arrows against Yahudah, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 bound the hand of Yahshuv, and all the arrows that he shot rebounded upon his own men.

31 And notwithstanding this, Yahshuv kept advancing toward Yahudah, to challenge him with the arrows, but the distance between them was about thirty cubits, and when Yahudah saw Yahshuv darting forth his arrows against him, he ran to him with his wrath-excited might.

32 And Yahudah took up a large stone from the ground, and its weight was sixty shekels, and Yahudah ran toward Yahshuv, and with the stone struck him on his shield, that Yahshuv was stunned with the blow, and fell off from his horse to the ground.

33 And the shield burst asunder out of the hand of Yahshuv, and through the force of the blow sprang to the distance of about fifteen cubits, and the shield fell before the second camp.

34 And the melechim that came with Yahshuv saw at a distance the strength of Yahudah, the son of Yaakov, and what he had done to Yahshuv, and they were terribly afraid of Yahudah.

35 And they assembled near Yahshuv’s camp, seeing his confusion, and Yahudah drew his sword and smote forty-two men of the camp of Yahshuv, and the whole of Yahshuv’s camp fled before Yahudah, and no man stood against him, and they left Yahshuv and fled from him, and Yahshuv was still prostrate upon the ground.

36 And Yahshuv seeing that all the men of his camp had fled from him, hurried and rose up with terror against Yahudah, and stood upon his legs opposite Yahudah.

37 And Yahshuv had a single combat with Yahudah, placing shield toward shield, and Yahshuv’s men all fled, for they were greatly afraid of Yahudah.

38 And Yahshuv took his spear in his hand to strike Yahudah upon his head, but Yahudah had quickly placed his shield to his head against Yahshuv’s spear, so that the shield of Yahudah received the blow from Yahshuv’s spear, and the shield was split in too.

39 And when Yahudah saw that his shield was split, he hastily drew his sword and smote Yahshuv at his ankles, and cut off his feet that Yahshuv fell upon the ground, and the spear fell from his hand.

40 And Yahudah hastily picked up Yahshuv’s spear, with which he severed his head and cast it next to his feet.

41 And when the sons of Yaakov saw what Yahudah had done to Yahshuv, they all ran into the ranks of the other melechim, and the sons of Yaakov fought with the army of Yahshuv, and the armies of all the melechim that were there.

42 And the sons of Yaakov caused fifteen thousand of their men to fall, and they smote them as if smiting at gourds, and the rest fled for their lives.

43 And Yahudah was still standing by the body of Yahshuv, and stripped Yahshuv of his coat of armor.

44 And Yahudah also took off the iron and brass that was around Yahshuv, and behold nine men of the captains of Yahshuv came along to fight against Yahudah.

45 And Yahudah hurried and took up a stone from the ground, and with it smote one of them upon the head, and his skull was fractured, and the body also fell from the horse to the ground.

46 And the eight captains that remained, seeing the strength of Yahudah, were greatly afraid and they fled, and Yahudah with his ten men pursued them, and they overtook them and slew them.

47 And the sons of Yaakov were still smiting the armies of the melechim, and they slew many of them, but those melechim daringly kept their stand with their captains, and did not retreat from their places, and they exclaimed against those of their armies that fled from before the sons of Yaakov, but none would listen to them, for they were afraid of their lives lest they should die.

48 And all the sons of Yaakov, after having smitten the armies of the melechim, returned and came before Yahudah, and Yahudah was still slaying the eight captains of Yahshuv, and stripping off their garments.

49 And Levi saw Eylon, melech of Gaash, advancing toward him, with his fourteen captains to smite him, but Levi did not know it for certain.

50 And Eylon with his captains approached nearer, and Levi looked back and saw that battle was given him in the rear, and Levi ran with twelve of his servants, and they went and slew Eylon and his captains with the edge of the sword.

38 And Ihuri melech of Shiloh came up to assist Eylon, and he approached Yaakov, when Yaakov drew his bow that was in his hand and with an arrow struck Ihuri that caused his death.

2 And when Ihuri melech of Shiloh was dead, the four remaining melechim fled from their station with the rest of the captains, and they endeavored to retreat, saying, We have no more strength with the Ivrim after their having killed the three melechim and their captains who were more powerful than we are.

3 And when the sons of Yaakov saw that the remaining melechim had removed from their station, they pursued them, and Yaakov also came from the heap of Shechem from the place where he was standing, and they went after the melechim and they approached them with their servants.

4 And the melechim and the captains with the rest of their armies, seeing that the sons of Yaakov approached them, were afraid of their lives and fled till they reached the city of Chazar.

5 And the sons of Yaakov pursued them to the gate of the city of Chazar, and they smote a great smiting among the melechim and their armies, about four thousand men, and while they were smiting the army of the melechim, Yaakov was occupied with his bow confining himself to smiting the melechim, and he slew them all.

6 And he slew Parathon melech of Chazar at the gate of the city of Chazar, and he afterward smote Susi melech of Sarton, and Lavan melech of Beth-Chorin, and Shavir melech of Machnaymah, and he slew them all with arrows, an arrow to each of them, and they died.

7 And the sons of Yaakov seeing that all the melechim were dead and that they were broken up and retreating, continued to carry on the battle with the armies of the melechim opposite the gate of Chazar, and they still smote about four hundred of their men.

8 And three men of the servants of Yaakov fell in that battle, and when Yahudah saw that three of his servants had died, it grieved him greatly, and his anger burned within him against the Amorites.

9 And all the men that remained of the armies of the melechim were greatly afraid of their lives, and they ran and broke the gate of the walls of the city of Chazar, and they all entered the city for safety.

10 And they concealed themselves in the midst of the city of Chazar, for the city of Chazar was very large and extensive, and when all these armies had entered the city, the sons of Yaakov ran after them to the city.

11 And four mighty men, experienced in battle, went forth from the city and stood against the entrance of the city, with drawn swords and spears in their hands, and they placed themselves opposite the sons of Yaakov, and would not allow them to enter the city.

12 And Naphtali ran and came between them and with his sword smote two of them, and cut off their heads in one stroke.

13 And he turned to the other two, and behold they had fled, and he pursued them, overtook them, smote them and slew them.

14 And the sons of Yaakov came to the city and saw, and behold there was another wall to the city, and they sought for the gate of the wall and could not find it, and Yahudah sprang upon the top of the wall, and Shimeon and Levi followed him, and they all three descended from the wall into the city.

15 And Shimeon and Levi slew all the men who ran for safety into the city, and also the inhabitants of the city with their wives and little ones, they slew with the edge of the sword, and the cries of the city ascended up to the shamayim.

16 And Dan and Naphtali sprang upon the wall to see what caused the noise of lamentation, for the sons of Yaakov felt anxious about their brothers, and they heard the inhabitants of the city speaking with weeping and supplications, saying, Take all that we possess in the city and go away, only do not put us to death.

17 And when Yahudah, Shimeon, and Levi had ceased smiting the inhabitants of the city, they ascended the wall and called to Dan and Naphtali, who were upon the wall, and to the rest of their brothers, and Shimeon and Levi informed them of the entrance into the city, and all the sons of Yaakov came to fetch the spoil.

18 And the sons of Yaakov took the spoil of the city of Chazar, the flocks and herds, and the property, and they took all that could be captured, and went away that day from the city.

19 And on the next day the sons of Yaakov went to Sarton, for they heard that the men of Sarton who had remained in the city were assembling to fight with them for having slain their melech, and Sarton was a very high and fortified city, and it had a deep rampart surrounding the city.

20 And the pillar of the rampart was about fifty cubits and its breadth forty cubits, and there was no place for a man to enter the city on account of the rampart, and the sons of Yaakov saw the rampart of the city, and they sought an entrance in it but could not find it.

21 For the entrance to the city was at the rear, and every man that wished to come into the city came by that road and went around the whole city, and he afterwards entered the city.

22 And the sons of Yaakov seeing they could not find the way into the city, their anger was kindled greatly, and the inhabitants of the city seeing that the sons of Yaakov were coming to them were greatly afraid of them, for they had heard of their strength and what they had done to Chazar.

23 And the inhabitants of the city of Sarton could not go out toward the sons of Yaakov after having assembled in the city to fight against them, lest they might thereby get into the city, but when they saw that they were coming toward them, they were greatly afraid of them, for they had heard of their strength and what they had done to Chazar.

24 So the inhabitants of Sarton speedily took away the bridge of the road of the city, from its place, before the sons of Yaakov came, and they brought it into the city.

25 And the sons of Yaakov came and sought the way into the city, and could not find it and the inhabitants of the city went up to the top of the wall, and saw, and behold the sons of Yaakov were seeking an entrance into the city.

26 And the inhabitants of the city reproached the sons of Yaakov from the top of the wall, and they cursed them, and the sons of Yaakov heard the reproaches, and they were greatly incensed, and their anger burned within them.

27 And the sons of Yaakov were provoked at them, and they all rose and sprang over the rampart with the force of their strength, and through their might passed the forty cubits’ breadth of the rampart.

28 And when they had passed the rampart they stood under the wall of the city, and they found all the gates of the city enclosed with iron doors.

29 And the sons of Yaakov came near to break open the doors of the gates of the city, and the inhabitants did not let them, for from the top of the wall they were casting stones and arrows upon them.

30 And the number of the people that were upon the wall was about four hundred men, and when the sons of Yaakov saw that the men of the city would not let them open the gates of the city, they sprang and ascended the top of the wall, and Yahudah went up first to the east part of the city.

31 And Gad and Asher went up after him to the west corner of the city, and Shimeon and Levi to the north, and Dan and Reuven to the south.

32 And the men who were on the top of the wall, the inhabitants of the city, seeing that the sons of Yaakov were coming up to them, they all fled from the wall, descended into the city, and concealed themselves in the midst of the city.

33 And Yissacher and Naphtali that remained under the wall approached and broke the gates of the city, and kindled a fire at the gates of the city, that the iron melted, and all the sons of Yaakov came into the city, they and all their men, and they fought with the inhabitants of the city of Sarton, and smote them with the edge of the sword, and no man stood up before them.

34 And about two hundred men fled from the city, and they all went and hid themselves in a certain tower in the city, and Yahudah pursued them to the tower and he broke down the tower, which fell upon the men, and they all died.

35 And the sons of Yaakov went up the road of the roof of that tower, and they saw, and behold there was another strong and high tower at a distance in the city, and the top of it reached to the shamayim, and the sons of Yaakov hurried and descended, and went with all their men to that tower, and found it filled with about three hundred men, women and little ones.

36 And the sons of Yaakov smote a great smiting among those men in the tower and they ran away and fled from them.

37 And Shimeon and Levi pursued them, when twelve mighty and valiant men came out to them from the place where they had concealed themselves.

38 And those twelve men maintained a strong battle against Shimeon and Levi, and Shimeon and Levi could not prevail over them, and those valiant men broke the shields of Shimeon and Levi, and one of them struck at Levi’s head with his sword, when Levi hastily placed his hand to his head, for he was afraid of the sword, and the sword struck Levi’s hand, and it wanted but little to the hand of Levi being cut off.

39 And Levi seized the sword of the valiant man in his hand, and took it forcibly from the man, and with it he struck at the head of the powerful man, and he severed his head.

40 And eleven men approached to fight with Levi, for they saw that one of them was killed, and the sons of Yaakov fought, but the sons of Yaakov could not prevail over them, for those men were very powerful.

41 And the sons of Yaakov seeing that they could not prevail over them, Shimeon gave a loud and tremendous shriek, and the eleven powerful men were stunned at the voice of Shimeon’s shrieking.

42 And Yahudah at a distance knew the voice of Shimeon’s shouting, and Naphtali and Yahudah ran with their shields to Shimeon and Levi, and found them fighting with those powerful men, unable to prevail over them as their shields were broken.

43 And Naphtali saw that the shields of Shimeon and Levi were broken, and he took two shields from his servants and brought them to Shimeon and Levi.

44 And Shimeon, Levi and Yahudah on that day fought all three against the eleven mighty men until the time of sunset, but they could not prevail over them.

45 And this was told to Yaakov, and he was sorely grieved, and he prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he and Naphtali his son went against these mighty men.

46 And Yaakov approached and drew his bow, and came near to the mighty men, and slew three of their men with the bow, and the remaining eight turned back, and behold, the war waged against them in the front and rear, and they were greatly afraid for their lives, and could not stand before the sons of Yaakov, and they fled from before them.

47 And in their flight they met Dan and Asher coming toward them, and they suddenly fell upon them, and fought with them, and slew two of them, and Yahudah and his brothers pursued them, and smote the remainder of them, and slew them.

48 And all the sons of Yaakov returned and walked around the city, searching if they could find any men, and they found about twenty young men in a cave in the city, and Gad and Asher smote them all, and Dan and Naphtali lighted upon the rest of the men who had fled and escaped from the second tower, and they smote them all.

49 And the sons of Yaakov smote all the inhabitants of the city of Sarton, but the women and little ones they left in the city and did not slay them.

50 And all the inhabitants of the city of Sarton were powerful men, one of them would pursue a thousand, and two of them would not flee from ten thousand of the rest of men.

51 And the sons of Yaakov slew all the inhabitants of the city of Sarton with the edge of the sword that no man stood up against them and they left the women in the city.

52 And the sons of Yaakov took all the spoil of the city, and captured what they desired, and they took flocks and herds and property from the city, and the sons of Yaakov did to Sarton and its inhabitants as they had done to Chazar and its inhabitants, and they turned and went away.

39 And when the sons of Yaakov went from the city of Sarton, they had gone about two hundred cubits when they met the inhabitants of Tapnach coming toward them, for they went out to fight with them, because they had smitten the melech of Tapnach and all his men.

2 So all that remained in the city of Tapnach came out to fight with the sons of Yaakov, and they thought to take from them the booty and the spoil that they had captured from Chazar and Sarton.

3 And the rest of the men of Tapnach fought with the sons of Yaakov in that place, and the sons of Yaakov smote them, and they fled before them, and they pursued them to the city of Arvelan, and they all fell before the sons of Yaakov.

4 And the sons of Yaakov returned and came to Tapnach, to take away the spoil of Tapnach, and when they came to Tapnach they heard that the people of Arvelan had gone out to meet them to save the spoil of their brothers, and the sons of Yaakov left ten of their men in Tapnach to plunder the city, and they went out toward the people of Arvelan.

5 And the men of Arvelan went out with their wives to fight with the sons of Yaakov, for their wives were experienced in battle, and they went out, about four hundred men and women.

6 And all the sons of Yaakov shouted with a loud voice, and they all ran toward the inhabitants of Arvelan, and with a great and tremendous voice.

7 And the inhabitants of Arvelan heard the noise of the shouting of the sons of Yaakov, and their roaring like the noise of lions and like the roaring of the sea and its waves.

8 And fear and terror possessed their hearts on account of the sons of Yaakov, and they were terribly afraid of them, and they retreated and fled before them into the city, and the sons of Yaakov pursued them to the gate of the city, and they came upon them in the city.

9 And the sons of Yaakov fought with them in the city, and all their women were engaged in slinging against the sons of Yaakov, and the combat was very severe among them the whole of that day until evening.

10 And the sons of Yaakov could not prevail over them, and the sons of Yaakov had almost perished in that battle, and the sons of Yaakov cried to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and greatly gained strength toward evening, and the sons of Yaakov smote all the inhabitants of Arvelan by the edge of the sword, men, women and little ones.

11 And also the remainder of the people who had fled from Sarton, the sons of Yaakov smote them in Arvelan, and the sons of Yaakov did to Arvelan and Tapnach as they had done to Chazar and Sarton, and when the women saw that all the men were dead, they went upon the roofs of the city and smote the sons of Yaakov by showering down stones like rain.

12 And the sons of Yaakov hurried and came into the city and seized all the women and smote them with the edge of the sword, and the sons of Yaakov captured all the spoil and booty, flocks and herds and cattle.

13 And the sons of Yaakov did to Machnaymah as they had done to Tapnach, to Chazar and to Shiloh, and they turned from there and went away.

14 And on the fifth day the sons of Yaakov heard that the people of Gaash had gathered against them to battle, because they had slain their melech and their captains, for there had been fourteen captains in the city of Gaash, and the sons of Yaakov had slain them all in the first battle.

15 And the sons of Yaakov that day put on their weapons of war, and they marched to battle against the inhabitants of Gaash, and in Gaash there was a strong and mighty people of the people of the Amorites, and Gaash was the strongest and best fortified city of all the cities of the Amorites, and it had three walls.

16 And the sons of Yaakov came to Gaash and they found the gates of the city locked, and about five hundred men standing at the top of the outer-most wall, and a people numerous as the sand upon the seashore were in ambush for the sons of Yaakov from without the city at the rear of it.

17 And the sons of Yaakov approached to open the gates of the city, and while they were drawing near, behold those who were in ambush at the rear of the city came forth from their places and surrounded the sons of Yaakov.

18 And the sons of Yaakov were enclosed between the people of Gaash, and the battle was both to their front and rear, and all the men that were upon the wall, were casting from the wall upon them, arrows and stones.

19 And Yahudah, seeing that the men of Gaash were getting too heavy for them, gave a most piercing and tremendous shriek and all the men of Gaash were terrified at the voice of Yahudah’s cry, and men fell from the wall at his powerful shriek, and all those that were from without and within the city were greatly afraid of their lives.

20 And the sons of Yaakov still came near to break the doors of the city, when the men of Gaash threw stones and arrows upon them from the top of the wall, and made them flee from the gate.

21 And the sons of Yaakov returned against the men of Gaash who were with them from without the city, and they smote them terribly, as striking against gourds, and they could not stand against the sons of Yaakov, for fright and terror had seized them at the shriek of Yahudah.

22 And the sons of Yaakov slew all those men who were without the city, and the sons of Yaakov still drew near to effect an entrance into the city, and to fight under the city walls, but they could not for all the inhabitants of Gaash who remained in the city had surrounded the walls of Gaash in every direction, so that the sons of Yaakov were unable to approach the city to fight with them.

23 And the sons of Yaakov came near to one corner to fight under the wall, the inhabitants of Gaash threw arrows and stones upon them like showers of rain, and they fled from under the wall.

24 And the people of Gaash who were upon the wall, seeing that the sons of Yaakov could not prevail over them from under the wall, reproached the sons of Yaakov in these words, saying,

25 What is the matter with you in the battle that you cannot prevail? Can you then do to the mighty city of Gaash and its inhabitants as you did to the cities of the Amorites that were not so powerful? Surely to those weak ones among us you did those things, and slew them in the entrance of the city, for they had no strength when they were terrified at the sound of your shouting.

26 And will you now then be able to fight in this place? Surely here you will all die, and we will avenge the cause of those cities that you have laid waste.

27 And the inhabitants of Gaash greatly reproached the sons of Yaakov and reviled them with their ahlohim, and continued to cast arrows and stones upon them from the wall.

28 And Yahudah and his brothers heard the words of the inhabitants of Gaash and their anger was greatly roused, and Yahudah was jealous for his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in this matter, and he called out and said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, help, send help to us and our brothers.

29 And he ran at a distance with all his might, with his drawn sword in his hand, and he sprang from the earth and by dint of his strength, mounted the wall, and his sword fell from his hand.

30 And Yahudah shouted upon the wall, and all the men that were upon the wall were terrified, and some of them fell from the wall into the city and died, and those who were yet upon the wall, when they saw Yahudah’s strength, they were greatly afraid and fled for their lives into the city for safety.

31 And some were emboldened to fight with Yahudah upon the wall, and they came near to slay him when they saw there was no sword in Yahudah’s hand, and they thought of casting him from the wall to his brothers, and twenty men of the city came up to assist them, and they surrounded Yahudah and they all shouted over him, and approached him with drawn swords, and they terrified Yahudah, and Yahudah cried out to his brothers from the wall.

32 And Yaakov and his sons drew the bow from under the wall, and smote three of the men that were upon the top of the wall, and Yahudah continued to cry and he exclaimed, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 help us, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 deliver us, and he cried out with a loud voice upon the wall, and the cry was heard at a great distance.

33 And after this cry he again repeated to shout, and all the men who surrounded Yahudah on the top of the wall were terrified, and they each threw his sword from his hand at the sound of Yahudah’s shouting and his tremor, and fled.

34 And Yahudah took the swords that had fallen from their hands, and Yahudah fought with them and slew twenty of their men upon the wall.

35 And about eighty men and women still ascended the wall from the city and they all surrounded Yahudah, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 impressed the fear of Yahudah in their hearts, that they were unable to approach him.

36 And Yaakov and all who were with him drew the bow from under the wall, and they slew ten men upon the wall, and they fell below the wall, before Yaakov and his sons.

37 And the people upon the wall seeing that twenty of their men had fallen, they still ran toward Yahudah with drawn swords, but they could not approach him for they were greatly terrified at Yahudah’s strength.

38 And one of their mighty men whose name was Arud approached to strike Yahudah upon the head with his sword, when Yahudah hastily put his shield to his head, and the sword hit the shield, and it was split in two.

39 And this mighty man after he had struck Yahudah ran for his life, at the fear of Yahudah, and his feet slipped upon the wall and he fell among the sons of Yaakov who were below the wall, and the sons of Yaakov smote him and slew him.

40 And Yahudah’s head pained him from the blow of the powerful man, and Yahudah had nearly died from it.

41 And Yahudah cried out upon the wall owing to the pain produced by the blow, when Dan heard him, and his anger burned within him, and he also rose up and went at a distance and ran and sprang from the earth and mounted the wall with his wrath-excited strength.

42 And when Dan came upon the wall near to Yahudah all the men upon the wall fled, who had stood against Yahudah, and they went up to the second wall, and they threw arrows and stones upon Dan and Yahudah from the second wall, and endeavored to drive them from the wall.

43 And the arrows and stones struck Dan and Yahudah, and they had nearly been killed upon the wall, and wherever Dan and Yahudah fled from the wall, they were attacked with arrows and stones from the second wall.

44 And Yaakov and his sons were still at the entrance of the city below the first wall, and they were not able to draw their bow against the inhabitants of the city, as they could not be seen by them, being upon the second wall.

45 And Dan and Yahudah when they could no longer bear the stones and arrows that fell upon them from the second wall, they both sprang upon the second wall near the people of the city, and when the people of the city who were upon the second wall saw that Dan and Yahudah had come to them upon the second wall, they all cried out and descended below between the walls.

46 And Yaakov and his sons heard the noise of the shouting from the people of the city, and they were still at the entrance of the city, and they were anxious about Dan and Yahudah who were not seen by them, they being upon the second wall.

47 And Naphtali went up with his wrath-excited might and sprang upon the first wall to see what caused the noise of shouting which they had heard in the city, and Yissacher and Zevulun drew near to break the doors of the city, and they opened the gates of the city and came into the city.

48 And Naphtali leaped from the first wall to the second, and came to assist his brothers, and the inhabitants of Gaash who were upon the wall, seeing that Naphtali was the third who had come up to assist his brothers, they all fled and descended into the city, and Yaakov and all his sons and all their young men came into the city to them.

49 And Yahudah and Dan and Naphtali descended from the wall into the city and pursued the inhabitants of the city, and Shimeon and Levi were from without the city and knew not that the gate was opened, and they went up from there to the wall and came down to their brothers into the city.

50 And the inhabitants of the city had all descended into the city, and the sons of Yaakov came to them in different directions, and the battle waged against them from the front and the rear, and the sons of Yaakov smote them terribly, and slew about twenty thousand of them men and women, not one of them could stand up against the sons of Yaakov.

51 And the blood flowed plentifully in the city, and it was like a brook of mayim, and the blood flowed like a brook to the outer part of the city, and reached the desert of Beth-Chorin.

52 And the people of Beth-Chorin saw at a distance the blood flowing from the city of Gaash, and about seventy men from among them ran to see the blood, and they came to the place where the blood was.

53 And they followed the track of the blood and came to the wall of the city of Gaash, and they saw the blood issue from the city, and they heard the voice of crying from the inhabitants of Gaash, for it ascended to the shamayim, and the blood was continuing to flow abundantly like a brook of mayim.

54 And all the sons of Yaakov were still smiting the inhabitants of Gaash, and were engaged in slaying them till evening, about twenty thousand men and women, and the people of Chorin said, Surely this is the work of the Ivrim, for they are still carrying on war in all the cities of the Amorites.

55 And those people hurried and ran to Beth-Chorin, and each took his weapons of war, and they cried out to all the inhabitants of Beth-Chorin, who also put on their weapons of war to go and fight with the sons of Yaakov.

56 And when the sons of Yaakov had done smiting the inhabitants of Gaash, they walked around the city to strip all the slain, and coming in the innermost part of the city and farther on they met three very powerful men, and there was no sword in their hand.

57 And the sons of Yaakov came up to the place where they were, and the powerful men ran away, and one of them had taken Zevulun, who he saw was a young lad and of short stature, and with his might dashed him to the ground.

58 And Yaakov ran to him with his sword and Yaakov smote him below his loins with the sword, and cut him in two, and the body fell upon Zevulun.

59 And the second one approached and seized Yaakov to fell him to the ground, and Yaakov turned to him and shouted to him, while Shimeon and Levi ran and smote him on the hips with the sword and felled him to the ground.

60 And the powerful man rose up from the ground with wrath-excited might, and Yahudah came to him before he had gained his footing, and struck him upon the head with the sword, and his head was split and he died.

61 And the third powerful man, seeing that his companions were killed, ran from before the sons of Yaakov, and the sons of Yaakov pursued him in the city; and while the powerful man was fleeing he found one of the swords of the inhabitants of the city, and he picked it up and turned to the sons of Yaakov and fought them with that sword.

62 And the powerful man ran to Yahudah to strike him upon the head with the sword, and there was no shield in the hand of Yahudah; and while he was aiming to strike him, Naphtali hastily took his shield and put it to Yahudah’s head, and the sword of the powerful man hit the shield of Naphtali and Yahudah escaped the sword.

63 And Shimeon and Levi ran upon the powerful man with their swords and struck at him forcibly with their swords, and the two swords entered the body of the powerful man and divided it in two, length-wise.

64 And the sons of Yaakov smote the three mighty men at that time, together with all the inhabitants of Gaash, and the day was about to decline.

65 And the sons of Yaakov walked around Gaash and took all the spoil of the city, even the little ones and women they did not suffer to live, and the sons of Yaakov did to Gaash as they had done to Sarton and Shiloh.

40 And the sons of Yaakov led away all the spoil of Gaash, and went out of the city by night.

2 They were going out marching toward the castle of Beth-Chorin, and the inhabitants of Beth-Chorin were going to the castle to meet them, and on that night the sons of Yaakov fought with the inhabitants of Beth-Chorin, in the castle of Beth-Chorin.

3 And all the inhabitants of Beth-Chorin were mighty men, one of them would not flee from before a thousand men, and they fought on that night upon the castle, and their shouts were heard on that night from afar, and the earth quaked at their shouting.

4 And all the sons of Yaakov were afraid of those men, as they were not accustomed to fight in the dark, and they were greatly confounded, and the sons of Yaakov cried to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, saying, Give help to us O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, deliver us that we may not die by the hands of these uncircumcised men.

5 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of the sons of Yaakov, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused great terror and confusion to seize the people of Beth-Chorin, and they fought among themselves the one with the other in the darkness of night, and smote each other in great numbers.

6 And the sons of Yaakov, knowing that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had brought a ruach of perverseness among those men, and that they fought each man with his neighbor, went forth from among the bands of the people of Beth-Chorin and went as far as the descent of the castle of Beth-Chorin, and farther, and they tarried there securely with their young men on that night.

7 And the people of Beth-Chorin fought the whole night, one man with his brother, and the other with his neighbor, and they cried out in every direction upon the castle, and their cry was heard at a distance, and the whole earth shook at their voice, for they were powerful above all the people of the earth.

8 And all the inhabitants of the cities of the Kannaim, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Hivites and all the melechim of Kanaan, and also those who were on the other side of the Yarden, heard the noise of the shouting on that night.

9 And they said, Surely these are the battles of the Ivrim who are fighting against the seven cities, who came near to them; and who can stand against those Ivrim?

10 And all the inhabitants of the cities of the Kannaim, and all those who were on the other side of the Yarden, were greatly afraid of the sons of Yaakov, for they said, Behold the same will be done to us as was done to those cities, for who can stand against their mighty strength?

11 And the cries of the Chorinites were very great on that night, and continued to increase; and they smote each other till morning, and numbers of them were killed.

12 And the morning appeared, and all the sons of Yaakov rose up at daybreak and went up to the castle, and they smote those who remained of the Chorinites in a terrible manner, and they were all killed in the castle.

13 And the sixth day appeared, and all the inhabitants of Kanaan saw at a distance all the people of Beth-Chorin lying dead in the castle of Beth-Chorin, and strewed about as the carcasses of lambs and goats.

14 And the sons of Yaakov led all the spoil which they had captured from Gaash and went to Beth-Chorin, and they found the city full of people like the sand of the sea, and they fought with them, and the sons of Yaakov smote them there till evening time.

15 And the sons of Yaakov did to Beth-Chorin as they had done to Gaash and Tapnach, and as they had done to Chazar, to Sarton and to Shiloh.

16 And the sons of Yaakov took with them the spoil of Beth-Chorin and all the spoil of the cities, and on that day they went home to Shechem.

17 And the sons of Yaakov came home to the city of Shechem, and they remained without the city, and they then rested there from the war, and tarried there all night.

18 And all their servants together with all the spoil that they had taken from the cities, they left without the city, and they did not enter the city, for they said, Perhaps there may be yet more fighting against us, and they may come to besiege us in Shechem.

19 And Yaakov and his sons and their servants remained on that night and the next day in the portion of the field which Yaakov had purchased from Chamor for five shekels, and all that they had captured was with them.

20 And all the booty that the sons of Yaakov had captured was in the portion of the field, immense as the sand upon the seashore.

21 And the inhabitants of the land observed them from afar, and all the inhabitants of the land were afraid of the sons of Yaakov who had done this thing, for no melech from the days of old had ever done the like.

22 And the seven melechim of the Kannaim resolved to make shalom with the sons of Yaakov, for they were greatly afraid for their lives, on account of the sons of Yaakov.

23 And on that day, being the seventh day, Yaphia melech of Hevron sent secretly to the melech of Ai, and to the melech of Giveon, and to the melech of Shalem, and to the melech of Adulam, and to the melech of Lachish, and to the melech of Chazar, and to all the Canaanitish melechim who were under their subjection, saying,

24 Go up with me, and come to me that we may go to the sons of Yaakov, and I will make shalom with them, and form a treaty with them, lest all your lands be destroyed by the swords of the sons of Yaakov, as they did to Shechem and the cities around it, as you have heard and seen.

25 And when you come to me, do not come with many men, but let every melech bring his three head captains, and every captain bring three of his officers.

26 And come all of you to Hevron, and we will go together to the sons of Yaakov, and supplicate them that they shall form a treaty of shalom with us.

27 And all those melechim did as the melech of Hevron had sent to them, for they were all under his counsel and command, and all the melechim of Kanaan assembled to go to the sons of Yaakov, to make shalom with them; and the sons of Yaakov returned and went to the portion of the field that was in Shechem, for they did not put confidence in the melechim of the land.

28 And the sons of Yaakov returned and remained in the portion of the field ten days, and no one came to make war with them.

29 And when the sons of Yaakov saw that there was no appearance of war, they all assembled and went to the city of Shechem, and the sons of Yaakov remained in Shechem.

30 And at the expiration of forty days, all the melechim of the Amorites assembled from all their places and came to Hevron, to Yaphiya, melech of Hevron.

31 And the number of melechim that came to Hevron, to make shalom with the sons of Yaakov, was twenty-one melechim, and the number of captains that came with them was sixty-nine, and their men were one hundred and eighty-nine, and all these melechim and their men rested by Mount Hevron.

32 And the melech of Hevron went out with his three captains and nine men, and these melechim resolved to go to the sons of Yaakov to make shalom.

33 And they said to the melech of Hevron, Go before us with your men, and speak for us to the sons of Yaakov, and we will come after you and confirm your words, and the melech of Hevron did so.

34 And the sons of Yaakov heard that all the melechim of Kanaan had gathered together and rested in Hevron, and the sons of Yaakov sent four of their servants as spies, saying, Go and spy these melechim, and search and examine their men whether they are few or many, and if they are but few in number, number them all and come back.

35 And the servants of Yaakov went secretly to these melechim, and did as the sons of Yaakov had commanded them, and on that day they came back to the sons of Yaakov, and said to them, We came to those melechim, and they are but few in number, and we numbered them all, and behold, they were two hundred and eighty-eight, melechim and men.

36 And the sons of Yaakov said, They are but few in number, therefore we will not all go out to them; and in the morning the sons of Yaakov rose up and chose sixty two of their men, and ten of the sons of Yaakov went with them; and they put on their weapons of war, for they said, They are coming to make war with us, for they knew not that they were coming to make shalom with them.

37 And the sons of Yaakov went with their servants to the gate of Shechem, toward those melechim, and their abba Yaakov was with them.

38 And when they had come forth, behold, the melech of Hevron and his three captains and nine men with him were coming along the road against the sons of Yaakov, and the sons of Yaakov lifted up their eyes, and saw at a distance Yaphiya, melech of Hevron, with his captains, coming toward them, and the sons of Yaakov took their stand at the place of the gate of Shechem, and did not proceed.

39 And the melech of Hevron continued to advance, he and his captains, until he came near to the sons of Yaakov, and he and his captains bowed down to them to the ground, and the melech of Hevron sat with his captains before Yaakov and his sons.

40 And the sons of Yaakov said to him, What has befallen you, O melech of Hevron? Why have you come to us this day? What do you require from us? And the melech of Hevron said to Yaakov, I beseech you my master, all the melechim of the Kannaim have this day come to make shalom with you.

41 And the sons of Yaakov heard the words of the melech of Hevron, and they would not consent to his proposals, for the sons of Yaakov had no faith in him, for they imagined that the melech of Hevron had spoken deceitfully to them.

42 And the melech of Hevron knew from the words of the sons of Yaakov, that they did not believe his words, and the melech of Hevron approached nearer to Yaakov, and said to him, I beseech you, my master, to be assured that all these melechim have come to you on peaceable terms, for they have not come with all their men, neither did they bring their weapons of war with them, for they have come to seek shalom from my master and his sons.

43 And the sons of Yaakov answered the melech of Hevron, saying, Send you to all these melechim, and if you speak emet to us, let them each come singly before us, and if they come to us unarmed, we shall then know that they seek shalom from us.

44 And Yaphiya, melech of Hevron, sent one of his men to the melechim, and they all came before the sons of Yaakov, and bowed down to them to the ground, and these melechim sat before Yaakov and his sons, and they spoke to them, saying,

45 We have heard all that you did to the melechim of the Amorites with your sword and exceedingly mighty arm, so that no man could stand up before you, and we were afraid of you for the sake of our lives, lest it should befall us as it did to them.

46 So we have come to you to form a treaty of shalom between us, and now therefore contract with us a covenant of shalom and emet, that you will not meddle with us, inasmuch as we have not meddled with you.

47 And the sons of Yaakov knew that they had really come to seek shalom from them, and the sons of Yaakov listened to them, and formed a covenant with them.

48 And the sons of Yaakov swore to them that they would not meddle with them, and all the melechim of the Kannaim swore also to them, and the sons of Yaakov made them tributary from that day forward.

49 And after this all the captains of these melechim came with their men before Yaakov, with presents in their hands for Yaakov and his sons, and they bowed down to him to the ground.

50 And these melechim then urged the sons of Yaakov and begged of them to return all the spoil they had captured from the seven cities of the Amorites, and the sons of Yaakov did so, and they returned all that they had captured, the women, the little ones, the cattle and all the spoil which they had taken, and they sent them off, and they went away each to his city.

51 And all these melechim again bowed down to the sons of Yaakov, and they sent or brought them many gifts in those days, and the sons of Yaakov sent off these melechim and their men, and they went peaceably away from them to their cities, and the sons of Yaakov also returned to their home, to Shechem.

52 And there was shalom from that day forward between the sons of Yaakov and the melechim of the Kannaim, until the children of Yisrael came to inherit the land of Kanaan.

41 And at the turn of the year the sons of Yaakov journeyed from Shechem, and they came to Hevron, to their abba Yitzchak, and they dwelt there, but their flocks and herds they fed daily in Shechem, for there was there in those days tov and fat pasture, and Yaakov and his sons and all their household dwelt in the valley of Hevron.

2 And it was in those days, in that year, being the hundred and sixth year of the life of Yaakov, in the tenth year of Yaakov’s coming from Padan-Aram, that Leah the wife of Yaakov died; she was fifty-one years old when she died in Hevron.

3 And Yaakov and his sons buried her in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which is in Hevron, which Avraham had bought from the children of Cheth, for the possession of a burial place.

4 And the sons of Yaakov dwelt with their abba in the valley of Hevron, and all the inhabitants of the land knew their strength and their fame went throughout the land.

5 And Yoseph the son of Yaakov, and his brother Binyamin, the sons of Rachel, the wife of Yaakov, were yet young in those days, and did not go out with their brothers during their battles in all the cities of the Amorites.

6 And when Yoseph saw the strength of his brothers, and their greatness, he praised them and extolled them, but he ranked himself greater than them, and extolled himself above them; and Yaakov, his abba, also loved him more than any of his sons, for he was a son of his old age, and through his love toward him, he made him a coat of many colors.

7 And when Yoseph saw that his abba loved him more than his brothers, he continued to exalt himself above his brothers, and he brought to his abba evil reports concerning them.

8 And the sons of Yaakov seeing the whole of Yoseph’s conduct toward them, and that their abba loved him more than any of them, they hated him and could not speak peaceably to him all the days.

9 And Yoseph was seventeen years old, and he was still magnifying himself above his brothers, and thought of raising himself above them.

10 At that time he dreamed a dream, and he came to his brothers and told them his dream, and he said to them, I dreamed a dream, and behold we were all binding sheaves in the field, and my sheaf rose and placed itself upon the ground and your sheaves surrounded it and bowed down to it.

11 And his brothers answered him and said to him, What means this dream that you did dream? Do you imagine in your heart to reign or rule over us?

12 And he still came, and told the thing to his abba Yaakov, and Yaakov kissed Yoseph when he heard these words from his mouth, and Yaakov blessed Yoseph.

13 And when the sons of Yaakov saw that their abba had blessed Yoseph and had kissed him, and that he loved him exceedingly, they became jealous of him and hated him the more.

14 And after this Yoseph dreamed another dream and related the dream to his abba in the presence of his brothers, and Yoseph said to his abba and brothers, Behold I have again dreamed a dream, and behold the sun and the moon and the eleven stars bowed down to me.

15 And his abba heard the words of Yoseph and his dream, and seeing that his brothers’ hated Yoseph on account of this matter, Yaakov therefore rebuked Yoseph before his brothers on account of this thing, saying, What means this dream that you have dreamed, and this magnifying of yourself before your brothers who are older than you are?

16 Do you imagine in your heart that I and your ema and your eleven brothers will come and bow down to you, that you speak these things?

17 And his brothers were jealous of him on account of his words and dreams, and they continued to hate him, and Yaakov reserved the dreams in his heart.

18 And the sons of Yaakov went one day to feed their abba’s flock in Shechem, for they were still herdsmen in those days; and while the sons of Yaakov were that day feeding in Shechem they delayed, and the time of gathering in the cattle was passed, and they had not arrived.

19 And Yaakov saw that his sons were delayed in Shechem, and Yaakov said within himself, Perhaps the people of Shechem have risen up to fight against them, therefore they have delayed coming this day.

20 And Yaakov called Yoseph his son and commanded him, saying, Behold your brothers are feeding in Shechem this day, and behold they have not yet come back; go now therefore and see where they are, and bring me word back concerning the welfare of your brothers and the welfare of the flock.

21 And Yaakov sent his son Yoseph to the valley of Hevron, and Yoseph came for his brothers to Shechem, and could not find them, and Yoseph went about the field which was near Shechem, to see where his brothers had turned, and he missed his road in the wilderness, and knew not which way he should go.

22 And a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 found him wandering in the road toward the field, and Yoseph said to the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, I seek my brothers; have you not heard where they are feeding? And the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yoseph, I saw your brothers feeding here, and I heard them say they would go to feed in Dothan.

23 And Yoseph hearkened to the voice of the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he went to his brothers in Dothan and he found them in Dothan feeding the flock.

24 And Yoseph advanced to his brothers, and before he had come near to them, they had resolved to slay him.

25 And Shimeon said to his brothers, Behold the man of dreams is coming to us this day, and now therefore come and let us kill him and cast him in one of the pits that are in the wilderness, and when his abba shall seek him from us, we will say an evil beast has devoured him.

26 And Reuven heard the words of his brothers concerning Yoseph, and he said to them, You should not do this thing, for how can we look up to our abba Yaakov? Cast him into this pit to die there, but stretch not forth a hand upon him to spill his blood; and Reuven said this in order to deliver him from their hand, to bring him back to his abba.

27 And when Yoseph came to his brothers he sat before them, and they rose upon him and seized him and smote him to the earth, and stripped the coat of many colors that he had on.

28 And they took him and cast him into a pit, and in the pit there was no mayim, but serpents and scorpions. And Yoseph was afraid of the serpents and scorpions that were in the pit. And Yoseph cried out with a loud voice, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hid the serpents and scorpions in the sides of the pit, and they did no harm to Yoseph.

29 And Yoseph called out from the pit to his brothers, and said to them, What have I done to you, and in what have I sinned? Why do you not fear 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 concerning me? Am I not of your bones and flesh, and is not Yaakov your abba, my abba? Why do you do this thing to me this day, and how will you be able to look up to our abba Yaakov?

30 And he continued to cry out and call to his brothers from the pit, and he said, O Yahudah, Shimeon, and Levi, my brothers, lift me up from the place of darkness in which you have placed me, and come this day to have rachamim on me, you children of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and sons of Yaakov my abba. And if I have sinned against you, are you not the sons of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov? If they saw an orphan they had rachamim over him, or one that was hungry, they gave him bread to eat, or one that was thirsty, they gave him mayim to drink, or one that was naked, and they covered him with garments!

31 And how then will you withhold your pity from your brother, for I am of your flesh and bones, and if I have sinned to you, surely you will do this on account of my abba!

32 And Yoseph spoke these words from the pit, and his brothers could not listen to him, nor incline their ears to the words of Yoseph, and Yoseph was crying and weeping in the pit.

33 And Yoseph said, O that my abba knew, this day, the act that my brothers have done to me, and the words that they have this day spoken to me.

34 And all his brothers heard his cries and weeping in the pit, and his brothers went and removed themselves from the pit, so that they might not hear the cries of Yoseph and his weeping in the pit.

42 And they went and sat on the opposite side, about the distance of a bowshot, and they sat there to eat bread, and while they were eating, they held counsel together what was to be done with him, whether to slay him or to bring him back to his abba.

2 They were holding the counsel, when they lifted up their eyes, and saw, and behold there was a company of Yishmaelites coming at a distance by the road of Gilead, going down to Mitzrayim.

3 And Yahudah said to them, What gain will it be to us if we slay our brother? Perhaps 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will require him from us; this then is the counsel proposed concerning him, which you shall do to him: Behold this company of Yishmaelites going down to Mitzrayim,

4 Now therefore, come let us dispose of him to them, and let not our hand be upon him, and they will lead him along with them, and he will be lost among the people of the land, and we will not put him to death with our own hands. And the proposal pleased his brothers and they did according to the word of Yahudah.

5 And while they were discoursing about this matter, and before the company of Yishmaelites had come up to them, seven trading men of Midiyan passed by them, and as they passed they were thirsty, and they lifted up their eyes and saw the pit in which Yoseph was immured, and they looked, and behold every species of bird was upon him.

6 And these Midyanites ran to the pit to drink mayim, for they thought that it contained mayim, and on coming before the pit they heard the voice of Yoseph crying and weeping in the pit, and they looked down into the pit, and they saw and behold there was a youth of comely appearance and well favored.

7 And they called to him and said, Who are you and who brought you here, and who placed you in this pit, in the wilderness? And they all assisted to raise up Yoseph and they drew him out, and brought him up from the pit, and took him and went away on their journey and passed by his brothers.

8 And these said to them, Why do you do this, to take our servant from us and to go away? Surely we placed this youth in the pit because he rebelled against us, and you come and bring him up and lead him away; now then give us back our servant.

9 And the Midyanites answered and said to the sons of Yaakov, Is this your servant, or does this man attend you? Perhaps you are all his servants, for he is more comely and well favored than any of you, and why do you all speak falsely to us?

10 Now therefore we will not listen to your words, nor attend to you, for we found the youth in the pit in the wilderness, and we took him; we will therefore go on.

11 And all the sons of Yaakov approached them and rose up to them and said to them, Give us back our servant, and why will you all die by the edge of the sword? And the Midyanites cried out against them, and they drew their swords, and approached to fight with the sons of Yaakov.

12 And behold Shimeon rose up from his seat against them, and sprang upon the ground and drew his sword and approached the Midyanites and he gave a terrible shout before them, so that his shouting was heard at a distance, and the earth shook at Shimeon’s shouting.

13 And the Midyanites were terrified on account of Shimeon and the noise of his shouting, and they fell upon their faces, and were excessively alarmed.

14 And Shimeon said to them, Verily I am Shimeon, the son of Yaakov the Ivri, who have, only with my brother, destroyed the city of Shechem and the cities of the Amorites; so shall 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 moreover do to me, that if all your brothers the people of Midiyan, and also the melechim of Kanaan, were to come with you, they could not fight against me.

15 Now therefore give us back the youth whom you have taken, lest I give your flesh to the birds of the skies and the beasts of the earth.

16 And the Midyanites were more afraid of Shimeon, and they approached the sons of Yaakov with terror and fright, and with pathetic words, saying,

17 Surely you have said that the young man is your servant, and that he rebelled against you, and therefore you placed him in the pit; what then will you do with a servant who rebels against his master? Now therefore sell him to us, and we will give you all that you require for him; and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was pleased to do this in order that the sons of Yaakov should not slay their brother.

18 And the Midyanites saw that Yoseph was of a comely appearance and well favored; they desired him in their hearts and were urgent to purchase him from his brothers.

19 And the sons of Yaakov hearkened to the Midyanites and they sold their brother Yoseph to them for twenty pieces of silver, and Reuven their brother was not with them, and the Midyanites took Yoseph and continued their journey to Gilead.

20 They were going along the road, and the Midyanites repented of what they had done, in having purchased the young man, and one said to the other, What is this thing that we have done, in taking this youth from the Ivrim, who is of comely appearance and well favored.

21 Perhaps this youth is stolen from the land of the Ivrim, and why then have we done this thing? And if he should be sought for and found in our hands we shall die through him.

22 Now surely hardy and powerful men have sold him to us, the strength of one of whom you saw this day; perhaps they stole him from his land with their might and with their powerful arm, and have therefore sold him to us for the small value which we gave to them.

23 And while they were this discoursing together, they looked, and behold the company of Yishmaelites which was coming at first, and which the sons of Yaakov saw, was advancing toward the Midyanites, and the Midyanites said to each other, Come let us sell this youth to the company of Yishmaelites who are coming toward us, and we will take for him the little that we gave for him, and we will be delivered from his evil.

24 And they did so, and they reached the Yishmaelites, and the Midyanites sold Yoseph to the Yishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver that they had given for him to his brothers.

25 And the Midyanites went on their road to Gilead, and the Yishmaelites took Yoseph and they let him ride upon one of the camels, and they were leading him to Mitzrayim.

26 And Yoseph heard that the Yishmaelites were proceeding to Mitzrayim, and Yoseph lamented and wept at this thing that he was to be so far removed from the land of Kanaan, from his abba, and he wept bitterly while he was riding upon the camel, and one of their men observed him, and made him go down from the camel and walk on foot, and notwithstanding this Yoseph continued to cry and weep, and he said, O my abba, my abba.

27 And one of the Yishmaelites rose up and smote Yoseph upon the cheek, and still he continued to weep; and Yoseph was fatigued in the road, and was unable to proceed on account of the bitterness of his being, and they all smote him and afflicted him in the road, and they terrified him in order that he might cease from weeping.

28 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 saw the ambition of Yoseph and his trouble, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought down upon those men darkness and confusion, and the hand of every one that smote him became withered.

29 And they said to each other, What is this thing that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has done to us in the road? And they knew not that this befell them on account of Yoseph. And the men proceeded on the road, and they passed along the road of Ephrath where Rachel was buried.

30 And Yoseph reached his ema’s grave, and Yoseph hurried and ran to his ema’s grave, and fell upon the grave and wept.

31 And Yoseph cried aloud upon his ema’s grave, and he said, O my ema, my ema, O you who did give me birth, awake now, and rise and see your son, how he has been sold for a slave, and no one to pity him.

32 O rise and see your son, weep with me on account of my troubles, and see the heart of my brothers.

33 Arise my ema, arise, awake from your sleep for me, and direct your battles against my brothers. O how have they stripped me of my coat, and sold me already twice for a slave, and separated me from my abba, and there is no one to pity me.

34 Arouse and lay your cause against them before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and see whom 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will justify in the mishpat, and whom he will condemn.

35 Rise, O my ema, rise, awake from your sleep and see my abba how his being is with me this day, and comfort him and ease his heart.

36 And Yoseph continued to speak these words, and Yoseph cried aloud and wept bitterly upon his ema’s grave; and he ceased speaking, and from bitterness of heart he became still as a stone upon the grave.

37 And Yoseph heard a voice speaking to him from beneath the ground, which answered him with bitterness of heart, and with a voice of weeping and praying in these words:

38 My son, my son Yoseph, I have heard the voice of your weeping and the voice of your lamentation; I have seen your tears; I know your troubles, my son, and it grieves me for your sake, and abundant grief is added to my grief.

39 Now therefore my son, Yoseph my son, hope to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and wait for him and do not fear, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is with you, he will deliver you from all trouble.

40 Rise my son, go down to Mitzrayim with your masters, and do not fear, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is with you, my son. And she continued to speak like to these words to Yoseph, and she was still.

41 And Yoseph heard this, and he wondered greatly at this, and he continued to weep; and after this one of the Yishmaelites observed him crying and weeping upon the grave, and his anger was kindled against him, and he drove him from there, and he smote him and cursed him.

42 And Yoseph said to the men, May I find rachamim in your sight to take me back to my abba’s house, and he will give you abundance of riches.

43 And they answered him, saying, Are you not a slave, and where is your abba? And if you had an abba you would not already twice have been sold for a slave for so little value; and their anger was still roused against him, and they continued to smite him and to chastise him, and Yoseph wept bitterly.

44 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 saw Yoseph’s affliction, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 again smote these men, and chastised them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused darkness to envelope them upon the earth, and the lightning flashed and the thunder roared, and the earth shook at the voice of the thunder and of the mighty wind, and the men were terrified and knew not where they should go.

45 And the beasts and camels stood still, and they led them, but they would not go, they smote them, and they crouched upon the ground; and the men said to each other, What is this that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has done to us? What are our transgressions, and what are our sins that this thing has this befallen us?

46 And one of them answered and said to them, Perhaps on account of the sin of afflicting this slave has this thing happened this day to us; now therefore implore him strongly to forgive us, and then we shall know on whose account this evil befalls us, and if 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 shall have rachamim over us, then we shall know that all this comes to us on account of the sin of afflicting this slave.

47 And the men did so, and they supplicated Yoseph and pressed him to forgive them; and they said, We have sinned to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and to you, now therefore promise us that you will request of your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that he shall put away this death from among us, for we have sinned to Him.

48 And Yoseph did according to their words, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to Yoseph, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 put away the plague which He had inflicted upon those men on account of Yoseph, and the beasts rose up from the ground and they conducted them, and they went on, and the raging storm abated and the earth became tranquilized, and the men proceeded on their journey to go down to Mitzrayim, and the men knew that this evil had befallen them on account of Yoseph.

49 And they said to each other, Behold we know that it was on account of his affliction that this evil befell us. Now therefore why shall we bring this death upon our beings? Let us hold counsel what to do to this slave.

50 And one answered and said, Surely he told us to bring him back to his abba; now therefore come, let us take him back and we will go to the place that he will tell us, and take from his family the price that we gave for him and we will then go away.

51 And one answered again and said, Behold this counsel is very tov, but we cannot do so for the way is very far from us, and we cannot go out of our road.

52 And one more answered and said to them, This is the counsel to be adopted, we will not swerve from it; behold we are this day going to Mitzrayim, and when we shall have come to Mitzrayim, we will sell him there at a high price, and we will be delivered from his evil.

53 And this thing pleased the men and they did so, and they continued their journey to Mitzrayim with Yoseph.

43 And when the sons of Yaakov had sold their brother Yoseph to the Midyanites, their hearts were smitten on account of him, and they repented of their acts, and they sought for him to bring him back, but could not find him.

2 And Reuven returned to the pit in which Yoseph had been put, in order to lift him out, and restore him to his abba, and Reuven stood by the pit, and he heard not a word, and he called out Yoseph! Yoseph! And no one answered or uttered a word.

3 And Reuven said, Yoseph has died through fright, or some serpent has caused his death; and Reuven descended into the pit, and he searched for Yoseph and could not find him in the pit, and he came out again.

4 And Reuven tore his garments and he said, The child is not there, and how shall I reconcile my abba about him if he is dead? And he went to his brothers and found them grieving on account of Yoseph, and counseling together how to reconcile their abba about him, and Reuven said to his brothers, I came to the pit and behold Yoseph was not there, what then shall we say to our abba, for my abba will only seek the lad from me.

5 And his brothers answered him saying, This and this we did, and our hearts afterward smote us on account of this act, and we now sit to seek a pretext how we shall reconcile our abba to it.

6 And Reuven said to them, What is this you have done to bring down the gray hairs of our abba in sorrow to the grave? The thing is not tov that you have done.

7 And Reuven sat with them, and they all rose up and swore to each other not to tell this thing to Yaakov, and they all said, The man who will tell this to our abba or his household, or who will report this to any of the children of the land, we will all rise up against him and slay him with the sword.

8 And the sons of Yaakov feared each other in this matter, from the youngest to the oldest, and no one spoke a word, and they concealed the thing in their hearts.

9 And they afterward sat down to determine and invent something to say to their abba Yaakov concerning all these things.

10 And Yissacher said to them, Here is an advice for you if it seems tov in your eyes to do this thing, take the coat, which belongs to Yoseph, and tear it, and kill a kid of the goats and dip it in its blood.

11 And send it to our abba and when he sees it he will say an evil beast has devoured him, therefore tear his coat and behold his blood will be upon his coat, and by your doing this we shall be free of our abba’s murmurings.

12 And Yissacher’s advice pleased them, and they hearkened to him and they did according to the word of Yissacher that he had counseled them.

13 And they hurried and took Yoseph’s coat and tore it, and they killed a kid of the goats and dipped the coat in the blood of the kid, and then trampled it in the dust, and they sent the coat to their abba Yaakov by the hand of Naphtali, and they commanded him to say these words:

14 We had gathered in the cattle and had come as far as the road to Shechem and farther, when we found this coat upon the road in the wilderness dipped in blood and in dust; now therefore see whether it be your son’s coat or not.

15 And Naphtali went and he came to his abba and he gave him the coat, and he spoke to him all the words that his brothers had commanded him.

16 And Yaakov saw Yoseph’s coat and he knew it and he fell upon his face to the ground, and became as still as a stone, and he afterward rose up and cried out with a loud and weeping voice and he said, It is the coat of my son Yoseph!

17 And Yaakov hurried and sent one of his servants to his sons, who went to them and found them coming along the road with the flock.

18 And the sons of Yaakov came to their abba about evening, and behold their garments were torn and dust was upon their heads, and they found their abba crying out and weeping with a loud voice.

19 And Yaakov said to his sons, Tell me truly what evil have you this day suddenly brought upon me? And they answered their abba Yaakov, saying, We were coming along this day after the flock had been gathered in, and we came as far as the city of Shechem by the road in the wilderness, and we found this coat filled with blood upon the ground, and we identified it and we sent to you if you could identify it.

20 And Yaakov heard the words of his sons and he cried out with a loud voice, and he said, It is the coat of my son, an evil beast has devoured him; Yoseph is rent in pieces, for I sent him this day to see whether it was well with you and well with the flocks and to bring me word again from you, and he went as I commanded him, and this has happened to him this day while I thought my son was with you.

21 And the sons of Yaakov answered and said, He did not come to us, neither have we seen him from the time of our going out from you until now.

22 And when Yaakov heard their words he again cried out aloud, and he rose up and tore his garments, and he put sackcloth upon his loins, and he wept bitterly and he mourned and lifted up his voice in weeping and exclaimed and said these words,

23 Yoseph my son, O my son Yoseph, I sent you this day after the welfare of your brothers, and behold you have been torn in pieces; through my hand has this happened to my son.

24 It grieves me for you Yoseph my son, it grieves me for you; how sweet were you to me during life, and now how exceedingly bitter is your death to me.

25 0 that I had died in your stead Yoseph my son, for it grieves me sadly for you my son, O my son, my son. Yoseph my son, where are you, and where have you been drawn? Arise, arise from your place, and come and see my grief for you, O my son Yoseph.

26 Come now and number the tears gushing from my eyes down my cheeks, and bring them up before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that His anger may turn from me.

27 0 Yoseph my son, how did you fall, by the hand of one by whom no one had fallen from the beginning of the world to this day; for you have been put to death by the smiting of an enemy, inflicted with cruelty, but surely I know that this has happened to you, on account of the multitude of my sins.

28 Arouse now and see how bitter is my trouble for you my son, although I did not rear you, nor fashion you, nor give you breath and being, but it was 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who formed you and built your bones and covered them with flesh, and breathed in your nostrils the breath of life, and then He gave you to me.

29 Now truly 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who gave you to me, He has taken you from me, and such then has befallen you

30 And Yaakov continued to speak like to these words concerning Yoseph, and he wept bitterly; he fell to the ground and became still.

31 And all the sons of Yaakov seeing their abba’s trouble, they repented of what they had done, and they also wept bitterly.

32 And Yahudah rose up and lifted his abba’s head from the ground, and placed it upon his lap, and he wiped his abba’s tears from his cheeks, and Yahudah wept an exceeding great weeping, while his abba’s head was reclining upon his lap, still as a stone.

33 And the sons of Yaakov saw their abba’s trouble, and they lifted up their voices and continued to weep, and Yaakov was yet lying upon the ground still as a stone.

34 And all his sons and his servants and his servant’s children rose up and stood around him to comfort him, and he refused to be comforted.

35 And the whole household of Yaakov rose up and mourned a great mourning on account of Yoseph and their abba’s trouble, and the intelligence reached Yitzchak, the son of Avraham, the abba of Yaakov, and he wept bitterly on account of Yoseph, he and all his household, and he went from the place where he dwelt in Hevron, and his men with him, and he comforted Yaakov his son, and he refused to be comforted.

36 And after this, Yaakov rose up from the ground, and his tears were running down his cheeks, and he said to his sons, Rise up and take your swords and your bows, and go forth into the field, and seek whether you can find my son’s body and bring it to me that I may bury it.

37 Seek also, I beg you, among the beasts and hunt them, and that which shall come the first before you, seize and bring it to me; perhaps 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will this day pity my affliction, and prepare before you that which did tear my son in pieces, and bring it to me, and I will avenge the cause of my son.

38 And his sons did as their abba had commanded them, and they rose up early in the morning, and each took his sword and his bow in his hand, and they went forth into the field to hunt the beasts.

39 And Yaakov was still crying aloud and weeping and walking to and fro in the house, and smiting his hands together, saying, Yoseph my son, Yoseph my son.

40 And the sons of Yaakov went into the wilderness to seize the beasts, and behold a wolf came toward them, and they seized him, and brought him to their abba, and they said to him, This is the first we have found, and we have brought him to you as you did command us, and your son’s body we could not find.

41 And Yaakov took the beast from the hands of his sons, and he cried out with a loud and weeping voice, holding the beast in his hand, and he spoke with a bitter heart to the beast, Why did you devour my son Yoseph, and how did you have no fear of the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the earth, or of my trouble for my son Yoseph?

42 And you did devour my son for nothing, because he committed no violence, and did thereby render me culpable on his account, therefore 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will require him that is persecuted.

43 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 opened the mouth of the beast in order to comfort Yaakov with its words, and it answered Yaakov and spoke these words to him,

44 As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives who created us in the earth, and as your being lives, my master, I did not see your son, neither did I tear him to pieces, but from a distant land I also came to seek my son who went from me this day, and I know not whether he be living or dead.

45 And I came this day into the field to seek my son, and your sons found me, and seized me and increased my grief, and have this day brought me before you, and I have now spoken all my words to you.

46 And now therefore, O son of man, I am in your hands, and do to me this day as it may seem tov in your sight, but by the life of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who created me, I did not see your son, nor did I tear him to pieces, neither has the flesh of man entered my mouth all the days of my life.

47 And when Yaakov heard the words of the beast he was greatly astonished, and sent forth the beast from his hand, and she went her way.

48 And Yaakov was still crying aloud and weeping for Yoseph day after day, and he mourned for his son many days.

44 And the sons of Yishmael who had bought Yoseph from the Midyanites, who had bought him from his brothers, went to Mitzrayim with Yoseph, and they came upon the borders of Mitzrayim, and when they came near to Mitzrayim, they met four men of the sons of Medan the son of Avraham, who had gone forth from the land of Mitzrayim on their journey.

2 And the Yishmaelites said to them, Do you desire to purchase this slave from us? And they said, Deliver him over to us, and they delivered Yoseph over to them, and they beheld him that he was a very comely youth and they purchased him for twenty shekels.

3 And the Yishmaelites continued their journey to Mitzrayim and the Medanim also returned that day to Mitzrayim, and the Medanim said to each other, Behold we have heard that Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, seek a tov servant who shall stand before him to attend him, and to make him overseer over his house and all belonging to him.

4 Now therefore come let us sell him to him for what we may desire, if he be able to give to us that which we shall require from him.

5 And these Medanim went and came to the house of Potiphar, and said to him, We have heard that you seek a tov servant to attend you, behold we have a servant that will please you, if you can give to us that which we may desire, and we will sell him to you.

6 And Potiphar said, Bring him before me, and I will see him, and if he pleases me I will give to you that which you may require for him.

7 And the Medanim went and brought Yoseph and placed him before Potiphar, and he saw him, and he pleased him exceedingly, and Potiphar said to them, Tell me what you require for this youth?

8 And they said, Four hundred pieces of silver we desire for him, and Potiphar said, I will give it you if you bring me the record of his sale to you, and will tell me his history, for perhaps he may be stolen, for this youth is neither a slave, nor the son of a slave, but I observe in him the appearance of a goodly and handsome person.

9 And the Medanim went and brought to him the Yishmaelites who had sold him to them, and they told him, saying, He is a slave and we sold him to them.

10 And Potiphar heard the words of the Yishmaelites in his giving the silver to the Medanim, and the Medanim took the silver and went on their journey, and the Yishmaelites also returned home.

11 And Potiphar took Yoseph and brought him to his house that he might serve him, and Yoseph found favor in the sight of Potiphar, and he placed confidence in him, and made him overseer over his house, and all that belonged to him he delivered over into his hand.

12 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Yoseph and he became a prosperous man, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed the house of Potiphar for the sake of Yoseph.

13 And Potiphar left all that he had in the hand of Yoseph, and Yoseph was the one that caused things to come in and go out, and everything was regulated by his wish in the house of Potiphar.

14 And Yoseph was eighteen years old, a youth with beautiful eyes and of comely appearance, and like to him was not in the whole land of Mitzrayim.

15 At that time while he was in his master’s house, going in and out of the house and attending his master, Zelicah, his master’s wife, lifted up her eyes toward Yoseph and she looked at him, and behold he was a youth comely and well favored.

16 And she coveted his beauty in her heart, and her being was fixed upon Yoseph, and she enticed him day after day, and Zelicah persuaded Yoseph daily, but Yoseph did not lift up his eyes to behold his master’s wife.

17 And Zelicah said to him, How goodly are your appearance and form, truly I have looked at all the slaves, and have not seen so beautiful a slave as you are; and Yoseph said to her, Surely he who created me in my ema’s womb created all mankind.

18 And she said to him, How beautiful are your eyes, with which you have dazzled all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim, men and women; and he said to her, How beautiful they are while we are alive, but should you behold them in the grave, surely you would move away from them.

19 And she said to him, How beautiful and pleasing are all your words. Take now, I ask you, the harp that is in the house and play with your hands and let us hear your words.

20 And he said to her, How beautiful and pleasing are my words when I speak the praise of my 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and his glory; and she said to him, How very beautiful is the hair of your head, behold the golden comb which is in the house, take it I ask you, and curl the hair of your head.

21 And he said to her, How long will you speak these words? Cease to utter these words to me, and rise and attend to your domestic affairs.

22 And she said to him, There is no one in my house, and there is nothing to attend to but to your words and to your wish; yet notwithstanding all this, she could not bring Yoseph to her, neither did he place his eye upon her, but directed his eyes below to the ground.

23 And Zelicah desired Yoseph in her heart, that he should lie with her, and at the time that Yoseph was sitting in the house doing his work, Zelicah came and sat before him, and she enticed him daily with her discourse to lie with her, or even to look at her, but Yoseph would not listen to her.

24 And she said to him, If you will not do according to my words, I will chastise you with the punishment of death, and put an iron yoke upon you.

25 And Yoseph said to her, Surely 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who created man looses the fetters of prisoners, and it is He who will deliver me from your prison and from your mishpat.

26 And when she could not prevail over him, to persuade him, and her being still being fixed upon him, her desire threw her into a grievous sickness.

27 And all the women of Mitzrayim came to visit her, and they said to her, Why are you in this declining state? You that lack nothing; surely your husband is a great and esteemed prince in the sight of the melech, should you lack anything of what your heart desires?

28 And Zelicah answered them, saying, This day it shall be made known to you, where this disorder springs in which you see me, and she commanded her maid servants to prepare food for all the women, and she made a banquet for them, and all the women ate in the house of Zelicah.

29 And she gave them knives to peel the citrons to eat them, and she commanded that they should dress Yoseph in costly garments, and that he should appear before them, and Yoseph came before their eyes and all the women looked on Yoseph, and could not take their eyes from off him, and they all cut their hands with the knives that they had in their hands, and all the citrons that were in their hands were filled with blood.

30 And they knew not what they had done but they continued to look at the beauty of Yoseph, and did not turn their eyelids from him.

31 And Zelicah saw what they had done, and she said to them, What is this work that you have done? Behold I gave you citrons to eat and you have all cut your hands.

32 And all the women saw their hands, and behold they were full of blood, and their blood flowed down upon their garments, and they said to her, this slave in your house has overcome us, and we could not turn our eyelids from him on account of his beauty.

33 And she said to them, Surely this happened to you in the moment that you looked at him, and you could not contain yourselves from him; how then can I refrain when he is constantly in my house, and I see him day after day going in and out of my house? How then can I keep from declining or even from perishing on account of this?

34 And they said to her, the words are emet, for who can see this beautiful form in the house and refrain from him? And is he not your slave and attendant in your house, and why do you not tell him that which is in your heart, and allow your being to perish through this matter?

35 And she said to them, I am daily endeavoring to persuade him, and he will not consent to my wishes, and I promised him everything that is tov, and yet I could meet with no return from him; I am therefore in a declining state as you see.

36 And Zelicah became very ill on account of her desire toward Yoseph, and she was desperately lovesick on account of him, and all the people of the house of Zelicah and her husband knew nothing of this matter, that Zelicah was ill on account of her love to Yoseph.

37 And all the people of her house asked her, saying, Why are you ill and declining, and lack nothing? And she said to them, I know not this thing that is daily increasing upon me.

38 And all the women and her friends came daily to see her, and they spoke with her, and she said to them, This can only be through the love of Yoseph; and they said to her, Entice him and seize him secretly, perhaps he may listen to you, and put off this death from you.

39 And Zelicah became worse from her love to Yoseph, and she continued to decline, till she had scarcely enough strength to stand.

40 And on a certain day Yoseph was doing his master’s work in the house, and Zelicah came secretly and fell suddenly upon him, and Yoseph rose up against her, and he was more powerful than she, and he brought her down to the ground.

41 And Zelicah wept on account of the desire of her heart toward him, and she supplicated him with weeping, and her tears flowed down her cheeks, and she spoke to him in a voice of supplication and in bitterness of being, saying,

42 Have you ever heard, seen or known of so beautiful a woman as I am, or better than myself, who speak daily to you, fall into a decline through love for you, confer all this honor upon you, and still you will not listen to my voice?

43 And if it be through fear of your master lest he punish you, as the melech lives no harm shall come to you from your master through this thing; now, therefore please listen to me, and consent for the sake of the honor which I have conferred upon you, and put off this death from me, and why should I die for your sake? And she ceased to speak.

44 And Yoseph answered her, saying, Refrain from me, and leave this matter to my master; behold my master knows not what there is with me in the house, for all that belongs to him he has delivered into my hand, and how shall I do these things in my master’s house?

45 For he has also greatly honored me in his house, and he has also made me overseer over his house, and he has exalted me, and there is no one greater in this house than I am, and my master has held back nothing from me, excepting you who are his wife, how then can you speak these words to me, and how can I do this great evil and sin to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and to your husband?

46 Now therefore refrain from me, and speak no more such words as these, for I will not listen to your words. But Zelicah would not listen to Yoseph when he spoke these words to her, but she daily enticed him to listen to her.

47 And it was after this that the brook of Mitzrayim was filled above all its sides, and all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim went forth, and also the melech and princes went forth with timbrels and dances, for it was a great rejoicing in Mitzrayim, and a holiday at the time of the inundation of the sea Sihor, and they went there to rejoice all the day.

48 And when the Mitzrites went out to the river to rejoice, as was their custom, all the people of the house of Potiphar went with them, but Zelicah would not go with them, for she said, I am indisposed, and she remained alone in the house, and no other person was with her in the house.

49 And she rose up and ascended to her temple in the house, and dressed herself in princely garments, and she placed upon her head precious stones of onyx stones, inlaid with silver and gold, and she beautified her face and skin with all sorts of women’s purifying liquids, and she perfumed the temple and the house with cassia and frankincense, and she spread myrrh and aloes, and she afterward sat in the entrance of the temple, in the passage of the house, through which Yoseph passed to do his work, and behold Yoseph came from the field, and entered the house to do his master’s work.

50 And he came to the place through which he had to pass, and he saw all the work of Zelicah, and he turned back.

51 And Zelicah saw Yoseph turning back from her, and she called out to him, saying What bothers you Yoseph? Come to your work, and behold I will make room for you until you shall have passed to your seat.

52 And Yoseph returned and came to the house, and passed from there to the place of his seat, and he sat down to do his master’s work as usual and behold Zelicah came to him and stood before him in princely garments, and the scent from her clothes was spread to a distance.

53 And she hurried and caught hold of Yoseph and his garments, and she said to him, As the melech lives if you will not perform my request you shall die this day, and she hurried and stretched forth her other hand and drew a sword from beneath her garments, and she placed it upon Yoseph’s neck, and she said, Rise and perform my request, and if not you die this day.

54 And Yoseph was afraid of her at her doing this thing, and he rose up to flee from her, and she seized the front of his garments, and in the terror of his flight the garment which Zelicah seized was torn, and Yoseph left the garment in the hand of Zelicah, and he fled and got out, for he was in fear.

55 And when Zelicah saw that Yoseph’s garment was torn, and that he had left it in her hand, and had fled, she was afraid of her life, lest the report should spread concerning her, and she rose up and acted with cunning, and put off the garments in which she was dressed, and she put on her other garments.

56 And she took Yoseph’s garment, and she laid it beside her, and she went and seated herself in the place where she had sat in her illness, before the people of her house had gone out to the river, and she called a young lad who was then in the house, and she ordered him to call the people of the house to her.

57 And when she saw them she said to them with a loud voice and lamentation, See what an Ivri your master has brought to me in the house, for he came this day to lie with me.

58 For when you had gone out he came to the house, and seeing that there was no person in the house, he came to me, and caught hold of me, with intent to lie with me.

59 And I seized his garments and tore them and called out against him with a loud voice, and when I had lifted up my voice he was afraid of his life and left his garment before me, and fled.

60 And the people of her house spoke nothing, but their wrath was very much kindled against Yoseph, and they went to his master and told him the words of his wife.

61 And Potiphar came home enraged, and his wife cried out to him, saying, What is this thing that you have done to me in bringing an Ivri servant into my house, for he came to me this day to sport with me; this did he do to me this day.

62 And Potiphar heard the words of his wife, and he ordered Yoseph to be punished with severe stripes, and they did so to him.

63 And while they were smiting him, Yoseph called out with a loud voice, and he lifted up his eyes to the shamayim, and he said, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, you know that I am innocent of all these things, and why shall I die this day through falsehood, by the hand of these uncircumcised wicked men, whom you know?

64 And while Potiphar’s men were beating Yoseph, he continued to cry out and weep, and there was a child there eleven months old, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 opened the mouth of the child, and he spoke these words before Potiphar’s men, who were smiting Yoseph, saying,

65 What do you want of this man, and why do you do this evil to him? My ema speaks falsely and utters lies; this was what happened.

66 And the child told them accurately all that happened, and all the words of Zelicah to Yoseph day after day did he declare to them.

67 And all the men heard the words of the child and they wondered greatly at the child’s words, and the child ceased to speak and became still.

68 And Potiphar was very much ashamed at the words of his son, and he commanded his men not to beat Yoseph any more, and the men ceased beating Yoseph.

69 And Potiphar took Yoseph and ordered him to be brought to mishpat before the priests, who were shophtim belonging to the melech, in order to judge him concerning this affair.

70 And Potiphar and Yoseph came before the priests who were the melech’s shophtim, and he said to them, Decide I ask you, what mishpat is due to a servant, for this has he done.

71 And the priests said to Yoseph, Why did you do this thing to your master? And Yoseph answered them, saying, Not so my masters, this was the matter; and Potiphar said to Yoseph, Surely I entrusted in your hands all that belonged to me, and I withheld nothing from you but my wife, and how could you do this evil?

72 And Yoseph answered saying, Not so my master, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives, and as your being lives, my master, the word that you did hear from your wife is untrue, for this was the affair this day.

73 A year has elapsed to me since I have been in your house; have you seen any iniquity in me, or anything that might cause you to demand my life?

74 And the priests said to Potiphar, Send, we ask you, and let them bring before us Yoseph’s torn garment, and let us see the tear in it, and if it shall be that the tear is in front of the garment, then his face must have been opposite to her and she must have caught hold of him, to come to her, and with deceit did your wife do all that she has spoken.

75 And they brought Yoseph’s garment before the priests who were shophtim, and they saw and behold the tear was in front of Yoseph, and all the judging priests knew that she had pressed him, and they said, The mishpat of death is not due to this slave for he has done nothing, but his mishpat is, that he be placed in the prison house on account of the report, which through him has gone forth against your wife.

76 And Potiphar heard their words, and he placed him in the prison house, the place where the melech’s prisoners are confined, and Yoseph was in the house of confinement twelve years.

77 And notwithstanding this, his master’s wife did not turn from him, and she did not cease from speaking to him day after day to listen to her, and at the end of three months Zelicah continued going to Yoseph to the house of confinement day by day, and she enticed him to listen to her, and Zelicah said to Yoseph, How long will you remain in this house? But listen now to my voice, and I will bring you out of this house.

78 And Yoseph answered her, saying, It is better for me to remain in this house than to listen to your words, to sin against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; and she said to him, If you will not perform my wish, I will pluck out your eyes, add fetters to your feet, and will deliver you into the hands of them whom you did not know before.

79 And Yoseph answered her and said, Behold the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the whole earth is able to deliver me from all that you can do to me, for he opens the eyes of the blind, and looses those that are bound, and preserves all strangers who are unacquainted with the land.

80 And when Zelicah was unable to persuade Yoseph to listen to her, she left off going to entice him; and Yoseph was still confined in the house of confinement. And Yaakov the abba of Yoseph, and all his brothers who were in the land of Kanaan still mourned and wept in those days on account of Yoseph, for Yaakov refused to be comforted for his son Yoseph, and Yaakov cried aloud, and wept and mourned all those days.

45 And it was at that time in that year, which is the year of Yoseph’s going down to Mitzrayim after his brothers had sold him, that Reuven the son of Yaakov went to Timnah and took to him for a wife Eliuram, the daughter of Avi the Canaanite, and he came to her.

2 And Eliuram the wife of Reuven conceived and bare him Hanoch, Palu, Chetzron and Carmi, four sons; and Shimeon his brother took his sister Dinah for a wifeΒ and she bare to him Memuel, Yamin, Ohad, Yachin and Zochar, five sons.

3 And he afterward came to Bunah the Canaanitish woman, the same is Bunah whom Shimeon took captive from the city of Shechem, and Bunah was before Dinah and attended upon her, and Shimeon came to her, and she bare to him Shaul.

4 And Yahudah went at that time to Adulam, and he came to a man of Adulam, and his name was Hirah, and Yahudah saw there the daughter of a man from Kanaan, and her name was Aliyath, the daughter of Shua, and he took her, and came to her, and Aliyath bare to Yahudah, Er, Onan and Shiloh; three sons.

5 And Levi and Yissacher went to the land of the east, and they took to themselves for wives the daughters of Yovab the son of Yoktan, the son of Ever; and Yovab the son of Yoktan had two daughters; the name of the zachena was Adinah, and the name of the younger was Aridah.

6 And Levi took Adinah, and Yissacher took Aridah, and they came to the land of Kanaan, to their abba’s house, and Adinah bare to Levi, Gershon, Kohath and Merari; three sons.

7 And Aridah bare to Yissacher Tola, Puvah, Iyov and Shomron, four sons; and Dan went to the land of Moav and took for a wife Aphlaleth, the daughter of Chamudan the Moavite, and he brought her to the land of Kanaan.

8 And Aphlaleth was barren, she had no offspring, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 afterward remembered Aphlaleth the wife of Dan, and she conceived and bare a son, and she called his name Chushim.

9 And Gad and Naphtali went to Charan and took from there the daughters of Amuram the son of Uz, the son of Nachor, for wives.

10 And these are the names of the daughters of Amuram; the name of the zachena was Merimah, and the name of the younger Uzith; and Naphtali took Merimah, and Gad took Uzith; and brought them to the land of Kanaan, to their abba’s house.

11 And Merimah bare to Naphtali Yachzeel, Guni, Yazer and Shalem, four sons; and Uzith bare to Gad Zephion, Chagi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi and Arali, seven sons.

12 And Asher went forth and took Adon the daughter of Aphlal, the son of Hadad, the son of Yishmael, for a wife, and he brought her to the land of Kanaan.

13 And Adon the wife of Asher died in those days: she had no offspring; and it was after the death of Adon that Asher went to the other side of the river and took for a wife Chadurah the daughter of Avimael, the son of Ever, the son of Shem.

14 And the young woman was of a comely appearance, and a woman of sense, and she had been the wife of Malkiel the son of Eylam, the son of Shem.

15 And Chadurah bare a daughter to Malkiel, and he called her name Serach, and Malkiel died after this, and Chadurah went and remained in her abba’s house.

16 And after the death of the wife at Asher he went and took Chadurah for a wife, and brought her to the land of Kanaan, and Serach her daughter he also brought with them, and she was three years old, and the damsel was brought up in Yaakov’s house.

17 And the damsel was of a comely appearance, and she went in the set-apart halachot of the children of Yaakov; she lacked nothing, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave her wisdom and understanding.

18 And Chadurah the wife of Asher conceived and bare to him Yimnah, Yishvah, Yishvi and Beriyah; four sons.

19 And Zevulun went to Midiyan, and took for a wife Merishah the daughter of Molad, the son of Avida, the son of Midiyan, and brought her to the land of Kanaan.

20 And Merushah bare to Zevulun Sered, Eylon and Yachleel; three sons.

21 And Yaakov sent to Aram, the son of Zova, the son of Terah, and he took for his son Binyamin Mechaliyah the daughter of Aram, and she came to the land of Kanaan to the house of Yaakov; and Binyamin was ten years old when he took Mechaliyah the daughter of Aram for a wife.

22 And Mechaliyah conceived and bare to Binyamin Bela, Becher, Ashvel, Gera and Naaman, five sons; and Binyamin went afterward and took for a wife Arivath, the daughter of Shomron, the son of Avraham, in addition to his first wife, and he was eighteen years old; and Arivath bare to Binyamin Achi, Vosh, Mupim, Chupim, and Ord; five sons.

23 And in those days Yahudah went to the house of Shem and took Tamar the daughter of Eylam, the son of Shem, for a wife for his bechor Er.

24 And Er came to his wife Tamar, and she became his wife, and when he came to her he outwardly destroyed his zera, and his work was evil in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 slew him.

25 And it was after the death of Er, Yahudah’s bechor, that Yahudah said to Onan, go to your brother’s wife and marry her as the next of kin, and raise up zera to your brother.

26 And Onan took Tamar for a wife and he came to her, and Onan also did like to the work of his brother, and his work was evil in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he slew him also.

27 And when Onan died, Yahudah said to Tamar, Remain in your abba’s house until my son Shiloh shall have grown up, and Yahudah did no more delight in Tamar, to give her to Shiloh, for he said, Perhaps he will also die like his brothers.

28 And Tamar rose up and went and remained in her abba’s house, and Tamar was in her abba’s house for some time.

29 And at the turn of the year, Aliyath the wife of Yahudah died; and Yahudah was comforted for his wife, and after the death of Aliyath, Yahudah went up with his friend Hirah to Timnah to shear their sheep.

30 And Tamar heard that Yahudah had gone up to Timnah to shear the sheep, and that Shiloh was grown up, and Yahudah did not delight in her.

31 And Tamar rose up and put off the garments of her widowhood, and she put a vail upon her, and she entirely covered herself, and she went and sat in the public thoroughfare, which is upon the road to Timnah.

32 And Yahudah passed and saw her and took her and he came to her, and she conceived by him, and at the time of being delivered, behold, there were twins in her womb, and he called the name of the first Peretz, and the name of the second Zarah.

46 In those days Yoseph was still confined in the prison house in the land of Mitzrayim.

2 At that time the attendants of Pharaoh were standing before him, the chief of the butlers and the chief of the bakers who belonged to the melech of Mitzrayim.

3 And the butler took wine and placed it before the melech to drink, and the baker placed bread before the melech to eat, and the melech drank of the wine and ate of the bread, he and his servants and ministers that ate at the melech’s table.

4 And while they were eating and drinking, the butler and the baker remained there, and Pharaoh’s ministers found many flies in the wine, which the butler had brought, and stones of nitre were found in the baker’s bread.

5 And the captain of the guard placed Yoseph as an attendant on Pharaoh’s officers, and Pharaoh’s officers were in confinement one year.

6 And at the end of the year, they both dreamed dreams in one night, in the place of confinement where they were, and in the morning Yoseph came to them to attend upon them as usual, and he saw them, and behold their countenances were dejected and sad.

7 And Yoseph asked them, Why are your countenances sad and dejected this day? And they said to him, We dreamed a dream, and there is no one to interpret it; and Yoseph said to them, Relate, I ask you, your dream to me, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 shall give you an answer of shalom as you desire.

8 And the butler related his dream to Yoseph, and he said, I saw in my dream, and behold a large vine was before me, and upon that vine I saw three branches, and the vine speedily blossomed and reached a great height, and its clusters were ripened and became grapes.

9 And I took the grapes and pressed them in a cup, and placed it in Pharaoh’s hand and he drank; and Yoseph said to him, The three branches that were upon the vine are three days.

10 Yet within three days, the melech will order you to be brought out and he will restore you to your office, and you shall give the melech his wine to drink as at first when you were his butler; but let me find favor in your sight, that you shall remember me to Pharaoh when it will be well with you, and do chesed to me, and get me brought forth from this prison, for I was stolen away from the land of Kanaan and was sold for a slave to this place.

11 And also that which was told you concerning my master’s wife is false, for they placed me in this dungeon for nothing; and the butler answered Yoseph, saying, If the melech deal well with me as at first, as you last interpreted to me, I will do all that you desire, and get you brought out of this dungeon.

12 And the baker, seeing that Yoseph had accurately interpreted the butler’s dream, also approached, and related the whole of his dream to Yoseph.

13 And he said to him, In my dream I saw and behold three white baskets upon my head, and I looked, and behold there were in the upper-most basket all manner of baked meats for Pharaoh, and behold the birds were eating them from off my head.

14 And Yoseph said to him, The three baskets that you did see are three days, yet within three days Pharaoh will take off your head, and hang you upon a tree, and the birds will eat your flesh from off you, as you saw in your dream.

15 In those days the queen was about to be delivered, and upon that day she bare a son to the melech of Mitzrayim, and they proclaimed that the melech had gotten his bechor and all the people of Mitzrayim together with the officers and servants of Pharaoh rejoiced greatly.

16 And upon the third day of his birth Pharaoh made a feast for his officers and servants, for the hosts of the land of Zoar and of the land of Mitzrayim.

17 And all the people of Mitzrayim and the servants of Pharaoh came to eat and drink with the melech at the feast of his son, and to rejoice at the melech’s rejoicing.

18 And all the officers of the melech and his servants were rejoicing at that time for eight days at the feast, and they made merry with all sorts of musical instruments, with timbrels and with dances in the melech’s house for eight days.

19 And the butler, to whom Yoseph had interpreted his dream, forgot Yoseph, and he did not mention him to the melech as he had promised, for this thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in order to punish Yoseph because he had trusted in man.

20 And Yoseph remained after this in the prison house two years, until he had completed twelve years.

47 And Yitzchak the son of Avraham was still living in those days in the land of Kanaan; he was very aged, one hundred and eighty years old, and Esav his son, the brother of Yaakov, was in the land of Edom, and he and his sons had possessions in it among the children of Seir.

2 And Esav heard that his abba’s time was drawing near to die, and he and his sons and household came to the land of Kanaan, to his abba’s house, and Yaakov and his sons went forth from the place where they dwelt in Hevron, and they all came to their abba Yitzchak, and they found Esav and his sons in the tent.

3 And Yaakov and his sons sat before his abba Yitzchak, and Yaakov was still mourning for his son Yoseph.

4 And Yitzchak said to Yaakov, Bring me here your sons and I will bless them; and Yaakov brought his eleven children before his abba Yitzchak.

5 And Yitzchak placed his hands upon all the sons of Yaakov, and he took hold of them and embraced them, and kissed them one by one, and Yitzchak blessed them on that day, and he said to them, May the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of your ahvot bless you and increase your zera like the stars of the shamayim for number.

6 And Yitzchak also blessed the sons of Esav, saying, May 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 cause you to be a dread and a terror to all that will behold you, and to all your enemies.

7 And Yitzchak called Yaakov and his sons, and they all came and sat before Yitzchak, and Yitzchak said to Yaakov, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the whole earth said to me,Β Unto your zera will I give this land for an inheritance if your children keep my chukim and my halachot, and I will perform to them the oath which I swore to your abba Avraham.

8 Now therefore my son, teach your children and your children’s children to fear 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and to go in the tov way which will please 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, for if you keep the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His chukim 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will also keep with you His covenant with Avraham, and will do well with you and your zera all the days.

9 And when Yitzchak had finished commanding Yaakov and his children, he gave up the spirit and died, and was gathered to his people.

10 And Yaakov and Esav fell upon the face of their abba Yitzchak, and they wept, and Yitzchak was one hundred and eighty years old when he died in the land of Kanaan, in Hevron, and his sons carried him to the cave of Machpelah, which Avraham had bought from the children of Cheth for a possession of a burial place.

11 And all the melechim of the land of Kanaan went with Yaakov and Esav to bury Yitzchak, and all the melechim of Kanaan showed Yitzchak great honor at his death.

12 And the sons of Yaakov and the sons of Esav went barefooted round about, walking and lamenting until they reached Kiryath-Arba.

13 And Yaakov and Esav buried their abba Yitzchak in the cave of Machpelah, which is in Kiryath-Arba in Hevron, and they buried him with very great honor, as at the funeral of melechim.

14 And Yaakov and his sons, and Esav and his sons, and all the melechim of Kanaan made a great and heavy mourning, and they buried him and mourned for him many days.

15 And at the death of Yitzchak, he left his cattle and his possessions and all belonging to him to his sons; and Esav said to Yaakov, Behold I ask you, all that our abba has left we will divide it in two parts, and I will have the choice, and Yaakov said, We will do so.

16 And Yaakov took all that Yitzchak had left in the land of Kanaan, the cattle and the property, and he placed them in two parts before Esav and his sons, and he said to Esav, Behold all this is before you, choose for yourself the half that you will take.

17 And Yaakov said to Esav, Hear you I ask you what I will speak to you, saying, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the shamayim and earth spoke to our ahvot Avraham and Yitzchak, saying, Unto your zera will I give this land for an inheritance le-olam-va-ed.

18 Now therefore all that our abba has left is before you, and behold all the land is before you; choose you from them what you desire.

19 If you desire the whole land take it for you and your children le-olam-va-ed, and I will take this riches, and if you desire the riches take it to you, and I will take this land for me and for my children to inherit it le-olam-va-ed.

20 And Nevayoth, the son of Yishmael, was then in the land with his children, and Esav went on that day and consulted with him, saying.

21 This has Yaakov spoken to me, and this has he answered me, now give your advice and we will hear.

22 And Nevayoth said, What is this that Yaakov has spoken to you? Behold all the children of Kanaan are dwelling securely in their land, and Yaakov says he will inherit it with his zera all the days.

23 Go now therefore and take all your abba’s riches and leave Yaakov your brother in the land, as he has spoken.

24 And Esav rose up and returned to Yaakov, and did all that Nevayoth the son of Yishmael had advised; and Esav took all the riches that Yitzchak had left, the beings, the beasts, the cattle and the property, and all the riches; he gave nothing to his brother Yaakov; and Yaakov took all the land of Kanaan, from the brook of Mitzrayim to the River Euphrates, and he took it for an everlasting possession, and for his children and for his zera after him le-olam-va-ed.

25 Yaakov also took from his brother Esav the cave of Machpelah, which is in Hevron, which Avraham had bought from Ephron for a possession of a burial place for him and his zera le-olam-va-ed.

26 And Yaakov wrote all these things in the scroll of purchase, and he signed it, and he testified all this with four faithful witnesses.

27 And these are the words which Yaakov wrote in the scroll, saying: The land of Kanaan and all the cities of the Hittites, the Hivites, the Yevusites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, and the Gergashites, all the seven nations from the river of Mitzrayim to the River Euphrates.

28 And the city of Hevron Kiryath-Arba, and the cave which is in it, the whole land did Yaakov buy from his brother Esav for value, for a possession and for an inheritance for his zera after him le-olam-va-ed.

29 And Yaakov took the scroll of purchase and the signature, the command and the statutes and the revealed scroll, and he placed them in an earthen vessel in order that they should remain for a long time, and he delivered them into the hands of his children.

30 Esav took all that his abba had left him after his death from his brother Yaakov, and he took all the property, from man and beast, camel and donkey, ox and lamb, silver and gold, stones and bdellium, and all the riches which had belonged to Yitzchak the son of Avraham; there was nothing left which Esav did not take to himself, from all that Yitzchak had left after his death.

31 And Esav took all this, and he and his children went home to the land of Seir the Horite, away from his brother Yaakov and his children.

32 And Esav had possessions among the children of Seir, and Esav returned not to the land of Kanaan from that day forward.

33 And the whole land of Kanaan became an inheritance to the children of Yisrael for an everlasting inheritance, and Esav with all his children inherited the mountain of Seir.

48 In those days, after the death of Yitzchak, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded and caused a famine upon the whole earth.

2 At that time Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim was sitting upon his throne in the land of Mitzrayim, and lay in his bed and dreamed dreams, and Pharaoh saw in his dream that he was standing by the side of the river of Mitzrayim.

3 And while he was standing he saw and behold seven fat fleshed and well-favored kine came up out of the river.

4 And seven other kine, lean fleshed and ill favored, came up after them, and the seven ill favored ones swallowed up the well favored ones, and still their appearance was ill as at first.

5 And he awoke, and he slept again and he dreamed a second time, and he saw and behold seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and tov, and seven thin ears blasted with the east wind sprang, up after them, and the thin ears swallowed up the full ones, and Pharaoh awoke out of his dream.

6 And in the morning the melech remembered his dreams, and his ruach was sadly troubled on account of his dreams, and the melech hurried and sent and called for all the magicians of Mitzrayim, and the wise men, and they came and stood before Pharaoh.

7 And the melech said to them, I have dreamed dreams, and there is none to interpret them; and they said to the melech, relate your dreams to your servants and let us hear them.

8 And the melech related his dreams to them, and they all answered and said with one voice to the melech, may the melech live le-olam-va-ed; and this is the interpretation of your dreams.

9 The seven tov kine which you did see denote seven daughters that will be born to you in the latter-days, and the seven kine which you saw come up after them, and swallowed them up, are for a sign that the daughters which will be born to you will all die in the life-time of the melech.

10 And that which you did see in the second dream of seven full tov ears of corn coming up upon one stalk, this is their interpretation, that you will build to yourself in the latter-days seven cities throughout the land of Mitzrayim; and that which you saw of the seven blasted ears of corn springing up after them and swallowing them up while you did behold them with your eyes, is for a sign that the cities which you will build will all be destroyed in the latter-days, in the life-time of the melech.

11 And when they spoke these words the melech did not incline his ear to their words, neither did he fix his heart upon them, for the melech knew in his wisdom that they did not give a proper interpretation of the dreams; and when they had finished speaking before the melech, the melech answered them, saying, What is this thing that you have spoken to me? Surely you have uttered falsehood and spoken lies; therefore now give the proper interpretation of my dreams that you may not die.

12 And the melech commanded after this, and he sent and called again for other wise men, and they came and stood before the melech, and the melech related his dreams to them, and they all answered him according to the first interpretation, and the melech’s anger was kindled and he was very angry, and the melech said to them, Surely you speak lies and utter falsehood in what you have said.

13 And the melech commanded that a proclamation should be issued throughout the land of Mitzrayim, saying, It is resolved by the melech and his great men, that any wise man who knows and understands the interpretation of dreams, and will not come this day before the melech, shall die.

14 And the man that will declare to the melech the proper interpretation of his dreams, there shall be given to him all that he will require from the melech. And all the wise men of the land of Mitzrayim came before the melech, together with all the magicians and sorcerers that were in Mitzrayim and in Goshen, in Rameses, in Tachpanches, in Zoar, and in all the places on the borders of Mitzrayim, and they all stood before the melech.

15 And all the nobles and the princes, and the attendants belonging to the melech, came together from all the cities of Mitzrayim, and they all sat before the melech, and the melech related his dreams before the wise men, and the princes, and all that sat before the melech were astonished at the vision.

16 And all the wise men that were before the melech were greatly divided in their interpretation of his dreams; some of them interpreted them to the melech, saying, The seven tov kine are seven melechim, who from the melech’s issue will be raised over Mitzrayim.

17 And the seven bad kine are seven princes, who will stand up against them in the latter-days and destroy them; and the seven ears of corn are the seven great princes belonging to Mitzrayim, who will fall in the hands of the seven less powerful princes of their enemies, in the wars of our master the melech.

18 And some of them interpreted to the melech in this manner, saying, The seven tov kine are the strong cities of Mitzrayim, and the seven bad kine are the seven nations of the land of Kanaan, who will come against the seven cities of Mitzrayim in the latter-days and destroy them.

19 And that which you saw in the second dream, of seven tov and bad ears of corn, is a sign that the government of Mitzrayim will again return to your zera as at first.

20 And in his reign the people of the cities of Mitzrayim will turn against the seven cities of Kanaan who are stronger than they are, and will destroy them, and the government of Mitzrayim will return to your zera.

21 And some of them said to the melech, This is the interpretation of your dreams; the seven tov kine are seven queens, whom you will take for wives in the latter-days, and the seven bad kine denote that those women will all die in the lifetime of the melech.

22 And the seven tov and bad ears of corn which you did see in the second dream are fourteen children, and it will be in the latter-days that they will stand up and fight among themselves, and seven of them will smite the seven that are more powerful.

23 And some of them said these words to the melech, saying, The seven tov kine denote that seven children will be born to you, and they will slay seven of your children’s children in the latter-days; and the seven tov ears of corn which you did see in the second dream, are those princes against whom seven other less powerful princes will fight and destroy them in the latter-days, and avenge your children’s cause, and the government will again return to your zera.

24 And the melech heard all the words of the wise men of Mitzrayim and their interpretation of his dreams, and none of them pleased the melech.

25 And the melech knew in his wisdom that they did not altogether speak correctly in all these words, for this was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to frustrate the words of the wise men of Mitzrayim, in order that Yoseph might go forth from the house of confinement, and in order that he should become great in Mitzrayim.

26 And the melech saw that none among all the wise men and magicians of Mitzrayim spoke correctly to him, and the melech’s wrath was kindled, and his anger burned within him.

27 And the melech commanded that all the wise men and magicians should go out from before him, and they all went out from before the melech with shame and disgrace.

28 And the melech commanded that a proclamation be sent throughout Mitzrayim to slay all the magicians that were in Mitzrayim, and not one of them should be allowed to live.

29 And the captains of the guards belonging to the melech rose up, and each man drew his sword, and they began to smite the magicians of Mitzrayim, and the wise men.

30 And after this Merod, chief butler to the melech, came and bowed down before the melech and sat before him.

31 And the butler said to the melech, May the melech live le-olam-va-ed, and his government be exalted in the land.

32 You were angry with your servant in those days, now two years past, and did place me in the prison, and I was for some time in the prison, I and the chief of the bakers.

33 And there was with us an Ivri servant belonging to the captain of the guard, his name was Yoseph, for his master had been angry with him and placed him in the house of confinement, and he attended us there.

34 And in some time after when we were in the prison, we dreamed dreams in one night, I and the chief of the bakers; we dreamed, each man according to the interpretation of his dream.

35 And we came in the morning and told them to that servant, and he interpreted to us our dreams, to each man according to his dream, did he correctly interpret.

36 And it came to pass as he interpreted to us, so was the event; there fell not to the ground any of his words.

37 And now therefore my master and melech do not slay the people of Mitzrayim for nothing. Behold that slave is still confined in the house by the captain of the guard his master, in the house of confinement.

38 If it pleases the melech let him send for him that he may come before you and he will make known to you, the correct interpretation of the dream that you did dream.

39 And the melech heard the words of the chief butler, and the melech ordered that the wise men of Mitzrayim should not be slain.

40 And the melech ordered his servants to bring Yoseph before him, and the melech said to them, Go to him and do not terrify him lest he be confused and will not know to speak properly.

41 And the servants of the melech went to Yoseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon, and the melech’s servants shaved him, and he changed his prison garment and he came before the melech.

42 And the melech was sitting upon his royal throne in a princely dress girt around with a golden ephod, and the fine gold which was upon it sparkled, and the carbuncle and the ruby and the emerald, together with all the precious stones that were upon the melech’s head, dazzled the eye, and Yoseph wondered greatly at the melech.

43 And the throne upon which the melech sat was covered with gold and silver, and with onyx stones, and it had seventy steps.

44 And it was their custom throughout the land of Mitzrayim, that every man who came to speak to the melech, if he was a prince or one that was estimable in the sight of the melech, he ascended to the melech’s throne as far as the thirty-first step, and the melech would descend to the thirty-sixth step, and speak with him.

45 If he was one of the common people, he ascended to the third step, and the melech would descend to the fourth and speak to him, and their custom was, moreover, that any man who understood to speak in all the seventy languages, he ascended the seventy steps, and went up and spoke till he reached the melech.

46 And any man who could not complete the seventy, he ascended as many steps as the languages which he knew to speak in.

47 And it was customary in those days in Mitzrayim that no one should reign over them, but who understood to speak in the seventy languages.

48 And when Yoseph came before the melech he bowed down to the ground before the melech, and he ascended to the third step, and the melech sat upon the fourth step and spoke with Yoseph.

49 And the melech said to Yoseph, I dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter to interpret it properly, and I commanded this day that all the magicians of Mitzrayim and the wise men of it, should come before me, and I related my dreams to them, and no one has properly interpreted them to me.

50 And after this, I this day heard concerning you that you are a wise man, and can correctly interpret every dream that you hear.

51 And Yoseph answered Pharaoh, saying, Let Pharaoh relate his dreams that he dreamed; surely the interpretations belong to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄; and Pharaoh related his dreams to Yoseph, the dream of the kine, and the dream of the ears of corn, and the melech left off speaking.

52 And Yoseph was then clothed with the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 before the melech, and he knew all the things that would befall the melech from that day forward, and he knew the proper interpretation of the melech’s dream, and he spoke before the melech.

53 And Yoseph found favor in the sight of the melech, and the melech inclined his ears and his heart, and he heard all the words of Yoseph. And Yoseph said to the melech, Do not imagine that they are two dreams, for it is only one dream, for that which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has chosen to do throughout the land he has shown to the melech in his dream, and this is the proper interpretation of your dream:

54 The seven tov kine and ears of corn are seven years, and the seven bad kine and ears of corn are also seven years; it is one dream.

55 Behold the seven years that are coming there will be a great plenty throughout the land, and after that the seven years of famine will follow them, a very grievous famine; and all the plenty will be forgotten from the land, and the famine will consume the inhabitants of the land.

56 The melech dreamed one dream, and the dream was therefore repeated to Pharaoh because the thing is established by 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will shortly bring it to pass.

57 Now therefore I will give you counsel and deliver your being and the beings of the inhabitants of the land from the evil of the famine, that you seek throughout your malchut for a man very discreet and wise, who knows all the affairs of government, and appoint him to superintend over the land of Mitzrayim.

58 And let the man whom you place over Mitzrayim appoint officers under him, that they gather in all the food of the tov years that are coming, and let them lay up corn and deposit it in your appointed stores.

59 And let them keep that food for the seven years of famine, that it may be found for you and your people and your whole land, and that you and your land are not cut off by the famine.

60 Let all the inhabitants of the land be also ordered that they gather in, every man the produce of his field, of all sorts of food, during the seven tov years, and that they place it in their stores, that it may be found for them in the days of the famine and that they may live upon it.

61 This is the proper interpretation of your dream, and this is the counsel given to save your being and the beings of all your subjects.

62 And the melech answered and said to Yoseph, Who says and who knows that your words are correct? And he said to the melech, This shall be a sign for you respecting all my words, that they are emet and that my advice is tov for you.

63 Behold your wife sits this day upon the stool of delivery, and she will bear you a son and you will rejoice with him; when your child shall have gone forth from his ema’s womb, your bechor son that has been born these two years back shall die, and you will be comforted in the child that will be born to you this day.

64 And Yoseph finished speaking these words to the melech, and he bowed down to the melech and he went out, and when Yoseph had gone out from the melech’s presence, those signs which Yoseph had spoken to the melech came to pass on that day.

65 And the queen bare a son on that day and the melech heard the glad tidings about his son, and he rejoiced, and when the reporter had gone forth from the melech’s presence, the melech’s servants found the bechor of the melech fallen dead upon the ground.

66 And there was great lamentation and noise in the melech’s house, and the melech heard it, and he said, What is the noise and lamentation that I have heard in the house? And they told the melech that his bechor had died; then the melech knew that all Yoseph’s words that he had spoken were correct, and then the melech was consoled about his son, by the child that was born to him on that day, as Yoseph had spoken.

49 After these things the melech sent and assembled all his officers and servants, and all the princes and nobles belonging to the melech, and they all came before the melech.

2 And the melech said to them, Behold you have seen and heard all the words of this Ivri man, and all the signs that he declared would come to pass, and not any of his words have fallen to the ground.

3 You know that he has given a proper interpretation of the dream, and it will surely come to pass, now therefore take counsel, and know what you will do and how the land will be delivered from the famine.

4 Seek now and see whether the like can be found, in whose heart there is wisdom and knowledge, and I will appoint him over the land.

5 For you have heard what the Ivri man has advised concerning this to save the land therewith from the famine, and I know that the land will not be delivered from the famine without the advice of the Ivri man, him that advised me.

6 And they all answered the melech and said, The counsel which the Ivri has given concerning this is tov; now therefore, our master and melech, behold the whole land is in your hand, do that which seems tov in your sight.

7 Him whom you choose, and whom you in your wisdom know to be wise and capable of delivering the land with his wisdom, him shall the melech appoint to be under him over the land.

8 And the melech said to all the officers: I have thought that since 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has made known to the Ivri man all that he has spoken, there is none so discreet and wise in the whole land as he is; if it seem tov in your sight I will place him over the land, for he will save the land with his wisdom.

9 And all the officers answered the melech and said, But surely it is written in the laws of Mitzrayim, and it should not be violated, that no man shall reign over Mitzrayim, nor be the second to the melech, but one who has knowledge in all the languages of the sons of men.

10 Now therefore our master and melech, behold this Ivri man can only speak the Ivri language, and how then can he be over us the second under government, a man who not even knows our language?

11 Now we ask you send for him, and let him come before you, and prove him in all things, and do as you see fit.

12 And the melech said, It shall be done tomorrow, and the thing that you have spoken is tov; and all the officers came on that day before the melech.

13 And on that night 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent one of his ministering malachim, and he came into the land of Mitzrayim to Yoseph, and the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 stood over Yoseph, and behold Yoseph was lying in the bed at night in his master’s house in the dungeon, for his master had put him back into the dungeon on account of his wife.

14 And the malach roused him from his sleep, and Yoseph rose up and stood upon his legs, and behold the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was standing opposite him; and the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 spoke with Yoseph, and he taught him all the languages of man in that night, and he called his name Yahoseph

15 And the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 went from him, and Yoseph returned and lay upon his bed, and Yoseph was astonished at the vision that he saw.

16 And it came to pass in the morning that the melech sent for all his officers and servants, and they all came and sat before the melech, and the melech ordered Yoseph to be brought, and the melech’s servants went and brought Yoseph before Pharaoh.

17 And the melech came forth and ascended the steps of the throne, and Yoseph spoke to the melech in all languages, and Yoseph went up to him and spoke to the melech until he arrived before the melech in the seventieth step, and he sat before the melech.

18 And the melech greatly rejoiced on account of Yoseph, and all the melech’s officers rejoiced greatly with the melech when they heard all the words of Yoseph.

19 And the thing seemed tov in the sight of the melech and the officers, to appoint Yoseph to be second to the melech over the whole land of Mitzrayim, and the melech spoke to Yoseph, saying,

20 Now you did give me counsel to appoint a wise man over the land of Mitzrayim, in order with his wisdom to save the land from the famine; now therefore, since 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has made all this known to you, and all the words which you have spoken, there is not throughout the land a discreet and wise man like you.

21 And your name no more shall be called Yoseph, but Zaphnath-Paaneah shall be your name; you shall be second to me, and according to your word shall be all the affairs of my government, and at your word shall my people go out and come in.

22 Also from under your hand shall my servants and officers receive their salary which is given to them monthly, and to you shall all the people of the land bow down; only in my throne will I be greater than you.

23 And the melech took off his ring from his hand and put it upon the hand of Yoseph, and the melech dressed Yoseph in a princely garment, and he put a golden keter upon his head, and he put a golden chain upon his neck.

24 And the melech commanded his servants, and they made him ride in the second mirkava belonging to the melech, that went opposite of the melech’s mirkava, and he caused him to ride upon a great and strong horse from the melech’s horses, and to be conducted through the streets of the land of Mitzrayim.

25 And the melech commanded that all those that played upon timbrels, harps and other musical instruments should go forth with Yoseph; one thousand timbrels, one thousand mecholoth, and one thousand nebalim went after him.

26 And five thousand men, with drawn swords glittering in their hands, and they went marching and playing before Yoseph, and twenty thousand of the great men of the melech dressed with girdles of skin covered with gold, marched at the right hand of Yoseph, and twenty thousand at his left, and all the women and damsels went upon the roofs or stood in the streets playing and rejoicing at Yoseph, and gazed at the appearance of Yoseph and at his beauty.

27 And the melech’s people went before him and behind him, perfuming the road with frankincense and with cassia, and with all sorts of fine perfume, and scattered myrrh and aloes along the road, and twenty men proclaimed these words before him throughout the land in a loud voice:

28 Do you see this man whom the melech has chosen to be his second? All the affairs of government shall be regulated by him, and he that transgresses his orders, or that does not bow down before him to the ground, shall die, for he rebels against the melech and his second.

29 And when the heralds had ceased proclaiming, all the people of Mitzrayim bowed down to the ground before Yoseph and said, May the melech live, also may his second live; and all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim bowed down along the road, and when the heralds approached them, they bowed down, and they rejoiced with all sorts of timbrels, mechol and nebal before Yoseph.

30 And Yoseph upon his horse lifted up his eyes to the shamayim, and called out and said, He raises the poor man from the dust, He lifts up the needy from the dunghill. O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Tzevaoth, happy is the man who trusts in you.

31 And Yoseph passed throughout the land of Mitzrayim with Pharaoh’s servants and officers, and they showed him the whole land of Mitzrayim and all the melech’s treasures.

32 And Yoseph returned and came on that day before Pharaoh, and the melech gave to Yoseph a possession in the land of Mitzrayim, a possession of fields and vineyards, and the melech gave to Yoseph three thousand talents of silver and one thousand talents of gold, and onyx stones and bdellium and many gifts.

33 And on the next day the melech commanded all the people of Mitzrayim to bring to Yoseph offerings and gifts, and that he that violated the command of the melech should die; and they made a high place in the street of the city, and they spread out garments there, and whoever brought anything to Yoseph put it into the high place.

34 And all the people of Mitzrayim cast something into the high place, one man a golden ear-ring, and the other rings and ear-rings, and different vessels of gold and silver work, and onyx stones and bdellium did he cast upon the high place; every one gave something of what he possessed.

35 And Yoseph took all these and placed them in his treasuries, and all the officers and nobles belonging to the melech exalted Yoseph, and they gave him many gifts, seeing that the melech had chosen him to be his second.

36 And the melech sent to Potiphera, the son of Ahiram priest of On, and he took his young daughter Osnath and gave her to Yoseph for a wife.

37 And the damsel was very comely, a virgin, one whom man had not known, and Yoseph took her for a wife; and the melech said to Yoseph, I am Pharaoh, and beside you none shall dare to lift up his hand or his foot to regulate my people throughout the land of Mitzrayim.

38 And Yoseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh, and Yoseph went out from before the melech, and he became the melech’s second in Mitzrayim.

39 And the melech gave Yoseph a hundred servants to attend him in his house, and Yoseph also sent and purchased many servants and they remained in the house of Yoseph.

40 Yoseph then built for himself a very magnificent house, like the houses of melechim, before the court of the melech’s palace, and he made in the house a large temple, very elegant in appearance and convenient for his residence; three years was Yoseph in erecting his house.

41 And Yoseph made for himself a very elegant throne of abundance of gold and silver, and he covered it with onyx stones and bdellium, and he made upon it the likeness of the whole land of Mitzrayim, and the likeness of the river of Mitzrayim that waters the whole land of Mitzrayim; and Yoseph sat securely upon his throne in his house and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 increased Yoseph’s wisdom.

42 And all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim and Pharaoh’s servants and his princes loved Yoseph exceedingly, for this thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to Yoseph.

43 And Yoseph had an army that made war, going out in hosts and troops to the number of forty thousand six hundred men, capable of bearing arms to assist the melech and Yoseph against the enemy, besides the melech’s officers and his servants and inhabitants of Mitzrayim without number.

44 And Yoseph gave to his mighty men, and to all his host, shields and javelins, and caps and coats of armor and stones for slinging.

50 At that time the children of Tarshish came against the sons of Yishmael, and made war with them, and the children of Tarshish spoiled the Yishmaelites for a long time.

2 And the children of Yishmael were small in number in those days, and they could not prevail over the children of Tarshish, and they were sorely oppressed.

3 And the old men of the Yishmaelites sent a record to the melech of Mitzrayim, saying, Send I beg you to your servants officers and hosts to help us to fight against the children of Tarshish, for we have been consuming away for a long time.

4 And Pharaoh sent Yoseph with the mighty men and host that were with him, and also his mighty men from the melech’s house.

5 And they went to the land of Havilah to the children of Yishmael, to assist them against the children of Tarshish, and the children of Yishmael fought with the children of Tarshish, and Yoseph smote the Tarshishites and he subdued all their land, and the children of Yishmael dwell therein to this day.

6 And when the land of Tarshish was subdued, all the Tarshishites ran away, and came on the border of their brothers the children of Yahvan, and Yoseph with all his mighty men and host returned to Mitzrayim, not one man of them missing.

7 And at the turn of the year, in the second year of Yoseph’s reigning over Mitzrayim, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave great plenty throughout the land for seven years as Yoseph had spoken, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 blessed all the produce of the earth in those days for seven years, and they ate and were greatly satisfied.

8 And Yoseph at that time had officers under him, and they collected all the food of the tov years, and heaped corn year by year, and they placed it in the treasuries of Yoseph.

9 And at any time when they gathered the food Yoseph commanded that they should bring the corn in the ears, and also bring with it some of the soil of the field, that it should not spoil.

10 And Yoseph did according to this year by year, and he heaped up corn like the sand of the sea for abundance, for his stores were immense and could not be numbered for abundance.

11 And also all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim gathered all sorts of food in their stores in great abundance during the seven tov years, but they did not do to it as Yoseph did.

12 And all the food that Yoseph and the Mitzrites had gathered during the seven years of plenty was secured for the land in stores for the seven years of famine, for the support of the whole land.

13 And the inhabitants of Mitzrayim filled each man his store and his concealed place with corn, to be for support during the famine.

14 And Yoseph placed all the food that he had gathered in all the cities of Mitzrayim, and he closed all the stores and placed guards over them.

15 And Yoseph’s wife Osnath the daughter of Potiphera bare him two sons, Menasheh and Ephraim, and Yoseph was thirty-four years old when he begat them.

16 And the lads grew up and they went in his halachot and in his Torot, they did not deviate from the halacha which their abba taught them, either to the right or left.

17 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with the lads, and they grew up and had understanding and skill in all wisdom and in all the affairs of government, and all the melech’s officers and his great men of the inhabitants of Mitzrayim exalted the lads, and they were brought up among the melech’s children.

18 And the seven years of plenty that were throughout the land were at an end, and the seven years of famine came after them as Yoseph had spoken, and the famine was throughout the land.

19 And all the people of Mitzrayim saw that the famine had commenced in the land of Mitzrayim, and all the people of Mitzrayim opened their stores of corn for the famine prevailed over them.

20 And they found all the food that was in their stores, full of vermin and not fit to eat, and the famine prevailed throughout the land, and all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim came and cried before Pharaoh, for the famine was heavy upon them.

21 And they said to Pharaoh, Give food to your servants, and why shall we die through hunger before your eyes, even we and our little ones?

22 And Pharaoh answered them, saying, And why do you cry to me? Did not Yoseph command that the corn should be laid up during the seven years of plenty for the years of famine? And why did you not listen to his voice?

23 And the people of Mitzrayim answered the melech, saying, As your being lives, our master, your servants have done all that Yoseph ordered, for your servants also gathered in all the produce of their fields during the seven years of plenty and laid it in the stores to this day.

24 And when the famine prevailed over your servants we opened our stores, and behold all our produce was filled with vermin and was not fit for food.

25 And when the melech heard all that had befallen the inhabitants of Mitzrayim, the melech was greatly afraid on account of the famine, and he was much terrified; and the melech answered the people of Mitzrayim, saying, Since all this has happened to you, go to Yoseph, do whatever he shall say to you, transgress not his commands.

26 And all the people of Mitzrayim went forth and came to Yoseph, and said to him, Give to us food, and why shall we die before you through hunger? For we gathered in our produce during the seven years as you did command, and we put it in store, and this has now befallen us.

27 And when Yoseph heard all the words of the people of Mitzrayim and what had befallen them, Yoseph opened all his stores of the produce and he sold it to the people of Mitzrayim.

28 And the famine prevailed throughout the land, and the famine was in all countries, but in the land of Mitzrayim there was produce for sale.

29 And all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim came to Yoseph to buy corn, for the famine prevailed over them, and all their corn was spoiled, and Yoseph daily sold it to all the people of Mitzrayim.

30 And all the inhabitants of the land of Kanaan and the Philistines, and those beyond the Yarden, and the children of the east and all the cities of the lands far and near heard that there was corn in Mitzrayim, and they all came to Mitzrayim to buy corn, for the famine prevailed over them.

31 And Yoseph opened the stores of corn and placed officers over them, and they daily stood and sold to all that came.

32 And Yoseph knew that his brothers also would come to Mitzrayim to buy corn, for the famine prevailed throughout the earth. And Yoseph commanded all his people that they should cause it to be proclaimed throughout the land of Mitzrayim, saying,

33 It is the pleasure of the melech, of his second and of their great men, that any person who wishes to buy corn in Mitzrayim shall not send his servants to Mitzrayim to purchase, but his sons, and also any Mitzrite or Kanaanite, who shall come from any of the stores from buying corn in Mitzrayim, and shall go and sell it throughout the land, he shall die, for no one shall buy but for the support of his household.

34 And any man leading two or three beasts shall die, for a man shall only lead his own beast.

35 And Yoseph placed guards at the gates of Mitzrayim, and commanded them, saying, Any person who may come to buy corn, allow him not to enter until his name, and the name of his abba, and the name of his abba’s abba be written down, and whatever is written by day, send their names to me in the evening that I may know their names.

36 And Yoseph placed officers throughout the land of Mitzrayim, and he commanded them to do all these things.

37 And Yoseph did all these things, and made these laws, in order that he might know when his brothers should come to Mitzrayim to buy corn; and Yoseph’s people caused it daily to be proclaimed in Mitzrayim according to these words and chukim that Yoseph had commanded.

38 And all the inhabitants of the east and west country, and of all the earth, heard of the statutes and regulations that Yoseph had enacted in Mitzrayim, and the inhabitants of the extreme parts of the earth came and they bought corn in Mitzrayim day after day, and then went away.

39 And all the officers of Mitzrayim did as Yoseph had commanded, and all that came to Mitzrayim to buy corn, the gate keepers would write their names, and their ahvots’ names, and daily bring them in the evening before Yoseph.

51 And Yaakov afterward heard that there was corn in Mitzrayim, and he called to his sons to go to Mitzrayim to buy corn, for upon them also did the famine prevail, and he called to his sons, saying,

2 Behold I hear that there is corn in Mitzrayim, and all the people of the earth go there to purchase, now therefore why will you show yourselves satisfied before the whole earth? Go you also down to Mitzrayim and buy us a little corn among those that come there, that we may not die.

3 And the sons of Yaakov hearkened to the voice of their abba, and they rose up to go down to Mitzrayim in order to buy corn among the rest that came there.

4 And Yaakov their abba commanded them, saying, When you come into the city do not enter together in one gate, on account of the inhabitants of the land.

5 And the sons of Yaakov went forth and they went to Mitzrayim, and the sons of Yaakov did all as their abba had commanded them, and Yaakov did not send Binyamin, for he said, Lest an accident might befall him on the road like his brother; and ten of Yaakov’s sons went forth.

6 And while the sons of Yaakov were going on the road, they repented of what they had done to Yoseph, and they spoke to each other, saying, We know that our brother Yoseph went down to Mitzrayim, and now we will seek him where we go, and if we find him we will take him from his master for a ransom, and if not, by force, and we will die for him.

7 And the sons of Yaakov agreed to this thing and strengthened themselves on account of Yoseph, to deliver him from the hand of his master, and the sons of Yaakov went to Mitzrayim; and when they came near to Mitzrayim they separated from each other, and they came through ten gates of Mitzrayim, and the gate keepers wrote their names on that day, and brought them to Yoseph in the evening.

8 And Yoseph read the names from the hand of the gate-keepers of the city, and he found that his brothers had entered at the ten gates of the city, and Yoseph at that time commanded that it should be proclaimed throughout the land of Mitzrayim, saying,

9 Go forth all you store guards, close all the corn stores and let only one remain open, that those who come may purchase from it.

10 And all the officers of Yoseph did so at that time, and they closed all the stores and left only one open.

11 And Yoseph gave the written names of his brothers to him that was set over the open store, and he said to him, Whosoever shall come to you to buy corn, ask his name, and when men of these names shall come before you, seize them and send them, and they did so.

12 And when the sons of Yaakov came into the city, they joined together in the city to seek Yoseph before they bought themselves corn.

13 And they went to the walls of the harlots, and they sought Yoseph in the walls of the harlots for three days, for they thought that Yoseph would come in the walls of the harlots, for Yoseph was very comely and well favored, and the sons of Yaakov sought Yoseph for three days, and they could not find him.

14 And the man who was set over the open store sought for those names that Yoseph had given him, and he did not find them.

15 And he sent to Yoseph, saying, These three days have passed, and those men whose names you did give to me have not come; and Yoseph sent servants to seek the men in all Mitzrayim, and to bring them before Yoseph.

16 And Yoseph’s servants went and came into Mitzrayim and could not find them, and went to Goshen and they were not there, and then went to the city of Rameses and could not find them.

17 And Yoseph continued to send sixteen servants to seek his brothers, and they went and spread themselves in the four corners of the city, and four of the servants went into the house of the harlots, and they found the ten men there seeking their brother.

18 And those four men took them and brought them before him, and they bowed down to him to the ground, and Yoseph was sitting upon his throne in his temple, clothed with princely garments, and upon his head was a large keter of gold, and all the mighty men were sitting around him.

19 And the sons of Yaakov saw Yoseph, and his figure and comeliness and dignity of countenance seemed wonderful in their eyes, and they again bowed down to him to the ground.

20 And Yoseph saw his brothers, and he knew them, but they knew him not, for Yoseph was very great in their eyes, therefore they knew him not.

21 And Yoseph spoke to them, saying, From where do you come? And they all answered and said, Your servants have come from the land of Kanaan to buy corn, for the famine prevails throughout the earth, and your servants heard that there was corn in Mitzrayim, so they have come among the other comers to buy corn for their support.

22 And Yoseph answered them, saying, If you have come to purchase as you say, why do you come through ten gates of the city? It can only be that you have come to spy through the whole land.

23 And they all together answered Yoseph, and said, Not so my master, we are right, your servants are not spies, but we have come to buy corn, for your servants are all brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Kanaan, and our abba commanded us, saying, When you come to the city do not enter together at one gate on account of the inhabitants of the land.

24 And Yoseph again answered them and said, That is the thing which I spoke to you, you have come to spy through the land, therefore you all came through ten gates of the city; you have come to see the nakedness of the land.

25 Surely every one that comes to buy corn goes his way, and you are already three days in the land, and what do you do in the walls of harlots in which you have been for these three days? Surely spies do things like these things.

26 And they said to Yoseph, Far be it from our master to speak this, for we are twelve brothers, the sons of our abba Yaakov, in the land of Kanaan, the son of Yitzchak, the son of Avraham, the Ivri, and behold the youngest is with our abba this day in the land of Kanaan, and one is not, for he was lost from us, and we thought perhaps he might be in this land, so we are seeking him throughout the land, and have come even to the houses of harlots to seek him there.

27 And Yoseph said to them, And have you then sought him throughout the earth, that there only remained Mitzrayim for you to seek him in? And what also should your brother do in the houses of harlots, even if he were in Mitzrayim? Have you not said, That you are from the sons of Yitzchak, the son of Avraham, and what shall the sons of Yaakov do then in the houses of harlots?

28 And they said to him, Because we heard that Yishmaelites stole him from us, and it was told to us that they sold him in Mitzrayim, and your servant, our brother, is very comely and well favored, so we thought he would surely be in the houses of harlots, therefore your servants went there to seek him and give ransom for him.

29 And Yoseph still answered them, saying, Surely you speak falsely and utter lies, to say of yourselves that you are the sons of Avraham; as Pharaoh lives you are spies, therefore have you come to the houses of harlots that you should not be known.

30 And Yoseph said to them, And now if you find him, and his master requires of you a great price, will you give it for him? And they said, It shall be given.

31 And he said to them, And if his master will not consent to part with him for a great price, what will you do to him on his account? And they answered him, saying, If he will not give him to us we will slay him, and take our brother and go away.

32 And Yoseph said to them, That is the thing which I have spoken to you; you are spies, for you are come to slay the inhabitants of the land, for we heard that two of your brothers smote all the inhabitants of Shechem, in the land of Kanaan, on account of your sister, and you now come to do the same in Mitzrayim on account of your brother.

33 Only hereby shall I know that you are emet men; if you will send home one from among you to fetch your youngest brother from your abba, and to bring him here to me, and by doing this thing I will know that you are right.

34 And Yoseph called to seventy of his mighty men, and he said to them, Take these men and bring them into the prison.

35 And the mighty men took the ten men, they laid hold of them and put them into the prison, and they were in the prison three days.

36 And on the third day Yoseph had them brought out of the prison, and he said to them, Do this for yourselves if you be emet men, so that you may live, one of your brothers shall be confined in the prison while you go and take home the corn for your household to the land of Kanaan, and fetch your youngest brother, and bring him here to me, that I may know that you are emet men when you do this thing.

37 And Yoseph went out from them and came into the chamber, and wept a great weeping, for his pity was excited for them, and he washed his face, and returned to them again, and he took Shimeon from them and ordered him to be bound, but Shimeon was not willing to allow it, for he was a very powerful man and they could not bind him.

38 And Yoseph called to his mighty men and seventy valiant men came before him with drawn swords in their hands, and the sons of Yaakov were terrified at them.

39 And Yoseph said to them, Seize this man and confine him in prison until his brothers come to him, and Yoseph’s valiant men hurried and they all laid hold of Shimeon to bind him, and Shimeon gave a loud and terrible shriek and the cry was heard at a distance.

40 And all the valiant men of Yoseph were terrified at the sound of the shriek, that they fell upon their faces, and they were greatly afraid and fled.

41 And all the men that were with Yoseph fled, for they were greatly afraid of their lives, and only Yoseph and Menasheh his son remained there, and Menasheh the son of Yoseph saw the strength of Shimeon, and he was exceedingly angry.

42 And Menasheh the son of Yoseph rose up to Shimeon, and Menasheh smote Shimeon a heavy blow with his fist against the back of his neck, and Shimeon was stopped in his rage.

43 And Menasheh laid hold of Shimeon and he seized him violently and he bound him and brought him into the house of confinement, and all the sons of Yaakov were astonished at the act of the youth.

44 And Shimeon said to his brothers, None of you must say that this is the smiting of a Mitzrite, but it is the smiting of the house of my abba.

45 And after this Yoseph ordered him to be called who was set over the storehouse, to fill their sacks with corn as much as they could carry, and to restore every man’s money into his sack, and to give them provision for the road, and this did he to them.

46 And Yoseph commanded them, saying, Take heed lest you transgress my orders to bring your brother as I have told you, and it shall be when you bring your brother here to me, then will I know that you are emet men, and you shall traffic in the land, and I will restore to you your brother, and you shall return in shalom to your abba.

47 And they all answered and said, According as our master speaks so will we do, and they bowed down to him to the ground.

48 And every man lifted his corn upon his donkey, and they went out to go to the land of Kanaan to their abba; and they came to the inn and Levi spread his sack to give provender to his donkey, when he saw and behold his money in full weight was still in his sack.

49 And the man was greatly afraid, and he said to his brothers, My money is restored, and see, it is even in my sack, and the men were greatly afraid, and they said, What is this that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has done to us?

50 And they all said, And where is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s chesed with our ahvot, with Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov, that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has this day delivered us into the hands of the melech of Mitzrayim to contrive against us?

51 And Yahudah said to them, Surely we are guilty sinners before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for having sold our brother, our own flesh, and why do you say, Where is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s chesed with our ahvot?

52 And Reuven said to them, Said I not to you, do not sin against the lad, and you would not listen to me? Now 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 requires him from us, and how dare you say, Where is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s chesed with our ahvot, while you have sinned against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄?

53 And they tarried overnight in that place, and they rose up early in the morning and laded their donkeys with their corn, and they led them and went on and came to their abba’s house in the land of Kanaan.

54 And Yaakov and his household went out to meet his sons, and Yaakov saw and behold their brother Shimeon was not with them, and Yaakov said to his sons, Where is your brother Shimeon, whom I do not see? And his sons told him all that had befallen them in Mitzrayim.

52 And they entered their house, and every man opened his sack and they saw and behold every man’s bundle of money was there, at which they and their abba were greatly terrified.

2 And Yaakov said to them, What is this that you have done to me? I sent your brother Yoseph to inquire after your welfare and you said to me. A wild beast did devour him.

3 And Shimeon went with you to buy food and you say the melech of Mitzrayim has confined him in prison, and you wish to take Binyamin to cause his death also, and bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave on account of Binyamin and his brother Yoseph.

4 Now therefore my son shall not go down with you, for his brother is dead and he is left alone, and mischief may befall him by the way in which you go, as it befell his brother.

5 And Reuven said to his abba, You shall slay my two sons if I do not bring your son and place him before you; and Yaakov said to his sons, Abide here and do not go down to Mitzrayim, for my son shall not go down with you to Mitzrayim, nor die like his brother.

6 And Yahudah said to them, refrain from him until the corn is finished, and he will then say, Take down your brother, when he will find his own life and the life of his household in danger from the famine.

7 And in those days the famine was sore throughout the land, and all the people of the earth went and came to Mitzrayim to buy food, for the famine prevailed greatly among them, and the sons of Yaakov remained in Kanaan a year and two months until their corn was finished.

8 And it came to pass after their corn was finished, the whole household of Yaakov was pinched with hunger, and all the infants of the sons of Yaakov came together and they approached Yaakov, and they all surrounded him, and they said to him, Give to us bread, and why shall we all perish through hunger in your presence?

9 Yaakov heard the words of his son’s children, and he wept a great weeping, and his pity was roused for them, and Yaakov called to his sons and they all came and sat before him.

10 And Yaakov said to them, And have you not seen how your children have been weeping over me this day, saying, Give to us bread, and there is none? Now therefore return and buy for us a little food.

11 And Yahudah answered and said to his abba, If you will send our brother with us we will go down and buy corn for you, and if you will not send him then we will not go down, for surely the melech of Mitzrayim particularly enjoined us, saying, You shall not see my face unless your brother be with you, for the melech of Mitzrayim is a strong and mighty melech, and behold if we shall go to him without our brother we shall all be put to death.

12 Do you not know and have you not heard that this melech is very powerful and wise, and there is none like him in all the earth? Behold we have seen all the melechim of the earth and we have not seen one like that melech, the melech of Mitzrayim; surely among all the melechim of the earth there is none greater than Avimelech melech of the Philistines, yet the melech of Mitzrayim is greater and mightier than he, and Avimelech can only be compared to one of his officers.

13 Abba, you have not seen his palace and his throne, and all his servants standing before him; you have not seen that melech upon his throne in his pomp and royal appearance, dressed in his kingly robes with a large golden keter upon his head; you have not seen the honor and glory which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has given to him, for there is none like him in all the earth.

14 Abba, you have not seen the wisdom, the understanding and the knowledge that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has given in his heart, nor heard his sweet voice when he spoke to us.

15 We know not, abba, who made him acquainted with our names and all that befell us, yet he asked also about you, saying, Is your abba still living, and is it well with him?

16 You have not seen the affairs of the government of Mitzrayim regulated by him, without inquiring of Pharaoh his master; you have not seen the awe and fear that he impressed upon all the Mitzrites.

17 And also when we went from him, we threatened to do to Mitzrayim like to the rest of the cities of the Amorites, and we were exceedingly angry against all his words which he spoke concerning us as spies, and now when we shall again come before him his terror will fall upon us all, and not one of us will be able to speak to him either a little or a great thing.

18 Now therefore abba, send we beg you the lad with us, and we will go down and buy you food for our support, and not die through hunger. And Yaakov said, Why have you dealt so ill with me to tell the melech you had a brother? What is this thing that you have done to me?

19 And Yahudah said to Yaakov his abba, Give the lad into my care and we will rise up and go down to Mitzrayim and buy corn, and then return, and it shall be when we return if the lad be not with us, then let me bear your blame le-olam-va-ed.

20 Have you seen all our infants weeping over you through hunger and there is no power in your hand to satisfy them? Now let your pity be roused for them and send our brother with us and we will go.

21 For how will 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s chesed to our ancestors be manifested to you when you say that the melech of Mitzrayim will take away your son? As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives, I will not leave him until I bring him and place him before you; but pray for us to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, that he may deal kindly with us, to cause us to be received favorably and kindly before the melech of Mitzrayim and his men, for had we not delayed surely now we had returned a second time with your son.

22 And Yaakov said to his sons, I trust in 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim that He may deliver you and give you favor in the sight of the melech of Mitzrayim, and in the sight of all his men.

23 Now therefore rise up and go to the man, and take for him in your hands a present from what can be obtained in the land and bring it before him, and may the Almighty 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 give you chesed before him that he may send Binyamin and Shimeon your brothers with you.

24 And all the men rose up, and they took their brother Binyamin, and they took in their hands a large present of the best of the land, and they also took a double portion of silver.

25 And Yaakov strictly commanded his sons concerning Binyamin, Saying, Take heed of him in the way in which you are going, and do not separate yourselves from him in the road, neither in Mitzrayim.

26 And Yaakov rose up from his sons and spread forth his hands and he prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on account of his sons, saying, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the shamayim and earth, remember your covenant with our abba Avraham, remember it with my abba Yitzchak and deal kindly with my sons and deliver them not into the hands of the melech of Mitzrayim; do it I pray you O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for the sake of your mercies and redeem all my children and rescue them from Mitzrite power, and send them their two brothers.

27 And all the wives of the sons of Yaakov and their children lifted up their eyes to the shamayim and they all wept before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and cried to him to deliver their ahvot from the hand of the melech of Mitzrayim.

28 And Yaakov wrote a record to the melech of Mitzrayim and gave it into the hand of Yahudah and into the hands of his sons for the melech of Mitzrayim, saying,

29 From your servant Yaakov, son of Yitzchak, son of Avraham the Ivri, the prince of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, to the powerful and wise melech, the revealer of secrets, melech of Mitzrayim, greetings.

30 Be it known to my master the melech of Mitzrayim, the famine was sore upon us in the land of Kanaan, and I sent my sons to you to buy us a little food from you for our support.

31 For my sons surrounded me and I being very old cannot see with my eyes, for my eyes have become very heavy through age, as well as with daily weeping for my son, for Yoseph who was lost from before me, and I commanded my sons that they should not enter the gates of the city when they came to Mitzrayim, on account of the inhabitants of the land.

32 And I also commanded them to go around Mitzrayim to seek for my son Yoseph, perhaps they might find him there, and they did so, and you did consider them as spies of the land.

33 Have we not heard concerning you that you did interpret Pharaoh’s dream and did speak truly to him? How then do you not know in your wisdom whether my sons are spies or not?

34 Now therefore, my master and melech, behold I have sent my son before you, as you did speak to my sons; I beseech you to put your eyes upon him until he is returned to me in shalom with his brothers.

35 For do you not know, or have you not heard that which our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did to Pharaoh when he took my ema Sarah, and what he did to Avimelech melech of the Philistines on account of her, and also what our abba Avraham did to the nine melechim of Eylam, how he smote them all with a few men that were with him?

36 And also what my two sons Shimeon and Levi did to the eight cities of the Amorites, how they destroyed them on account of their sister Dinah?

37 And also on account of their brother Binyamin they consoled themselves for the loss of his brother Yoseph; what will they then do for him when they see the hand of any people prevailing over them, for his sake?

38 Do you not know, O melech of Mitzrayim, that the power of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is with us, and that also 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 always hears our prayers and forsakes us not all the days?

39 And when my sons told me of your dealings with them, I called not to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on account of you, for then you would have perished with your men before my son Binyamin came before you, but I thought that as Shimeon my son was in your house, perhaps you might deal kindly with him, therefore I did not this thing to you.

40 Now therefore behold Binyamin my son comes to you with my sons, take heed of him and put your eyes upon him, and then will 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 place his eyes over you and throughout your malchut.

41 Now I have told you all that is in my heart, and behold my sons are coming to you with their brother, examine the face of the whole earth for their sake and send them back in shalom with their brothers.

42 And Yaakov gave the record to his sons into the care of Yahudah to give it to the melech of Mitzrayim.

53 And the sons of Yaakov rose up and took Binyamin and all of the presents, and they went and came to Mitzrayim and they stood before Yoseph.

2 And Yoseph beheld his brother Binyamin with them and he saluted them, and these men came to Yoseph’s house.

3 And Yoseph commanded the superintendent of his house to give to his brothers to eat, and he did so to them.

4 And at noon time Yoseph sent for the men to come before him with Binyamin, and the men told the superintendent of Yoseph’s house concerning the silver that was returned in their sacks, and he said to them, It will be well with you, fear not, and he brought their brother Shimeon to them.

5 And Shimeon said to his brothers, The master of the Mitzrites has acted very kindly to me, he did not keep me bound, as you saw with your eyes, for when you went out from the city he set me free and dealt kindly with me in his house.

6 And Yahudah took Binyamin by the hand, and they came before Yoseph, and they bowed down to him to the ground.

7 And the men gave the present to Yoseph and they all sat before him, and Yoseph said to them, Is it well with you, is it well with your children, is it well with your aged abba? And they said, It is well, and Yahudah took the record that Yaakov had sent and gave it into the hand of Yoseph.

8 And Yoseph read the letter and knew his abba’s writing, and he wished to weep and he went into an inner room and he wept a great weeping; and he went out.

9 And he lifted up his eyes and beheld his brother Binyamin, and he said, Is this your brother of whom you spoke to me? And Binyamin approached Yoseph, and Yoseph placed his hand upon his head and he said to him, May 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 be gracious to you my son.

10 And when Yoseph saw his brother, the son of his ema, he again wished to weep, and he entered the chamber, and he wept there, and he washed his face, and went out and refrained from weeping, and he said, Prepare food.

11 And Yoseph had a cup from which he drank, and it was of silver beautifully inlaid with onyx stones and bdellium, and Yoseph struck the cup in the sight of his brothers while they were sitting to eat with him.

12 And Yoseph said to the men, I know by this cup that Reuven is the bechor, Shimeon and Levi and Yahudah, Yissacher and Zevulun are children from one ema; seat yourselves to eat according to your births.

13 And he also placed the others according to their births, and he said, I know that this your youngest brother has no brother, and I, like him, have no brother; he shall therefore sit down to eat with me.

14 And Binyamin went up before Yoseph and sat upon the throne, and the men beheld the acts of Yoseph, and they were astonished at them; and the men ate and drank at that time with Yoseph, and he then gave presents to them, and Yoseph gave one gift to Binyamin, and Menasheh and Ephraim saw the acts of their abba, and they also gave presents to him, and Osnath gave him one present, and they were five presents in the hand of Binyamin.

15 And Yoseph brought them out wine to drink, and they would not drink, and they said, From the day on which Yoseph was lost we have not drunk wine, nor eaten any delicacies.

16 And Yoseph swore to them, and he pressed them hard, and they drank plentifully with him on that day, and Yoseph afterward turned to his brother Binyamin to speak with him, and Binyamin was still sitting upon the throne before Yoseph.

17 And Yoseph said to him, Have you begotten any children? And he said, Your servant has ten sons, and these are their names, Bela, Becher, Ashval, Gera, Naaman, Achi, Rosh, Mupim, Chupim, and Ord, and I called their names after my brother whom I have not seen.

18 And he ordered them to bring before him his map of the stars, whereby Yoseph knew all the times, and Yoseph said to Binyamin, I have heard that the Ivrim are acquainted with all wisdom, do you know anything of this?

19 And Binyamin said, Your servant is knowing also in all the wisdom which my abba taught me, and Yoseph said to Binyamin, Look now at this instrument and understand where your brother Yoseph is in Mitzrayim, who you said went down to Mitzrayim.

20 And Binyamin beheld that instrument with the map of the stars of the shamayim, and he was wise and looked therein to know where his brother was, and Binyamin divided the whole land of Mitzrayim into four divisions, and he found that he who was sitting upon the throne before him was his brother Yoseph, and Binyamin wondered greatly, and when Yoseph saw that his brother Binyamin was so much astonished, he said to Binyamin, What have you seen, and why are you astonished?

21 And Binyamin said to Yoseph, I can see by this that Yoseph my brother sits here with me upon the throne, and Yoseph said to him, I am Yoseph your brother, reveal not this thing to your brothers; behold I will send you with them when they go away, and I will command them to be brought back again into the city, and I will take you away from them.

22 And if they dare their lives and fight for you, then shall I know that they have repented of what they did to me, and I will make myself known to them, and if they forsake you when I take you, then shall you remain with me, and I will wrangle with them, and they shall go away, and I will not become known to them.

23 At that time Yoseph commanded his officer to fill their sacks with food, and to put each man’s money into his sack, and to put the cup in the sack of Binyamin, and to give them provision for the road, and they did so to them.

24 And on the next day the men rose up early in the morning, and they loaded their donkeys with their corn, and they went forth with Binyamin, and they went to the land of Kanaan with their brother Binyamin.

25 They had not gone far from Mitzrayim when Yoseph commanded him that was set over his house, saying, Rise, pursue these men before they get too far from Mitzrayim, and say to them, Why have you stolen my master’s cup?

26 And Yoseph’s officer rose up and he reached them, and he spoke to them all the words of Yoseph; and when they heard this thing they became exceedingly angry, and they said, He with whom your master’s cup shall be found shall die, and we will also become slaves.

27 And they hurried and each man brought down his sack from his donkey, and they looked in their bags and the cup was found in Binyamin’s bag, and they all tore their garments and they returned to the city, and they smote Binyamin in the road, continually smiting him until he came into the city, and they stood before Yoseph.

28 And Yahudah’s anger was kindled, and he said, This man has only brought me back to destroy Mitzrayim this day.

29 And the men came to Yoseph’s house, and they found Yoseph sitting upon his throne, and all the mighty men standing at his right and left.

30 And Yoseph said to them, What is this act that you have done, that you took away my silver cup and went away? But I know that you took my cup in order to know thereby in what part of the land your brother was.

31 And Yahudah said, What shall we say to our master, what shall we speak and how shall we justify ourselves, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has this day found the iniquity of all your servants, therefore has he done this thing to us this day.

32 And Yoseph rose up and caught hold of Binyamin and took him from his brothers with violence, and he came to the house and locked the door at them, and Yoseph commanded him that was set over his house that he should say to them, This says the melech, Go in shalom to your abba, behold I have taken the man in whose hand my cup was found.

54 And when Yahudah saw the dealings of Yoseph with them, Yahudah approached him and broke open the door, and came with his brothers before Yoseph.

2 And Yahudah said to Yoseph, Let it not seem grievous in the sight of my master, may your servant I beg you speak a word before you? And Yoseph said to him, Speak.

3 And Yahudah spoke before Yoseph, and his brothers were there standing before them; and Yahudah said to Yoseph, Surely when we first came to our master to buy food, you did consider us as spies of the land, and we brought Binyamin before you, and you still make sport of us this day.

4 Now therefore let the melech hear my words, and send I beg you our brother that he may go along with us to our abba, lest your being perish this day with all the beings of the inhabitants of Mitzrayim.

5 Do you not know what two of my brothers, Shimeon and Levi, did to the city of Shechem, and to seven cities of the Amorites, on account of our sister Dinah, and also what they would do for the sake of their brother Binyamin?

6 And I with my strength, who am greater and mightier than both of them, come this day upon you and your land if you are unwilling to send our brother.

7 Have you not heard what our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who has chosen us did to Pharaoh on account of Sarah our ema, whom he took away from our abba, that he smote him and his household with heavy plagues, that even to this day the Mitzrites relate this wonder to each other? So will our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 do to you on account of Binyamin whom you have this day taken from his abba, and on account of the evils which you this day heaped over us in your land; for our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will remember His covenant with our abba Avraham and bring evil upon you, because you have grieved the being of our abba this day.

8 Now therefore hear my words that I have this day spoken to you, and send our brother that he may go away lest you and the people of your land die by the sword, for you cannot all prevail over me.

9 And Yoseph answered Yahudah, saying, Why have you opened wide your mouth and why do you boast over us, saying, Strength is with you? As Pharaoh lives, if I command all my valiant men to fight with you, surely you and your brothers would sink in the mire.

10 And Yahudah said to Yoseph, Surely it becomes you and your people to fear me; as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 lives if I once draw my sword I shall not put it down again until I shall this day have slain all Mitzrayim, and I will commence with you and finish with Pharaoh your master.

11 And Yoseph answered and said to him, Surely strength belongs not alone to you; I am stronger and mightier than you, surely if you draw your sword I will put it to your neck and the necks of all your brothers.

12 And Yahudah said to him, Surely if I this day open my mouth against you I would swallow you up that you be destroyed from off the earth and perish this day from your malchut. And Yoseph said, Surely if you open your mouth I have power and might to close your mouth with a stone until you shall not be able to utter a word; see how many stones are before us, truly I can take a stone, and force it into your mouth and break your jaws.

13 And Yahudah said, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is witness between us, that we have not come here desiring to battle with you; only give us our brother and we will go from you; and Yoseph answered and said, As Pharaoh lives, if all the melechim of Kanaan came together with you, you should not take him from my hand.

14 Now therefore go your way to your abba, and your brother shall be to me for a slave, for he has robbed the melech’s house. And Yahudah said, What is it to you or to the character of the melech, surely the melech sends forth from his house, throughout the land, silver and gold either in gifts or expenses, and you still talk about your cup which you did place in our brother’s bag and say that he has stolen it from you?

15 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 forbid that our brother Binyamin or any of the zera of Avraham should do this thing to steal from you, or from anyone else, whether melech, prince, or any man.

16 Now therefore cease this accusation lest the whole earth hear your words, saying, For a little silver the melech of Mitzrayim wrangled with the men, and he accused them and took their brother for a slave.

17 And Yoseph answered and said, Take to you this cup and go from me and leave your brother for a slave, for it is the mishpat of a thief to be a slave.

18 And Yahudah said, Why are you not ashamed of your words, to leave our brother and to take your cup? Surely if you give us your cup, or a thousand times as much, we will not leave our brother for the silver which is found in the hand of any man, that we will not die over him.

19 And Yoseph answered, And why did you forsake your brother and sell him for twenty pieces of silver until this day, and why then will you not do the same to this your brother?

20 And Yahudah said, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is witness between me and you that we desire not your battles; now therefore give us our brother and we will go from you without quarreling.

21 And Yoseph answered and said, If all the melechim of the land should assemble they will not be able to take your brother from my hand; and Yahudah said, What shall we say to our abba, when he sees that our brother comes not with us, and will grieve over him?

22 And Yoseph answered and said, This is the thing that you shall tell to your abba, saying, The rope has gone after the bucket.

23 And Yahudah said, Surely you are a melech, and why speak you these things, giving a false mishpat? Woe to the melech who is like to you.

24 And Yoseph answered and said, There is no false mishpat in the word that I spoke on account of your brother Yoseph, for all of you sold him to the Midyanites for twenty pieces of silver, and you all denied it to your abba and said to him, An evil beast has devoured him, Yoseph has been torn to pieces.

25 And Yahudah said, Behold the fire of Shem burns in my heart, now I will burn all your land with fire; and Yoseph answered and said, Surely your sister-in-law Tamar, who killed your sons, extinguished the fire of Shechem.

26 And Yahudah said, If I pluck out a single hair from my flesh, I will fill all Mitzrayim with its blood.

27 And Yoseph answered and said, Such is your custom to do as you did to your brother whom you sold, and you dipped his coat in blood and brought it to your abba in order that he might say an evil beast devoured him and here is his blood.

28 And when Yahudah heard this thing he was exceedingly angry and his anger burned within him, and there was before him in that place a stone, the weight of which was about four hundred shekels, and Yahudah’s anger was kindled and he took the stone in one hand and cast it to the shamayim and caught it with his left hand.

29 And he placed it afterward under his legs, and he sat upon it with all his strength and the stone was turned into dust from the force of Yahudah.

30 And Yoseph saw the act of Yahudah and he was very much afraid, but he commanded Menasheh his son and he also did with another stone like to the act of Yahudah, and Yahudah said to his brothers, Let not any of you say, this man is an Mitzrite, but by his doing this thing he is of our abba’s family.

31 And Yoseph said, Not to you only is strength given, for we are also powerful men, and why will you boast over us all? And Yahudah said to Yoseph, Send I pray you our brother and ruin not your country this day.

32 And Yoseph answered and said to them, Go and tell your abba, an evil beast has devoured him as you said concerning your brother Yoseph.

33 And Yahudah spoke to his brother Naphtali, and he said to him, Make haste, go now and number all the streets of Mitzrayim and come and tell me; and Shimeon said to him, Let not this thing be a trouble to you; now I will go to the mount and take up one large stone from the mount and level it at every one in Mitzrayim, and kill all that are in it.

34 And Yoseph heard all these words that his brothers spoke before him, and they did not know that Yoseph understood them, for they imagined that he knew not how to speak Ivrit.

35 And Yoseph was greatly afraid at the words of his brothers lest they should destroy Mitzrayim, and he commanded his son Menasheh, saying, Go now make haste and gather to me all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim, and all the valiant men together, and let them come to me now upon horseback and on foot and with all sorts of musical instruments, and Menasheh went and did so.

36 And Naphtali went as Yahudah had commanded him, for Naphtali was light-footed as one of the swift stags, and he would go upon the ears of corn and they would not break under him.

37 And he went and numbered all the streets of Mitzrayim, and found them to be twelve, and he came hastily and told Yahudah, and Yahudah said to his brothers, Hasten you and put on every man his sword upon his loins and we will come over Mitzrayim, and smite them all, and let not a remnant remain.

38 And Yahudah said, Behold, I will destroy three of the streets with my strength, and you shall each destroy one street; and when Yahudah was speaking this thing, behold the inhabitants of Mitzrayim and all the mighty men came toward them with all sorts of musical instruments and with loud shouting.

39 And their number was five hundred cavalry and ten thousand infantry, and four hundred men who could fight without sword or spear, only with their hands and strength.

40 And all the mighty men came with great storming and shouting, and they all surrounded the sons of Yaakov and terrified them, and the ground quaked at the sound of their shouting.

41 And when the sons of Yaakov saw these troops they were greatly afraid for their lives, and Yoseph did so in order to terrify the sons of Yaakov to become tranquilized.

42 And Yahudah, seeing some of his brothers terrified, said to them, Why are you afraid while the rachamim of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is with us? And when Yahudah saw all the people of Mitzrayim surrounding them at the command of Yoseph to terrify them, only Yoseph commanded them, saying, Do not touch any of them.

43 Then Yahudah hurried and drew his sword, and uttered a loud and bitter scream, and he smote with his sword, and he sprang upon the ground and he still continued to shout against all the people.

44 And when he did this thing 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused the terror of Yahudah and his brothers to fall upon the valiant men and all the people that surrounded them.

45 And they all fled at the sound of the shouting, and they were terrified and fell one upon the other, and many of them died as they fell, and they all fled from before Yahudah and his brothers and from before Yoseph.

46 And while they were fleeing, Yahudah and his brothers pursued them to the house of Pharaoh, and they all escaped, and Yahudah again sat before Yoseph and roared at him like a lion, and gave a great and tremendous shriek at him.

47 And the shriek was heard at a distance, and all the inhabitants of Succoth heard it, and all Mitzrayim quaked at the sound of the shriek, and also the walls of Mitzrayim and of the land of Goshen fell in from the shaking of the earth, and Pharaoh also fell from his throne upon the ground, and also all the pregnant women of Mitzrayim and Goshen miscarried when they heard the noise of the shaking, for they were terribly afraid.

48 And Pharaoh sent word, saying, What is this thing that has this day happened in the land of Mitzrayim? And they came and told him all the things from beginning to end, and Pharaoh was alarmed and he wondered and was greatly afraid.

49 And his fright increased when he heard all these things, and he sent to Yoseph, saying, You have brought to me the Ivrim to destroy all Mitzrayim; what will you do with that thievish slave? Send him away and let him go with his brothers, and let us not perish through their evil, even we, you and all Mitzrayim.

50 And if you desire not to do this thing, cast off from you all my valuable things, and go with them to their land, if you delight in it, for they will this day destroy my whole country and slay all my people; even all the women of Mitzrayim have miscarried through their screams; see what they have done merely by their shouting and speaking, moreover if they fight with the sword, they will destroy the land; now therefore choose that which you desire, whether me or the Ivrim, whether Mitzrayim or the land of the Ivrim.

51 And they came and told Yoseph all the words of Pharaoh that he had said concerning him, and Yoseph was greatly afraid at the words of Pharaoh and Yahudah and his brothers were still standing before Yoseph indignant and enraged, and all the sons of Yaakov roared at Yoseph, like the roaring of the sea and its waves.

52 And Yoseph was greatly afraid of his brothers and on account of Pharaoh, and Yoseph sought a pretext to make himself known to his brothers, lest they should destroy all Mitzrayim.

53 And Yoseph commanded his son Menasheh, and Menasheh went and approached Yahudah, and placed his hand upon his shoulder, and the anger of Yahudah was stilled.

54 And Yahudah said to his brothers, Let no one of you say that this is the act of a Mitzrite youth for this is the work of my abba’s house.

55 And Yoseph seeing and knowing that Yahudah’s anger was stilled, he approached to speak to Yahudah in the language of mildness.

56 And Yoseph said to Yahudah, Surely you speak emet and have this day verified your assertions concerning your strength, and may your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who delights in you, increase your welfare; but tell me truly why from among all your brothers do you wrangle with me on account of the lad, as none of them have spoken one word to me concerning him.

57 And Yahudah answered Yoseph, saying, Surely you must know that I was security for the lad to his abba, saying, If I brought him not to him I should bear his blame le-olam-va-ed.

58 Therefore have I approached you from among all my brothers, for I saw that you were unwilling to allow him to go from you; now therefore may I find rachamim in your sight that you shall send him to go with us, and behold I will remain as a substitute for him, to serve you in whatever you desire, for wherever you shall send me, I will go to serve you with great energy.

59 Send me now to a mighty melech, who has rebelled against you, and you shall know what I will do to him and to his land; although he may have cavalry and infantry or an exceeding mighty people, I will slay them all and bring the melech’s head before you.

60 Do you not know or have you not heard that our abba Avraham with his servant Eliezer smote all the melechim of Eylam with their hosts in one night, they left not one remaining? And ever since that day our abba’s strength was given to us for an inheritance, for us and our zera le-olam-va-ed.

61 And Yoseph answered and said, You speak emet, and falsehood is not in your mouth, for it was also told to us that the Ivrim have power and that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delights much in them, and who then can stand before them?

62 However, on this condition will I send your brother, if you will bring before me his brother the son of his ema, of whom you said that he had gone from you down to Mitzrayim; and it shall come to pass when you bring to me his brother I will take him in his stead, because not one of you was security for him to your abba, and when he shall come to me, I will then send with you his brother for whom you have been security.

63 And Yahudah’s anger was kindled against Yoseph when he spoke this thing, and his eyes dropped blood with anger, and he said to his brothers, How does this man this day seek his own destruction and that of all Mitzrayim!

64 And Shimeon answered Yoseph, saying, Did we not tell you at first that we knew not the particular spot to which he went, and whether he is dead or alive, and why does my master speak things like this?

65 And Yoseph observing the countenance of Yahudah discerned that his anger began to kindle when he spoke to him, saying, Bring to me your other brother instead of this brother.

66 And Yoseph said to his brothers, Surely you said that your brother was either dead or lost, now if I should call him this day and he should come before you, would you give him to me instead of his brother?

67 And Yoseph began to speak and call out, Yoseph, Yoseph, come this day before me, and appear to your brothers and sit before them.

68 And when Yoseph spoke this thing before them, they looked each a different way to see from where Yoseph would come before them.

69 And Yoseph observed all their acts, and said to them, Why do you look here and there? I am Yoseph whom you sold to Mitzrayim; now therefore let it not grieve you that you sold me, for as a support during the famine did 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 send me before you.

70 And his brothers were terrified at him when they heard the words of Yoseph, and Yahudah was exceedingly terrified at him.

71 And when Binyamin heard the words of Yoseph he was before them in the inner part of the house, and Binyamin ran to Yoseph his brother, and embraced him and fell upon his neck, and they wept.

72 And when Yoseph’s brothers saw that Binyamin had fallen upon his brother’s neck and wept with him, they also fell upon Yoseph and embraced him, and they wept a great weeping with Yoseph.

73 And the voice was heard in the house of Yoseph that they were Yoseph’s brothers, and it pleased Pharaoh exceedingly, for he was afraid of them lest they should destroy Mitzrayim.

74 And Pharaoh sent his servants to Yoseph to congratulate him concerning his brothers who had come to him, and all the captains of the armies and troops that were in Mitzrayim came to rejoice with Yoseph, and all Mitzrayim rejoiced greatly about Yoseph’s brothers.

75 And Pharaoh sent his servants to Yoseph, saying, Tell your brothers to fetch all belonging to them and let them come to me, and I will place them in the best part of the land of Mitzrayim, and they did so.

76 And Yoseph commanded him that was set over his house to bring out to his brothers gifts and garments, and he brought out to them many garments being robes of royalty and many gifts, and Yoseph divided them among his brothers.

77 And he gave to each of his brothers a change of garments of gold and silver, and three hundred pieces of silver, and Yoseph commanded them all to be dressed in these garments, and to be brought before Pharaoh.

78 And Pharaoh seeing that all Yoseph’s brothers were valiant men, and of beautiful appearance, he greatly rejoiced.

79 And they afterward went out from the presence of Pharaoh to go to the land of Kanaan, to their abba, and their brother Binyamin was with them.

80 And Yoseph rose up and gave to them eleven mirkavot from Pharaoh, and Yoseph gave to them his mirkava, upon which he rode on the day of his being crowned in Mitzrayim, to fetch his abba to Mitzrayim; and Yoseph sent to all his brothers’ children, garments according to their numbers, and a hundred pieces of silver to each of them, and he also sent garments to the wives of his brothers from the garments of the melech’s wives, and he sent them.

81 And he gave to each of his brothers ten men to go with them to the land of Kanaan to serve them, to serve their children and all belonging to them in coming to Mitzrayim.

82 And Yoseph sent by the hand of his brother Binyamin ten suits of garments for his ten sons, a portion above the rest of the children of the sons of Yaakov.

83 And he sent to each fifty pieces of silver, and ten mirkavot on the account of Pharaoh, and he sent to his abba ten donkeys laden with all the luxuries of Mitzrayim, and ten female donkeys laden with corn and bread and nourishment for his abba, and to all that were with him as provisions for the road.

84 And he sent to his sister Dinah garments of silver and gold, and frankincense and myrrh, and aloes and women’s ornaments in great plenty, and he sent the same from the wives of Pharaoh to the wives of Binyamin.

85 And he gave to all his brothers, also to their wives, all sorts of onyx stones and bdellium, and from all the valuable things among the great people of Mitzrayim, nothing of all the costly things was left but what Yoseph sent of to his abba’s household.

86 And he sent his brothers away, and they went, and he sent his brother Binyamin with them.

87 And Yoseph went out with them to accompany them on the road to the borders of Mitzrayim, and he commanded them concerning his abba and his household, to come to Mitzrayim.

88 And he said to them, Do not quarrel on the road, for this thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to keep a great people from starvation, for there will be yet five years of famine in the land.

89 And he commanded them, saying, When you come to the land of Kanaan, do not come suddenly before my abba in this affair, but act in your wisdom.

90 And Yoseph ceased to command them, and he turned and went back to Mitzrayim, and the sons of Yaakov went to the land of Kanaan with joy and cheerfulness to their abba Yaakov.

91 And they came to the borders of the land, and they said to each other, What shall we do in this matter before our abba, for if we come suddenly to him and tell him the matter he will be greatly alarmed at our words and will not believe us.

92 And they went along until they came near to their houses, and they found Serach, the daughter of Asher, going forth to meet them, and the damsel was very tov and subtle, and knew how to play upon the harp.

93 And they called to her and she came before them, and she kissed them, and they took her and gave to her a harp, saying, Go now before our abba, and sit before him, and strike upon the harp, and speak these words.

94 And they commanded her to go to their house, and she took the harp and hurried before them, and she came and sat near Yaakov.

95 And she played well and sang, and uttered in the sweetness of her words, Yoseph my uncle is living, and he rules throughout the land of Mitzrayim, and is not dead.

96 And she continued to repeat and utter these words, and Yaakov heard her words and they were agreeable to him.

97 He listened while she repeated them twice and thrice, and joy entered the heart of Yaakov at the sweetness of her words, and the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was upon him, and he knew all her words to be emet.

98 And Yaakov blessed Serach when she spoke these words before him, and he said to her, My daughter, may death never prevail over you, for you have revived my ruach; only speak yet before me as you have spoken, for you have gladdened me with all your words.

99 And she continued to sing these words, and Yaakov listened and it pleased him, and he rejoiced, and the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was upon him.

100 While he was yet speaking with her, behold his sons came to him with horses and mirkavot and royal garments and servants running before them.

101 And Yaakov rose up to meet them, and saw his sons dressed in royal garments and he saw all the treasures that Yoseph had sent to them.

102 And they said to him, Be informed that our brother Yoseph is living, and it is he who rules throughout the land of Mitzrayim, and it is he who spoke to us as we told you.

103 And Yaakov heard all the words of his sons, and his heart palpitated at their words, for he could not believe them until he saw all that Yoseph had given them and what he had sent him, and all the signs which Yoseph had spoken to them.

104 And they opened them up before him, and showed him all that Yoseph had sent, they gave to each what Yoseph had sent him, and he knew that they had spoken the emet, and he rejoiced exceedingly on account of his son.

105 And Yaakov said, It is enough for me that my son Yoseph is still living; I will go and see him before I die.

106 And his sons told him all that had befallen them, and Yaakov said, I will go down to Mitzrayim to see my son and his offspring.

107 And Yaakov rose up and put on the garments that Yoseph had sent him, and after he had washed, and shaved his hair, he put upon his head the turban that Yoseph had sent him.

108 And all the people of Yaakov’s house and their wives put on the garments which Yoseph had sent to them, and they greatly rejoiced at Yoseph that he was still living and that he was ruling in Mitzrayim,

109 And all the inhabitants of Kanaan heard of this thing, and they came and rejoiced much with Yaakov that he was still living.

110 And Yaakov made a feast for them for three days, and all the melechim of Kanaan and nobles of the land ate and drank and rejoiced in the house of Yaakov.

55 And it came to pass after this that Yaakov said, I will go and see my son in Mitzrayim and will then come back to the land of Kanaan of which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to Avraham, for I cannot leave the land of my birth-place.

2 Behold the Word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came to him, saying, Go down to Mitzrayim with all your household and remain there, fear not to go down to Mitzrayim for I will there make you a great nation.

3 And Yaakov said within himself, I will go and see my son whether the fear of his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is yet in his heart, amidst all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim.

4 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yaakov,Β Fear not about Yoseph, for he still retains his integrity to serve me, as will seem tov in your sight,Β and Yaakov rejoiced exceedingly concerning his son.

5 At that time Yaakov commanded his sons and household to go to Mitzrayim according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to him, and Yaakov rose up with his sons and all his household, and he went out from the land of Kanaan from Beersheva, with joy and gladness of heart, and they went to the land of Mitzrayim.

6 And it came to pass when they came near Mitzrayim, Yaakov sent Yahudah before him to Yoseph that he might show him a situation in Mitzrayim, and Yahudah did according to the word of his abba, and he hurried and ran and came to Yoseph, and they assigned for them a place in the land of Goshen for all his household, and Yahudah returned and came along the road to his abba.

7 And Yoseph harnessed the mirkava, and he assembled all his mighty men and his servants and all the officers of Mitzrayim in order to go and meet his abba Yaakov, and Yoseph’s mandate was proclaimed in Mitzrayim, saying, All that do not go to meet Yaakov shall die.

8 And on the next day Yoseph went forth with all Mitzrayim a great and mighty host, all dressed in garments of fine linen and purple and with instruments of silver and gold and with their instruments of war with them.

9 And they all went to meet Yaakov with all sorts of musical instruments, with drums and timbrels, strewing myrrh and aloes all along the road, and they all went after this fashion, and the earth shook at their shouting.

10 And all the women of Mitzrayim went upon the roofs of Mitzrayim and upon the walls to meet Yaakov, and upon the head of Yoseph was Pharaoh’s regal keter, for Pharaoh had sent it to him to put on at the time of his going to meet his abba.

11 And when Yoseph came within fifty cubits of his abba, he got down from the mirkava and he walked toward his abba, and when all the officers of Mitzrayim and her nobles saw that Yoseph had gone on foot toward his abba, they also got down and walked on foot toward Yaakov.

12 And when Yaakov approached the camp of Yoseph, Yaakov observed the camp that was coming toward him with Yoseph, and it gratified him and Yaakov was astonished at it.

13 And Yaakov said to Yahudah, Who is that man whom I see in the camp of Mitzrayim dressed in kingly robes with a very red garment upon him and a royal keter upon his head, who has got down from his mirkava and is coming toward us? And Yahudah answered his abba, saying, He is your son Yoseph the melech; and Yaakov rejoiced in seeing the glory of his son.

14 And Yoseph came near to his abba and he bowed to his abba, and all the men of the camp bowed to the ground with him before Yaakov.

15 And behold Yaakov ran and hurried to his son Yoseph and fell upon his neck and kissed him, and they wept, and Yoseph also embraced his abba and kissed him, and they wept and all the people of Mitzrayim wept with them.

16 And Yaakov said to Yoseph, Now I will die cheerfully after I have seen your face, that you are still living and with glory.

17 And the sons of Yaakov and their wives and their children and their servants, and all the household of Yaakov wept exceedingly with Yoseph, and they kissed him and wept greatly with him.

18 And Yoseph and all his people returned afterward home to Mitzrayim, and Yaakov and his sons and all the children of his household came with Yoseph to Mitzrayim, and Yoseph placed them in the best part of Mitzrayim, in the land of Goshen.

19 And Yoseph said to his abba and to his brothers, I will go up and tell Pharaoh, saying, My brothers and my abba’s household and all belonging to them have come to me, and behold they are in the land of Goshen.

20 And Yoseph did so and took from his brothers Reuven, Yissacher Zevulun and his brother Binyamin and he placed them before Pharaoh.

21 And Yoseph spoke to Pharaoh, saying, My brothers and my abba’s household and all belonging to them, together with their flocks and cattle have come to me from the land of Kanaan, to sojourn in Mitzrayim; for the famine was sore upon them.

22 And Pharaoh said to Yoseph, Place your abba and brothers in the best part of the land, withhold not from them all that is tov, and cause them to eat of the fat of the land.

23 And Yoseph answered, saying, Behold I have stationed them in the land of Goshen, for they are shepherds, therefore let them remain in Goshen to feed their flocks apart from the Mitzrites.

24 And Pharaoh said to Yoseph, Do with your brothers all that they shall say to you; and the sons of Yaakov bowed down to Pharaoh, and they went forth from him in shalom, and Yoseph afterward brought his abba before Pharaoh.

25 And Yaakov came and bowed down to Pharaoh, and Yaakov blessed Pharaoh, and he then went out; and Yaakov and all his sons, and all his household dwelt in the land of Goshen.

26 In the second year, that is in the hundred and thirtieth year of the life of Yaakov, Yoseph maintained his abba and his brothers, and all his abba’s household, with bread according to their little ones, all the days of the famine; they lacked nothing.

27 And Yoseph gave to them the best part of the whole land; the best of Mitzrayim had they all the days of Yoseph; and Yoseph also gave to them and to the whole of his abba’s household, clothes and garments year by year; and the sons of Yaakov remained securely in Mitzrayim all the days of their brother.

28 And Yaakov always ate at Yoseph’s table, Yaakov and his sons did not leave Yoseph’s table day or night, besides what Yaakov’s children consumed in their houses.

29 And all Mitzrayim ate bread during the days of the famine from the house of Yoseph, for all the Mitzrites sold all belonging to them on account of the famine.

30 And Yoseph purchased all the lands and fields of Mitzrayim for bread on the account of Pharaoh, and Yoseph supplied all Mitzrayim with bread all the days of the famine, and Yoseph collected all the silver and gold that came to him for the corn which they bought throughout the land, and he accumulated much gold and silver, besides an immense quantity of onyx stones, bdellium and valuable garments which they brought to Yoseph from every part of the land when their money was spent.

31 And Yoseph took all the silver and gold that came into his hand, about seventy two talents of gold and silver, and also onyx stones and bdellium in great abundance, and Yoseph went and concealed them in four parts, and he concealed one part in the wilderness near the Yam Suf, and one part by the River Perath, and the third and fourth part he concealed in the desert opposite to the wilderness of Persia and Media.

32 And he took part of the gold and silver that was left, and gave it to all his brothers and to all his abba’s household, and to all the women of his abba’s household, and the rest he brought to the house of Pharaoh, about twenty talents of gold and silver.

33 And Yoseph gave all the gold and silver that was left to Pharaoh, and Pharaoh placed it in the treasury, and the days of the famine ceased after that in the land, and they sowed and reaped in the whole land, and they obtained their usual quantity year by year; they lacked nothing.

34 And Yoseph dwelt securely in Mitzrayim, and the whole land was under his advice, and his abba and all his brothers dwelt in the land of Goshen and took possession of it.

35 And Yoseph was very aged, advanced in days, and his two sons, Ephraim and Menasheh, remained constantly in the house of Yaakov, together with the children of the sons of Yaakov their brothers, to learn the halachot of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and His Torah.

36 And Yaakov and his sons dwelt in the land of Mitzrayim in the land of Goshen, and they took possession in it, and they were fruitful and multiplied in it.

56 And Yaakov lived in the land of Mitzrayim seventeen years, and the days of Yaakov, and the years of his life were a hundred and forty seven years.

2 At that time Yaakov was attacked with that illness of which he died and he sent and called for his son Yoseph from Mitzrayim, and Yoseph his son came from Mitzrayim and Yoseph came to his abba.

3 And Yaakov said to Yoseph and to his sons, Behold I die, and the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of your ancestors will visit you, and bring you back to the land, which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 swore to give to you and to your children after you; now therefore when I am dead, bury me in the cave which is in Machpelah in Hevron in the land of Kanaan, near my ancestors.

4 And Yaakov made his sons swear to bury him in Machpelah, in Hevron, and his sons swore to him concerning this thing.

5 And he commanded them, saying, Serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your Ahlohim, for He who delivered your ahvot will also deliver you from all trouble.

6 And Yaakov said, Call all your children to me, and all the children of Yaakov’s sons came and sat before him, and Yaakov blessed them, and he said to them, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of your ahvot shall grant you a thousand times as much and bless you, and may He give you the blessing of your abba Avraham; and all the children of Yaakov’s sons went forth on that day after he had blessed them.

7 And on the next day Yaakov again called for his sons, and they all assembled and came to him and sat before him, and Yaakov on that day blessed his sons before his death, each man did he bless according to his blessing; behold it is written in the scroll of the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 pertaining to Yisrael.

8 And Yaakov said to Yahudah, I know my son that you are a mighty man for your brothers; reign over them, and your sons shall reign over their sons le-olam-va-ed.

9 Only teach your sons the bow and all the weapons of war, in order that they may fight the battles of their brother who will rule over his enemies.

10 And Yaakov again commanded his sons on that day, saying, Behold I shall be this day gathered to my people. Carry me up from Mitzrayim, and bury me in the cave of Machpelah as I have commanded you.

11 However take heed I pray you that none of your sons carry me, only yourselves, and this is the manner you shall do to me, when you carry my body to go with it to the land of Kanaan to bury me,

12 Yahudah, Yissacher and Zevulun shall carry my bier at the eastern side; Reuven, Shimeon and Gad at the south, Ephraim, Menasheh and Binyamin at the west, Dan, Asher and Naphtali at the north.

13 Let not Levi carry with you, for he and his sons will carry the Ark of the Covenant of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 with the Yisraelites in the camp, neither let Yoseph my son carry it, for as a melech so let his glory be; however, Ephraim and Menasheh shall be in their stead.

14 This shall you do to me when you carry me away; do not neglect anything of all that I command you; and it shall come to pass when you do this to me, that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will remember you favorably and your children after you le-olam-va-ed.

15 And you my sons, honor each his brother and his relative, and command your children and your children’s children after you to serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of your ancestors all the days.

16 In order that you may prolong your days in the land, you and your children and your children’s children le-olam-va-ed, when you do what is tov and upright in the sight of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, to go in all His halachot.

17 And you, Yoseph my son, forgive I beg you the prongs of your brothers and all their misdeeds in the injury that they heaped upon you, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 intended it for your and your children’s benefit.

18 And O my son leave not your brothers to the inhabitants of Mitzrayim, neither hurt their feelings, for behold I consign them to the hand of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and in your hand to guard them from the Mitzrites; and the sons of Yaakov answered their abba saying, O, our abba, all that you have commanded us, so will we do; may 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 only be with us.

19 And Yaakov said to his sons, So may 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 be with you when you keep all his halachot; turn not from his halachot either to the right or the left in performing what is tov and upright in His sight.

20 For I know that many and grievous troubles will befall you in the latter-days in the land, yes your children and children’s children, only serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and He will save you from all trouble.

21 And it shall come to pass when you shall go after 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to serve Him and will teach your children after you, and your children’s children, to know 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, then will 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 raise up to you and your children a servant from among your children, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will deliver you through His hand from all affliction, and bring you out of Mitzrayim and bring you back to the land of your ahvot to inherit it securely.

22 And Yaakov ceased commanding his sons, and he drew his feet into the bed, he died and was gathered to his people.

23 And Yoseph fell upon his abba and he cried out and wept over him and he kissed him, and he called out in a bitter voice, and he said, O my abba, my abba.

24 And his son’s wives and all his household came and fell upon Yaakov, and they wept over him, and cried in a very loud voice concerning Yaakov.

25 And all the sons of Yaakov rose up together, and they tore their garments, and they all put sackcloth upon their loins, and they fell upon their faces, and they cast dust upon their heads toward the shamayim.

26 And the thing was told to Osnath Yoseph’s wife, and she rose up and put on a sack and she with all the Mitzrite women with her came and mourned and wept for Yaakov.

27 And also all the people of Mitzrayim who knew Yaakov came all on that day when they heard this thing, and all Mitzrayim wept for many days.

28 And also from the land of Kanaan did the women come to Mitzrayim when they heard that Yaakov was dead, and they wept for him in Mitzrayim for seventy days.

29 And it came to pass after this that Yoseph commanded his servants the doctors to embalm his abba with myrrh and frankincense and all manner of incense and perfume, and the doctors embalmed Yaakov as Yoseph had commanded them.

30 And all the people of Mitzrayim and the zachanim and all the inhabitants of the land of Goshen wept and mourned over Yaakov, and all his sons and the children of his household lamented and mourned over their abba Yaakov many days.

31 And after the days of his weeping had passed away, at the end of seventy days, Yoseph said to Pharaoh, I will go up and bury my abba in the land of Kanaan as he made me swear, and then I will return.

32 And Pharaoh sent Yoseph, saying, Go up and bury your abba as he said, and as he made you swear; and Yoseph rose up with all his brothers to go to the land of Kanaan to bury their abba Yaakov as he had commanded them.

33 And Pharaoh commanded that it should be proclaimed throughout Mitzrayim, saying, Whoever goes not up with Yoseph and his brothers to the land of Kanaan to bury Yaakov, shall die.

34 And all Mitzrayim heard of Pharaoh’s proclamation, and they all rose up together, and all the servants of Pharaoh, and the zachanim of his house, and all the zachanim of the land of Mitzrayim went up with Yoseph, and all the officers and nobles of Pharaoh went up as the servants of Yoseph, and they went to bury Yaakov in the land of Kanaan.

35 And the sons of Yaakov carried the bier upon which he lay; according to all that their abba commanded them, so did his sons to him.

36 And the bier was of pure gold, and it was inlaid round about with onyx stones and bdellium; and the covering of the bier was gold woven work, joined with threads, and over them were hooks of onyx stones and bdellium.

37 And Yoseph placed upon the head of his abba Yaakov a large golden keter, and he put a golden scepter in his hand, and they surrounded the bier, as was the custom of melechim during their lives.

38 And all the troops of Mitzrayim went before him in this array, at first all the mighty men of Pharaoh, and the mighty men of Yoseph, and after them the rest of the inhabitants of Mitzrayim, and they were all girded with swords and equipped with coats of armor, and the trappings of war were upon them.

39 And all the weepers and mourners went at a distance opposite to the bier, going and weeping and lamenting, and the rest of the people went after the bier.

40 And Yoseph and his household went together near the bier barefooted and weeping, and the rest of Yoseph’s servants went around him; each man had his ornaments upon him, and they were all armed with their weapons of war.

41 And fifty of Yaakov’s servants went in front of the bier, and they strewed along the road myrrh and aloes, and all manner of perfume, and all the sons of Yaakov that carried the bier walked upon the perfumery, and the servants of Yaakov went before them strewing the perfume along the road.

42 And Yoseph went up with a heavy camp, and they did after this manner every day until they reached the land of Kanaan, and they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which was on the other side of Yarden, and they mourned an exceeding great and heavy mourning in that place.

43 And all the melechim of Kanaan heard of this thing and they all went forth, each man from his house, thirty-one melechim of Kanaan, and they all came with their men to mourn and weep over Yaakov.

44 And all these melechim beheld Yaakov’s bier, and behold Yoseph’s keter was upon it, and they also put their crowns upon the bier, and encircled it with crowns.

45 And all these melechim made in that place a great and heavy mourning with the sons of Yaakov and Mitzrayim over Yaakov, for all the melechim of Kanaan knew the valor of Yaakov and his sons.

46 And the report reached Esav, saying, Yaakov died in Mitzrayim, and his sons and all Mitzrayim are conveying him to the land of Kanaan to bury him.

47 And Esav heard this thing, and he was dwelling in mount Seir, and he rose up with his sons and all his people and all his household, a people exceedingly great, and they came to mourn and weep over Yaakov.

48 And it came to pass, when Esav came he mourned for his brother Yaakov, and all Mitzrayim and all Kanaan again rose up and mourned a great mourning with Esav over Yaakov in that place

49 And Yoseph and his brothers brought their abba Yaakov from that place, and they went to Hevron to bury Yaakov in the cave by his ahvot.

50 And they came to Kiryath-Arba, to the cave, and as they came Esav stood with his sons against Yoseph and his brothers as a hindrance in the cave, saying, Yaakov shall not be buried here, for it belongs to us and to our abba.

51 And Yoseph and his brothers heard the words of Esav’s sons, and they were exceedingly angry, and Yoseph approached Esav, saying, What is this thing which they have spoken? Surely my abba Yaakov bought it from you for great riches after the death of Yitzchak, twenty-five years ago, and also all the land of Kanaan he bought from you and from your sons, and your zera after you.

52 And Yaakov bought it for his sons and his zera after him for an inheritance le-olam-va-ed, and why speak you these things this day?

53 And Esav answered, saying, You speak falsely and utter lies, for I sold not anything belonging to me in all this land, as you say, neither did my brother Yaakov buy anything belonging to me in this land.

54 And Esav spoke these things in order to deceive Yoseph with his words, for Esav knew that Yoseph was not present in those days when Esav sold all belonging to him in the land of Kanaan to Yaakov.

55 And Yoseph said to Esav, Surely my abba inserted these things with you in the record of purchase, and testified the record with witnesses, and behold it is with us in Mitzrayim.

56 And Esav answered, saying to him, Bring the record, all that you will find in the record, so will we do.

57 And Yoseph called to Naphtali his brother, and he said, Hasten quickly, stay not, and run I tell you to Mitzrayim and bring all the records; the record of the purchase, the sealed record and the open record, and also all the first records in which all the transactions of the bechor are written, you get them!

58 And you shall bring them to us here, that we may know from them all the words of Esav and his sons which they spoke this day.

59 And Naphtali hearkened to the voice of Yoseph and he hurried and ran to go down to Mitzrayim, and Naphtali was lighter on foot than any of the stags that were upon the wilderness, for he would go upon ears of corn without crushing them.

60 And when Esav saw that Naphtali had gone to fetch the records, he and his sons increased their resistance against the cave, and Esav and all his people rose up against Yoseph and his brothers to battle.

61 And all the sons of Yaakov and the people of Mitzrayim fought with Esav and his men, and the sons of Esav and his people were smitten before the sons of Yaakov, and the sons of Yaakov slew of Esav’s people forty men.

62 And Chushim the son of Dan, the son of Yaakov, was at that time with Yaakov’s sons, but he was about a hundred cubits distant from the place of battle, for he remained with the children of Yaakov’s sons by Yaakov’s bier to guard it.

63 And Chushim was dumb and deaf; still he understood the voice of consternation among men.

64 And he asked, saying, Why do you not bury the dead, and what is this great consternation? And they answered him the words of Esav and his sons; and he ran to Esav in the midst of the battle, and he slew Esav with a sword, and he cut off his head, and it sprang to a distance, and Esav fell among the people of the battle.

65 And when Chushim did this thing the sons of Yaakov prevailed over the sons of Esav, and the sons of Yaakov buried their abba Yaakov by force in the cave, and the sons of Esav beheld it.

66 And Yaakov was buried in Hevron, in the cave of Machpelah that Avraham had bought from the sons of Cheth for the possession of a burial place, and he was buried in very costly garments.

67 And no melech had such honor paid him as Yoseph paid to his abba at his death, for he buried him with great honor like the burial of melechim.

68 And Yoseph and his brothers made a mourning of seven days for their abba.

57 And it was after this that the sons of Esav waged war with the sons of Yaakov, and the sons of Esav fought with the sons of Yaakov in Hevron, and Esav was still lying dead, and not buried.

2 And the battle was heavy between them, and the sons of Esav were smitten before the sons of Yaakov, and the sons of Yaakov slew of the sons of Esav eighty men, and not one died of the people of the sons of Yaakov; and the hand of Yoseph prevailed over all the people of the sons of Esav, and he took Zepho, the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esav, and fifty of his men captive, and he bound them with chains of iron, and gave them into the hand of his servants to bring them to Mitzrayim.

3 And it came to pass when the sons of Yaakov had taken Zepho and his people captive, all those that remained were greatly afraid of their lives from the house of Esav, lest they should also be taken captive, and they all fled with Eliphaz the son of Esav and his people, with Esav’s body, and they went on their road to Mount Seir.

4 And they came to Mount Seir and they buried Esav in Seir, but they had not brought his head with them to Seir, for it was buried in that place where the battle had been in Hevron.

5 And it came to pass when the sons of Esav had fled from before the sons of Yaakov, the sons of Yaakov pursued them to the borders of Seir, but they did not slay a single man from among them when they pursued them, for Esav’s body which they carried with them excited their confusion, so they fled and the sons of Yaakov turned back from them and came up to the place where their brothers were in Hevron, and they remained there on that day, and on the next day until they rested from the battle.

6 And it came to pass on the third day they assembled all the sons of Seir the Horite, and they assembled all the children of the east, a multitude of people like the sand of the sea, and they went and came down to Mitzrayim to fight with Yoseph and his brothers, in order to deliver their brothers.

7 And Yoseph and all the sons of Yaakov heard that the sons of Esav and the children of the east had come upon them to battle in order to deliver their brothers.

8 And Yoseph and his brothers and the strong men of Mitzrayim went forth and fought in the city of Rameses, and Yoseph and his brothers dealt out a tremendous blow among the sons of Esav and the children of the east.

9 And they slew of them six hundred thousand men, and they slew among them all the mighty men of the children of Seir the Horite; there were only a few of them left, and they slew also a great many of the children of the east, and of the children of Esav; and Eliphaz the son of Esav, and the children of the east all fled before Yoseph and his brothers.

10 And Yoseph and his brothers pursued them until they came to Succoth, and they yet slew of them in Succoth thirty men, and the rest escaped and they fled each to his city.

11 And Yoseph and his brothers and the mighty men of Mitzrayim turned back from them with joy and cheerfulness of heart, for they had smitten all their enemies.

12 And Zepho the son of Eliphaz and his men were still slaves in Mitzrayim to the sons of Yaakov, and their pains increased.

13 And when the sons of Esav and the sons of Seir returned to their land, the sons of Seir saw that they had all fallen into the hands of the sons of Yaakov, and the people of Mitzrayim, on account of the battle of the sons of Esav.

14 And the sons of Seir said to the sons of Esav, You have seen and

therefore you know that this camp was on your account, and not one mighty man adept in war remains.

15 Now therefore go forth from our land, go from us to the land of Kanaan to the land of the dwelling of your ahvot. Why shall your children inherit the effects of our children in latter-days?

16 And the children of Esav would not listen to the children of Seir, and the children of Seir considered making war with them.

17 And the children of Esav sent secretly to Angeas melech of Africa, the same is Dinhavah, saying,

18 Send to us some of your men and let them come to us, and we will fight together with the children of Seir the Horite, for they have resolved to fight with us to drive us away from the land.

19 And Angeas melech of Dinhavah did so, for he was in those days friendly to the children of Esav, and Angeas sent five hundred valiant infantry to the children of Esav, and eight hundred cavalry.

20 And the children of Seir sent to the children of the east and to the children of Midiyan, saying, You have seen what the children of Esav have done to us, upon whose account we are almost all destroyed, in their battle with the sons of Yaakov.

21 Now therefore come to us and assist us, and we will fight them together, and we will drive them from the land and be avenged of the cause of our brothers who died for their sakes in their battle with their brothers the sons of Yaakov.

22 And all the children of the east listened to the children of Seir, and they came to them about eight hundred men with drawn swords, and the children of Esav fought with the children of Seir at that time in the wilderness of Paran.

23 And the children of Seir prevailed then over the sons of Esav, and the children of Seir slew on that day of the children of Esav in that battle about two hundred men of the people of Angeas melech of Dinhavah.

24 And on the second day the children of Esav came again to fight a second time with the children of Seir, and the battle was sore upon the children of Esav this second time, and it troubled them greatly on account of the children of Seir.

25 And when the children of Esav saw that the children of Seir were more powerful than they were, some men of the children of Esav turned and assisted the children of Seir their enemies.

26 And there fell yet of the people of the children of Esav in the second battle fifty-eight men of the people at Angeas melech of Dinhavah.

27 And on the third day the children of Esav heard that some of their brothers had turned from them to fight against them in the second battle; and the children of Esav mourned when they heard this thing.

28 And they said, What shall we do to our brothers who turned from us to assist the children of Seir our enemies? And the children of Esav again sent to Angeas melech of Dinhavah, saying,

29 Send to us again other men that with them we may fight with the children of Seir, for they have already twice been heavier than we were.

30 And Angeas again sent to the children of Esav about six hundred valiant men, and they came to assist the children of Esav.

31 And in ten days’ time the children of Esav again waged war with the children of Seir in the wilderness of Paran, and the battle was very severe upon the children of Seir, and the children of Esav prevailed at this time over the children of Seir, and the children of Seir were smitten before the children of Esav, and the children of Esav slew from them about two thousand men.

32 And all the mighty men of the children of Seir died in this battle, and there only remained their young children that were left in their cities.

33 And all Midiyan and the children of the east betook themselves to flight from the battle, and they left the children of Seir and fled when they saw that the battle was severe upon them, and the children of Esav pursued all the children of the east until they reached their land.

34 And the children of Esav slew yet of them about two hundred and fifty men and from the people of the children of Esav there fell in that battle about thirty men, but this evil came upon them through their brothers turning from them to assist the children of Seir the Horite, and the children of Esav again heard of the evil doings of their brothers, and they again mourned on account of this thing.

35 And it came to pass after the battle, the children of Esav turned back and came home to Seir, and the children of Esav slew those who had remained in the land of the children of Seir; they slew also their wives and little ones, they left not a being alive except fifty young lads and damsels whom they allowed to live, and the children of Esav did not put them to death, and the lads became their slaves, and the damsels they took for wives.

36 And the children of Esav dwelt in Seir in the place of the children of Seir, and they inherited their land and took possession of it.

37 And the children of Esav took all belonging in the land to the children of Seir, also their flocks, their bullocks and their goods, and all belonging to the children of Seir, did the children of Esav take, and the children of Esav dwelt in Seir in the place of the children of Seir to this day, and the children of Esav divided the land into divisions to the five sons of Esav, according to their families.

38 And it came to pass in those days, that the children of Esav resolved to keter a melech over them in the land of which they became possessed. And they said to each other, Not so, for he shall reign over us in our land, and we shall be under his counsel and he shall fight our battles, against our enemies, and they did so.

39 And all the children of Esav swore, saying, That none of their brothers should ever reign over them, but a strange man who is not of their brothers, for the beings of all the children of Esav were embittered every man against his son, brother and friend, on account of the evil they sustained from their brothers when they fought with the children of Seir.

40 Therefore the sons of Esav swore, saying, From that day forward they would not choose a melech from their brothers, but one from a strange land to this day.

41 And there was a man there from the people of Angeas melech of Dinhavah; his name was Bela the son of Beor, who was a very valiant man, beautiful and comely and wise in all wisdom, and a man of sense and counsel; and there was none of the people of Angeas like him.

42 And all the children of Esav took him and anointed him and they crowned him for a melech, and they bowed down to him, and they said to him, May the melech live, may the melech live.

43 And they spread out the sheet, and they brought him each man earrings of gold and silver or rings or bracelets, and they made him very rich in silver and in gold, in onyx stones and bdellium, and they made him a royal throne, and they placed a regal keter upon his head, and they built a palace for him and he dwelt therein, and he became melech over all the children of Esav.

44 And the people of Angeas took their hire for their battle from the children of Esav, and they went and returned at that time to their master in Dinhavah.

45 And Bela reigned over the children of Esav thirty years, and the children of Esav dwelt in the land instead of the children of Seir, and they dwelt securely in their stead to this day.

58 And it came to pass in the thirty-second year of the Yisraelites going down to Mitzrayim that is in the seventy-first year of the life of Yoseph, in that year died Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim, and Magron his son reigned in his stead.

2 And Pharaoh commanded Yoseph before his death to be an abba to his son, Magron, and that Magron should be under the care of Yoseph and under his counsel.

3 And all Mitzrayim consented to this thing that Yoseph should be melech over them, for all the Mitzrites loved Yoseph as before, only Magron the son of Pharaoh sat upon, his abba’s throne, and he became melech in those days in his abba’s stead.

4 Magron was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and forty years he reigned in Mitzrayim, and all Mitzrayim called his name Pharaoh after the name of his abba, as it was their custom to do in Mitzrayim to every melech that reigned over them.

5 And it came to pass when Pharaoh reigned in his abba’s stead; he placed the laws of Mitzrayim and all the affairs of government in the hand of Yoseph, as his abba had commanded him.

6 And Yoseph became melech over Mitzrayim, for he superintended over all Mitzrayim, and all Mitzrayim was under his care and under his counsel, for all Mitzrayim inclined to Yoseph after the death of Pharaoh, and they loved him exceedingly to reign over them.

7 But there were some people among them, who did not like him, saying, No stranger shall reign over us; still the whole government of Mitzrayim devolved in those days upon Yoseph, after the death of Pharaoh, he being the regulator, doing as he liked throughout the land without any one interfering.

8 And all Mitzrayim was under the care of Yoseph, and Yoseph made war with all his surrounding enemies, and he subdued them; also all the land and all the Philistines, to the borders of Kanaan, did Yoseph subdue, and they were all under his power and they gave a yearly tax to Yoseph.

9 And Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim sat upon his throne in his abba’s stead, but he was under the control and counsel of Yoseph, as he was at first under the control of his abba.

10 Neither did he reign but in the land of Mitzrayim only, under the counsel of Yoseph, but Yoseph reigned over the whole country at that time, from Mitzrayim to the great River Perath.

11 And Yoseph was successful in all his halachot, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave Yoseph additional wisdom, and honor, and glory, and love toward him in the hearts of the Mitzrites and throughout the land, and Yoseph reigned over the whole country forty years.

12 And all the countries of the Philistines and Kanaan and Tzidon, and on the other side of Yarden, brought presents to Yoseph all his days, and the whole country was in the hand of Yoseph, and they brought to him a yearly tribute as it was regulated, for Yoseph had fought against all his surrounding enemies and subdued them, and the whole country was in the hand of Yoseph, and Yoseph sat securely upon his throne in Mitzrayim.

13 And also all his brothers the sons of Yaakov dwelt securely in the land, all the days of Yoseph, and they were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly in the land, and they served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all their days, as their abba Yaakov had commanded them.

14 And it came to pass at the end of many days and years, when the children of Esav were dwelling quietly in their land with Bela their melech, that the children of Esav were fruitful and multiplied in the land, and they resolved to go and fight with the sons of Yaakov and all Mitzrayim, and to deliver their brother Zepho, the son of Eliphaz, and his men, for they were yet in those days slaves to Yoseph.

15 And the children of Esav sent to all the children of the east, and they made shalom with them, and all the children of the east came to them to go with the children of Esav to Mitzrayim to battle.

16 And there came also to them of the people of Angeas, melech of Dinhavah, and they also sent to the children of Yishmael and they also came to them.

17 And all this people assembled and came to Seir to assist the children of Esav in their battle, and this camp was very large and full with people, numerous as the sand of the sea, about eight hundred thousand men, infantry and cavalry, and all these troops went down to Mitzrayim to fight with the sons of Yaakov, and they encamped by Rameses.

18 And Yoseph went forth with his brothers with the mighty men of Mitzrayim, about six hundred men, and they fought with them in the land of Rameses; and the sons of Yaakov at that time again fought with the children of Esav, in the fiftieth year of the sons of Yaakov going down to Mitzrayim, that is the thirtieth year of the reign of Bela over the children of Esav in Seir.

19 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave all the mighty men of Esav and the children of the east into the hand of Yoseph and his brothers, and the people of the children of Esav and the children of the east were smitten before Yoseph.

20 And of the people of Esav and the children of the east that were slain, there fell before the sons of Yaakov about two hundred thousand men, and their melech Bela the son of Beor fell with them in the battle, and when the children of Esav saw that their melech had fallen in battle and was dead, their hands became weak in the combat.

21 And Yoseph and his brothers and all Mitzrayim were still smiting the people of the house of Esav, and all Esav’s people were afraid of the sons of Yaakov and fled from before them.

22 And Yoseph and his brothers and all Mitzrayim pursued them a day’s journey, and they slew yet from them about three hundred men, continuing to smite them in the road; and they afterward turned back from them.

23 And Yoseph and all his brothers returned to Mitzrayim, not one man was missing from them, but of the Mitzrites there fell twelve men.

24 And when Yoseph returned to Mitzrayim he ordered Zepho and his men to be additionally bound, and they bound them in irons and they increased their grief.

25 And all the people of the children of Esav, and the children of the east, returned in shame each to his city, for all the mighty men that were with them had fallen in battle.

26 And when the children of Esav saw that their melech had died in battle they hurried and took a man from the people of the children of the east; his name was Yovav the son of Zarach, from the land of Botzrah, and they caused him to reign over them instead of Bela their melech.

27 And Yovav sat upon the throne of Bela as melech in his stead, and Yovav reigned in Edom over all the children of Esav ten years, and the children of Esav went no more to fight with the sons of Yaakov from that day forward, for the sons of Esav knew the valor of the sons of Yaakov, and they were greatly afraid of them.

28 But from that day forward the children of Esav hated the sons of Yaakov, and the hatred and enmity were very strong between them all the days, to this day.

29 And it came to pass after this, at the end of ten years, Yovav, the son of Zarach, from Botzrah, died, and the children of Esav took a man whose name was Chusham, from the land of Teman, and they made him melech over them instead of Yovav, and Chusham reigned in Edom over all the children of Esav for twenty years.

30 And Yoseph, melech of Mitzrayim, and his brothers, and all the children of Yisrael dwelt securely in Mitzrayim in those days, together with all the children of Yoseph and his brothers, having no hindrance or evil accident and the land of Mitzrayim was at that time at rest from war in the days of Yoseph and his brothers.

59 And these are the names of the sons of Yisrael who dwelt in Mitzrayim, who had come with Yaakov, all the sons of Yaakov came to Mitzrayim, every man with his household.

2 The children of Leah were Reuven, Shimeon, Levi, Yahudah, Yissacher and Zevulun, and their sister Dinah.

3 And the sons of Rachel were Yoseph and Binyamin.

4 And the sons of Zilpah, the handmaid of Leah, were Gad and Asher.

5 And the sons of Bilhah, the handmaid of Rachel, were Dan and Naphtali.

6 And these were their offspring that were born to them in the land of Kanaan, before they came to Mitzrayim with their abba Yaakov.

7 The sons of Reuven were Chanoch, Pallu, Chetzron and Carmi.

8 And the sons of Shimeon were Yemuel, Yamin, Ohad, Yachin, Zochar and Shaul, the son of the Canaanitish woman.

9 And the children of Levi were Gershon, Kohath and Merari, and their sister Yocheved, who was born to them in their going down to Mitzrayim.

10 And the sons of Yahudah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Peretz and Zarach.

11 And Er and Onan died in the land of Kanaan; and the sons of Peretz were Chezron and Chamul.

12 And the sons of Yissacher were Tola, Puvah, Iyov and Shomron.

13 And the sons of Zevulun were Sered, Eylon and Yachleel, and the son of Dan was Chushim.

14 And the sons of Naphtali were Yachzeel, Guni, Yetzer and Shilam.

15 And the sons of Gad were Ziphion, Chaggi, Shuni, Ezvon, Eri, Arodi and Areli.

16 And the children of Asher were Yimnah, Yishvah, Yishvi, Beriyah and their sister Serach; and the sons of Beriyah were Chever and Malchiel.

17 And the sons of Binyamin were Bela, Becher, Ashvel, Gera, Naaman, Achi, Rosh, Mupim, Chupim and Ord.

18 And the sons of Yoseph, that were born to him in Mitzrayim, were Menasheh and Ephraim.

19 And all the beings that went forth from the loins of Yaakov, were seventy beings; these are they who came with Yaakov their abba to Mitzrayim to dwell there: and Yoseph and all his brothers dwelt securely in Mitzrayim, and they ate of the best of Mitzrayim all the days of the life of Yoseph.

20 And Yoseph lived in the land of Mitzrayim ninety-three years, and Yoseph reigned over all Mitzrayim eighty years.

21 And when the days of Yoseph drew near that he should die, he sent and called for his brothers and all his abba’s household, and they all came together and sat before him.

22 And Yoseph said to his brothers and to the whole of his abba’s household, Behold I die, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will surely visit you and bring you up from this land to the land which He swore to your ahvot to give to them.

23 And it shall be when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 shall visit you to bring you up from here to the land of your ahvot, then bring up my bones with you from here.

24 And Yoseph made the sons of Yisrael to swear for their zera after them, saying, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will surely visit you and you shall bring up my bones with you from here.

25 And it came to pass after this that Yoseph died in that year, the seventy-first year of the Yisraelites going down to Mitzrayim.

26 And Yoseph was one hundred and ten years old when he died in the land of Mitzrayim, and all his brothers and all his servants rose up and they embalmed Yoseph, as was their custom, and his brothers and all Mitzrayim mourned over him for seventy days.

27 And they put Yoseph in a coffin filled with spices and all sorts of perfume, and they buried him by the side of the river, that is Sihor, and his sons and all his brothers, and the whole of his abba’s household made a seven-day mourning for him.

28 And it came to pass after the death of Yoseph, all the Mitzrites began in those days to rule over the children of Yisrael, and Pharaoh, melech of Mitzrayim, who reigned in his abba’s stead, took all the laws of Mitzrayim and conducted the whole government of Mitzrayim under his counsel, and he reigned securely over his people.

60 And when the year came round, being the seventy-second year from the Yisraelites going down to Mitzrayim, after the death of Yoseph, Zepho, the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esav, fled from Mitzrayim, he and his men, and they went away.

2 And he came to Africa, which is Dinhavah, to Angeas melech of Africa, and Angeas received them with great honor, and he made Zepho the captain of his host.

3 And Zepho found favor in the sight of Angeas and in the sight of his people, and Zepho was captain of the host to Angeas melech of Africa for many days.

4 And Zepho enticed Angeas melech of Africa to collect all his army to go and fight with the Mitzrites, and with the sons of Yaakov, and to avenge of them the cause of his brothers.

5 But Angeas would not listen to Zepho to do this thing, for Angeas knew the strength of the sons of Yaakov, and what they had done to his army in their warfare with the children of Esav.

6 And Zepho was in those days very great in the sight of Angeas and in the sight of all his people, and he continually enticed them to make war against Mitzrayim, but they would not.

7 And it came to pass in those days there was in the land of Chittim a man in the city of Puzimna, whose name was Uzu, and he became degenerately deified by the children of Chittim, and the man died and had no son, only one daughter whose name was Yania.

8 And the damsel was exceedingly beautiful, comely and intelligent, there was none seen like her for beauty and wisdom throughout the land.

9 And the people of Angeas melech of Africa saw her and they came and praised her to him, and Angeas sent to the children of Chittim, and he requested to take her to himself for a wife, and the people of Chittim consented to give her to him for a wife.

10 And when the messengers of Angeas were going forth from the land of Chittim to take their journey, behold the messengers of Turnus melech of Biventu came to Chittim, for Turnus melech of Biventu also sent his messengers to request Yania for him, to take to himself for a wife, for all his men had also praised her to him, therefore he sent all his servants to her.

11 And the servants of Turnus came to Chittim, and they asked for Yania, to be taken to Turnus their melech for a wife.

12 And the people of Chittim said to them, We cannot give her, because Angeas melech of Africa desired her to take her to him for a wife before you came, and that we should give her to him, and now therefore we cannot do this thing to deprive Angeas of the damsel in order to give her to Turnus.

13 For we are greatly afraid of Angeas lest he come in battle against us and destroy us, and Turnus your master will not be able to deliver us from his hand.

14 And when the messengers of Turnus heard all the words of the children of Chittim, they turned back to their master and told him all the words of the children of Chittim.

15 And the children of Chittim sent a note to Angeas, saying, Behold Turnus has sent for Yania to take her to him for a wife, and this have we answered him; and we heard that he has collected his whole army to go to war against you, and he intends to pass by the road of Sardunia to fight against your brother Lucus, and after that he will come to fight against you.

16 And Angeas heard the words of the children of Chittim which they sent to him in the record, and his anger was kindled and he rose up and assembled his whole army and came through the islands of the sea, the road to Sardunia, to his brother Lucus melech of Sardunia.

17 And Niblos, the son of Lucus, heard that his uncle Angeas was coming, and he went out to meet him with a heavy army, and he kissed him and embraced him, and Niblos said to Angeas, When you ask my abba after his welfare, when I shall go with you to fight with Turnus, ask of him to make me captain of his host, and Angeas did so, and he came to his brother and his brother came to meet him, and he asked him after his welfare.

18 And Angeas asked his brother Lucus after his welfare, and to make his son Niblos captain of his host, and Lucus did so, and Angeas and his brother Lucus rose up and they went toward Turnus to battle, and there was with them a great army and many people.

19 And he came in ships, and they came into the province of Ashtorash, and behold Turnus came toward them, for he went forth to Sardunia, and intended to destroy it and afterward to pass on from there to Angeas to fight with him.

20 And Angeas and Lucus his brother met Turnus in the Valley of Canopia, and the battle was strong and mighty between them in that place.

21 And the battle was severe upon Lucus melech of Sardunia, and all his army fell, and Niblos his son fell also in that battle.

22 And his uncle Angeas commanded his servants and they made a golden coffin for Niblos and they put him into it, and Angeas again waged battle toward Turnus, and Angeas was stronger than he, and he slew him, and he smote all his people with the edge of the sword, and Angeas avenged the cause of Niblos his brother’s son and the cause of the army of his brother Lucus.

23 And when Turnus died, the hands of those that survived the battle became weak, and they fled from before Angeas and Lucus his brother.

24 And Angeas and his brother Lucus pursued them to the highroad, which is between Alphanu and Romah, and they slew the whole army of Turnus with the edge of the sword.

25 And Lucus melech of Sardunia commanded his servants that they should make a coffin of brass, and that they should place therein the body of his son Niblos, and they buried him in that place.

26 And they built upon it a high tower there upon the highroad, and they called its name after the name of Niblos to this day, and they also buried Turnus melech of Biventu there in that place with Niblos.

27 And behold upon the highroad between Alphanu and Romah the grave of Niblos is on one side and the grave of Turnus on the other, and a pavement between them to this day.

28 And when Niblos was buried, Lucus his abba returned with his army to his land Sardunia, and Angeas his brother melech of Africa went with his people to the city of Biventu, that is the city of Turnus.

29 And the inhabitants of Biventu heard of his fame and they were greatly afraid of him, and they went forth to meet him with weeping and supplication, and the inhabitants of Biventu entreated of Angeas not to slay them nor destroy their city; and he did so, for Biventu was in those days reckoned as one of the cities of the children of Chittim; therefore he did not destroy the city.

30 But from that day forward the troops of the melech of Africa would go to Chittim to spoil and plunder it, and whenever they went, Zepho the captain of the host of Angeas would go with them.

31 And it was after this that Angeas turned with his army and they came to the city of Puzimna, and Angeas took there Yania the daughter of Uzu for a wife and brought her to his city to Africa.

61 And it came to pass at that time Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim commanded all his people to make for him a strong palace in Mitzrayim.

2 And he also commanded the sons of Yaakov to assist the Mitzrites in the building, and the Mitzrites made a beautiful and elegant palace for a royal habitation, and he dwelt therein and he renewed his government and he reigned securely.

3 And Zevulun the son of Yaakov died in that year, that is the seventy-second year of the going down of the Yisraelites to Mitzrayim, and Zevulun died a hundred and fourteen years old, and was put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

4 And in the seventy-fifth year died his brother Shimeon, he was a hundred and twenty years old at his death, and he was also put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

5 And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esav, captain of the host to Angeas melech of Dinhavah, was still daily enticing Angeas to prepare for battle to fight with the sons of Yaakov in Mitzrayim, and Angeas was unwilling to do this thing, for his servants had related to him all the might of the sons of Yaakov, what they had done to them in their battle with the children of Esav.

6 And Zepho was in those days daily enticing Angeas to fight with the sons of Yaakov in those days.

7 And after some time Angeas hearkened to the words of Zepho and consented to him to fight with the sons of Yaakov in Mitzrayim, and Angeas got all his people in order, a people numerous as the sand which is upon the seashore, and he formed his resolution to go to Mitzrayim to battle.

8 And among the servants of Angeas was a youth fifteen years old, Balaam the son of Beor was his name and the youth was very wise and understood the art of witchcraft.

9 And Angeas said to Balaam, Conjure for us, I ask you, with the witchcraft, that we may know who will prevail in this battle to which we are now proceeding.

10 And Balaam ordered that they should bring him wax, and he made of it the likeness of mirkavot and horsemen representing the army of Angeas and the army of Mitzrayim, and he put them in the cunningly prepared mayim that he had for that purpose, and he took in his hand the boughs of myrtle trees, and he exercised his cunning, and he joined them over the mayim, and there appeared to him in the mayim the resembling images of the hosts of Angeas falling before the resembling images of the Mitzrites and the sons of Yaakov.

11 And Balaam told this thing to Angeas, and Angeas despaired and did not arm himself to go down to Mitzrayim to battle, and he remained in his city.

12 And when Zepho the son of Eliphaz saw that Angeas despaired of going forth to battle with the Mitzrites, Zepho fled from Angeas from Africa, and he went and came to Chittim.

13 And all the people of Chittim received him with great honor, and they hired him to fight their battles all the days, and Zepho became exceedingly rich in those days, and the troops of the melech of Africa still spread themselves in those days, and the children of Chittim assembled and went to Mount Cuptizia on account of the troops of Angeas melech of Africa, who were advancing upon them.

14 And it was one day that Zepho lost a young heifer, and he went to seek it, and he heard it mooing round about the mountain.

15 And Zepho went and he saw and behold there was a large cave at the bottom of the mountain, and there was a great stone there at the entrance of the cave, and Zepho split the stone and he came into the cave and he looked and behold, a large animal was devouring the ox; from the middle upward it resembled a man, and from the middle downward it resembled an animal, and Zepho rose up against the animal and slew it with his swords.

16 And the inhabitants of Chittim heard of this thing, and they rejoiced exceedingly, and they said, What shall we do to this man who has slain this animal that devoured our cattle?

17 And they all assembled to consecrate one day in the year to him, and they called the name of it Zepho after his name, and they brought to him drink offerings year after year on that day, and they brought to him gifts.

18 At that time Yania the daughter of Uzu wife of melech Angeas became ill, and her illness was heavily felt by Angeas and his officers, and Angeas said to his wise men, What shall I do to Yania and how shall I heal her from her illness? And his wise men said to him, Because the air of our country is not like the air of the land of Chittim, and our mayim is not like their mayim, therefore from this has the queen become ill.

19 For through the change of air and mayim she became ill, and also because in her country she drank only the mayim which came from Purmah, which her ancestors had brought up with bridges.

20 And Angeas commanded his servants, and they brought to him in vessels of the mayim of Purmah belonging to Chittim, and they weighed those mayim with all the mayim of the land of Africa, and they found those mayim lighter than the mayim of Africa.

21 And Angeas saw this thing, and he commanded all his officers to assemble the hewers of stone in thousands and tens of thousands, and they hewed stone without number, and the builders came and they built an exceedingly strong bridge, and they conveyed the spring of mayim from the land of Chittim to Africa, and those mayim were for Yania the queen and for all her concerns, to drink from and to bake, wash and bathe with, and also to water with it all zera from which food can be obtained, and all fruit of the ground.

22 And the melech commanded that they should bring of the soil of Chittim in large ships, and they also brought stones to build with, and the builders built palaces for Yania the queen, and the queen became healed of her illness.

23 And at the turn of the year the troops of Africa continued coming to the land of Chittim to plunder as usual, and Zepho son of Eliphaz heard their report, and he gave orders concerning them and he fought with them, and they fled before him, and he delivered the land of Chittim from them.

24 And the children of Chittim saw the valor of Zepho, and the children of Chittim resolved and they made Zepho melech over them, and he became melech over them, and while he reigned they went to subdue the children of Tuval, and all the surrounding islands.

25 And their melech Zepho went at their head and they made war with Tuval and the islands, and they subdued them, and when they returned from the battle they renewed his government for him, and they built for him a very large palace for his royal habitation and seat, and they made a large throne for him, and Zepho reigned over the whole land of Chittim and over the land of Italia fifty years.

62 In that year, being the seventy-ninth year of the Yisraelites going down to Mitzrayim, died Reuven the son of Yaakov, in the land of Mitzrayim; Reuven was a hundred and twenty-five years old when he died, and they put him into a coffin, and he was given into the hands of his children.

2 And in the eightieth year died his brother Dan; he was a hundred and twenty years at his death, and he was also put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

3 And in that year died Chusham melech of Edom, and after him reigned Hadad the son of Bedad, for thirty-five years; and in the eighty-first year died Yissacher the son of Yaakov, in Mitzrayim, and Yissacher was a hundred and twenty-two years old at his death, and he was put into a coffin in Mitzrayim, and given into the hands of his children.

4 And in the eighty-second year died Asher his brother, he was a hundred and twenty-three years old at his death, and he was placed in a coffin in Mitzrayim, and given into the hands of his children.

5 And in the eighty-third year died Gad, he was a hundred and twenty-five years old at his death, and he was put into a coffin in Mitzrayim, and given into the hands of his children.

6 And it came to pass in the eighty-fourth year, that is the fiftieth year of the reign of Hadad, son of Bedad, melech of Edom, that Hadad assembled all the children of Esav, and he got his whole army in readiness, about four hundred thousand men, and he directed his way to the land of Moav, and he went to fight with Moav and to make them tributary to him.

7 And the children of Moav heard this thing, and they were very much afraid, and they sent to the children of Midiyan to assist them in fighting with Hadad, son of Bedad, melech of Edom.

8 And Hadad came to the land of Moav, and Moav and the children of Midiyan went out to meet him, and they placed themselves in battle array against him in the field of Moav.

9 And Hadad fought with Moav, and there fell of the children of Moav and the children of Midiyan many slain ones, about two hundred thousand men.

10 And the battle was very severe upon Moav, and when the children of Moav saw that the battle was sore upon them, they weakened their hands and turned their backs, and left the children of Midiyan to carry on the battle.

11 And the children of Midiyan knew not the intentions of Moav, but they strengthened themselves in battle and fought with Hadad and all his army, and all Midiyan fell before him.

12 And Hadad smote all Midiyan with a heavy smiting, and he slew them with the edge of the sword, he left none remaining of those who came to assist Moav.

13 And when all the children of Midiyan had perished in battle, and the children at Moav had escaped, Hadad made all Moav at that time tributary to him, and they became under his hand, and they gave a yearly tax as it was ordered, and Hadad turned and went back to his land.

14 And at the turn of the year, when the rest of the people of Midiyan that were in the land heard that all their brothers had fallen in battle with Hadad for the sake of Moav, because the children of Moav had turned their backs in battle and left Midiyan to fight, then five of the princes of Midiyan resolved with the rest of their brothers who remained in their land, to fight with Moav to avenge the cause of their brothers.

15 And the children of Midiyan sent to all their brothers the children of the east, and all their brothers, all the children of Keturah came to assist Midiyan to fight with Moav.

16 And the children of Moav heard this thing, and they were greatly afraid that all the children of the east had assembled together against them for battle, and they the children of Moav sent a note to the land of Edom to Hadad the son of Bedad, saying,

17 Come now to us and assist us and we will smite Midiyan, for they all assembled together and have come against us with all their brothers the children of the east to battle, to avenge the cause of Midiyan that fell in battle.

18 And Hadad, son of Bedad, melech of Edom, went forth with his whole army and went to the land of Moav to fight with Midiyan, and Midiyan and the children of the east fought with Moav in the field of Moav, and the battle was very fierce between them.

19 And Hadad smote all the children of Midiyan and the children of the east with the edge of the sword, and Hadad at that time delivered Moav from the hand of Midiyan, and those that remained of Midiyan and of the children of the east fled before Hadad and his army, and Hadad pursued them to their land, and smote them with a very heavy slaughter, and the slain fell in the road.

20 And Hadad delivered Moav from the hand of Midiyan, for all the children of Midiyan had fallen by the edge of the sword, and Hadad turned and went back to his land.

21 And from that day forth, the children of Midiyan hated the children of Moav, because they had fallen in battle for their sake, and there was a great and mighty enmity between them all the days.

22 And all that were found of Midiyan in the road of the land of Moav perished by the sword of Moav, and all that were found of Moav in the road of the land of Midiyan, perished by the sword of Midiyan; this did Midiyan to Moav and Moav to Midiyan for many days.

23 And it came to pass at that time that Yahudah the son of Yaakov died in Mitzrayim, in the eighty-sixth year of Yaakov’s going down to Mitzrayim, and Yahudah was a hundred and twenty-nine years old at his death, and they embalmed him and put him into a coffin, and he was given into the hands of his children.

24 And in the eighty-ninth year died Naphtali, he was a hundred and thirty-two years old, and he was put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

25 And it came to pass in the ninety-first year of the Yisraelites going down to Mitzrayim, that is in the thirtieth year of the reign of Zepho the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esav, over the children of Chittim, the children of Africa came upon the children of Chittim to plunder them as usual, but they had not come upon them for these thirteen years.

26 And they came to them in that year, and Zepho the son of Eliphaz went out to them with some of his men and smote them desperately, and the troops of Africa fled from before Zepho and the slain fell before him, and Zepho and his men pursued them, going on and smiting them until they were near to Africa.

27 And Angeas melech of Africa heard the thing that Zepho had done, and it vexed him exceedingly, and Angeas was afraid of Zepho all the days.

63 And in the ninety-third year died Levi, the son of Yaakov, in Mitzrayim, and Levi was a hundred and thirty-seven years old when he died, and they put him into a coffin and he was given into the hands of his children.

2 And it came to pass after the death of Levi, when all Mitzrayim saw that the sons of Yaakov the brothers of Yoseph were dead, all the Mitzrites began to afflict the children of Yaakov, and to embitter their lives from that day to the day of their going forth from Mitzrayim, and they took from their hands all the vineyards and fields which Yoseph had given to them, and all the elegant houses in which the people of Yisrael lived, and all the fat of Mitzrayim, the Mitzrites took all from the sons of Yaakov in those days.

3 And the hand of all Mitzrayim became more grievous in those days against the children of Yisrael, and the Mitzrites injured the Yisraelites until the children of Yisrael were wearied of their lives on account of the Mitzrites.

4 And it came to pass in those days, in the hundred and second year of Yisrael’s going down to Mitzrayim, that Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim died, and Melol his son reigned in his stead, and all the mighty men of Mitzrayim and all that generation which knew Yoseph and his brothers died in those days.

5 And another generation rose up in their stead, which had not known the sons of Yaakov and all the tov which they had done to them, and all their might in Mitzrayim.

6 Therefore all Mitzrayim began from that day forth to embitter the lives of the sons of Yaakov, and to afflict them with all manner of hard labor, because they had not known their ancestors who had delivered them in the days of the famine.

7 And this was also from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, for the children of Yisrael, to benefit them in their latter-days, in order that all the children of Yisrael might know 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

8 And in order to know the signs and mighty wonders which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 would do in Mitzrayim on account of His people Yisrael, in order that the children of Yisrael might fear 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of their ancestors, and walk in all His halachot, they and their zera after them all their days.

9 Melol was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned ninety-four years, and all Mitzrayim called his name Pharaoh after the name of his abba, as it was their custom to do to every melech who reigned over them in Mitzrayim.

10 At that time all the troops of Angeas melech of Africa went forth to spread along the land of Chittim as usual for plunder.

11 And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esav heard their report, and he went forth to meet them with his army, and he fought them there in the road.

12 And Zepho smote the troops of the melech of Africa with the edge of the sword, and left none remaining of them, and not even one returned to his master in Africa.

13 And Angeas heard of this which Zepho the son of Eliphaz had done to all his troops, that he had destroyed them, and Angeas assembled all his troops, all the men of the land of Africa, a people numerous like the sand by the seashore.

14 And Angeas sent to Lucus his brother, saying, Come to me with all your men and help me to smite Zepho and all the children of Chittim who have destroyed my men, and Lucus came with his whole army, a very great force, to assist Angeas his brother to fight with Zepho and the children of Chittim.

15 And Zepho and the children of Chittim heard this thing, and they were greatly afraid and a great terror fell upon their hearts.

16 And Zepho also sent a letter to the land of Edom to Hadad the son of Bedad melech of Edom and to all the children of Esav, saying,

17 I have heard that Angeas melech of Africa is coming to us with his brother for battle against us, and we are greatly afraid of him, for his army is very great, particularly as he comes against us with his brother and his army likewise.

18 Now therefore come you also up with me and help me, and we will fight together against Angeas and his brother Lucus, and you will save us out of their hands, but if not, know that we shall all die.

19 And the children of Esav sent a letter to the children of Chittim and to Zepho their melech, saying, We cannot fight against Angeas and his people for a covenant of shalom has been between us these many years, from the days of Bela the first melech, and from the days of Yoseph the son of Yaakov melech of Mitzrayim, with whom we fought on the other side of Yarden when he buried his abba.

20 And when Zepho heard the words of his brothers the children of Esav he refrained from them, and Zepho was greatly afraid of Angeas.

21 And Angeas and Lucus his brother arrayed all their forces, about eight hundred thousand men, against the children of Chittim.

22 And all the children of Chittim said to Zepho, Pray for us to the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of your ancestors, perhaps He may deliver us from the hand of Angeas and his army, for we have heard that He is a great 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and that He delivers all who trust in Him.

23 And Zepho heard their words, and Zepho sought 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and he said,

24 0 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of Avraham and Yitzchak my ancestors, this day I know that you are an emet 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and all the ahlohim of the nations are vain and useless.

25 Remember now this day to me your covenant with Avraham our abba, which our ancestors related to us, and do graciously with me this day for the sake of Avraham and Yitzchak our ahvot, and save me and the children of Chittim from the hand of the melech of Africa who comes against us for battle.

26 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of Zepho, and He had regard for him on account of Avraham and Yitzchak, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered Zepho and the children of Chittim from the hand of Angeas and his people.

27 And Zepho fought Angeas melech of Africa and all his people on that day, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave all the people of Angeas into the hands of the children of Chittim.

28 And the battle was severe upon Angeas, and Zepho smote all the men of Angeas and Lucus his brother, with the edge of the sword, and there fell from them to the evening of that day about four hundred thousand men.

29 And when Angeas saw that all his men perished, he sent a letter to all the inhabitants of Africa to come to him, to assist him in the battle, and he wrote in the letter, saying, All who are found in Africa let them come to me from ten years old and upward; let them all come to me, and behold if he comes not he shall die, and all that he has, with his whole household, the melech will take.

30 And all the rest of the inhabitants of Africa were terrified at the words of Angeas, and there went out of the city about three hundred thousand men and boys, from ten years upward, and they came to Angeas.

31 And at the end of ten days Angeas renewed the battle against Zepho and the children of Chittim, and the battle was very great and strong between them.

32 And from the army of Angeas and Lucus, Zepho sent many of the wounded to his hand, about two thousand men, and Sosiphtar the captain of the host of Angeas fell in that battle.

33 And when Sosiphtar had fallen, the African troops turned their backs to flee, and they fled, and Angeas and Lucus his brother were with them.

34 And Zepho and the children of Chittim pursued them, and they smote them still heavily on the road, about two hundred men, and they pursued Azdrubal the son of Angeas who had fled with his abba, and they smote twenty of his men in the road, and Azdrubal escaped from the children of Chittim, and they did not slay him.

35 And Angeas and Lucus his brother fled with the rest of their men, and they escaped and came into Africa with terror and consternation, and Angeas feared all the days lest Zepho the son of Eliphaz should go to war with him.

64 And Balaam the son of Beor was at that time with Angeas in the battle, and when he saw that Zepho prevailed over Angeas, he fled from there and came to Chittim.

2 And Zepho and the children of Chittim received him with great honor, for Zepho knew Balaam’s wisdom, and Zepho gave to Balaam many gifts and he remained with him.

3 And when Zepho had returned from the war, he commanded all the children of Chittim to be numbered who had gone into battle with him, and behold not one was missed.

4 And Zepho rejoiced at this thing, and he renewed his malchut, and he made a feast to all his subjects.

5 But Zepho remembered not 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and considered not that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had helped him in battle, and that he had delivered him and his people from the hand of the melech of Africa, but still walked in the halachot of the children of Chittim and the wicked children of Esav, to serve other alohim which his brothers the children of Esav had taught him; it is therefore said, From the wicked goes forth wickedness.

6 And Zepho reigned over all the children of Chittim securely, but knew not 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who had delivered him and all his people from the hand of the melech of Africa; and the troops of Africa came no more to Chittim to plunder as usual, for they knew of the power of Zepho who had smitten them all at the edge of the sword, so Angeas was afraid of Zepho the son of Eliphaz, and of the children of Chittim all the days.

7 At that time when Zepho had returned from the war, and when Zepho had seen how he prevailed over all the people of Africa and had smitten them in battle at the edge of the sword, then Zepho advised with the children of Chittim, to go to Mitzrayim to fight with the sons of Yaakov and with Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim.

8 For Zepho heard that the mighty men of Mitzrayim were dead and that Yoseph and his brothers the sons of Yaakov were dead, and that all their children the children of Yisrael remained in Mitzrayim.

9 And Zepho considered to go to fight against them and all Mitzrayim, to avenge the cause of his brothers the children of Esav, whom Yoseph with his brothers and all Mitzrayim had smitten in the land of Kanaan, when they went up to bury Yaakov in Hevron.

10 And Zepho sent messengers to Hadad, son of Bedad, melech of Edom, and to all his brothers the children of Esav, saying,

11 Did you not say that you would not fight against the melech of Africa for he is a member of your covenant? Behold I fought with him and smote him and all his people.

12 Now therefore I have resolved to fight against Mitzrayim and the children of Yaakov who are there, and I will be revenged of them for what Yoseph, his brothers and ancestors did to us in the land of Kanaan when they went up to bury their abba in Hevron.

13 Now then if you are willing to come to me to assist me in fighting against them and Mitzrayim, then shall we avenge the cause of our brothers.

14 And the children of Esav hearkened to the words of Zepho, and the children of Esav gathered themselves together, a very great people, and they went to assist Zepho and the children of Chittim in battle.

15 And Zepho sent to all the children of the east and to all the children of Yishmael with words like these, and they gathered themselves and came to the assistance of Zepho and the children of Chittim in the war upon Mitzrayim.

16 And all these melechim, the melech of Edom and the children of the east, and all the children of Yishmael, and Zepho the melech of Chittim went forth and arrayed all their hosts in Hevron.

17 And the camp was very heavy, extending in length a distance of three days’ journey, a people numerous as the sand upon the seashore which cannot be counted.

18 And all these melechim and their hosts went down and came against all Mitzrayim in battle, and encamped together in the Valley of Pathros.

19 And all Mitzrayim heard their report, and they also gathered themselves together, all the people of the land of Mitzrayim, and of all the cities belonging to Mitzrayim, about three hundred thousand men.

20 And the men of Mitzrayim sent also to the children of Yisrael who were in those days in the land of Goshen, to come to them in order to go and fight with these melechim.

21 And the men of Yisrael assembled and were about one hundred and fifty men, and they went into battle to assist the Mitzrites.

22 And the men of Yisrael and of Mitzrayim went forth, about three hundred thousand men and one hundred and fifty men, and they went toward these melechim to battle, and they placed themselves from outside the land of Goshen opposite Pathros.

23 And the Mitzrites believed not in Yisrael to go with them in their camps together for battle, for all the Mitzrites said, Perhaps the children of Yisrael will deliver us into the hand of the children of Esav and Yishmael, for they are their brothers.

24 And all the Mitzrites said to the children of Yisrael, Remain here together in your stand and we will go and fight against the children of Esav and Yishmael, and if these melechim should prevail over us, then come all together upon them and assist us, and the children of Yisrael did so.

25 And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esav melech of Chittim, and Hadad the son of Bedad melech of Edom, and all their camps, and all the children of the east, and children of Yishmael, a people numerous as sand, encamped together in the Valley of Pathros opposite Tachpanches.

26 And Balaam the son of Beor the Syrian was there in the camp of Zepho, for he came with the children of Chittim to the battle, and Balaam was a man highly honored in the eyes of Zepho and his men.

27 And Zepho said to Balaam, Try by divination for us that we may know who will prevail in the battle; us or the Mitzrites.

28 And Balaam rose up and tried the art of divination, and he was skillful in the knowledge of it, but he was confused and the work was destroyed in his hand.

29 And he tried it again but it did not succeed, and Balaam despaired of it and left it and did not complete it, for this was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, in order to cause Zepho and his people to fall into the hand of the children of Yisrael, who had trusted in 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of their ancestors, in their war.

30 And Zepho and Hadad put their forces in battle array, and all the Mitzrites went alone against them, about three hundred thousand men, and not one man of Yisrael was with them.

31 And all the Mitzrites fought with these melechim opposite Pathros and Tachpanches, and the battle was severe against the Mitzrites.

32 And the melechim were stronger than the Mitzrites in that battle, and about one hundred and eighty men of Mitzrayim fell on that day, and about thirty men of the forces of the melechim, and all the men of Mitzrayim fled from before the melechim, so the children of Esav and Yishmael pursued the Mitzrites, continuing to smite them to the place where was the camp of the children of Yisrael.

33 And all the Mitzrites cried to the children of Yisrael, saying, Hasten to us and assist us and save us from the hand of Esav, Yishmael and the children of Chittim.

34 And the hundred and fifty men of the children of Yisrael ran from their station to the camps of these melechim, and the children of Yisrael cried to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to deliver them.

35 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to Yisrael, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave all the men of the melechim into their hand, and the children of Yisrael fought against these melechim, and the children of Yisrael smote about four thousand of the melechims’ men.

36 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 threw a great consternation in the camp of the melechim, so that the fear of the children of Yisrael fell upon them.

37 And all the armies of the melechim fled from before the children of Yisrael and the children of Yisrael pursued them continuing to smite them to the borders of the land of Cush.

38 And the children of Yisrael slew of them in the road yet two thousand men, and of the children of Yisrael not one fell.

39 And when the Mitzrites saw that the children of Yisrael had fought with such few men with the melechim, and that the battle was so very severe against them,

40 All the Mitzrites were greatly afraid of their lives on account of the strong battle, and all Mitzrayim fled, every man hiding himself from the arrayed forces, and they hid themselves in the road, and they left the Yisraelites to fight.

41 And the children of Yisrael inflicted a terrible blow upon the melechims’ men, and they returned from them after they had driven them to the border of the land of Cush.

42 And all Yisrael knew the thing that the men of Mitzrayim had done to them, that they had fled from them in battle, and had left them to fight alone.

43 So the children of Yisrael also acted with cunning, and as the children of Yisrael returned from battle, they found some of the Mitzrites in the road and smote them there.

44 And while they slew them, they said to them these words:

45 Why did you go from us and leave us, being a few people, to fight against these melechim who had a great people to smite us, that you might thereby deliver your own beings?

46 And of some which the Yisraelites met on the road, they the children of Yisrael spoke to each other, saying, Smite, smite, for he is a Yishmaelite, or an Edomite, or from the children of Chittim, and they stood over him and slew him, and they knew that he was a Mitzrite.

47 And the children of Yisrael did these things cunningly against the Mitzrites, because they had deserted them in battle and had fled from them.

48 And the children of Yisrael slew of the men of Mitzrayim in the road in this manner, about two hundred men.

49 And all the men of Mitzrayim saw the evil which the children of Yisrael had done to them, so all Mitzrayim feared greatly the children of Yisrael, for they had seen their great power, and that not one man of them had fallen.

50 So all the children of Yisrael returned with joy on their road to Goshen, and the rest of Mitzrayim returned each man to his place.

56 And it came to pass after these things that all the counselors of Pharaoh, melech of Mitzrayim, and all the zachanim of Mitzrayim assembled and came before the melech and bowed down to the ground, and they sat before him.

2 And the counselors and zachanim of Mitzrayim spoke to the melech, saying,

3 Behold the people of the children of Yisrael is greater and mightier than we are, and you know all the evil that they did to us in the road when we returned from battle.

4 And you have also seen their strong power, for this power is to them from their ahvot, for but a few men stood up against a people numerous as the sand, and smote them at the edge of the sword, and of themselves not one has fallen, so that if they had been numerous they would then have utterly destroyed them.

5 Now therefore give us counsel what to do with them, until we gradually destroy them from among us, lest they become too numerous for us in the land.

6 For if the children of Yisrael should increase in the land, they will become an obstacle to us, and if any war should happen to take place, they with their great strength will join our enemy against us, and fight against us, destroy us from the land and go away from it.

7 So the melech answered the zachanim of Mitzrayim and said to them, This is the plan advised against Yisrael, from which we will not depart,

8 Behold in the land are Pithom and Rameses, cities unfortified against battle, it behooves you and us to build them, and to fortify them.

9 Now therefore go you also and act cunningly toward them, and proclaim a voice in Mitzrayim and in Goshen at the command of the melech, saying,

10 All you men of Mitzrayim, Goshen, Pathros and all their inhabitants! The melech has commanded us to build Pithom and Rameses, and to fortify them for battle; who among you of all Mitzrayim, of the children of Yisrael and of all the inhabitants of the cities, are willing to build with us, shall each have his wages given to him daily at the melech’s order; so go you first and do cunningly, and gather yourselves and come to Pithom and Rameses to build.

11 And while you are building, cause a proclamation of this kind to be made throughout Mitzrayim every day at the command of the melech.

12 And when some of the children of Yisrael shall come to build with you, you shall give them their wages daily for a few days.

13 And after they shall have built with you for their daily hire, drag yourselves away from them daily one by one in secret, and then you shall rise up and become their task-masters and officers, and you shall leave them afterward to build without wages, and should they refuse, then force them with all your might to build.

14 And if you do this it will be well with us to strengthen our land against the children of Yisrael, for on account of the fatigue of the building and the work, the children of Yisrael will decrease, because you will deprive them from their wives day by day.

15 And all the zachanim of Mitzrayim heard the counsel of the melech, and the counsel seemed tov in their eyes and in the eyes of the servants of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all Mitzrayim, and they did according to the word of the melech.

16 And all the servants went away from the melech, and they caused a proclamation to be made in all Mitzrayim, in Tachpanches and in Goshen, and in all the cities which surrounded Mitzrayim, saying,

17 You have seen what the children of Esav and Yishmael did to us, who came to war against us and wished to destroy us.

18 Now therefore the melech commanded us to fortify the land, to build the cities Pithom and Rameses, and to fortify them for battle, if they should again come against us.

19 Whosoever of you from all Mitzrayim and from the children of Yisrael will come to build with us, he shall have his daily wages given by the melech, as his command is to us.

20 And when Mitzrayim and all the children of Yisrael heard all that the servants of Pharaoh had spoken, there came from the Mitzrites, and the children of Yisrael to build with the servants of Pharaoh, Pithom and Rameses, but none of the children of Levi came with their brothers to build.

21 And all the servants of Pharaoh and his princes came at first with deceit to build with all Yisrael as daily hired laborers, and they gave to Yisrael their daily hire at the beginning.

22 And the servants of Pharaoh built with all Yisrael, and were employed in that work with Yisrael for a month.

23 And at the end of the month, all the servants of Pharaoh began to withdraw secretly from the people of Yisrael daily.

24 And Yisrael went on with the work at that time, but they then received their daily hire, because some of the men of Mitzrayim were yet carrying on the work with Yisrael at that time; therefore the Mitzrites gave Yisrael their hire in those days, in order that they, the Mitzrites their fellow-workmen, might also take the pay for their labor.

25 And at the end of a year and four months all the Mitzrites had withdrawn from the children of Yisrael, so that the children of Yisrael were left alone engaged in the work.

26 And after all the Mitzrites had withdrawn from the children of Yisrael they returned and became oppressors and officers over them, and some of them stood over the children of Yisrael as task masters, to receive from them all that they gave them for the pay of their labor.

27 And the Mitzrites did in this manner to the children of Yisrael day by day, in order to afflict in their work.

28 And all the children of Yisrael were alone engaged in the labor, and the Mitzrites refrained from giving any pay to the children of Yisrael from that time forward.

29 And when some of the men of Yisrael refused to work on account of the wages not being given to them, then the exactors and the servants of Pharaoh oppressed them and smote them with heavy blows, and made them return by force, to labor with their brothers; this did all the Mitzrites to the children of Yisrael all the days.

30 And all the children of Yisrael were greatly afraid of the Mitzrites in this matter, and all the children of Yisrael returned and worked alone without pay.

31 And the children of Yisrael built Pithom and Rameses, and all the children of Yisrael did the work, some making bricks, and some building, and the children of Yisrael built and fortified all the land of Mitzrayim and its walls, and the children of Yisrael were engaged in work for many years, until the time came when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 remembered them and brought them out of Mitzrayim.

32 But the children of Levi were not employed in the work with their brothers of Yisrael, from the beginning to the day of their going forth from Mitzrayim.

33 For all the children of Levi knew that the Mitzrites had spoken all these words with deceit to the Yisraelites, therefore the children of Levi refrained from approaching to the work with their brothers.

34 And the Mitzrites did not direct their attention to make the children of Levi work afterward, since they had not been with their brothers at the beginning, therefore the Mitzrites left them alone.

35 And the hands of the men of Mitzrayim were directed with continued severity against the children of Yisrael in that work, and the Mitzrites made the children of Yisrael work with rigor.

36 And the Mitzrites embittered the lives of the children of Yisrael with hard work, in mortar and bricks, and also in all manner of work in the field.

37 And the children of Yisrael called Melol the melech of Mitzrayim “Meror, Β melech of Mitzrayim,” because in his days the Mitzrites had embittered their lives with all manner of work.

38 And all the work wherein the Mitzrites made the children of Yisrael labor, they exacted with rigor, in order to afflict the children of Yisrael, but the more they afflicted them, the more they increased and grew, and the Mitzrites were grieved because of the children of Yisrael.

66 At that time died Hadad the son of Bedad melech of Edom, and Samlah from Mesrekah, from the country of the children of the east, reigned in his place.

2 In the thirteenth year of the reign of Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim, which was the hundred and twenty-fifth year of the Yisraelites going down into Mitzrayim, Samlah had reigned over Edom eighteen years.

3 And when he reigned, he drew forth his hosts to go and fight against Zepho the son of Eliphaz and the children of Chittim, because they had made war against Angeas melech of Africa, and they destroyed his whole army.

4 But he did not engage with him, for the children of Esav prevented him, saying, He was their brother, so Samlah listened to the voice of the children of Esav, and turned back with all his forces to the land of Edom, and did not proceed to fight against Zepho the son of Eliphaz.

5 And Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim heard this thing, saying, Samlah melech of Edom has resolved to fight the children of Chittim, and afterward he will come to fight against Mitzrayim.

6 And when the Mitzrites heard this matter, they increased the labor upon the children of Yisrael, lest the Yisraelites should do to them as they did to them in their war with the children of Esav in the days of Hadad.

7 So the Mitzrites said to the children of Yisrael, Hasten and do your work, and finish your task, and strengthen the land, lest the children of Esav your brothers should come to fight against us, for on your account will they come against us.

8 And the children of Yisrael did the work of the men of Mitzrayim day by day, and the Mitzrites afflicted the children of Yisrael in order to lessen them in the land.

9 But as the Mitzrites increased the labor upon the children of Yisrael, so did the children of Yisrael increase and multiply, and all Mitzrayim was filled with the children of Yisrael.

10 And in the hundred and twenty-fifth year of Yisrael’s going down into Mitzrayim, all the Mitzrites saw that their counsel did not succeed against Yisrael, but that they increased and grew, and the land of Mitzrayim and the land of Goshen were filled with the children of Yisrael.

11 So all the zachanim of Mitzrayim and its wise men came before the melech and bowed down to him and sat before him.

12 And all the zachanim of Mitzrayim and the wise men of it said to the melech, May the melech live le-olam-va-ed; you did counsel us the counsel against the children of Yisrael, and we did to them according to the word of the melech.

13 But in proportion to the increase of the labor so do they increase and grow in the land, and behold the whole country is filled with them.

14 Now therefore our master and melech, the eyes of all Mitzrayim are upon you to give them advice with your wisdom, by which they may prevail over Yisrael to destroy them, or to diminish them from the land; and the melech answered them saying, Give you counsel in this matter that we may know what to do to them.

15 And an officer, one of the melech’s counselors, whose name was Iyov, from Mesopotamia, in the land of Uz, answered the melech, saying,

16 If it pleases the melech, let him hear the counsel of his servant; and the melech said to him, Speak.

17 And Iyov spoke before the melech, the princes, and before all the zachanim of Mitzrayim, saying,

18 Behold the counsel of the melech which he advised formerly respecting the labor of the children of Yisrael is very tov, and you must not remove from them that labor le-olam-va-ed.

19 But this is the advice counseled by which you may lessen them, if it seems tov to the melech to afflict them.

20 Behold we have feared war for a long time, and we said, When Yisrael becomes fruitful in the land, they will drive us from the land if a war should take place.

21 If it pleases the melech, let a royal decree go forth, and let it be written in the laws of Mitzrayim that shall not be revoked, that every male child born to the Yisraelites, his blood shall be spilled upon the ground.

22 And by your doing this, when all the male children of Yisrael shall have died, the evil of their wars will cease; let the melech do so and send for all the Ivri midwives and order them in this matter to execute it; so the thing pleased the melech and the princes, and the melech did according to the word of Iyov.

23 And the melech sent for the Ivri midwives to be called, of which the name of one was Shephrah, and the name of the other Puah.

24 And the midwives came before the melech, and stood in his presence.

25 And the melech said to them, When you do the office of a midwife to the Ivri women, and see them upon the stools, if it is a son, then you shall kill him, but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.

26 But if you will not do this thing, then will I burn you up and all your houses with fire.

27 But the midwives feared 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and did not listen to the melech of Mitzrayim or to his words, and when the Ivri women brought forth to the midwife son or daughter; then did the midwife do all that was necessary to the child and let it live; this did the midwives all the days.

28 And this thing was told to the melech, and he sent and called for the midwives and he said to them, Why have you done this thing and have saved the children alive?

29 And the midwives answered and spoke together before the melech, saying,

30 Let not the melech think that the Ivri women are as the Mitzrite women, for all the children of Yisrael are hale, and before the midwife comes to them they are delivered, and as for us your handmaids, for many days no Ivri woman has brought forth upon us, for all the Ivri women are their own midwives, because they are hale.

31 And Pharaoh heard their words and believed them in this matter, and the midwives went away from the melech, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 dealt well with them, and the people multiplied and waxed exceedingly.

67 There was a man in the land of Mitzrayim of the zera of Levi, whose name was Amram, the son of Kehoth, the son of Levi, the son of Yisrael.

2 And this man went and took a wife, namely Yocheved the daughter of Levi his abba’s sister, and she was one hundred and twenty-six years old, and he came to her.

3 And the women conceived and bare a daughter, and she called her name Miryam, because in those days the Mitzrites had embittered the lives of the children of Yisrael.

4 And she conceived again and bare a son and she called his name Aharon, for in the days of her conception, Pharaoh began to spill the blood of the male children of Yisrael.

5 In those days died Zepho the son of Eliphaz, son of Esav, melech of Chittim, and Yaneas reigned in his stead.

6 And the time that Zepho reigned over the children of Chittim was fifty years, and he died and was buried in the city of Navna in the land of Chittim.

7 And Yaneas, one of the mighty men of the children of Chittim, reigned after him and he reigned fifty years.

8 And it was after the death of the melech of Chittim that Balaam the son of Beor fled from the land of Chittim, and he went and came to Mitzrayim to Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim.

9 And Pharaoh received him with great honor, for he had heard of his wisdom, and he gave him presents and made him a counselor, and aggrandized him.

10 And Balaam dwelt in Mitzrayim, in honor with all the nobles of the melech, and the nobles exalted him, because they all coveted to learn his wisdom.

11 And in the hundred and thirtieth year of Yisrael’s going down to Mitzrayim, Pharaoh dreamed that he was sitting upon his kingly throne, and lifted up his eyes and saw an old man standing before him, and there were scales in the hands of the old man, such scales as are used by merchants.

12 And the old man took the scales and hung them before Pharaoh.

13 And the old man took all the zachanim of Mitzrayim and all its nobles and great men, and he tied them together and put them in one scale.

14 And he took a milk kid and put it into the other scale, and the kid outweighed them all.

15 And Pharaoh was astonished at this dreadful vision, why the kid should outweigh them all, and Pharaoh awoke and behold it was a dream.

16 And Pharaoh rose up early in the morning and called all his servants and related to them the dream, and the men were greatly afraid.

17 And the melech said to all his wise men, Interpret I ask you the dream that I dreamed, that I may know it.

18 And Balaam the son of Beor answered the melech and said to him, This means nothing else but a great evil that will spring up against Mitzrayim in the latter-days.

19 For a son will be born to Yisrael who will destroy all Mitzrayim and its inhabitants, and bring forth the Yisraelites from Mitzrayim with a mighty hand.

20 Now therefore, O melech, take counsel upon this matter, that you may destroy the hope of the children of Yisrael and their expectation, before this evil arise against Mitzrayim.

21 And the melech said to Balaam, And what shall we do to Yisrael? Surely after a certain manner did we at first counsel against them and could not prevail over them.

22 Now therefore give you also advice against them by which we may prevail over them.

23 And Balaam answered the melech, saying, Send now and call your two counselors, and we will see what their advice is upon this matter and afterward your servant will speak.

24 And the melech sent and called his two counselors Reuel the Midyanite and Iyov the Uzite, and they came and sat before the melech.

25 And the melech said to them, Behold you have both heard the dream which I have dreamed, and the interpretation of it; now therefore give counsel and know and see what is to be done to the children of Yisrael, whereby we may prevail over them, before their evil shall spring up against us.

26 And Reuel the Midyanite answered the melech and said, May the melech live, may the melech live le-olam-va-ed.

27 If it seem tov to the melech, let him desist from the Ivrim and leave them, and let him not stretch forth his hand against them.

28 For these are they whom 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 chose in days of old, and took as the lot of his inheritance from among all the nations of the earth and the melechim of the earth; and who is there that stretched his hand against them with impunity, of whom their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was not avenged?

29 Surely you know that when Avraham went down to Mitzrayim, Pharaoh, the former melech of Mitzrayim, saw Sarah his wife, and took her for a wife, because Avraham said, She is my sister, for he was afraid, lest the men of Mitzrayim should slay him on account of his wife.

30 And when the melech of Mitzrayim had taken Sarah then 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote him and his household with heavy plagues, until he restored to Avraham his wife Sarah, then was he healed.

31 And Avimelech the Gerarite, melech of the Philistines, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 punished on account of Sarah wife of Avraham, in stopping up every womb from man to beast.

32 When their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came to Avimelech in the dream of night and terrified him in order that he might restore to Avraham Sarah whom he had taken, and afterward all the people of Gerar were punished on account of Sarah, and Avraham prayed to his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for them, and He was entreated of him, and he healed them.

33 And Avimelech feared all this evil that came upon him and his people, and he returned to Avraham his wife Sarah, and gave him with her many gifts.

34 He did so also to Yitzchak when he had driven him from Gerar, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had done wonderful things to him, that all the mayim courses of Gerar were dried up, and their productive trees did not bring forth.

35 Until Avimelech of Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Pichol the captain of his host, went to him and they bent and bowed down before him to the ground.

36 And they requested of him to supplicate for them, and he prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was entreated of him and He healed them.

37 Yaakov also, the plain man, was delivered through his integrity from the hand of his brother Esav, and the hand of Lavan the Syrian-Aramean his ema’s brother, who had sought his life; likewise from the hand of all the melechim of Kanaan who had come together against him and his children to destroy them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered them out of their hands, that they turned upon them and smote them, for who had ever stretched forth his hand against them with impunity?

38 Surely Pharaoh the former, your abba’s abba, raised Yoseph the son of Yaakov above all the princes of the land of Mitzrayim, when he saw his wisdom, for through his wisdom he rescued all the inhabitants of the land from the famine.

39 After which he ordered Yaakov and his children to come down to Mitzrayim, in order that through their virtue, the land of Mitzrayim and the land of Goshen might be delivered from the famine.

40 Now therefore if it seems tov in your eyes, cease from destroying the children of Yisrael, but if it be not your will that they shall dwell in Mitzrayim, send them forth from here, that they may go to the land of Kanaan, the land where their ancestors sojourned.

41 And when Pharaoh heard the words of Yithro he was very angry with him, so that he rose with shame from the melech’s presence, and went to Midiyan, his land, and took Yoseph’s stick with him.

42 And the melech said to Iyov the Uzite, What say you Iyov, and what is your advice respecting the Ivrim?

43 So Iyov said to the melech, Behold all the inhabitants of the land are in your power; let the melech do, as it seems tov in his eyes.

44 And the melech said to Balaam, What do you say, Balaam, speak your word that we may hear it.

45 And Balaam said to the melech, Of all that the melech has counseled against the Ivrim will they be delivered, and the melech will not be able to prevail over them with any counsel.

46 For if you think to lessen them by the flaming fire, you cannot prevail over them, for surely their 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered Avraham their abba from Ur of the Chaldeans; and if you think to destroy them with a sword, surely Yitzchak their abba was delivered from it, and a ram was placed in his stead.

47 And if with hard and rigorous labor you think to lessen them, you will not prevail even in this, for their abba Yaakov served Lavan in all manner of hard work, and prospered.

48 Now therefore, O Melech, hear my words, for this is the counsel which is counseled against them, by which you will prevail over them, and from which you should not depart.

49 If it please the melech let him order all their children which shall be born from this day forward, to be thrown into the mayim, for by this can you wipe away their name, for none of them, nor of their ahvot, were tried in this manner.

50 And the melech heard the words of Balaam, and the thing pleased the melech and the princes, and the melech did according to the word of Balaam.

51 And the melech ordered a proclamation to be issued and a law to be made throughout the land of Mitzrayim, saying, Every male child born to the Ivrim from this day forward shall be thrown into the mayim.

52 And Pharaoh called to all his servants, saying, Go now and seek throughout the land of Goshen where the children of Yisrael are, and see that every son born to the Ivrim shall be cast into the river, but every daughter you shall let live.

53 And when the children of Yisrael heard this thing that Pharaoh had commanded, to cast their male children into the river, some of the people separated from their wives and others adhered to them.

54 And from that day forward, when the time of delivery arrived to those women of Yisrael who had remained with their husbands, they went to the field to bring forth there, and they brought forth in the field, and left their children upon the field and returned home.

55 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who had sworn to their ancestors to multiply them, sent one of His ministering malachim which are in the shamayim to wash each child in mayim, to anoint and swathe it and to put into its hands two smooth stones from one of which it sucked milk and from the other honey, and He caused its hair to grow to its knees, by which it might cover itself; to comfort it and to cleave to it, through His rachamim for it.

56 And when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had rachamim over them and had desired to multiply them upon the face of the land, He ordered His earth to receive them to be preserved therein till the time of their growing up, after which the earth opened its mouth and vomited them forth and they sprouted forth from the city like the herb of the earth, and the grass of the forest, and they returned each to his family and to his abba’s house, and they remained with them.

57 And the babes of the children of Yisrael were upon the earth like the herb of the field, through 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s rachamim to them.

58 And when all the Mitzrites saw this thing, they went forth, each to his field with his yoke of oxen and his ploughshare, and they ploughed it up as one ploughs the earth at zera time.

59 And when they ploughed they were unable to hurt the infants of the children of Yisrael, so the people increased and waxed exceedingly.

60 And Pharaoh ordered his officers daily to go to Goshen to seek for the babes of the children of Yisrael.

61 And when they had sought and found one, they took it from its ema’s bosom by force, and threw it into the river, but the female child they left with its ema; this did the Mitzrites do to the Yisraelites all the days.

68 And it was at that time the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was upon Miryam the daughter of Amram the sister of Aharon, and she went forth and prophesied around the house, saying, Behold a son will be born to us from my abba and ema this time, and he will save Yisrael from the hands of Mitzrayim.

2 And when Amram heard the words of his daughter, he went and took his wife back to the house, after he had driven her away at the time when Pharaoh ordered every male child of the house of Yaakov to be thrown into the mayim.

3 So Amram took Yocheved his wife, three years after he had driven her away, and he came to her and she conceived.

4 And at the end of seven months from her conception she brought forth a son, and the whole house was filled with great light as of the light of the sun and moon at the time of their shining.

5 And when the woman saw the child that it was tov and pleasing to the sight, she hid it for three months in an inner room.

6 In those days the Mitzrites conspired to destroy all the Ivrim there.

7 And the Mitzrite women went to Goshen where the children of Yisrael were, and they carried their young ones upon their shoulders, their babes who could not yet speak.

8 And in those days, when the women of the children of Yisrael brought forth, each woman had hidden her son from before the Mitzrites, that the Mitzrites might not know of their bringing forth, and might not destroy them from the land.

9 And the Mitzrite women came to Goshen and their children who could not speak were upon their shoulders, and when a Mitzrite woman came into the house of an Ivri woman her babe began to cry.

10 And when it cried the child that was in the inner room answered it, so the Mitzrite women went and told it at the house of Pharaoh.

11 And Pharaoh sent his officers to take the children and slay them; this did the Mitzrites to the Ivri women all the days.

12 And it was at that time, about three months from Yocheved’s concealment of her son, that the thing was known in Pharaoh’s house.

13 And the woman hurried to take away her son before the officers came, and she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein, and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.

14 And his sister Miryam stood afar off to know what would be done to him, and what would become of her words.

15 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent forth at that time a terrible heat in the land of Mitzrayim, which burned up the flesh of man like the sun in his circuit, and it greatly oppressed the Mitzrites.

16 And all the Mitzrites went down to bathe in the river, on account of the consuming heat that burned up their flesh.

17 And Bathiya, the daughter of Pharaoh, went also to bathe in the river, owing to the consuming heat, and her maidens walked at the riverside, and all the women of Mitzrayim as well.

18 And Bathiya lifted up her eyes to the river, and she saw the basket upon the mayim, and sent her maid to fetch it.

19 And she opened it and saw the child, and behold the babe wept, and she had rachamim on him, and she said, This is one of the Ivri children.

20 And all the women of Mitzrayim walking on the riverside desired to give him suck, but he would not suck, for this thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, in order to restore him to his ema’s breast.

21 And Miryam his sister was at that time among the Mitzrite women at the riverside, and she saw this thing and she said to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and fetch a nurse of the Ivri women, that she may nurse the child for you?

22 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Go, and the young woman went and called the child’s ema.

23 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to Yocheved, Take this child away and suckle it for me, and I will pay you your wages, two bits of silver daily; and the woman took the child and nursed it.

24 And at the end of two years, when the child grew up, she brought him to the daughter of Pharaoh, and he was to her as a son, and she called his name Moshe, for she said, Because I drew him out of the mayim.

25 And Amram his abba called his name Chavar, for he said, It was for him that he associated with his wife from whom he had turned away.

26 And Yocheved his ema called his name Yekuthiel, because, she said, I have hoped for him to the Almighty, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 restored him to me.

27 And Miryam his sister called him Yered, for she descended after him to the river to know what his end would be.

28 And Aharon his brother called his name Avi-Zanuch, saying, My abba left my ema and returned to her on his account.

29 And Kohath the abba of Amram called his name Avigdor, because on his account did 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 repair the breach of the house of Yaakov, that they could no longer throw their male children into the mayim.

30 And their nurse called him Avi-Sucho, saying, In his tabernacle was he hidden for three months, on account of the children of Ham.

31 And all Yisrael called his name Shemayah, son of Nethanel, for they said, In his days has 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard their cries and rescued them from their oppressors.

32 And Moshe was in Pharaoh’s house, and was to Bathiya, Pharaoh’s daughter, as a son, and Moshe grew up among the melech’s children.

69 And the melech of Edom died in those days, in the eighteenth year of his reign, and was buried in his temple that he had built for himself as his royal residence in the land of Edom.

2 And the children of Esav sent to Pethor, which is upon the river, and they fetched from there a young man of beautiful eyes and comely aspect, whose name was Shaul, and they made him melech over them in the place of Samlah.

3 And Shaul reigned over all the children of Esav in the land of Edom for forty years.

4 And when Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim saw that the counsel which Balaam had advised respecting the children of Yisrael did not succeed, but that still they were fruitful, multiplied and increased throughout the land of Mitzrayim,

5 Then Pharaoh commanded in those days that a proclamation should be issued throughout Mitzrayim to the children of Yisrael, saying, No man shall diminish any thing of his daily labor.

6 And the man who shall be found deficient in his labor which he performs daily, whether in mortar or in bricks, then his youngest son shall be put in their place.

7 And the labor of Mitzrayim strengthened upon the children of Yisrael in those days, and behold if one brick was deficient in any man’s daily labor, the Mitzrites took his youngest boy by force from his ema, and put him into the building in the place of the brick which his abba had left wanting.

8 And the men of Mitzrayim did so to all the children of Yisrael day by day, all the days for a long period.

9 But the tribe of Levi did not at that time work with the Yisraelites their brothers, from the beginning, for the children of Levi knew the cunning of the Mitzrites that they exercised at first toward the Yisraelites.

70 And in the third year from the birth of Moshe, Pharaoh was sitting at a banquet, when Alparanith the queen was sitting at his right and Bathiya at his left, and the lad Moshe was lying upon her bosom, and Balaam the son of Beor with his two sons, and all the princes of the malchut were sitting at table in the melech’s presence.

2 And the lad stretched forth his hand upon the melech’s head, and took the keter from the melech’s head and placed it on his own head.

3 And when the melech and princes saw the work that the boy had done, the melech and princes were terrified, and one man to his neighbor expressed astonishment.

4 And the melech said to the princes who were before him at table, What speak you and what say you, O you princes, in this matter, and what is to be the mishpat against the boy on account of this act?

5 And Balaam the son of Beor the magician answered before the melech and princes, and he said, Remember now, O my master and melech, the dream which you did dream many days since, and that which your servant interpreted to you.

6 Now therefore this is a child from the Ivrim children, in whom is the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and let not my master the melech imagine that this youngster did this thing without knowledge.

7 For he is an Ivri boy, and wisdom and understanding are with him, although he is yet a child, and with wisdom has he done this and chosen to himself the malchut of Mitzrayim.

8 For this is the manner of all the Ivrim to deceive melechim and their nobles, to do all these things cunningly, in order to make the melechim of the earth and their men tremble.

9 Surely you know that Avraham their abba acted like this, who deceived the army of Nimrod melech of Bavel, and Avimelech melech of Gerar, and that he possessed himself of the land of the children of Cheth and all the kingdoms of Kanaan.

10 And that he descended into Mitzrayim and said of Sarah his wife, she is my sister, in order to mislead Mitzrayim and her melech.

11 His son Yitzchak also did so when he went to Gerar and dwelt there, and his strength prevailed over the army of Avimelech melech of the Philistines.

12 He also thought of making the malchut of the Philistines stumble, in saying that Rivkah his wife was his sister.

13 Yaakov also dealt treacherously with his brother, and took from his hand his bechor and his blessing.

14 He went then to Padan-Aram to the house of Lavan his ema’s brother, and cunningly obtained from him his daughter, his cattle, and all belonging to him, and fled away and returned to the land of Kanaan to his abba.

15 His sons sold their brother Yoseph, who went down into Mitzrayim and became a slave, and was placed in the prison house for twelve years.

16 Until the former Pharaoh dreamed dreams, and withdrew him from the prison house, and magnified him above all the princes in Mitzrayim on account of his interpreting his dreams to him.

17 And when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused a famine throughout the land he sent for and brought his abba and all his brothers, and the whole of his abba’s household, and supported them without price or reward, and bought the Mitzrites for slaves.

18 Now therefore my master melech behold this child has risen up in their stead in Mitzrayim, to do according to their deeds and to trifle with every melech, prince and judge.

19 If it please the melech, let us now spill his blood upon the ground, lest he grow up and take away the government from your hand, and the hope of Mitzrayim perish after he shall have reigned.

20 And Balaam said to the melech, Let us moreover call for all the shophtim of Mitzrayim and the wise men of it, and let us know if the mishpat of death is due to this boy as you did say, and then we will slay him.

21 And Pharaoh sent and called for all the wise men of Mitzrayim and they came before the melech, and a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came among them, and he was like one of the wise men of Mitzrayim.

22 And the melech said to the wise men, Surely you have heard what this Ivri boy who is in the house has done, and this has Balaam judged in the matter.

23 Now judge you also and see what is due to the boy for the act he has committed.

24 And the malach, who seemed like one of the wise men of Pharaoh, answered and said as follows, before all the wise men of Mitzrayim and before the melech and the princes:

25 If it please the melech let the melech send for men who shall bring before him an onyx stone and a coal of fire, and place them before the child, and if the child shall stretch forth his hand and take the onyx stone, then shall we know that with wisdom has the youth done all that he has done, and we must slay him.

26 But if he stretches forth his hand upon the coal, then shall we know that it was not with knowledge that he did this thing, and he shall live.

27 And the thing seemed tov in the eyes of the melech and the princes, so the melech did according to the word of the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

28 And the melech ordered the onyx stone and coal to be brought and placed before Moshe.

29 And they placed the boy before them, and the lad endeavored to stretch forth his hand to the onyx stone, but the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 took his hand and placed it upon the coal, and the coal became extinguished in his hand, and he lifted it up and put it into his mouth, and burned part of his lips and part of his tongue, and he became heavy in mouth and tongue.

30 And when the melech and princes saw this, they knew that Moshe had not acted with wisdom in taking off the keter from the melech’s head.

31 So the melech and princes refrained from slaying the child, so Moshe remained in Pharaoh’s house, growing up, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him.

32 And while the boy was in the melech’s house, he was robed in purple and he grew among the children of the melech.

33 And when Moshe grew up in the melech’s house, Bathiya the daughter of Pharaoh considered him as a son, and all the household of Pharaoh honored him, and all the men of Mitzrayim were afraid of him.

34 And he daily went forth and came into the land of Goshen, where his brothers the children of Yisrael were, and Moshe saw them daily in shortness of breath and hard labor.

35 And Moshe asked them, saying, Why is this labor meted out to you day by day?

36 And they told him all that had befallen them, and all the injunctions that Pharaoh had put upon them before his birth.

37 And they told him all the counsels which Balaam the son of Beor had counseled against them, and what he had also counseled against him in order to slay him when he had taken the melech’s keter from off his head.

38 And when Moshe heard these things his anger was kindled against Balaam, and he sought to kill him, and he was in ambush for him day by day.

39 And Balaam was afraid of Moshe, and he and his two sons rose up and went forth from Mitzrayim, and they fled and delivered their beings and took themselves to the land of Cush to Kikianus, melech of Cush.

40 And Moshe was in the melech’s house going out and coming in, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave him favor in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants, and in the eyes of all the people of Mitzrayim, and they loved Moshe exceedingly.

41 And the day arrived when Moshe went to Goshen to see his brothers, that he saw the children of Yisrael in their burdens and hard labor, and Moshe was grieved on their account.

42 And Moshe returned to Mitzrayim and came to the house of Pharaoh, and came before the melech, and Moshe bowed down before the melech.

43 And Moshe said to Pharaoh, I ask you my master, I have come to seek a small request from you, turn not away my face empty; and Pharaoh said to him, Speak.

44 And Moshe said to Pharaoh, Let there be given to your servants the children of Yisrael who are in Goshen, one day to rest in from their labor.

45 And the melech answered Moshe and said, Behold I have lifted up your face in this thing to grant your request.

46 And Pharaoh ordered a proclamation to be issued throughout Mitzrayim and Goshen, saying,

47 To you, all the children of Yisrael, this says the melech, for six days you shall do your work and labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest, and shall not perform any work, this shall you do all the days, as the melech and Moshe the son of Bathiya have commanded.

48 And Moshe rejoiced at this thing that the melech had granted to him, and all the children of Yisrael did as Moshe ordered them.

49 For this thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to the children of Yisrael, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had begun to remember the children of Yisrael to save them for the sake of their ahvot.

50 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Moshe and his fame went throughout Mitzrayim.

51 And Moshe became great in the eyes of all the Mitzrites, and in the eyes of all the children of Yisrael, seeking tov for his people Yisrael and speaking words of shalom regarding them to the melech.

71 And when Moshe was eighteen years old, he desired to see his abba and ema and he went to them to Goshen, and when Moshe had come near Goshen, he came to the place where the children of Yisrael were engaged in work, and he observed their burdens, and he saw a Mitzrite smiting one of his Ivri brothers.

2 And when the man who was beaten saw Moshe he ran to him for help, for the man Moshe was greatly respected in the house of Pharaoh, and he said to him, My master attend to me, this Mitzrite came to my house in the night, bound me, and came to my wife in my presence, and now he seeks to take my life away.

3 And when Moshe heard this wicked thing, his anger was kindled against the Mitzrite, and he turned this way and the other, and when he saw there was no man there he smote the Mitzrite and hid him in the sand, and delivered the Ivri from the hand of him that smote him.

4 And the Ivri went to his house, and Moshe returned to his home, and went forth and came back to the melech’s house.

5 And when the man had returned home, he thought of repudiating his wife, for it was not right in the house of Yaakov, for any man to come to his wife after she had been defiled.

6 And the woman went and told her brothers, and the woman’s brothers sought to slay him, and he fled to his house and escaped.

7 And on the second day Moshe went forth to his brothers, and saw, and behold two men were quarreling, and he said to the wicked one, Why do you smite your neighbor?

8 And he answered him and said to him, Who has set you for a prince and judge over us? Do you think to slay me as you did slay the Mitzrite? And Moshe was afraid and he said, Surely the thing is known?

9 And Pharaoh heard of this affair, and he ordered Moshe to be slain, so 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent His Malach,Β and he appeared to Pharaoh in the likeness of a captain of the guard.

10 And the Malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 took the sword from the hand of the captain of the guard, and took his head off with it, for the likeness of the captain of the guard was turned into the likeness of Moshe.

11 And the Malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 took hold of the right hand of Moshe, and brought him forth from Mitzrayim, and placed him outside the borders of Mitzrayim, a distance of forty days’ journey.

12 And Aharon his brother alone remained in the land of Mitzrayim, and he prophesied to the children of Yisrael, saying,

13 This says 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of your ancestors, Throw away, each man, the abominations of his eyes, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Mitzrayim.

14 And the children of Yisrael rebelled and would not listen to Aharon at that time.

15 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 thought to destroy them, were it not that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 remembered the covenant which he had made with Avraham, Yitzchak and Yaakov.

16 In those days the hand of Pharaoh continued to be severe against the children of Yisrael, and he crushed and oppressed them until the time when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent forth His Word and took notice of them.

72 And it was in those days that there was a great war between the children of Cush and the children of the east and Aram, and they rebelled against the melech of Cush in whose hands they were.

2 So Kikianus melech of Cush went forth with all the children of Cush, a people numerous as the sand, and he went to fight against Aram and the children of the east, to bring them under subjection.

3 And when Kikianus went out, he left Balaam the magician, with his two sons, to guard the city, and the lowest sort of the people of the land.

4 So Kikianus went forth to Aram and the children of the east, and he fought against them and smote them, and they all fell down wounded before Kikianus and his people.

5 And he took many of them captives and he brought them under subjection as at first, and he encamped upon their land to take tribute from them as usual.

6 And Balaam the son of Beor, when the melech of Cush had left him to guard the city and the poor of the city, he rose up and advised with the people of the land to rebel against melech Kikianus, not to let him enter the city when he should come home.

7 And the people of the land hearkened to him, and they swore to him and made him melech over them, and his two sons for captains of the army.

8 So they rose up and raised the walls of the city at the two corners, and they built an exceeding strong building.

9 And at the third corner they dug ditches without number, between the city and the river that surrounded the whole land of Cush, and they made the mayim of the river burst forth there.

10 At the fourth corner they collected numerous serpents by their incantations and enchantments, and they fortified the city and dwelt therein, and no one went out or in before them.

11 And Kikianus fought against Aram and the children of the east and he subdued them as before, and they gave him their usual tribute, and he went and returned to his land.

12 And when Kikianus the melech of Cush approached his city and all the captains of the forces with him, they lifted up their eyes and saw that the walls of the city were built up and greatly elevated, so the men were astonished at this.

13 And they said one to the other, It is because they saw that we were delayed, in battle, and were greatly afraid of us, therefore have they done this thing and raised the city walls and fortified them so that the melechim of Kanaan might not come in battle against them.

14 So the melech and the troops approached the city door and they looked up and behold, all the gates of the city were closed, and they called out to the guards, saying, Open to us, that we may enter the city.

15 But the guards refused to open to them by the order of Balaam the magician, their melech; they allowed them not to enter their city.

16 So they raised a battle with them opposite the city gate, and one hundred and thirty men of the army at Kikianus fell on that day.

17 And on the next day they continued to fight and they fought at the side of the river; they endeavored to pass but were not able, so some of them sank in the pits and died.

18 So the melech ordered them to cut down trees to make rafts, upon which they might pass to them, and they did so.

19 And when they came to the place of the ditches, the mayim revolved by mills, and two hundred men upon ten rafts were drowned.

20 And on the third day they came to fight at the side where the serpents were, but they could not approach there, for the serpents slew of them one hundred and seventy men, and they ceased fighting against Cush, and they besieged Cush for nine years, no person came out or in.

21 At that time that the war and the siege were against Cush, Moshe fled from Mitzrayim from Pharaoh who sought to kill him for having slain the Mitzrite.

22 And Moshe was eighteen years old when he fled from Mitzrayim from the presence of Pharaoh, and he fled and escaped to the camp of Kikianus, which at that time was besieging Cush.

23 And Moshe was nine years in the camp of Kikianus melech of Cush; all the time that they were besieging Cush, and Moshe went out and came in with them.

24 And the melech and princes and all the fighting men loved Moshe, for he was great and worthy, his stature was like a noble lion, his face was like the sun, and his strength was like that of a lion, and he was counselor to the melech.

25 And at the end of nine years, Kikianus was seized with a mortal disease, and his illness prevailed over him, and he died on the seventh day.

26 So his servants embalmed him and carried him and buried him opposite the city gate to the north of the land of Mitzrayim.

27 And they built over him an elegant strong and high building, and they placed great stones below.

28 And the melech’s scribes engraved upon those stones all the might of their melech Kikianus, and all his battles which he had fought, behold they are written there at this day.

29 Now after the death of Kikianus melech of Cush it grieved his men and troops greatly on account of the war.

30 So they said one to the other, Give us counsel what we are to do at this time, as we have resided in the wilderness nine years away from our homes.

31 If we say we will fight against the city many of us will fall wounded or killed, and if we remain here in the siege we shall also die.

32 For now all the melechim of Aram and of the children of the east will hear that our melech is dead, and they will attack us suddenly in a hostile manner, and they will fight against us and leave no remnant of us.

33 Now therefore let us go and make a melech over us, and let us remain in the siege until the city is delivered up to us.

34 And they wished to choose on that day a man for melech from the army of Kikianus, and they found no object of their choice like Moshe to reign over them.

35 And they hurried and stripped off each man his garments and cast them upon the ground, and they made a great heap and placed Moshe thereon.

36 And they rose up and blew with trumpets and called out before him, and said, May the melech live, may the melech live!

37 And all the people and nobles swore to him to give him for a wife Adoniah the queen, the Cushite, wife of Kikianus, and they made Moshe melech over them on that day.

38 And all the people of Cush issued a proclamation on that day, saying, Every man must give something to Moshe of what is in his possession.

39 And they spread out a sheet upon the heap, and every man cast into it something of what he had, one a gold earring and the other a coin.

40 Also of onyx stones, bdellium, pearls and marble did the children of Cush cast to Moshe upon the heap, also silver and gold in great abundance.

41 And Moshe took all the silver and gold, all the vessels, and the bdellium and onyx stones, which all the children of Cush had given to him, and he placed them among his treasures.

42 And Moshe reigned over the children of Cush on that day, in the place of Kikianus melech of Cush.

73 In the fifty-fifth year of the reign of Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim, that is in the hundred and fifty-seventh year of the Yisraelites going down into Mitzrayim, reigned Moshe in Cush.

2 Moshe was twenty-seven years old when he began to reign over Cush, and forty years did he reign.

3 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 granted Moshe favor and rachamim in the eyes of all the children of Cush, and the children of Cush loved him exceedingly, so Moshe was favored by 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and by men.

4 And in the seventh day of his reign, all the children of Cush assembled and came before Moshe and bowed down to him to the ground.

5 And all the children spoke together in the presence of the melech, saying, Give us counsel that we may see what is to be done to this city.

6 For it is now nine years that we have been besieging round about the city, and have not seen our children and our wives.

7 So the melech answered them, saying, If you will listen to my voice in all that I shall command you, then will 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 give the city into our hands and we shall subdue it.

8 For if we fight with them as in the former battle that we had with them before the death of Kikianus, many of us will fall down wounded as before.

9 Now therefore behold here is counsel for you in this matter; if you will listen to my voice, then will the city be delivered into our hands.

10 So all the forces answered the melech, saying, All that our master shall command that will we do.

11 And Moshe said to them, Pass through and proclaim a voice in the whole camp to all the people, saying,

12 This says the melech, Go into the forest and bring with you of the young ones of the stork, each man a young one in his hand.

13 And any person transgressing the word of the melech, who shall not bring his young one, he shall die, and the melech will take all belonging to him.

14 And when you shall bring them they shall be in your keeping, you shall rear them until they grow up, and you shall teach them to dart upon, as is the way of the young ones of the hawk.

15 So all the children of Cush heard the words of Moshe, and they rose up and caused a proclamation to be issued throughout the camp, saying,

16 Unto you, all the children of Cush, the melech’s order is, that you go all together to the forest, and catch there the young storks each man his young one in his hand, and you shall bring them home.

17 And any person violating the order of the melech shall die, and the melech will take all that belongs to him.

18 And all the people did so, and they went out to the wood and they climbed the fir trees and caught, each man a young one in his hand, all the young of the storks, and they brought them into the desert and reared them by order of the melech, and they taught them to dart upon, similar to the young hawks.

19 And after the young storks were reared, the melech ordered them to be hungered for three days, and all the people did so.

20 And on the third day, the melech said to them, strengthen yourselves and become valiant men, and put on each man his armor and gird on his sword upon him, and ride each man his horse and take each his young stork in his hand.

21 And we will rise up and fight against the city at the place where the serpents are; and all the people did as the melech had ordered.

22 And they took each man his young one in his hand, and they went away, and when they came to the place of the serpents the melech said to them, Send forth each man his young stork upon the serpents.

23 And they sent forth each man his young stork at the melech’s order, and the young storks ran upon the serpents and they devoured them all and destroyed them out of that place.

24 And when the melech and people had seen that all the serpents were destroyed in that place, all the people set up a great shout.

25 And they approached and fought against the city and took it and subdued it, and they entered the city.

26 And there died on that day one thousand and one hundred men of the people of the city, all that inhabited the city, but of the people besieging not one died.

27 So all the children of Cush went each to his home, to his wife and children and to all belonging to him.

28 And Balaam the magician, when he saw that the city was taken, he opened the gate and he and his two sons and eight brothers fled and returned to Mitzrayim to Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim.

29 They are the sorcerers and magicians who are mentioned in the scroll of the Torah, standing against Moshe when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought the plagues upon Mitzrayim.

30 So Moshe took the city by his wisdom, and the children of Cush placed him on the throne instead of Kikianus melech of Cush.

31 And they placed the royal keter upon his head, and they gave him for a wife Adoniah the Cushite queen, wife of Kikianus.

32 And Moshe feared 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of his ahvot, so that he came not to her, nor did he turn his eyes to her.

33 For Moshe remembered how Avraham had made his servant Eliezer swear, saying to him, You shall not take a woman from the daughters of Kanaan for my son Yitzchak.

34 Also what Yitzchak did when Yaakov had fled from his brother, when he commanded him, saying, You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Kanaan, nor make alliance with any of the children of Ham.

35 For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave Ham the son of Noach, and his children and all his zera, as slaves to the children of Shem and to the children of Yahpheth, and to their zera after them for slaves, le-olam-va-ed.

36 Therefore Moshe turned not his heart nor his eyes to the wife of Kikianus all the days that he reigned over Cush.

37 And Moshe feared 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all his life, and Moshe walked before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in emet, with all his heart and being, he turned not from the right halacha all the days of his life; he declined not from the halacha either to the right or to the left, in which Avraham, Yitzchak and Yaakov had walked.

38 And Moshe strengthened himself in the malchut of the children of Cush, and he guided the children of Cush with his usual wisdom, and Moshe prospered in his malchut.

39 And at that time Aram and the children of the east heard that Kikianus melech of Cush had died, so Aram and the children of the east rebelled against Cush in those days.

40 And Moshe gathered all the children of Cush, a people very mighty, about thirty thousand men, and he went forth to fight with Aram and the children of the east.

41 And they went at first to the children of the east, and when the children of the east heard their report, they went to meet them, and engaged in battle with them.

42 And the war was severe against the children of the east, so 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave all the children of the east into the hand of Moshe, and about three hundred men fell down slain.

43 And all the children of the east turned back and retreated, so Moshe and the children of Cush followed them and subdued them, and put a tax upon them, as was their custom.

44 So Moshe and all the people with him passed from there to the land of Aram for battle.

45 And the people of Aram also went to meet them, and they fought against them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered them into the hand of Moshe, and many of the men of Aram fell down wounded.

46 And Aram also were subdued by Moshe and the people of Cush, and also gave their usual tax.

47 And Moshe brought Aram and the children of the east under subjection to the children of Cush, and Moshe and all the people who were with him, returned to the land of Cush.

48 And Moshe strengthened himself in the malchut of the children of Cush, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with him, and all the children of Cush were afraid of him.

74 In the end of years died Shaul melech of Edom, and Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

2 In the sixteenth year of the reign of Moshe over Cush, Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned in the land of Edom over all the children of Edom for thirty-eight years.

3 In his days Moav rebelled against the power of Edom, having been under Edom since the days of Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote them and Midiyan, and brought Moav under subjection to Edom.

4 And when Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned over Edom, all the children of Moav withdrew their allegiance from Edom.

5 And Angeas melech of Africa died in those days, and Azdruval his son reigned in his stead.

6 And in those days died Yaneas melech of the children of Chittim, and they buried him in his temple that he had built for himself in the plain of Canopia for a residence, and Latinus reigned in his stead.

7 In the twenty-second year of the reign of Moshe over the children of Cush, Latinus reigned over the children of Chittim forty-five years.

8 And he also built for himself a great and mighty tower, and he built therein an elegant temple for his residence, to conduct his government, as was the custom.

9 In the third year of his reign he caused a proclamation to be made to all his skilful men, who made many ships for him.

10 And Latinus assembled all his forces, and they came in ships, and went therein to fight with Azdruval son of Angeas melech of Africa, and they came to Africa and engaged in battle with Azdruval and his army.

11 And Latinus prevailed over Azdruval, and Latinus took from Azdruval the aqueduct that his abba had brought from the children of Chittim, when he took Yaniah the daughter of Uzi for a wife, so Latinus overthrew the bridge of the aqueduct, and smote the whole army of Azdruval a severe blow.

12 And the remaining strong men of Azdruval strengthened themselves, and their hearts were filled with envy, and they courted death, and again engaged in battle with Latinus melech of Chittim.

13 And the battle was severe upon all the men of Africa, and they all fell wounded before Latinus and his people, and Azdruval the melech also fell in that battle.

14 And the melech Azdruval had a very beautiful daughter, whose name was Ushpezena, and all the men of Africa embroidered her likeness on their garments, on account of her great beauty and comely appearance.

15 And the men of Latinus saw Ushpezena, the daughter of Azdruval, and praised her to Latinus their melech.

16 And Latinus ordered her to be brought to him, and Latinus took Ushpezena for a wife, and he turned back on his way to Chittim.

17 And it was after the death of Azdruval son of Angeas, when Latinus had turned back to his land from the battle, that all the inhabitants of Africa rose up and took Anival the son of Angeas, the younger brother of Azdruval, and made him melech instead of his brother over the whole land at Africa.

18 And when he reigned, he resolved to go to Chittim to fight with the children of Chittim, to avenge the cause of Azdruval his brother, and the cause of the inhabitants of Africa, and he did so.

19 And he made many ships, and he came therein with his whole army, and he went to Chittim.

20 So Anival fought with the children of Chittim, and the children of Chittim fell wounded before Anival and his army, and Anival avenged his brother’s cause.

21 And Anival continued the war for eighteen years with the children of Chittim, and Anival dwelt in the land of Chittim and encamped there for a long time.

22 And Anival smote the children of Chittim very severely, and he slew their great men and princes, and of the rest of the people he smote about eighty thousand men.

23 And at the end of days and years, Anival returned to his land of Africa, and he reigned securely in the place of Azdruval his brother.

75 At that time, in the hundred and eightieth year of the Yisraelites going down into Mitzrayim, there went forth from Mitzrayim valiant men, thirty thousand on foot, from the children of Yisrael, who were all of the tribe of Yoseph, of the children of Ephraim the son of Yoseph.

2 For they said the period was completed which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had appointed to the children of Yisrael in the times of old, which he had spoken to Avraham.

3 And these men girded themselves, and they put each man his sword at his side, and every man his armor upon him, and they trusted in their strength, and they went out together from Mitzrayim with a mighty hand.

4 But they brought no provision for the road, only silver and gold, not even bread for that day did they bring in their hands, for they thought of getting their provision for pay from the Philistines, and if not they would take it by force.

5 And these men were very mighty and valiant men, one man could pursue a thousand and two could rout ten thousand, so they trusted in their strength and went together as they were.

6 And they directed their course toward the land of Gath, and they went down and found the shepherds of Gath feeding the cattle of the children of Gath.

7 And they said to the shepherds, Give us some of the sheep for pay that we may eat, for we are hungry, for we have eaten no bread this day.

8 And the shepherds said, Are they our sheep or cattle that we should give them to you even for pay? So the children of Ephraim approached to take them by force.

9 And the shepherds of Gath shouted over them that their cry was heard at a distance, so all the children of Gath went out to them.

10 And when the children of Gath saw the evil doings of the children of Ephraim, they returned and assembled the men of Gath, and they put on each man his armor, and came forth to the children of Ephraim for battle.

11 And they engaged with them in the Valley of Gath, and the battle was severe, and they smote from each other a great many on that day.

12 And on the second day the children of Gath sent to all the cities of the Philistines that they should come to their help, saying,

13 Come up to us and help us that we may smite the children of Ephraim who have come forth from Mitzrayim to take our cattle, and to fight against us without cause.

14 Now the beings of the children of Ephraim were exhausted with hunger and thirst, for they had eaten no bread for three days. And forty thousand men went forth from the cities of the Philistines to the assistance of the men of Gath.

15 And these men were engaged in battle with the children of Ephraim, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered the children of Ephraim into the hands of the Philistines.

16 And they smote all the children of Ephraim, all who had gone forth from Mitzrayim, none were remaining but ten men who had run away from the engagement.

17 For this evil was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 against the children of Ephraim, for they transgressed the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in going forth from Mitzrayim, before the period had arrived which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in the days of old had appointed to Yisrael.

18 And of the Philistines also there fell a great many, about twenty thousand men, and their brothers carried them and buried them in their cities.

19 And the slain of the children of Ephraim remained forsaken in the valley of Gath for many days and years, and were not brought to burial, and the valley was filled with men’s bones.

20 And the men who had escaped from the battle came to Mitzrayim, and told all the children of Yisrael all that had befallen them.

21 And their abba Ephraim mourned over them for many days, and his brothers came to console him.

22 And he came to his wife and she bare a son, and he called his name Beriyah, for she was unfortunate in his house.

76 And Moshe the son of Amram was still melech in the land of Cush in those days, and he prospered in his malchut, and he conducted the government of the children of Cush in mishpat, in tzedakah, and integrity.

2 And all the children of Cush loved Moshe all the days that he reigned over them, and all the inhabitants of the land of Cush were greatly afraid of him.

3 And in the fortieth year of the reign of Moshe over Cush,Β Moshe was sitting on the royal throne while Adoniah the queen was before him, and all the nobles were sitting around him.

4 And Adoniah the queen said before the melech and the princes, What is this thing that you, the children of Cush, have done for this long time?

5 Surely you know that for forty years that this man has reigned over Cush he has not approached me, nor has he served the ahlohim of the children of Cush.

6 Now therefore hear, O you children of Cush, and let this man no more reign over you, as he is not of our flesh.

7 Behold Menacrus my son is grown up, let him reign over you, for it is better for you to serve the son of your master, than to serve a stranger, slave of the melech of Mitzrayim.

8 And all the people and nobles of the children of Cush heard the words which Adoniah the queen had spoken in their ears.

9 And all the people were preparing until the evening, and in the morning they rose up early and made Menacrus, son of Kikianus, melech over them.

10 And all the children of Cush were afraid to stretch forth their hand against Moshe, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with Moshe, and the children of Cush remembered the oath that they swore to Moshe, therefore they did no harm to him.

11 But the children of Cush gave many presents to Moshe, and sent him from them with great honor.

12 So Moshe went forth from the land of Cush, and went home and ceased to reign over Cush, and Moshe was sixty-six years old when he went out of the land of Cush, for the thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, for the period had arrived which he had appointed in the days of old, to bring forth Yisrael from the affliction of the children of Ham.

13 So Moshe went to Midiyan, for he was afraid to return to Mitzrayim on account of Pharaoh, and he went and sat at a well of mayim in Midiyan.

14 And the seven daughters of Reuel the Midyanite went out to feed their abba’s flock.

15 And they came to the well and drew mayim to water their abba’s flock.

16 So the shepherds of Midiyan came and drove them away, and Moshe rose up and helped them and watered the flock.

17 And they came home to their abba Reuel, and told him what Moshe did for them.

18 And they said, A Mitzrite man has delivered us from the hands of the shepherds, he drew up mayim for us and watered the flock.

19 And Reuel said to his daughters, And where is he? Why have you left the man?

20 And Reuel sent for him and fetched him and brought him home, and he ate bread with him.

21 And Moshe related to Reuel that he had fled from Mitzrayim and that he reigned forty years over Cush, and that they afterward had taken the government from him, and had sent him away in shalom with honor and with presents.

22 And when Reuel had heard the words of Moshe, Reuel said within himself, I will put this man into the prison house, whereby I shall conciliate the children of Cush, for he has fled from them.

23 And they took and put him into the prison house, and Moshe was in prison ten years, and while Moshe was in the prison house, Tzipporah the daughter of Reuel took pity over him, and supported him with bread and mayim all the time.

24 And all the children of Yisrael were yet in the land of Mitzrayim serving the Mitzrites in all manner of hard work, and the hand of Mitzrayim continued in severity over the children of Yisrael in those days.

25 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim, and he afflicted with the plague of leprosy from the sole of his foot to the keter of his head; owing to the cruel treatment of the children of Yisrael was this plague at that time from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 upon Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim.

26 For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had hearkened to the prayer of his people the children of Yisrael, and their cry reached him on account of their hard work.

27 Still His anger did not turn from them, and the hand of Pharaoh was still stretched out against the children of Yisrael, and Pharaoh hardened his neck before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he increased his yoke over the children of Yisrael, and embittered their lives with all manner of hard work.

28 And when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had inflicted the plague upon Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim, he asked his wise men and sorcerers to cure him.

29 And his wise men and sorcerers said to him, That if the blood of little children were put into the wounds he would be healed.

30 And Pharaoh hearkened to them, and sent his ministers to Goshen to the children of Yisrael to take their little children.

31 And Pharaoh’s ministers went and took the infants of the children of Yisrael from the bosoms of their mothers by force, and they brought them to Pharaoh daily, a child each day, and the physicians killed them and applied them to the plague; this did they all the days.

32 And the number of the children that Pharaoh slew was three hundred and seventy-five.

33 But 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened not to the physicians of the melech of Mitzrayim, and the plague went on increasing mightily.

34 And Pharaoh was ten years afflicted with that plague; still the heart of Pharaoh was more hardened against the children of Yisrael.

35 And at the end of ten years 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 continued to afflict Pharaoh with destructive plagues.

36 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote him with a bad tumor and sickness at the stomach, and that plague turned to a severe boil.

37 At that time the two ministers of Pharaoh came from the land of Goshen where all the children of Yisrael were, and went to the house of Pharaoh and said to him, We have seen the children of Yisrael slacken in their work and negligent in their labor.

38 And when Pharaoh heard the words of his ministers, his anger was kindled against the children of Yisrael exceedingly, for he was greatly grieved at his bodily pain.

39 And he answered and said, Now that the children of Yisrael know that I am ill, they turn and scoff at us, now therefore harness my mirkava for me, and I will take myself to Goshen and will see the scoffing of the children of Yisrael with which they are deriding me; so his servants harnessed the mirkava for him.

40 And they took and made him ride upon a horse, for he was not able to ride of himself;

41 And he took with him ten horsemen and ten footmen, and went to the children of Yisrael to Goshen.

42 And when they had come to the border of Mitzrayim, the melech’s horse passed into a narrow place, elevated in the hollow part of the vineyard, fenced on both sides, the low, plain country being on the other side.

43 And the horses ran rapidly in that place and pressed each other, and the other horses pressed the melech’s horse.

44 And the melech’s horse fell into the low plain while the melech was riding upon it, and when he fell the mirkava turned over the melech’s face and the horse lay upon the melech, and the melech cried out, for his flesh was very sore.

45 And the flesh of the melech was torn from him, and his bones were broken and he could not ride, for this thing was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to him, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had heard the cries of his people the children of Yisrael and their affliction.

46 And his servants carried him upon their shoulders, a little at a time, and they brought him back to Mitzrayim, and the horsemen who were with him came also back to Mitzrayim.

47 And they placed him in his bed, and the melech knew that his end was come to die, so Aparanith the queen his wife came and cried before the melech, and the melech wept a great weeping with her.

48 And all his nobles and servants came on that day and saw the melech in that affliction, and wept a great weeping with him.

49 And the princes of the melech and all his counselors advised the melech to cause one to reign in his stead in the land, whomsoever he should choose from his sons.

50 And the melech had three sons and two daughters which Aparanith the queen his wife had borne to him, besides the melech’s children of concubines.

51 And these were their names, the bachor Othri, the second Adikam, and the third Morion, and their sisters, the name of the zachena Bathiya and of the other Acuzi.

52 And Othri the bechor of the melech was an idiot, precipitate and hurried in his words.

53 But Adikam was a cunning and wise man and knowing in all the wisdom of Mitzrayim, but of unseemly aspect, thick in flesh, and very short in stature; his height was one cubit.

54 And when the melech saw Adikam his son intelligent and wise in all things, the melech resolved that he should be melech in his stead after his death.

55 And he took for him a wife Gedudah daughter of Avilot, and he was ten years old, and she bare to him four sons.

56 And he afterward went and took three wives and begat eight sons and three daughters.

57 And the disorder greatly prevailed over the melech, and his flesh stank like the flesh of a carcass cast upon the field in summer time, during the heat of the sun.

58 And when the melech saw that his sickness had greatly strengthened itself over him, he ordered his son Adikam to be brought to him, and they made him melech over the land in his place.

59 And at the end of three years, the melech died, in shame, disgrace, and disgust, and his servants carried him and buried him in the sepulcher of the melechim of Mitzrayim in Zoan-Mizraim.

60 But they embalmed him not as was usual with melechim, for his flesh was putrid, and they could not approach to embalm him on account of the stench, so they buried him in haste.

61 For this evil was from 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to him, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had requited him evil for the evil that in his days he had done to Yisrael.

62 And he died with terror and with shame, and his son Adikam reigned in his place.

77 Adikam was twenty years old when he reigned over Mitzrayim, he reigned four years.

2 In the two hundred and sixth year of Yisrael’s going down to Mitzrayim did Adikam reign over Mitzrayim, but he continued not so long in his reign over Mitzrayim as his ahvot had continued their reigns.

3 For Melol his abba reigned ninety-four years in Mitzrayim, but he was ten years sick and died, for he had been wicked before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

4 And all the Mitzrites called the name of Adikam Pharaoh like the name of his ahvot, as was their custom to do in Mitzrayim.

5 And all the wise men of Pharaoh called the name of Adikam Ahuz, for short is called Ahuz in the Mitzrite language.

6 And Adikam was exceedingly ugly, and he was a cubit and a span and he had a great beard that reached to the soles of his feet.

7 And Pharaoh sat upon his abba’s throne to reign over Mitzrayim, and he conducted the government of Mitzrayim in his wisdom.

8 And while he reigned he exceeded his abba and all the preceding melechim in wickedness, and he increased his yoke over the children of Yisrael.

9 And he went with his servants to Goshen to the children of Yisrael, and he strengthened the labor over them and he said to them, Complete your work, each day’s task, and let not your hands slacken from our work from this day forward as you did in the days of my abba.

10 And he placed officers over them from among the children of Yisrael, and over these officers he placed taskmasters from among his servants.

11 And he placed over them a measure of bricks for them to do according to that number, day by day, and he turned back and went to Mitzrayim.

12 At that time the task-masters of Pharaoh ordered the officers of the children of Yisrael according to the command of Pharaoh, saying,

13 This says Pharaoh, Do your work each day, and finish your task, and observe the daily measure of bricks; diminish not anything.

14 And it shall come to pass that if you are deficient in your daily bricks, I will put your young children in their stead.

15 And the task-masters of Mitzrayim did so in those days as Pharaoh had ordered them.

16 And whenever any deficiency was found in the children of Yisrael’s measure of their daily bricks, the task-masters of Pharaoh would go to the wives of the children of Yisrael and take infants of the children of Yisrael to the number of bricks deficient, they would take them by force from their ema’s laps, and put them in the building instead of the bricks;

17 While their ahvot and mothers were crying over them and weeping when they heard the weeping voices of their infants in the wall of the building.

18 And the task-masters prevailed over Yisrael, that the Yisraelites should place their children in the building, so that a man placed his son in the wall and put mortar over him, while his eyes wept over him, and his tears ran down upon his child.

19 And the taskmasters of Mitzrayim did so to the babes of Yisrael for many days, and no one pitied or had rachamim over the babes of the children of Yisrael.

20 And the number of all the children killed in the building was two hundred and seventy, some whom they had built upon instead of the bricks that had been left deficient by their ahvot, and some whom they had drawn out dead from the building.

21 And the labor imposed upon the children of Yisrael in the days of Adikam exceeded in hardship that which they performed in the days of his abba.

22 And the children of Yisrael sighed every day on account of their heavy work, for they had said to themselves, Behold when Pharaoh shall die, his son will rise up and lighten our work!

23 But they increased the latter work more than the former, and the children of Yisrael sighed at this and their cry ascended to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on account of their labor.

24 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the voice of the children of Yisrael and their cry, in those days, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 remembered to them his covenant that he had made with Avraham, Yitzchak and Yaakov.

25 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 saw the burden of the children of Yisrael, and their heavy work in those days, and he determined to deliver them.

26 And Moshe the son of Amram was still confined in the dungeon in those days, in the house of Reuel the Midyanite, and Tzipporah the daughter of Reuel did support him with food secretly day by day.

27 And Moshe was confined in the dungeon in the house of Reuel for ten years.

28 And at the end of ten years that was the first year of the reign of Pharaoh over Mitzrayim, in the place of his abba,

29 Tzipporah said to her abba Reuel, No person inquires or seeks after the Ivri man, whom you did bind in prison now ten years.

30 Now therefore, if it seems tov in your sight, let us send and see whether he is living or dead, but her abba knew not that she had supported him.

31 And Reuel her abba answered and said to her, Has ever such a thing happened that a man should be shut up in a prison without food for ten years, and that he should live?

32 And Tzipporah answered her abba, saying, Surely you have heard that the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the Ivrim is great and awesome, and does wonders for them at all times.

33 He it was who delivered Avraham from Ur of the Chaldeans, and Yitzchak from the sword of his abba, and Yaakov from the Malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who wrestled with him at the ford of Yavvuk.

34 Also with this man has he done many things, he delivered him from the river in Mitzrayim and from the sword of Pharaoh, and from the children of Cush, so also can he deliver him from famine and make him live.

35 And the thing seemed tov in the sight of Reuel, and he did according to the word of his daughter, and sent to the dungeon to ascertain what became of Moshe.

36 And he saw, and behold the man Moshe was living in the dungeon, standing upon his feet, praising and praying to the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of his ancestors.

37 And Reuel commanded Moshe to be brought out of the dungeon, so they shaved him and he changed his prison garments and ate bread.

38 And afterward Moshe went into the gan of Reuel that was behind the house, and he there prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 his 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, who had done mighty wonders for him.

39 And it was that while he prayed he looked opposite to him, and behold a sapphire stick was placed in the ground, which was planted in the midst of the gan.

40 And he approached the stick and he looked, and behold the Name of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of hosts was engraved thereon,Β written and developed upon the stick.

41 And he read it and stretched forth his hand and he plucked it like a forest tree from the thicket, and the stick was in his hand.

42 And this is the stick with which all the works of our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 were performed, after he had created the shamayim and earth, and all the host of them, seas, rivers and all their fishes.

43 And when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had driven Ahdam from Gan Aden, he took the stick in his hand and went and tilled the ground from which he was taken.

44 And the stick came down to Noach and was given to Shem and his descendants, until it came into the hand of Avraham the Ivri.

45 And when Avraham had given all he had to his son Yitzchak, he also gave to him this stick.

46 And when Yaakov had fled to Padan-Aram, he took it into his hand, and when he returned to his abba he had not left it behind him.

47 Also when he went down to Mitzrayim he took it into his hand and gave it to Yoseph, one portion above his brothers, for Yaakov had taken it by force from his brother Esav.

48 And after the death of Yoseph, the nobles of Mitzrayim came into the house of Yoseph, and the stick came into the hand of Reuel the Midyanite, and when he went out of Mitzrayim, he took it in his hand and planted it in his gan.

49 And all the mighty men of the Kinites tried to pluck it when they endeavored to get Tzipporah his daughter, but they were unsuccessful.

50 So that stick remained planted in the gan of Reuel, until he came who had a right to it and took it.

51 And when Reuel saw the stick in the hand of Moshe, he wondered about it, and he gave him his daughter Tzipporah for a wife.

78 At that time died Baal Channan son of Achbor, melech of Edom, and was buried in his house in the land of Edom.

2 And after his death the children of Esav sent to the land of Edom, and took from there a man who was in Edom, whose name was Hadad, and they made him melech over them in the place of Baal Channan, their melech.

3 And Hadad reigned over the children of Edom forty-eight years.

4 And when he reigned he resolved to fight against the children of Moav, to bring them under the power of the children of Esav as they were before, but he was not able, because the children of Moav heard this thing, and they rose up and hurried to elect a melech over them from among their brothers.

5 And they afterward gathered together a great people, and sent to the children of Ammon their brothers for help to fight against Hadad melech of Edom.

6 And Hadad heard the thing that the children of Moav had done, and was greatly afraid of them, and refrained from fighting against them.

7 In those days Moshe, the son of Amram, in Midiyan, took Tzipporah, the daughter of Reuel the Midyanite, for a wife.

8 And Tzipporah walked in the halachot of the daughters of Yaakov, she was nothing short of the tzedakah of Sarah, Rivkah, Rachel and Leah.

9 And Tzipporah conceived and bare a son and he called his name Gershom, for he said, I was a stranger in a foreign land; but he circumcised not his foreskin, at the command of Reuel his abba-in-law.

10 And she conceived again and bare a son, but circumcised his foreskin, and called his name Eliezer, for Moshe said, Because the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of my ahvot was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.

11 And Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim greatly increased the labor of the children of Yisrael in those days, and continued to make his yoke heavier upon the children of Yisrael.

12 And he ordered a proclamation to be made in Mitzrayim, saying, Give no more straw to the people to make bricks with, let them go and gather themselves straw as they can find it.

13 Also the amount of bricks, which they shall make, let them give each day, and diminish nothing from them, for they are idle in their work.

14 And the children of Yisrael heard this, and they mourned and sighed, and they cried to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on account of the bitterness of their beings.

15 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the cries of the children of Yisrael, and saw the oppression with which the Mitzrites oppressed them.

16 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was jealous for His people and His inheritance, and heard their voice, and He resolved to take them out of the affliction of Mitzrayim, to give them the land of Kanaan for a possession.

79 And in those days Moshe was feeding the flock of Reuel the Midyanite his abba-in-law, beyond the wilderness of Sin, and the stick, which he took from his abba-in-law, was in his hand.

2 And it came to pass one day that a kid of goats strayed from the flock, and Moshe pursued it and it came to the mountain of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to Horev.

3 And when he came to Horev, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared there to him in the bush, and he found the bush burning with fire, but the fire had no power over the bush to consume it.

4 And Moshe was greatly astonished at this sight, why the bush was not consumed, and he approached to see this mighty thing, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 called to Moshe out of the fire and commanded him to go down to Mitzrayim, to Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim, to send the children of Yisrael from his service.

5 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Go, return to Mitzrayim, for all those men who sought your life are dead, and you shall speak to Pharaoh to send forth the children of Yisrael from his land.

6 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 showed him to do signs and wonders in Mitzrayim before the eyes of Pharaoh and the eyes of his subjects, in order that they might believe that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had sent him.

7 And Moshe hearkened to all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him, and he returned to his abba-in-law and told him the thing, and Reuel said to him, Go in shalom.

8 And Moshe rose up to go to Mitzrayim, and he took his wife and sons with him, and he was at an inn in the road, and a malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came down, and sought an occasion against him.

9 And he wished to kill him on account of his bechor son, because he had not circumcised him, and had transgressed the covenant which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had made with Avraham.

10 For Moshe had hearkened to the words of his abba-in-law that he had spoken to him, not to circumcise his bechor son, therefore he circumcised him not.

11 And Tzipporah saw the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 seeking an occasion against Moshe, and she knew that this thing was owing to his not having circumcised her son Gershom.

12 And Tzipporah hurried and took of the sharp rock stones that were there, and she circumcised her son, and delivered her husband and her son from the hand of the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

13 And Aharon the son of Amram, the brother of Moshe, was in Mitzrayim walking at the riverside on that day.

14 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared to him in that place, and he said to him, Go now toward Moshe in the wilderness, and he went and met him in the mountain of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he kissed him.

15 And Aharon lifted up his eyes, and saw Tzipporah the wife of Moshe and her children, and he said to Moshe, Who are these to you?

16 And Moshe said to him, They are my wife and sons, whom 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave to me in Midiyan; and the thing grieved Aharon on account of the woman and her children.

17 And Aharon said to Moshe, Send away the woman and her children that they may go to her abba’s house, and Moshe hearkened to the words of Aharon, and did so.

18 And Tzipporah returned with her children, and they went to the house of Reuel, and remained there until the time arrived when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had visited his people, and brought them forth from Mitzrayim from the hand at Pharaoh.

19 And Moshe and Aharon came to Mitzrayim to the community of the children of Yisrael, and they spoke to them all the words of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and the people rejoiced an exceeding great rejoicing.

20 And Moshe and Aharon rose up early on the next day, and they went to the house of Pharaoh, and they took in their hands the rod of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

21 And when they came to the melech’s gate, two young lions were confined there with iron instruments, and no person went out or came in from before them, unless those whom the melech ordered to come, when the conjurors came and withdrew the lions by their incantations, and this brought them to the melech.

22 And Moshe hurried and lifted up the stick upon the lions, and he loosed them, and Moshe and Aharon came into the melech’s house.

23 The lions also came with them in joy, and they followed them and rejoiced as a dog rejoices over his master when he comes from the field.

24 And when Pharaoh saw this thing he was astonished at it, and he was greatly terrified at the report, for their appearance was like the appearance of the children of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

25 And Pharaoh said to Moshe, What do you require? And they answered him, saying, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the Ivrim has sent us to you, to say, Send forth My people that they may serve Me.

26 And when Pharaoh heard their words he was greatly terrified before them, and he said to them, Go today and come back to me tomorrow, and they did according to the word of the melech.

27 And when they had gone Pharaoh sent for Balaam the magician and to Yannes and Yambres his sonsΒ and to all the magicians and conjurors and counselors which belonged to the melech, and they all came and sat before the melech.

28 And the melech told them all the words which Moshe and his brother Aharon had spoken to him, and the magicians said to the melech, But how came the men to you, on account of the lions which were confined at the gate?

29 And the melech said, Because they lifted up their rod against the lions and loosed them, and came to me, and the lions also rejoiced at them as a dog rejoices to meet his master.

30 And Balaam the son of Beor the magician answered the melech, saying, These are none else than magicians like ourselves.

31 Now therefore send for them, and let them come and we will try them, and the melech did so.

32 And in the morning Pharaoh sent for Moshe and Aharon to come before the melech, and they took the rod of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and came to the melech and spoke to him, saying,

33 This said 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the Ivrim,Β Send My people that they may serve Me.

34 And the melech said to them, But who will believe you that you are the messengers of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and that you come to me by His order?

35 Now therefore give a wonder or sign in this matter, and then the words that you speak will be believed.

36 And Aharon hurried and threw the rod out of his hand before Pharaoh and before his servants, and the rod turned into a serpent.

37 And the sorcerers saw this and they cast each man his rod upon the ground and they became serpents.

38 And the serpent of Aharon’s rod lifted up its head and opened its mouth to swallow the rods of the magicians.

39 And Balaam the magician answered and said, This thing has been from the days of old, that a serpent should swallow its fellow, and that living things devour each other.

40 Now therefore restore it to a rod as it was at first, and we will also restore our rods as they were at first, and if your rod shall swallow our rods, then shall we know that the Ruach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is in you, and if not, you are only an artificer like us.

41 And Aharon hurried and stretched forth his hand and caught hold of the serpent’s tail and it became a rod in his hand, and the sorcerers did the like with their rods, and they got hold, each man of the tail of his serpent, and they became rods as at first.

42 And when they were restored to rods, the rod of Aharon swallowed up their rods.

43 And when the melech saw this thing, he ordered the scroll of records that related to the melechim of Mitzrayim, to be brought, and they brought the scroll of records, the chronicles of the melechim of Mitzrayim, in which all the idols of Mitzrayim were inscribed, for they thought of finding in it the Name of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, but they found it not.

44 And Pharaoh said to Moshe and Aharon, Behold I have not found the Name of your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 written in this scroll, and his Name I know not.

45 And the counselors and wise men answered the melech. We have heard that the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of the Ivrim is a son of the wise, the son of ancient melechim.

46 And Pharaoh turned to Moshe and Aharon and said to them, I know not 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 whom you have declared; neither will I send His people.

47 And they answered and said to the melech, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 is His Name, and He proclaimed His Name over us from the days of our ancestors, and sent us, saying, Go to Pharaoh and say to him, Send My people that they may serve Me.

48 Now therefore send us, that we may take a journey for three days in the wilderness, and there may sacrifice to Him, for from the days of our going down to Mitzrayim, He has not taken from our hands either burnt offering, oblation or sacrifice, and if you will not send us, His anger will be kindled against you, and He will smite Mitzrayim either with the plague or with the sword.

49 And Pharaoh said to them, Tell me now His power and His might; and they said to him, He created the shamayim and the earth, the seas and all their fishes, He formed the light, created the darkness, caused rain upon the earth and watered it, and made the herbage and grass to sprout, He created man and beast and the animals of the forest, the birds of the air and the fish of the sea, and by His mouth they live and die.

50 Surely He created you in your ema’s womb, and put into you the breath of life, and reared you and placed you upon the royal throne of Mitzrayim, and He will take your breath and being from you, and return you to the ground from where you were taken.

51 And the anger of the melech was kindled at their words, and he said to them, But who among all the 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 of nations can do this? My river is my own, and I have made it for myself.

52 And he drove them from him, and he ordered the labor upon Yisrael to be more severe than it was yesterday and before.

53 And Moshe and Aharon went out from the melech’s presence, and they saw the children of Yisrael in an evil condition for the taskmasters had made their labor exceedingly heavy.

54 And Moshe returned to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and said, Why have you ill-treated Your people? For since I came to speak to Pharaoh what you did send me for, he has exceedingly ill-used the children of Yisrael.

55 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Behold you will see that with an outstretched hand and heavy plagues, Pharaoh will send the children of Yisrael from his land.

56 And Moshe and Aharon dwelt among their brothers the children of Yisrael in Mitzrayim.

57 And as for the children of Yisrael the Mitzrites embittered their lives, with the heavy work that they imposed upon them.

80 And at the end of two years, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 again sent Moshe to Pharaoh to bring forth the children of Yisrael, and to send them out of the land of Mitzrayim.

2 And Moshe went and came to the house of Pharaoh, and he spoke to him the words of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, who had sent him, but Pharaoh would not listen to the voice of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 roused His might in Mitzrayim upon Pharaoh and his subjects, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote Pharaoh and his people with very great and sore plagues.

3 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent by the hand of Aharon and turned all the mayim of Mitzrayim into blood, with all their streams and rivers.

4 And when a Mitzrite came to drink and draw mayim, he looked into his pitcher, and behold all the mayim was turned into blood; and when he came to drink from his cup the mayim in the cup became blood.

5 And when a woman kneaded her dough and cooked her victuals, their appearance was turned to that of blood.

6 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent again and caused all their mayim to bring forth frogs, and all the frogs came into the houses of the Mitzrites.

7 And when the Mitzrites drank, their bellies were filled with frogs and they danced in their bellies as they dance when in the river.

8 And all their drinking mayim and cooking mayim turned to frogs, also when they lay in their beds their perspiration bred frogs.

9 Notwithstanding all this the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did not turn from them, and His hand was stretched out against all the Mitzrites to smite them with every heavy plague.

10 And he sent and smote their dust to lice, and the lice became in Mitzrayim to the height of two cubits upon the earth.

11 The lice were also very numerous, in the flesh of man and beast, in all the inhabitants of Mitzrayim, also upon the melech and queen 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent the lice, and it grieved Mitzrayim exceedingly on account of the lice.

12 Notwithstanding this, the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did not turn away, and His hand was still stretched out over Mitzrayim.

13 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent all kinds of beasts of the field into Mitzrayim, and they came and destroyed all Mitzrayim, man and beast, and trees, and all things that were in Mitzrayim.

14 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent fiery serpents, scorpions, mice, weasels, and toads, together with others creeping in dust.

15 Flies, hornets, fleas, bugs and gnats, each swarm according to its kind.

16 And all reptiles and winged animals according to their kind came to Mitzrayim and grieved the Mitzrites exceedingly.

17 And the fleas and flies came into the eyes and ears of the Mitzrites.

18 And the hornet came upon them and drove them away, and they removed from it into their inner rooms, and it pursued them.

19 And when the Mitzrites hid themselves on account of the swarm of animals, they locked their doors after them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 ordered the Sulanuth that was in the sea, to come up and go into Mitzrayim.

20 And she had long arms, ten cubits in length of the cubit of a man.

21 And she went upon the roofs and uncovered the raftering and flooring and cut them, and stretched forth her arm into the house and removed the lock and the bolt, and opened the houses of Mitzrayim.

22 Afterward came the swarm of animals into the houses of Mitzrayim, and the swarm of animals destroyed the Mitzrites, and it grieved them exceedingly.

23 Notwithstanding this the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did not turn away from the Mitzrites, and His hand was yet stretched forth against them.

24 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent the pestilence, and the pestilence pervaded Mitzrayim, in the horses and donkeys, and in the camels, in herds of oxen and sheep and in man.

25 And when the Mitzrites rose up early in the morning to take their cattle to pasture they found all their cattle dead.

26 And there remained of the cattle of the Mitzrites only one in ten, and of the cattle belonging to Yisrael in Goshen not one died.

27 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent a burning inflammation in the flesh of the Mitzrites, which burst their skins, and it became a severe itch in all the Mitzrites from the soles of their feet to the crowns of their heads.

28 And many boils were in their flesh that their flesh wasted away until they became rotten and putrid.

29 Notwithstanding this the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did not turn away, and His hand was still stretched out over all Mitzrayim.

30 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent a very heavy hail, which smote their vines and broke their fruit trees and dried them up that they fell upon them.

31 Also every green herb became dry and perished, for a mingling fire descended amidst the hail, therefore the hail and the fire consumed all things.

32 Also men and beasts that were found abroad perished of the flames of fire and of the hail, and all the young lions were exhausted.

33 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent and brought numerous locusts into Mitzrayim, the Chasel, Salom, Chargol, and Chagole, locusts each of its kind, which devoured all that the hail had left remaining.

34 Then the Mitzrites rejoiced at the locusts, although they consumed the produce of the field, and they caught them in abundance and salted them for food.

35 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 turned a mighty wind of the sea that took away all the locusts, even those that were salted, and thrust them into the Yam Suf; not one locust remained within the boundaries of Mitzrayim.

36 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent darkness upon Mitzrayim, that the whole land of Mitzrayim and Pathros became dark for three days, so that a man could not see his hand when he lifted it to his mouth.

37 At that time died many of the people of Yisrael who had rebelled against 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and who would not listen to Moshe and Aharon, and believed not in them that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had sent them.

38 And who had said, We will not go forth from Mitzrayim lest we perish with hunger in a desolate wilderness, and who would not listen to the voice of Moshe.

39 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 plagued them in the three days of darkness, and the Yisraelites buried them in those days, without the Mitzrites knowing of them or rejoicing over them.

40 And the darkness was very great in Mitzrayim for three days, and any person who was standing when the darkness came, remained standing in his place, and he that was sitting remained sitting, and he that was lying continued lying in the same state, and he that was walking remained sitting upon the ground in the same spot; and this thing happened to all the Mitzrites, until the darkness had passed away.

41 And the days of darkness passed away, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent Moshe and Aharon to the children of Yisrael, saying, Celebrate your feast and make your Pesach, for behold I come in the midst of the night among all the Mitzrites, and I will smite all their bechor, from the bechor of a man to the bechor of a beast, and when I see your Pesach, I will pass over you.

42 And the children of Yisrael did according to all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe and Aharon, this did they in that night.

43 And it came to pass in the middle of the night, that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 went forth in the midst of Mitzrayim, and smote all the bechor of the Mitzrites, from the bechor of man to the bechor of beast.

44 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Mitzrites, and there was a great cry throughout Mitzrayim in that night, for there was not a house in which there was not a corpse.

45 Also the likenesses of the bechor of Mitzrayim, which were carved in the walls at their houses, were destroyed and fell to the ground.

46 Even the bones of their bechor who had died before this and whom they had buried in their houses, were raked up by the dogs of Mitzrayim on that night and dragged before the Mitzrites and cast before them.

47 And all the Mitzrites saw this evil that had suddenly come upon them, and all the Mitzrites cried out with a loud voice.

48 And all the families of Mitzrayim wept upon that night, each man for his son and each man for his daughter, being the bechor, and the tumult of Mitzrayim was heard at a distance on that night.

49 And Bathiya the daughter of Pharaoh went forth with the melech on that night to seek Moshe and Aharon in their houses, and they found them in their houses, eating and drinking and rejoicing with all Yisrael.

50 And Bathiya said to Moshe, Is this the reward for the tov that I have done to you, who have reared you and stretched you out, and you have brought this evil upon me and my abba’s house?

51 And Moshe said to her, Surely ten plagues did 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 bring upon Mitzrayim; did any evil accrue to you from any of them? Did one of them affect you? And she said, No.

52 And Moshe said to her, Although you are the bechor to your ema, you shall not die, and no evil shall reach you in the midst of Mitzrayim.

53 And she said, What advantage is it to me, when I see the melech, my brother, and all his household and subjects in this evil, whose bechor perish with all the first born of Mitzrayim?

54 And Moshe said to her, Surely your brother and his household, and subjects, the families of Mitzrayim, would not listen to the words of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, therefore did this evil come upon them.

55 And Pharaoh melech of Mitzrayim approached Moshe and Aharon, and some of the children of Yisrael who were with them in that place, and he prayed to them, saying,

56 Rise up and take your brothers, all the children of Yisrael who are in the land, with their sheep and oxen, and all belonging to them, they shall leave nothing remaining, only pray for me to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

57 And Moshe said to Pharaoh, Behold though you are your ema’s bechor, yet fear not, for you will not die, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has commanded that you shall live, in order to show you His great might and strong stretched out arm.

58 And Pharaoh ordered the children of Yisrael to be sent away, and all the Mitzrites strengthened themselves to send them, for they said, We are all perishing.

59 And all the Mitzrites sent the Yisraelites forth, with great riches, sheep and oxen and precious things, according to the oath of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 between Him and our abba Avraham.

60 And the children of Yisrael delayed going forth at night, and when the Mitzrites came to them to bring them out, they said to them, Are we thieves, that we should go forth at night?

61 And the children of Yisrael asked of the Mitzrites, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, and the children of Yisrael stripped the Mitzrites.

62 And Moshe hurried and rose up and went to the river of Mitzrayim, and brought up from there the coffin of Yoseph and took it with him.

63 The children of Yisrael also brought up, each man his abba’s coffin with him, and each man the coffins of his tribe.

81 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides the little ones and their wives.

2 Also a mixed multitude went up with them, and flocks and herds, even much cattle.

3 And the sojourning of the children of Yisrael, who dwelt in the land of Mitzrayim in hard labor, was two hundred and ten years.

4 And at the end of two hundred and ten years, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 brought forth the children of Yisrael from Mitzrayim with a strong hand.

5 And the children of Yisrael traveled from Mitzrayim and from Goshen and from Rameses, and encamped in Succoth on the fifteenth day of the first month.

6 And the Mitzrites buried all their bechor whom 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had smitten, and all the Mitzrites buried their slain for three days.

7 And the children of Yisrael traveled from Succoth and encamped in Ethom, at the end of the wilderness.

8 And on the third day after the Mitzrites had buried their bechor, many men rose up from Mitzrayim and went after Yisrael to make them return to Mitzrayim, for they repented that they had sent the Yisraelites away from their servitude.

9 And one man said to his neighbor, Surely Moshe and Aharon spoke to Pharaoh, saying, We will go a three days’ journey in the wilderness and sacrifice to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

10 Now therefore let us rise up early in the morning and cause them to return, and it shall be that if they return with us to Mitzrayim to their masters, then shall we know that there is faith in them, but if they will not return, then will we fight with them, and make them come back with great power and a strong hand.

11 And all the nobles of Pharaoh rose up in the morning, and with them about seven hundred thousand men, and they went forth from Mitzrayim on that day, and came to the place where the children of Yisrael were.

12 And all the Mitzrites saw and behold Moshe and Aharon and all the children of Yisrael were sitting before Pi-hahiroth, eating and drinking and celebrating the feast of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

13 And all the Mitzrites said to the children of Yisrael, Surely you said, We will go a journey for three days in the wilderness and sacrifice to our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and return.

14 Now therefore this day makes five days since you went, why do you not return to your masters?

15 And Moshe and Aharon answered them, saying, Because 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has testified in us, saying, You shall no more return to Mitzrayim, but we will take ourselves to a land flowing with milk and honey, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had sworn to our ancestors to give to us.

16 And when the nobles of Mitzrayim saw that the children of Yisrael did not listen to them, to return to Mitzrayim, they girded themselves to fight with Yisrael.

17 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 strengthened the hearts of the children of Yisrael over the Mitzrites, that they gave them a severe beating, and the battle was sore upon the Mitzrites, and all the Mitzrites fled from before the children of Yisrael, for many of them perished by the hand of Yisrael.

18 And the nobles of Pharaoh went to Mitzrayim and told Pharaoh, saying, The children of Yisrael have fled, and will no more return to Mitzrayim, and in this manner did Moshe and Aharon speak to us.

19 And Pharaoh heard this thing, and his heart and the hearts of all his subjects were turned against Yisrael, and they repented that they had sent Yisrael; and all the Mitzrites advised Pharaoh to pursue the children of Yisrael to make them come back to their burdens.

20 And they said each man to his brother, What is this that we have done, that we have sent Yisrael from our servitude?

21 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 strengthened the hearts of all the Mitzrites to pursue the Yisraelites, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 desired to overthrow the Mitzrites in the Yam Suf.

22 And Pharaoh rose up and harnessed his mirkava, and he ordered all the Mitzrites to assemble, not one man was left excepting the little ones and the women.

23 And all the Mitzrites went forth with Pharaoh to pursue the children of Yisrael, and the camp of Mitzrayim was an exceedingly large and heavy camp, about ten hundred thousand men.

24 And the whole of this camp went and pursued the children of Yisrael to bring them back to Mitzrayim, and they reached them encamping by the Yam Suf.

25 And the children of Yisrael lifted up their eyes, and beheld all the Mitzrites pursuing them, and the children of Yisrael were greatly terrified at them, and the children of Yisrael cried to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

26 And on account of the Mitzrites, the children of Yisrael divided themselves into four divisions, and they were divided in their opinions, for they were afraid of the Mitzrites, and Moshe spoke to each of them.

27 The first division was of the children of Reuven, Shimeon, and Yissacher, and they resolved to cast themselves into the sea, for they were exceedingly afraid of the Mitzrites.

28 And Moshe said to them, Fear not, stand still and see the salvation of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 which He will effect this day for you.

29 The second division was of the children of Zevulun, Binyamin and Naphtali, and they resolved to go back to Mitzrayim with the Mitzrites.

30 And Moshe said to them, Fear not, for as you have seen the Mitzrites this day, so shall you see them no more le-olam-va-ed.

31 The third division was of the children of Yahudah and Yoseph, and they resolved to go to meet the Mitzrites to fight with them.

32 And Moshe said to them, Stand in your places, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will fight for you, and you shall remain silent.

33 And the fourth division was of the children of Levi, Gad, and Asher, and they resolved to go into the midst of the Mitzrites to confound them, and Moshe said to them, Remain in your stations and fear not, only call to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that He may save you out of their hands.

34 After this Moshe rose up from amidst the people, and he prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and said,

35 O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Ahlohim of the whole earth, save now your people whom you did bring forth from Mitzrayim, and let not the Mitzrites boast that power and might are theirs.

36 So 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Why do you cry to me? Speak to the children of Yisrael that they shall proceed, and do you stretch out your rod upon the sea and divide it, and the children of Yisrael shall pass through it.

37 And Moshe did so, and he lifted up his rod upon the sea and divided it.

38 And the mayim of the sea was divided into twelve parts,Β and the children of Yisrael passed through on foot, with shoes, as a man would pass through a prepared road.

39 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 manifested to the children of Yisrael His wonders in Mitzrayim and in the sea by the hand of Moshe and Aharon.

40 And when the children of Yisrael had entered the sea, the Mitzrites came after them, and the mayim of the sea resumed upon them, and they all sank in the mayim, and not one man was left except Pharaoh, who gave thanks to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and believed in him, therefore 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did not cause him to perish at that time with the Mitzrites.

41 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 ordered a malach to take him from among the Mitzrites, who cast him upon the land of Ninevah and he reigned over it for a long time.

42 And on that day 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 saved Yisrael from the hand of Mitzrayim, and all the children of Yisrael saw that the Mitzrites had perished, and they beheld the great hand of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, in what He had performed in Mitzrayim and in the sea.

43 Then sang Moshe and the children of Yisrael this song to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, on the day when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused the Mitzrites to fall before them.

44 And all Yisrael sang in concert, saying, I will sing to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for He is greatly exalted, the horse and his rider has He cast into the sea; behold it is written in the scroll of the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

45 After this the children of Yisrael proceeded on their journey, and encamped in Marah, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave to the children of Yisrael chukim and mishpatim in that place in Marah, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded the children of Yisrael to walk in all his halachot and to serve Him.

46 And they journeyed from Marah and came to Eylim, and in Eylim were twelve springs of mayim and seventy date trees, and the children encamped there by the mayim.

47 And they journeyed from Eylim and came to the wilderness of Sin, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departure from Mitzrayim.

48 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave the manna to the children of Yisrael to eat, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 caused food to rain from the shamayim for the children of Yisrael day by day.

49 And the children of Yisrael ate the manna for forty years, all the days that they were in the wilderness, until they came to the land of Kanaan to possess it.

50 And they proceeded from the wilderness of Sin and encamped in Alush.

51 And they proceeded from Alush and encamped in Rephidim.

52 And when the children of Yisrael were in Rephidim, Amalek the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esav, the brother of Zepho, came to fight with Yisrael.

53 And he brought with him eight hundred and one thousand men, magicians and conjurers, and he prepared for battle with Yisrael in Rephidim.

54 And they carried on a great and severe battle against Yisrael, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered Amalek and his people into the hands of Moshe and the children of Yisrael, and into the hand of Yahoshua, the son of Nun, the Ephrathite, the servant of Moshe.

55 And the children of Yisrael smote Amalek and his people at the edge of the sword, but the battle was very sore upon the children of Yisrael.

56 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Write this thing as a memorial for you in a scroll, and place it in the hand of Yahoshua, the son of Nun, your servant, and you shall command the children of Yisrael, saying, When you shall come to the land of Kanaan, you shall utterly efface the remembrance of Amalek from under the shamayim.

57 And Moshe did so, and he took the scroll and wrote upon it these words, saying,

58 Remember what Amalek has done to you in the road when you went forth from Mitzrayim.

59 Who met you in the road and smote your rear, even those that were feeble behind you when you were faint and weary.

60 Therefore it shall be when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 shall have given you rest from all your enemies round about in the land which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gives you for an inheritance, to possess it, that you shall blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under the shamayim, you shall not forget it.

61 And the melech who shall have pity on Amalek, or upon his memory or upon his zera, behold I will require it of him, and I will cut him off from among his people.

62 And Moshe wrote all these things in a scroll, and he enjoined the children of Yisrael respecting all these matters.

82 And the children of Yisrael proceeded from Rephidim and they encamped in the wilderness of Sinai, in the third month from their going forth from Mitzrayim.

2 At that time came Reuel the Midyanite, the abba-in-law of Moshe, with Tzipporah his daughter and her two sons, for he had heard of the wonders of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that He had done to Yisrael, that He had delivered them from the hand of Mitzrayim.

3 And Reuel came to Moshe to the wilderness where he was encamped, where was the mountain of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

4 And Moshe went forth to meet his abba-in-law with great honor, and all Yisrael was with him.

5 And Reuel and his children remained among the Yisraelites for many days, and Reuel knew 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 from that day forward.

6 And in the third month from the children of Yisrael’s departure from Mitzrayim, on the sixth day of it, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave to Yisrael the ten mitzvot on Mount Sinai.

7 And all Yisrael heard all these mitzvot, and all Yisrael rejoiced exceedingly in 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on that day.

8 And the glory of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 rested upon Mount Sinai, and He called to Moshe, and Moshe came in the midst of a cloud and ascended the mountain.

9 And Moshe was upon the mount forty days and forty nights; he ate no bread and drank no mayim, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 instructed him in the chukim and mishpatim in order to teach the children of Yisrael.

10 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 wrote the ten mitzvot which He had commanded the children of Yisrael upon two tablets of stone, which He gave to Moshe to command the children of Yisrael.

11 And at the end of forty days and forty nights, when 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had finished speaking to Moshe on Mount Sinai, then 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave to Moshe the tablets of stone, written with the finger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

12 And when the children of Yisrael saw that Moshe tarried to come down from the mount, they gathered round Aharon, and said, As for this man Moshe we know not what has become of him.

13 Now therefore rise up, make to us an ahlohim who shall go before us, so that you shall not die.

14 And Aharon was greatly afraid of the people, and he ordered them to bring him gold and he made it into a molten calf for the people.

15 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe, before he had come down from the mount,Β Get down, for your people whom you did bring forth from Mitzrayim have corrupted themselves.

16 They have made to themselves a molten calf, and have bowed down to it, now therefore leave me, that I may consume them from off the earth, for they are a stiff-necked people.

17 And Moshe sought the countenance of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he prayed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for the people on account of the calf that they had made, and he afterward descended from the mount and in his hands were the two tablets of stone, which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had given him to command the Yisraelites.

18 And when Moshe approached the camp and saw the calf that the people had made, the anger of Moshe was kindled and he broke the tablets under the mount.

19 And Moshe came to the camp and he took the calf and burned it with fire, and ground it till it became fine dust, and strewed it upon the mayim and gave it to the Yisraelites to drink.

20 And there died of the people by the swords of each other about three thousand men who had made the calf.

21 And on the next day Moshe said to the people, I will go up to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, perhaps I may make atonement for your sins which you have sinned to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

22 And Moshe again went up to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he remained with 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 forty days and forty nights.

23 And during the forty days did Moshe entreat 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on behalf of the children of Yisrael, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the prayer of Moshe, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was entreated of him on behalf of Yisrael.

24 Then spoke 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to Moshe to hew two stone tablets and to bring them up to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, who would write upon them the ten mitzvot.

25 Now Moshe did so, and he came down and hewed the two tablets and went up to Mount Sinai to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 wrote the ten mitzvot upon the tablets.

26 And Moshe remained yet with 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 forty days and forty nights, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 instructed him in chukim and mishpatim to impart to Yisrael.

27 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded him respecting the children of Yisrael that they should make a sanctuary for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, that His Name might rest therein, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 showed him the likeness of the sanctuary and the likeness of all its vessels.

28 And at the end of the forty days, Moshe came down from the mount and the two tablets were in his hand.

29 And Moshe came to the children of Yisrael and spoke to them all the words of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he taught them torot, chukim and mishpatim which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had taught him.

30 And Moshe told the children of Yisrael the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, that a sanctuary should be made for Him, to dwell among the children of Yisrael.

31 And the people rejoiced greatly at all the tov which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to them, through Moshe, and they said, We will do all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has spoken to you.

32 And the people rose up like one man and they made generous offerings to the sanctuary of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and each man brought the offering of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for the work of the sanctuary, and for all its service.

33 And all the children of Yisrael brought each man of all that was found in his possession for the work of the sanctuary of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, gold, silver and brass, and everything that was serviceable for the sanctuary.

34 And all the wise men who were practiced in work came and made the sanctuary of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, according to all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded, every man in the work in which he had been practiced; and all the wise men in heart made the sanctuary, and its furniture and all the vessels for the set-apart service, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe.

35 And the work of the sanctuary of the tabernacle was completed at the end of five months, and the children of Yisrael did all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe.

36 And they brought the sanctuary and all its furniture to Moshe; like the representation which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had shown to Moshe, so did the children of Yisrael.

37 And Moshe saw the work, and behold they did it as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him, so Moshe blessed them.

83 And in the twelfth month, in the twenty-third day of the month, Moshe took Aharon and his sons, and he dressed them in their garments, and anointed them and did to them as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him, and Moshe brought up all the offerings which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had on that day commanded him.

2 Moshe afterward took Aharon and his sons and said to them, For seven days shall you remain at the door of the tabernacle, for this am I commanded.

3 And Aharon and his sons did all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded them through Moshe, and they remained for seven days at the door of the tabernacle.

4 And on the eighth day, being the first day of the first month, in the second year from the Yisraelites’ departure from Mitzrayim, Moshe erected the sanctuary, and Moshe put up all the furniture of the tabernacle and all the furniture of the sanctuary, and he did all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him.

5 And Moshe called to Aharon and his sons, and they brought the burnt offering and the sin offering for themselves and the children of Yisrael, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe.

6 On that day the two sons of Aharon, Nadav and Avihu, took strange fire and brought it before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who had not commanded them, and a fire went forth from before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and consumed them, and they died before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 on that day.

7 Then on the day when Moshe had completed to erect the sanctuary, the princes of the children of Yisrael began to bring their offerings before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 for the dedication of the altar.

8 And they brought up their offerings each prince for one day, a prince each day for twelve days.

9 And all the offerings which they brought, each man in his day, one silver charger weighing one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels after the shekel of the sanctuary, both of them full of fine flour, mingled with oil for a meat offering.

10 One spoon, weighing ten shekels of gold, full of incense.

11 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year for a burnt offering.

12 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering.

13 And for a sacrifice of shalom offering, two oxen, five rams, five male-goats, five lambs of a year old.

14 This did the twelve princes of Yisrael day by day, each man in his day.

15 And it was after this, in the thirteenth day of the month, that Moshe commanded the children of Yisrael to observe the Pesach.

16 And the children of Yisrael kept the Pesach in its season on the fourteenth day of the month, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe, so did the children of Yisrael.

17 And in the second month, on the first day of it, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 spoke to Moshe, saying,

18 Number the heads of all the males of the children of Yisrael from twenty years old and upward, you and your brother Aharon and the twelve princes of Yisrael.

19 And Moshe did so, and Aharon came with the twelve princes of Yisrael, and they numbered the children of Yisrael in the wilderness of Sinai.

20 And the numbers of the children of Yisrael by the houses of their ahvot, from twenty years old and upward, were six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and fifty.

21 But the children of Levi were not numbered among their brothers the children of Yisrael.

22 And the number of all the males of the children of Yisrael from one month old and upward was twenty-two thousand, two hundred and seventy-three.

23 And the number of the children of Levi from one month old and above was twenty-two thousand.

24 And Moshe placed the priests and the Levites each man to his service and to his burden to serve the sanctuary of the tabernacle, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe.

25 And on the twentieth day of the month, the cloud was taken away from the tabernacle of testimony.

26 At that time the children of Yisrael continued their journey from the wilderness of Sinai, and they took a journey of three days, and the cloud rested upon the wilderness of Paran; there the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was kindled against Yisrael, for they had provoked 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 in asking him for meat, that they might eat.

27 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to their voice, and gave them meat that they ate for one month.

28 But after this the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was kindled against them, and He smote them with a great slaughter, and they were buried there in that place.

29 And the children of Yisrael called that place Kevroth Hattaavah, because there they buried the people that lusted for meat.

30 And they departed from Kevroth Hattaavah and pitched in Hazeroth, which is in the wilderness of Paran.

31 And while the children of Yisrael were in Hatzeroth, the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was kindled against Miryam on account of Moshe, and she became leprous, white as snow.

32 And she was confined without the camp for seven days, until she had been received again after her leprosy.

33 The children of Yisrael afterward departed from Hatzeroth, and pitched in the end of the wilderness of Paran.

34 At that time, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 spoke to Moshe to send twelve men from the children of Yisrael, one man from a tribe, to go and explore the land of Kanaan.

35 And Moshe sent the twelve men, and they came to the land of Kanaan to search and examine it, and they explored the whole land from the wilderness of Sin to Rechov as you come to Chamoth.

36 And at the end of forty days they came to Moshe and Aharon, and they brought him word as it was in their hearts, and ten of the men brought up an evil report to the children of Yisrael, of the land which they had explored, saying, It is better for us to return to Mitzrayim than to go to this land, a land that consumes its inhabitants.

37 But Yahoshua the son of Nun, and Calev the son of Yephuneh, who were of those that explored the land, said, The land is exceedingly tov.

38 If 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delight in us, then He will bring us to this land and give it to us, for it is a land flowing with milk and honey.

39 But the children of Yisrael would not listen to them, and they hearkened to the words of the ten men who had brought up an evil report of the land.

40 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 heard the murmurings of the children of Yisrael and He was angry and swore, saying,

41 Surely not one man of this wicked generation shall see the land from twenty years old and upward excepting Calev the son of Yephuneh and Yahoshua the son of Nun.

42Β But surely this wicked generation shall perish in this wilderness, and their children shall come to the land and they shall possess it;Β so the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was kindled against Yisrael, and He made them wander in the wilderness for forty years until the end of that wicked generation, because they did not follow 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

43 And the people dwelt in the wilderness of Paran a long time, and they afterward proceeded to the wilderness by the way of the Yam Suf.

84 At that time Korah the son of Yetzer the son of Kohath the son of Levi, took many men of the children of Yisrael, and they rose up and quarreled with Moshe and Aharon and the whole congregation.

2 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was angry with them, and the earth opened its mouth, and swallowed them up, with their houses and all belonging to them, and all the men belonging to Korah.

3 And after this 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 made the people go round by the way of Mount Seir for a long time.

4 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Provoke not a war against the children of Esav, for I will not give to you of anything belonging to them, as much as the sole of the foot could tread upon, for I have given Mount Seir for an inheritance to Esav.

5 Therefore did the children of Esav fight against the children of Seir in former times, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had delivered the children of Seir into the hands of the children of Esav, and destroyed them from before them, and the children of Esav dwelt in their stead to this day.

6 Therefore 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to the children of Yisrael,Β Fight not against the children of Esav your brothers, for nothing in their land belongs to you, but you may buy food from them for money and eat it, and you may buy mayim of them for money and drink it.

7 And the children of Yisrael did according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

8 And the children of Yisrael went around the wilderness, going round by the way of Mount Sinai for a long time, and touched not the children of Esav, and they continued in that district for nineteen years.

9 At that time died Latinus melech of the children of Chittim, in the forty-fifth year of his reign, which is the fourteenth year of the children of Yisrael’s departure from Mitzrayim.

10 And they buried him in his place that he had built for himself in the land of Chittim, and Avimnas reigned in his place for thirty-eight years.

11 And the children of Yisrael passed the boundary of the children of Esav in those days, at the end of nineteen years, and they came and passed the road of the wilderness of Moav.

12 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Besiege not Moav, and do not fight against them, for I will give you nothing of their land.

13 And the children of Yisrael passed the road of the wilderness of Moav for nineteen years, and they did not fight against them.

14 And in the thirty-sixth year of the children of Yisrael’s departing from Mitzrayim 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 smote the heart of Sihon, melech of the Amorites, and he waged war, and went forth to fight against the children of Moav.

15 And Sihon sent messengers to Beor the son of Yaneas, the son of Balaam, counselor to the melech of Mitzrayim, and to Balaam his son, to curse Moav, in order that it might be delivered into the hand of Sihon.

16 And the messengers went and brought Beor the son of Yaneas, and Balaam his son, from Pethor in Mesopotamia, so Beor and Balaam his son came to the city of Sihon and they cursed Moav and their melech in the presence of Sihon melech of the Amorites.

17 So Sihon went out with his whole army, and he went to Moav and fought against them, and he subdued them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered them into his hands, and Sihon slew the melech of Moav.

18 And Sihon took all the cities of Moav in the battle; he also took Cheshbon from them, for Cheshbon was one of the cities of Moav, and Sihon placed his princes and his nobles in Cheshbon, and Cheshbon belonged to Sihon in those days.

19 Therefore the parable speakers Beor and Balaam his son uttered these words, saying, Come to Cheshbon, the city of Sihon will be built and established.

20 Woe to you Moav! You are lost, O people of Chemosh! Behold it is written upon the scroll of the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

21 And when Sihon had conquered Moav, he placed guards in the cities which he had taken from Moav, and a considerable number of the children of Moav fell in battle into the hand of Sihon, and he made a great capture of them, sons and daughters, and he slew their melech; so Sihon turned back to his own land.

22 And Sihon gave numerous presents of silver and gold to Beor and Balaam his son, and he dismissed them, and they went to Mesopotamia to their home and country.

23 At that time all the children of Yisrael passed from the road of the wilderness of Moav, and returned and surrounded the wilderness of Edom.

24 So the whole congregation came to the wilderness of Sin in the first month of the fortieth year from their departure from Mitzrayim, and the children of Yisrael dwelt there in Kadesh, of the wilderness of Sin, and Miryam died there and she was buried there.

25 At that time Moshe sent messengers to Hadad melech of Edom, saying, This says your brother Yisrael, Let me pass I ask you through your land, we will not pass through field or vineyard, we will not drink the mayim of the well; we will walk in the melech’s road.

26 And Edom said to him, You shall not pass through my country, and Edom went forth to meet the children of Yisrael with a mighty people.

27 And the children of Esav refused to let the children of Yisrael pass through their land, so the Yisraelites removed from them and fought not against them.

28 For before this 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded the children of Yisrael, saying,Β You shall not fight against the children of Esav,Β therefore the Yisraelites removed from them and did not fight against them.

29 So the children of Yisrael departed from Kadesh, and all the people came to Mount Hor.

30 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Tell your brother Aharon that he shall die there, for he shall not come to the land which I have given to the children of Yisrael.

31 And Aharon went up, at the command of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, to Mount Hor, in the fortieth year, in the fifth month, on the first day of the month.

32 And Aharon was one hundred and twenty-three years old when he died in Mount Hor.

85 And melech Arad the Canaanite, who dwelt in the south, heard that the Yisraelites had come by the way of the spies, and he arranged his forces to fight against the Yisraelites.

2 And the children of Yisrael were greatly afraid of him, for he had a great and heavy army, so the children of Yisrael resolved to return to Mitzrayim.

3 And the children of Yisrael turned back about the distance of three days’ journey to Maserath B’nai Yaakon, for they were greatly afraid on account of melech Arad.

4 And the children of Yisrael would not get back to their places, so they remained in B’nai Yaakon for thirty days.

5 And when the children of Levi saw that the children of Yisrael would not turn back, they were jealous for the sake of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and they rose up and fought against the Yisraelites their brothers, and slew of them a great many, and forced them to turn back to their place, Mount Hor.

6 And when they returned, melech Arad was still arranging his host for battle against the Yisraelites.

7 And Yisrael vowed a vow, saying, If you will deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.

8 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of Yisrael, and he delivered the Kannaim into their hand, and he utterly destroyed them and their cities, and he called the name of the place Hormah.

9 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from Mount Hor and pitched in Ovoth, and they journeyed from Ovoth and they pitched at Iye-Avarim, in the border of Moav.

10 And the children of Yisrael sent to Moav, saying, Let us pass now through your land into our place, but the children of Moav would not allow the children of Yisrael to pass through their land, for the children of Moav were greatly afraid lest the children of Yisrael should do to them as Sihon melech of the Amorites had done to them, who had taken their land and had slain many of them.

11 Therefore Moav would not allow the Yisraelites to pass through their land, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded the children of Yisrael, saying, That they should not fight against Moav, so the Yisraelites removed from Moav.

12 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from the border of Moav, and they came to the other side of Arnon, the border of Moav, between Moav and the Amorites, and they pitched in the border of Sihon, melech of the Amorites, in the wilderness of Kedemoth.

13 And the children of Yisrael sent messengers to Sihon, melech of the Amorites, saying,

14 Let us pass through your land, we will not turn into the fields or into the vineyards, we will go along by the melech’s highway until we shall have passed your border, but Sihon would not allow the Yisraelites to pass.

15 So Sihon collected all the people of the Amorites and went forth into the wilderness to meet the children of Yisrael, and he fought against Yisrael in Yahaz.

16 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered Sihon melech of the Amorites into the hand of the children of Yisrael, and Yisrael smote all the people of Sihon with the edge of the sword and avenged the cause of Moav.

17 And the children of Yisrael took possession of the land of Sihon from Aram to Yabuk, to the children of Ammon, and they took all the spoil of the cities.

18 And Yisrael took all these cities, and Yisrael dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites.

19 And all the children of Yisrael resolved to fight against the children of Ammon, to take their land also.

20 So 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to the children of Yisrael,Β Do not besiege the children of Ammon, neither stir up battle against them, for I will give nothing to you of their land,Β And the children of Yisrael hearkened to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and did not fight against the children of Ammon.

21 And the children of Yisrael turned and went up by the way of Bashan to the land of Og, melech of Bashan, and Og the melech of Bashan went out to meet the Yisraelites in battle, and he had with him many valiant men, and a very strong force from the people of the Amorites.

22 And Og melech of Bashan was a very powerful man, but Naaron his son was exceedingly powerful, even stronger than he was.

23 And Og said in his heart, Behold now the whole camp of Yisrael takes up a space of three parsa, now will I smite them at once without sword or spear.

24 And Og went up Mount Yahaz, and took from there one large stone, the length of which was three parsa, and he placed it on his head, and resolved to throw it upon the camp of the children of Yisrael, to smite all the Yisraelites with that stone.

25 And the malach of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 came and pierced the stone upon the head of Og, and the stone fell upon the neck of Og that Og fell to the earth on account of the weight of the stone upon his neck.

26 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to the children of Yisrael,Β Be not afraid of him, for I have given him and all his people and all his land into your hand, and you shall do to him as you did to Sihon.

27 And Moshe went down to him with a small number of the children of Yisrael, and Moshe smote Og with a stick at the ankles of his feet and slew him.

28 The children of Yisrael afterward pursued the children of Og and all his people, and they beat and destroyed them till there was no remnant left of them.

29 Moshe afterward sent some of the children of Yisrael to spy out Yaazer, for Yaazer was a very famous city.

30 And the spies went to Yaazer and explored it, and the spies trusted in 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and they fought against the men of Yaazer.

31 And these men took Yaazer and its villages, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered them into their hand, and they drove out the Amorites who had been there.

32 And the children of Yisrael took the land of the two melechim of the Amorites, sixty cities that were on the other side of Yarden, from the brook of Arnon to Mount Herman.

33 And the children of Yisrael journeyed and came into the plain of Moav that is on this side of Yarden, by Yericho.

34 And the children of Moav heard all the evil which the children of Yisrael had done to the two melechim of the Amorites, to Sihon and Og, so all the men of Moav were greatly afraid of the Yisraelites.

35 And the zachanim of Moav said, Behold the two melechim of the Amorites, Sihon and Og, who were more powerful than all the melechim of the earth, could not stand against the children of Yisrael, how then can we stand before them?

36 Surely they sent us a message before now to pass through our land on their way, and we would not allow them, now they will turn upon us with their heavy swords and destroy us; and Moav was distressed on account of the children of Yisrael, and they were greatly afraid of them, and they counseled together what was to be done to the children of Yisrael.

37 And the zachanim of Moav resolved and took one of their men, Balak the son of Tzippor the Moavite, and made him melech over them at that time, and Balak was a very wise man.

38 And the zachanim of Moav rose up and sent to the children of Midiyan to make shalom with them, for a great battle and enmity had been in those days between Moav and Midiyan, from the days of Hadad the son of Bedad melech of Edom, who smote Midiyan in the field of Moav, to these days.

39 And the children of Moav sent to the children of Midiyan, and they made shalom with them, and the zachanim of Midiyan came to the land of Moav to make shalom in behalf of the children of Midiyan.

40 And the zachanim of Moav counseled with the zachanim of Midiyan what to do in order to save their lives from Yisrael.

41 And all the children of Moav said to the zachanim of Midiyan, Now therefore the children of Yisrael lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field, for this did they do to the two melechim of the Amorites who are stronger than we are.

42 And the zachanim of Midiyan said to Moav, We have heard that at the time when Sihon melech of the Amorites fought against you, when he prevailed over you and took your land, he had sent to Beor the son of Yaneas and to Balaam his son from Mesopotamia, and they came and cursed you; therefore did the hand of Sihon prevail over you, that he took your land.

43 Now therefore send you also to Balaam his son, for he still remains in his land, and give him his hire, that he may come and curse all the people of whom you are afraid; so the zachanim of Moav heard this thing, and it pleased them to send for Balaam the son of Beor.

44 So Balak the son of Tzippor melech of Moav sent messengers to Balaam, saying,

45 Behold there is a people come out from Mitzrayim, behold they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me.

46 Now therefore come and curse this people for me, for they are too mighty for me, perhaps I shall prevail to fight against them, and drive them out, for I heard that he whom you bless is blessed, and whom you curse is cursed.

47 So the messengers of Balak went to Balaam and brought Balaam to curse the people to fight against Moav.

48 And Balaam came to Balak to curse Yisrael, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Balaam,Β Curse not this people for it is blessed.

49 And Balak urged Balaam day by day to curse Yisrael, but Balaam hearkened not to Balak on account of the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 that He had spoken to Balaam.

50 And when Balak saw that Balaam would not accede to his wish, he rose up and went home, and Balaam also returned to his land and he went from there to Midiyan.

51 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from the plain of Moav, and pitched by Yarden from Beth-Yesimoth even to Avel-Shittim, at the end of the plains of Moav.

52 And when the children of Yisrael abode in the plain of Shittim, they began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moav.

53 And the children of Yisrael approached Moav, and the children of Moav pitched their tents opposite the camp of the children of Yisrael.

54 And the children of Moav were afraid of the children of Yisrael, and the children of Moav took all their daughters and their wives of beautiful aspect and comely appearance, and dressed them in gold and silver and costly garments.

55 And the children of Moav seated those women at the door of their tents, in order that the children of Yisrael might see them and turn to them, and not fight against Moav.

56 And all the children of Moav did this thing to the children of Yisrael, and every man placed his wife and daughter at the door of his tent, and all the children of Yisrael saw the act of the children of Moav, and the children of Yisrael turned to the daughters of Moav and coveted them, and they went to them.

57 And it came to pass that when a Ivri came to the door of the tent of Moav, and saw a daughter of Moav and desired her in his heart, and spoke with her at the door of the tent that which he desired, while they were speaking together the men of the tent would come out and speak to the Ivri like to these words:

58 Surely you know that we are brothers, we are all the descendants of Lot and the descendants of Avraham his brother, why then will you not remain with us, and why will you not eat our bread and our sacrifice?

59 And when the children of Moav had this overwhelmed him with their speeches, and enticed him by their flattering words, they seated him in the tent and cooked and sacrificed for him, and he ate of their sacrifice and of their bread.

60 They then gave him wine and he drank and became intoxicated, and they placed before him a beautiful damsel, and he did with her as he liked, for he knew not what he was doing, as he had drunk plenty of wine.

61 This did the children of Moav to Yisrael in that place, in the plain of Shittim, and the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was kindled against Yisrael on account of this matter, and he sent a pestilence among them, and there died of the Yisraelites twenty-four thousand men.

62 Now there was a man of the children of Shimeon whose name was Zimri, the son of Salu, who connected himself with the Midyanite Cosbi, the daughter of Zur, melech of Midiyan, in the sight of all the children of Yisrael.

63 And Phineas the son of Elazer, the son of Aharon the priest, saw this wicked thing which Zimri had done, and he took a spear and rose up and went after them, and pierced them both and slew them, and the pestilence ceased from the children of Yisrael.

86 At that time after the pestilence, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe, and to Elazer the son of Aharon the priest, saying,

2 Number the heads of the whole community of the children of Yisrael, from twenty years old and upward, all that went forth in the army.

3 And Moshe and Elazer numbered the children of Yisrael after their families, and the number of all Yisrael was seven hundred thousand, seven hundred and thirty.

4 And the number of the children of Levi, from one month old and upward, was twenty-three thousand, and among these there was not a man of those numbered by Moshe and Aharon in the wilderness of Sinai.

5 For 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had told them that they would die in the wilderness, so they all died, and not one had been left of them except Calev the son of Yephuneh, and Yahoshua the son of Nun.

6 And it was after this that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Say to the children of Yisrael to avenge upon Midiyan the cause of their brothers the children of Yisrael.

7 And Moshe did so, and the children of Yisrael chose from among them twelve thousand men, being one thousand to a tribe, and they went to Midiyan.

8 And the children of Yisrael warred against Midiyan, and they slew every male, also the five princes of Midiyan, and Balaam the son of Beor did they slay with the sword.

9 And the children of Yisrael took the wives of Midiyan captive, with their little ones and their cattle, and all belonging to them.

10 And they took all the spoil and all the prey, and they brought it to Moshe and to Elazer to the plains of Moav.

11 And Moshe and Elazer and all the princes of the congregation went forth to meet them with joy.

12 And they divided all the spoil of Midiyan, and the children of Yisrael had been revenged upon Midiyan for the cause of their brothers the children of Yisrael.

87 At that time 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Moshe,Β Behold your days are approaching to an end, take now Yahoshua the son of Nun your servant and place him in the tabernacle,Β and I will command him;Β and Moshe did so.

2 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of cloud, and the pillar of cloud stood at the entrance of the tabernacle.

3 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 commanded Yahoshua the son of Nun and said to him, Be strong and courageous, for you shall bring the children of Yisrael to the land that I swore to give them, and I will be with you.

4 And Moshe said to Yahoshua, Be strong and courageous, for you will make the children of Yisrael inherit the land, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 will be with you, He will not leave you nor forsake you; be not afraid nor disheartened.

5 And Moshe called to all the children of Yisrael and said to them, You have seen all the tov which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has done for you in the wilderness.

6 Now therefore observe all the words of this Torah, and have your halacha in the way of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 your 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, turn not from the way which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has commanded you, either to the right or to the left.

7 And Moshe taught the children of Yisrael chukim and mishpatim and Torot to do in the land as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him.

8 And he taught them the halacha of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 and his Torot, behold, they are written upon the scroll of the Torah of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 which He gave to the children of Yisrael by the hand of Moshe.

9 And Moshe finished commanding the children of Yisrael, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to him, saying,Β Go up to the Mount Avarim and die there, and be gathered to your people as Aharon your brother was gathered.

10 And Moshe went up as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him, and he died there in the land of Moav by the order of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, in the fortieth year from the Yisraelites going forth from the land of Mitzrayim.

11 And the children of Yisrael wept for Moshe in the plains of Moav for thirty days, and the days of weeping and mourning for Moshe were completed.

88 And it was after the death of Moshe that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yahoshua the son of Nun, saying,

2 Rise up, and pass the Yarden to the land which I have given to the children of Yisrael and you shall make the children of Yisrael inherit the land.

3 Every place upon which the sole of your feet shall tread shall belong to you from the wilderness of Levanon to the great river the river of Perath shall be your boundary.

4 No man shall stand up against you all the days of your life; as I was with Moshe, so will I be with you, only be strong and of tov courage to observe all the Torah which Moshe commandedΒ you, turn not from the way either to the right or to the left, in order that you may prosper in all that you do.

5 And Yahoshua commanded the officers of Yisrael, saying, Pass through the camp and command the people, saying, Prepare for yourselves provisions, for in three days more you will pass the Yarden to possess the land.

6 And the officers of the children of Yisrael did so, and they commanded the people and they did all that Yahoshua had commanded.

7 And Yahoshua sent two men to spy out the land of Yericho, and the men went and spied out Yericho.

8 And at the end of seven days they came to Yahoshua in the camp and said to him, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has delivered the whole land into our hand, and the inhabitants of it are melted with fear because of us.

9 And it came to pass after that, that Yahoshua rose up in the morning and all Yisrael with him, and they journeyed from Shittim, and Yahoshua and all Yisrael with him passed the Yarden; and Yahoshua was eighty-two years old when he passed the Yarden with Yisrael.

10 And the people went up from Yarden on the tenth day of the first month, and they encamped in Gilgal at the eastern corner of Yericho.

11 And the children of Yisrael kept the Pesach in Gilgal, in the plains of Yericho, on the fourteenth day at the month, as it is written in the Torah of Moshe.

12 And the manna ceased at that time on the next day after the Pesach, and there was no more manna for the children of Yisrael, and they ate of the produce of the land of Kanaan.

13 And Yericho was entirely closed against the children of Yisrael, no one came out or went in.

14 And it was in the second month, on the first day of the month, that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yahoshua,Β Rise up, behold I have given Yericho into your hand with all the people of it; and all your fighting men shall go around the city, once each day, this shall you do for six days.

15 And the kohanim shall blow upon shofars, and when you shall hear the sound of the shofar, all the people shall give a great shouting that the walls of the city shall fall down; all the people shall go up every man against his opponent.

16 And Yahoshua did so according to all that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him.

17 And on the seventh day they went around the city seven times, and the kohanim blew upon the shofars.

18 And at the seventh round, Yahoshua said to the people, Shout, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has delivered the whole city into our hands.

19 Only the city and all that it contains shall be cursed to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and keep yourselves from the cursed thing, lest you make the camp of Yisrael cursed and trouble it.

20 But all the silver and gold and brass and iron shall be consecrated to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, they shall come into the treasury of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

21 And the people blew upon shofars and made a great shouting, and the walls of Yericho fell down, and all the people went up, every man straight before him, and they took the city and utterly destroyed all that was in it, both man and woman, young and old, ox and sheep and donkey, with the edge of the sword.

22 And they burned the whole city with fire; only the vessels of silver and gold, and brass and iron, they put into the treasury of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄.

23 And Yahoshua swore at that time, saying, Cursed be the man who builds Yericho; he shall lay the foundation of it in his bechor, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it.

24 And Achan the son of Carmi, the son of Zavdi, the son of Zerah, son of Yahudah, dealt treacherously in the cursed thing, and he took of the cursed thing and hid it in the tent, and the anger of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was kindled against Yisrael.

25 And it was after this when the children of Yisrael had returned from burning Yericho, Yahoshua sent men to spy out also Ai, and to fight against it.

26 And the men went up and spied out Ai, and they returned and said, Let not all the people go up with you to Ai, only let about three thousand men go up and smite the city, for the men of it are but few.

27 And Yahoshua did so, and there went up with him of the children of Yisrael about three thousand men, and they fought against the men of Ai.

28 And the battle was severe against Yisrael, and the men of Ai smote thirty-six men of Yisrael, and the children of Yisrael fled from before the men of Ai.

29 And when Yahoshua saw this thing, he tore his garments and fell upon his face to the ground before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, he, with the zachanim of Yisrael, and they put dust upon their heads.

30 And Yahoshua said, Why O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did you bring this people over the Yarden? What shall I say after the Yisraelites have turned their backs against their enemies?

31 Now therefore all the Kannaim, inhabitants of the land, will hear this thing, and surround us and cut off our name.

32 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yahoshua,Β Why do you fall upon your face? Rise, get up, for the Yisraelites have sinned, and taken of the cursed thing; I will no more be with them unless they destroy the cursed thing from among them.

33 And Yahoshua rose up and assembled the people, and brought the Urim by the order of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and the tribe of Yahudah was taken, and Achan the son of Carmi was taken.

34 And Yahoshua said to Achan, Tell me my son, what have you done, and Achan said, I saw among the spoil a goodly garment of Shinar and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight; I coveted them and took them, and behold they are all hidden in the earth in the midst of the tent.

35 And Yahoshua sent men who went and took them from the tent of Achan, and they brought them to Yahoshua.

36 And Yahoshua took Achan and these utensils, and his sons and daughters and all belonging to him, and they brought them into the Valley of Achor.

37 And Yahoshua burned them there with fire, and all the Yisraelites stoned Achan with stones, and they raised over him a heap of stones, therefore did he call that place the Valley of Achor, so 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄’s anger was appeased, and Yahoshua afterward came to the city and fought against it.

38 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yahoshua, Fear not, neither be you dismayed, behold I have given into your hand Ai, her melech and her people, and you shall do to them as you did to Yericho and her melech, only the spoil of it and the cattle of it shall you take for a prey for yourselves; lay an ambush for the city behind it.

39 So Yahoshua did according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he chose from among the sons of war thirty thousand valiant men, and he sent them, and they lay in ambush for the city.

40 And he commanded them, saying, When you shall see us we will flee before them with cunning, and they will pursue us, you shall then rise out of the ambush and take the city, and they did so.

41 And Yahoshua fought, and the men of the city went out toward Yisrael, not knowing that they were lying in ambush for them behind the city.

42 And Yahoshua and all the Yisraelites feigned themselves wearied out before them, and they fled by the way of the wilderness with cunning.

43 And the men of Ai gathered all the people who were in the city to pursue the Yisraelites, and they went out and were drawn away from the city, not one remained, and they left the city open and pursued the Yisraelites.

44 And those who were lying in ambush rose up out of their places, and hurried to come to the city and took it and set it on fire, and the men of Ai turned back, and behold the smoke of the city ascended to the skies, and they had no means of retreating either one way or the other.

45 And all the men of Ai were in the midst of Yisrael, some on this side and some on that side, and they smote them so that not one of them remained.

46 And the children of Yisrael took Melosh melech of Ai alive, and they brought him to Yahoshua, and Yahoshua hanged him on a tree and he died.

47 And the children of Yisrael returned to the city after having burned it, and they smote all those that were in it with the edge of the sword.

48 And the number of those that had fallen of the men of Ai, both man and woman, was twelve thousand; only the cattle and the spoil of the city they took to themselves, according to the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 to Yahoshua.

49 And all the melechim on this side Yarden, all the melechim of Kanaan, heard of the evil that the children of Yisrael had done to Yericho and to Ai, and they gathered themselves together to fight against Yisrael.

50 Only the inhabitants of Giveon were greatly afraid of fighting against the Yisraelites lest they should perish, so they acted cunningly, and they came to Yahoshua and to all Yisrael, and said to them, We have come from a distant land, now therefore make a covenant with us.

51 And the inhabitants of Giveon over-reached the children of Yisrael, and the children of Yisrael made a covenant with them, and they made shalom with them, and the princes of the congregation swore to them, but afterward the children of Yisrael knew that they were neighbors to them and were dwelling among them.

52 But the children of Yisrael slew them not; for they had sworn to them by 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and they became hewers of wood and drawers of mayim.

53 And Yahoshua said to them, Why did you deceive me, to do this thing to us? And they answered him, saying, Because it was told to your servants all that you had done to all the melechim of the Amorites, and we were greatly afraid of our lives, and we did this thing.

54 And Yahoshua appointed them on that day to hew wood and to draw mayim, and he divided them for slaves to all the tribes of Yisrael.

55 And when Adoni-Tzedek melech of Yahrushalayim heard all that the children of Yisrael had done to Yericho and to Ai, he sent to Hoham melech of Hevron and to Piram melech at Yarmuth, and to Yaphiya melech of Lachish and to Dever melech of Eglon, saying,

56 Come up to me and help me, that we may smite the children of Yisrael and the inhabitants of Giveon who have made shalom with the children of Yisrael.

57 And they gathered themselves together and the five melechim of the Amorites went up with all their camps, a mighty people numerous as the sand of the seashore.

58 And all these melechim came and encamped before Giveon, and they began to fight against the inhabitants of Giveon, and all the men of Giveon sent to Yahoshua, saying, Come up quickly to us and help us, for all the melechim of the Amorites have gathered together to fight against us.

59 And Yahoshua and all the fighting people went up from Gilgal, and Yahoshua came suddenly to them, and smote these five melechim with a great slaughter.

60 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 confounded them before the children at Yisrael, who smote them with a terrible slaughter in Giveon, and pursued them along the way that goes up to Beth Horon to Makkedah, and they fled from before the children of Yisrael.

61 And while they were fleeing, 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 sent upon them hailstones from the shamayim, and more of them died by the hailstones, than by the slaughter of the children of Yisrael.

62 And the children of Yisrael pursued them, and they still smote them in the road, going on and smiting them.

63 And when they were smiting, the day was declining toward evening, and Yahoshua said in the sight of all the people, Sun, stand still upon Giveon, and moon in the Valley of Ayalon, until the nation shall have revenged itself upon its enemies.

64 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of Yahoshua, and the sun stood still in the midst of the shamayim, and it stood still thirty-six moments and the moon also stood still and hurried not to go down a whole day.

65 And there was no day like that, before it or after it that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 hearkened to the voice of a man, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 fought for Yisrael.

89 Then spoke Yahoshua this song, on the day that 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had given the Amorites into the hand of Yahoshua and the children of Yisrael, and he said in the sight of all Yisrael,

2 You have done mighty things, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, you have performed great deeds; Me-Camocha? My lips shall sing to Your Name.

3 My goodness and my fortress, my high tower, I will sing a new song to you, with thanksgiving will I sing to you, you are the strength of my salvation.

4 All the melechim of the earth shall praise you, the princes of the world shall sing to you, the children of Yisrael shall rejoice in your salvation, they shall sing and praise your power.

5 To you, O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, did we confide; we said You are our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, for You were our shelter and strong tower against our enemies.

6 To you we cried and were not ashamed, in You we trusted and were delivered; when we cried to You, you did hear our voice, You did deliver our beings from the sword, You did show to us Your rachamim, You did give to us Your salvation, You did rejoice our hearts with Your strength.

7 You did go forth for our salvation, with Your arm You did redeem Your people; You did answer us from the shamayim of your set-apartness, you did save us from ten thousands of people.

8 The sun and moon stood still in the shamayim, and You did stand in Your wrath against our oppressors and did command Your mishpatim over them.

9 All the princes of the earth stood up, the melechim of the nations had gathered themselves together, they were not moved at Your presence, they desired your battles.

10 You did rise against them in Your anger, and did bring down Your wrath upon them; You did destroy them in Your anger, and cut them off in Your heart.

11 Nations have been consumed with Your fury, kingdoms have declined because of Your wrath, You did wound melechim in the day of your anger.

12 You did pour out Your fury upon them, Your wrathful anger took hold of them; You did turn their iniquity upon them, and did cut them off in their wickedness.

13 They did spread a trap, they fell therein, in the net they hid, and their foot was caught.

14 Your hand was ready for all Your enemies who said, Through their sword they possessed the land, through their arm they dwelt in the city; You did fill their faces with shame, You did bring their horns down to the ground, you did terrify them in Your wrath, and did destroy them in Your anger.

15 The earth trembled and shook at the sound of Your storm over them, You did not withhold their beings from death, and did bring down their lives to the grave.

16 You did pursue them in Your storm, You did consume them in Your whirlwind, you did turn their rain into hail, they fell in deep pits so that they could not rise.

17 Their carcasses were like rubbish cast out in the middle of the streets.

18 They were consumed and destroyed in Your anger, You did save Your people with your might.

19 Therefore our hearts rejoice in You, our beings exalt in Your salvation.

20 Our tongues shall relate Your might, we will sing and praise Your wondrous works.

21 For You did save us from our enemies, You did deliver us from those who rose up against us, You did destroy them from before us and depress them beneath our feet.

22 Thus shall all your enemies perish O 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and the wicked shall be like chaff driven by the wind, and Your beloved shall be like trees planted by the mayim.

23 So Yahoshua and all Yisrael with him returned to the camp in Gilgal, after having smitten all the melechim, so that not a remnant was left of them.

24 And the five melechim fled alone on foot from battle, and hid themselves in a cave, and Yahoshua sought for them in the field of battle, and did not find them.

25 And it was afterward told to Yahoshua, saying, The melechim are found and behold they are hidden in a cave.

26 And Yahoshua said, Appoint men to be at the mouth of the cave, to guard them, lest they take themselves away; and the children of Yisrael did so.

27 And Yahoshua called to all Yisrael and said to the officers of battle, Place your feet upon the necks of these melechim, and Yahoshua said, So shall 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 do to all your enemies.

28 And Yahoshua commanded afterward that they should slay the melechim and cast them into the cave, and to put great stones at the mouth of the cave.

29 And Yahoshua went afterward with all the people that were with him on that day to Makkedah, and he smote it with the edge of the sword.

30 And he utterly destroyed the beings and all belonging to the city, and he did to the melech and people of it as he had done to Yericho.

31 And he passed from there to Livnah and he fought against it, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered it into his hand, and Yahoshua smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the beings of it, and he did to it and to the melech of it as he had done to Yericho.

32 And from there he passed on to Lachish to fight against it, and Horam melech of Aza went up to assist the men of Lachish, and Yahoshua smote him and his people until there was none left to him.

33 And Yahoshua took Lachish and all the people of it, and he did to it as he had done to Livnah.

34 And Yahoshua passed from there to Eglon, and he took that also, and he smote it and all the people of it with the edge of the sword.

35 And from there he passed to Hevron and fought against it and took it and utterly destroyed it, and he returned from there with all Yisrael to Devir and fought against it and smote it with the edge of the sword.

36 And he destroyed every being in it, he left none remaining, and he did to it and the melech of it as he had done to Yericho.

37 And Yahoshua smote all the melechim of the Amorites from Kadesh-Barnea to Azah, and he took their country at once, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had fought for Yisrael.

38 And Yahoshua with all Yisrael came to the camp to Gilgal.

39 When at that time Yavin melech of Chazor heard all that Yahoshua had done to the melechim of the Amorites, Yavin sent to Yovat melech of Midiyan, and to Lavan melech of Shimron, to Yephal melech of Achshaph, and to all the melechim of the Amorites, saying,

40 Come quickly to us and help us, that we may smite the children of Yisrael, before they come upon us and do to us as they have done to the other melechim of the Amorites.

41 And all these melechim hearkened to the words of Yavin, melech of Chazor, and they went forth with all their camps, seventeen melechim, and their people were as numerous as the sand on the seashore, together with horses and mirkavot innumerable, and they came and pitched together at the mayim of Merom, and they were met together to fight against Yisrael.

42 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yahoshua,Β Fear them not, for tomorrow about this time I will deliver them up all slain before you, you shall plough their horses and burn their mirkavot with fire.

43 And Yahoshua with all the men of war came suddenly upon them and smote them, and they fell into their hands, for 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had delivered them into the hands of the children of Yisrael.

44 So the children of Yisrael pursued all these melechim with their camps, and smote them until there was none left of them, and Yahoshua did to them as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to him.

45 And Yahoshua returned at that time to Chazor and smote it with the sword and destroyed every being in it and burned it with fire, and from Chazor, Yahoshua passed to Shimron and smote it and utterly destroyed it.

46 From there he passed to Achshaph and he did to it as he had done to Shimron.

47 From there he passed to Adulam and he smote all the people in it, and he did to Adulam as he had done to Achshaph and to Shimron.

48 And he passed from them to all the cities of the melechim that he had smitten, and he smote all the people that were left of them and he utterly destroyed them.

49 Only their booty and cattle the Yisraelites took to themselves as a prey, but every human being they smote, they suffered not a being to live.

50 As 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe so did Yahoshua and all Yisrael, they failed not in anything.

51 So Yahoshua and all the children of Yisrael smote the whole land of Kanaan as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded them, and smote all their melechim, being thirty-one melechim, and the children of Yisrael took their whole country.

52 Besides the kingdoms of Sihon and Og which are on the other side Yarden, of which Moshe had smitten many cities, and Moshe gave them to the Reuvenites and the Gadites and to half the tribe of Menasheh.

53 And Yahoshua smote all the melechim that were on this side Yarden to the west, and gave them for an inheritance to the nine tribes and to the half tribe of Yisrael.

54 For five years did Yahoshua carry on the war with these melechim, and he gave their cities to the Yisraelites, and the land became tranquil from battle throughout the cities of the Amorites and the Kannaim.

90 At that time in the fifth year after the children of Yisrael had passed over Yarden, after the children of Yisrael had rested from their war with the Kannaim, at that time great and severe battles arose between Edom and the children of Chittim, and the children of Chittim fought against Edom.

2 And Avianus melech of Chittim went forth in that year, that is in the thirty-first year of his reign, and a great force with him of the mighty men of the children of Chittim, and he went to Seir to fight against the children of Esav.

3 And Hadad the melech of Edom heard of his report, and he went forth to meet him with a heavy people and strong force, and engaged in battle with him in the field of Edom.

4 And the hand of Chittim prevailed over the children of Esav, and the children of Chittim slew of the children of Esav, twenty-two thousand men, and all the children of Esav fled from before them.

5 And the children of Chittim pursued them and they reached Hadad melech of Edom, who was running before them and they caught him alive, and brought him to Avianus melech of Chittim.

6 And Avianus ordered him to be slain, and Hadad melech of Edom died in the forty-eighth year of his reign.

7 And the children of Chittim continued their pursuit of Edom, and they smote them with a great slaughter and Edom became subject to the children of Chittim.

8 And the children of Chittim ruled over Edom, and Edom became under the hand of the children of Chittim and became one malchut from that day.

9 And from that time they could no more lift up their heads, and their malchut became one with the children of Chittim.

10 And Avianus placed officers in Edom and all the children of Edom became subject and tributary to Avianus, and Avianus turned back to his own land, Chittim.

11 And when he returned he renewed his government and built for himself a spacious and fortified palace for a royal residence, and reigned securely over the children of Chittim and over Edom.

12 In those days, after the children of Yisrael had driven away all the Kannaim and the Amorites, Yahoshua was old and advanced in years.

13 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said to Yahoshua,Β You are old, advanced in life, and a great part of the land remains to be possessed.

14 Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance to the nine tribes and to the half tribe of Menasheh,Β and Yahoshua rose up and did as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to him.

15 And he divided the whole land to the tribes of Yisrael as an inheritance according to their divisions.

16 But to the tribe at Levi he gave no inheritance; the offerings of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄

are their inheritance as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken of them by the hand of Moshe.

17 And Yahoshua gave Mount Hevron to Calev the son of Yephuneh, one portion above his brothers, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken through Moshe.

18 Therefore Hevron became an inheritance to Calev and his children to this day.

19 And Yahoshua divided the whole land by lots to all Yisrael for an inheritance, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded him.

20 And the children of Yisrael gave cities to the Levites from their own inheritance, and suburbs for their cattle, and property, as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had commanded Moshe so did the children of Yisrael, and they divided the land by lot whether great or small.

21 And they went to inherit the land according to their boundaries, and the children of Yisrael gave to Yahoshua the son of Nun an inheritance among them.

22 By the word of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 did they give to him the city that he required, Timnath-Serach in Mount Ephraim, and he built the city and dwelt therein.

23 These are the inheritances that Elazer the priest and Yahoshua the son of Nun and the heads of the ahvot of the tribes portioned out to the children of Yisrael by lot in Shiloh, before 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, at the door of the tabernacle, and they left off dividing the land.

24 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave the land to the Yisraelites, and they possessed it as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to them, and as 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had sworn to their ancestors.

25 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave to the Yisraelites rest from all their enemies around them, and no man stood up against them, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 delivered all their enemies into their hands, and not one thing failed of all the tov which 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had spoken to the children of Yisrael; yes 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 performed every thing.

26 And Yahoshua called to all the children of Yisrael and he blessed them, and commanded them to serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, and he afterward sent them away, and they went each man to his city, and each man to his inheritance.

27 And the children of Yisrael served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all the days of Yahoshua, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave them rest from all around them, and they dwelt securely in their cities.

28 And it came to pass in those days that Avianus melech of Chittim died, in the thirty-eighth year of his reign, that is the seventh year of his reign over Edom, and they buried him in his place that he had built for himself, and Latinus reigned in his stead fifty years.

29 And during his reign he brought forth an army, and he went and fought against the inhabitants of BritanniaΒ and Kernania, the children of Elisha son of Yahvan, and he prevailed over them and made them tributary.

30 He then heard that Edom had revolted from under the hand of Chittim, and Latinus went to them and smote them and subdued them, and placed them under the hand of the children of Chittim, and Edom became one malchut with the children of Chittim all the days.

31 And for many years there was no melech in Edom, and their government was with the children of Chittim and their melech.

32 And it was in the twenty-sixth year after the children of Yisrael had passed the Yarden, that is the sixty-sixth year after the children of Yisrael had departed from Mitzrayim, that Yahoshua was old, advanced in years, being one hundred and eight years old in those days.

33 And Yahoshua called to all Yisrael, to their zachanim, their shophtim and officers, after 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 had given to all the Yisraelites rest from all their enemies round about, and Yahoshua said to the zachanim of Yisrael, and to their shophtim, Behold I am old, advanced in years, and you have seen what 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has done to all the nations whom He has driven away from before you, for it is 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 who has fought for you.

34 Now therefore strengthen yourselves to keep and to do all the words of the Torah of Moshe, not to deviate from it to the right or to the left, and not to come among those nations who are left in the land; neither shall you make mention of the name of their ahlohim, but you shall cleave to 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 Your Ahlohim, as you have done to this day.

35 And Yahoshua greatly exhorted the children of Yisrael to serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all their days.

36 And all the Yisraelites said, We will serve 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 our 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all our days, we and our children, and our children’s children, and our zera le-olam-va-ed.

37 And Yahoshua made a covenant with the people on that day, and he sent away the children of Yisrael, and they went each man to his inheritance and to his city.

38 And it was in those days, when the children of Yisrael were dwelling securely in their cities, that they buried the coffins of the tribes of their ancestors, which they had brought up from Mitzrayim, each man in the inheritance of his children, the twelve sons of Yaakov did the children of Yisrael bury, each man in the possession of his children.

39 And these are the names of the cities wherein they buried the twelve sons of Yaakov, whom the children of Yisrael had brought up from Mitzrayim.

40 And they buried Reuven and Gad on this side Yarden, in Romia, which Moshe had given to their children.

41 And Shimeon and Levi they buried in the city Mauda, which he had given to the children of Shimeon, and the suburb of the city was for the children of Levi.

42 And Yahudah they buried in the city of Binyamin opposite Beth Lechem.

43 And the bones of Yissacher and Zevulun they buried in Tzidon, in the portion that fell to their children.

44 And Dan was buried in the city of his children in Eshtael, and Naphtali and Asher they buried in Kadesh-Naphtali, each man in his place that he had given to his children.

45 And the bones of Yoseph they buried in Shechem, in the part of the field which Yaakov had purchased from Chamor, and which became to Yoseph for an inheritance.

46 And they buried Binyamin in Yahrushalayim opposite the Yevusite, which was given to the children of Binyamin; the children of Yisrael buried their ahvot each man in the city of his children.

47 And at the end of two years, Yahoshua the son of Nun died, one hundred and ten years old, and the time that Yahoshua judged Yisrael was twenty-eight years, and Yisrael served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all the days of his life.

48 And the other affairs of Yahoshua and his battles and his reproofs with which he reproved Yisrael, and all which he had commanded them, and the names of the cities which the children of Yisrael possessed in his days, behold they are written in the Scroll of the words of Yahoshua to the children of Yisrael, and in the Scroll of the Wars of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, which Moshe and Yahoshua and the children of Yisrael had written.

49 And the children of Yisrael buried Yahoshua in the border of his inheritance, in Timnath-Serach, which was given to him in Mount Ephraim.

50 And Elazer the son of Aharon died in those days, and they buried him in a hill belonging to Phineas his son, which was given him in Mount Ephraim.

91 At that time, after the death of Yahoshua, the children of the Kannaim were still in the land, and the Yisraelites resolved to drive them out.

2 And the children of Yisrael asked of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, saying, Who shall first go up for us to the Kannaim to fight against them? And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 said,Β Yahudah shall go up.

3 And the children of Yahudah said to Shimeon, Go up with us into our lot, and we will fight against the Kannaim and we likewise will go up with you, in your lot, so the children of Shimeon went with the children of Yahudah.

4 And the children of Yahudah went up and fought against the Kannaim, so 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄

delivered the Kannaim into the hands of the children of Yahudah, and they smote them in Bezek, ten thousand men.

5 And they fought with Adoni-Bezek in Bezek, and he fled from before them, and they pursued him and caught him, and they took hold of him and cut off his thumbs and great toes.

6 And Adoni-Bezek said, Seventy melechim having their thumbs and great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table, as I have done, so 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 has requited me, and they brought him to Yahrushalayim and he died there.

7 And the children of Shimeon went with the children of Yahudah, and they smote the Kannaim with the edge of the sword.

8 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with the children of Yahudah, and they possessed the mountain, and the children of Yoseph went up to Bethel, the same is Luz, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 was with them.

9 And the children of Yoseph spied out Bethel, and the watchmen saw a man going forth from the city, and they caught him and said to him, Show us now the entrance of the city and we will show chesed to you.

10 And that man showed them the entrance of the city, and the children of Yoseph came and smote the City with the edge of the sword.

11 And the man with his family they sent away, and he went to the Hittites and he built a city, and he called the name of it Luz, so all the Yisraelites dwelt in their cities, and the children of Yisrael dwelt in their cities, and the children of Yisrael served 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 all the days of Yahoshua, and all the days of the zachanim, who had lengthened their days after Yahoshua, and saw the great work of 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄, which He had performed for Yisrael.

12 And the zachanim judged Yisrael after the death of Yahoshua for seventeen years.

13 And all the zachanim also fought the battles of Yisrael against the Kannaim and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 drove the Kannaim from before the children of Yisrael, in order to place the Yisraelites in their land.

14 And he accomplished all the words that he had spoken to Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov, and the oath that he had sworn, to give to them and to their children, the land of the Kannaim.

15 And 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave to the children of Yisrael the whole land of Kanaan, as He had sworn to their ancestors, and 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 gave them rest from those around them, and the children of Yisrael dwelt securely in their cities.

16 Barchu-et 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 le-olam-va-ed, amein, v-amein.

17 Strengthen yourselves, and let the hearts of all you that trust in 𐀉𐀄𐀅𐀄 be of tov courage.